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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jane Arthur
Jane Arthur of Balshaw died 1907 reproduced but no artist given.jpg
Born Jane Glen
(1827-11-18)18 November 1827
Foxbar, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died 25 May 1907(1907-05-25) (aged 79)
Nationality Scottish
Known for Feminist activist and social reformer
Spouse(s) James Arthur
Children several including Lord Glenarthur

Jane Arthur (18 November 1827 - 25 May 1907), was a Scottish feminist, philanthropist and activist.[1] She was the first woman to be elected to a Scottish school board.

Life

Jane Glen was born in Foxbar in Renfrewshire on 18 November 1827 to Jessie Fulton and Thomas Glen. Her family were related to the thread manufacturer, the Coats Group Coats family. In 1847, at the age of about 20, she married James Arthur who was a draper in Paisley. The Arthurs' successful business was wholesale clothing and this funded their estate at Barshaw. Their children included Matthew who became Lord Glenarthur.[2]

Elections of women to school boards came into force with the Education (Scotland) Act 1872.[3] In 1873 Arthur became the first Scottish woman to stand for and be elected to a board when she was elected to the Paisley school board.[1] This was soon followed by the election of Phoebe Blyth and Flora Stevenson to the Edinburgh school board.[4]

Jane Arthur campaigned for women's suffrage, as well as temperance, and she provided bursaries for a Renfrewshire student and for a female medical student.[1][2] In 1892 she created the Arthur Fellowship to promote the medical education of women.[2] Arthur was also much involved with providing for the needs of the sick - she created a Dorcas Society in the late 1880s to give clothing to those recovering at Paisley Infirmary, and with her husband's help give soup and bread to poor people who had been recently sent home from the hospital.[1] In 1903 the Jane Arthur Fund was set up to pay for the recovery of poor patients.[1] Jane was also the vice President of the Paisley Ladies' Sanitary Association, which, in 1866, initiated a public baths scheme. Her sister was the president.[1] She and her husband also contributed to the building of the Paisley model lodging-house and provided mid-morning tea for the inmates of the poor house.[1]. She was active in the suffrage movement, and was supported in this by the male members of her family [5].

Further reading

In The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women there is an entry on Jane Arthur, by C. Joan McAlpine.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Jane Arthur". Mapping Memorials to Women in Scotland. 
  2. ^ a b c ABACUS, Scott Graham -. "TheGlasgowStory: Jane Arthur". www.theglasgowstory.com. Retrieved 2018-05-13. 
  3. ^ Hall, Catherine (2000). Defining the Victorian Nation: Class, Race, Gender and the British Reform Act of 1867. Cambridge University Press. p. 158. ISBN 9780521576536. 
  4. ^ Reynolds, Siân (2007). Paris-Edinburgh: Cultural Connections in the Belle Epoque. Ashgate Publishing. p. 186. ISBN 9780754683025. 
  5. ^ Leneman, Leah (1995). Guid Cause: Women's Suffrage Movement in Scotland. Mercat Press. 
This page was last edited on 22 June 2018, at 21:55
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