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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jaroměř
Town
Aerial view of the center of Jaroměř
Aerial view of the center of Jaroměř
Flag of Jaroměř

Flag
Coat of arms of Jaroměř

Coat of arms
Jaroměř is located in Czech Republic
Jaroměř
Jaroměř
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°21′01″N 15°55′06″E / 50.35028°N 15.91833°E / 50.35028; 15.91833
CountryCzech Republic
RegionHradec Králové
DistrictNáchod
First mentioned11th century
Government
 • MayorJosef Horáček
Area
 • Total23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)
Elevation
254 m (833 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total12,433
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
551 01 - 551 02
Websitewww.jaromer-josefov.cz

Jaroměř (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaromɲɛr̝̊]; German: Jermer) is a town in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 15 kilometers northeast of the district town of Hradec Králové. The town lies at the confluence of three rivers, the Úpa, the Metuje and the Elbe. The town has around 12,500 inhabitants.

The town includes the Fortress Josefov, a separate entity until 1948.

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Transcription

Contents

History

Air photo of centrum
Air photo of centrum

The historic old town has been inhabited for more than a thousand years. Early in the 11th century a Prince of the Přemyslid dynasty built a fortress and named it Jaroměř. The village was elevated to the status of royal town under King Otakar I of Bohemia.

Over 1780 to 1787, the Emperor Joseph II built on the left bank of the Elbe and Metuje rivers, the imperial fortress Ples. Later this conurbation took the name of Josefstadt (Joseph town or Josefov in Czech). In 1948 the fortress town was incorporated into Jaroměř.

The historic old town with distinct arcades and a Marian column designed by Matthias Braun was constructed over 1723 to 1727. There was only ever a small German-speaking minority and in 1938 the town eluded being incorporated into the Sudetenland. The following year to 1945 it was part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

The famous painter Josef Šíma was born here in 1891.

Culture

Each summer, the city (or specifically the nearby Fortress Josefov) hosts Brutal Assault, the biggest Central European extreme metal music festival. Over 10,000 metalheads from all over Europe flood the city streets for three days each year.

Nature

Next to the Fortress Josefov along River Metuje is Josefov Meadows Bird Reserve owned by the Czech Society for Ornithology and freely accessible to the public. It is home to many rare and endangered species of birds and amphibians thanks to its returning wetlands ecosystem.

Twin towns — sister cities

Jaroměř is twinned with:[2]

References

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Jaroměř. Retrieved 2019-08-24.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 August 2019, at 14:29
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