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James S. Robinson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James Sidney Robinson
James Sidney Robinson.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1881 – January 12, 1885
Preceded byGeorge L. Converse
Succeeded byWilliam C. Cooper
24th Ohio Secretary of State
In office
January 12, 1885 – January 14, 1889
GovernorGeorge Hoadly
Joseph B. Foraker
Preceded byJames W. Newman
Succeeded byDaniel J. Ryan
Personal details
Born(1827-10-14)October 14, 1827
Mansfield, Ohio
DiedJanuary 14, 1892(1892-01-14) (aged 64)
Kenton, Ohio
Resting placeGrove Cemetery, Kenton, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1865
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg
Brigadier General
UnitArmy of the Cumberland
CommandsRobinson's Brigade, XX Corps
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

James Sidney Robinson (October 14, 1827 – January 14, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and career

Born near Mansfield, Ohio, Robinson attended the common schools. As a young man, he acquired the art of printing. He moved to Kenton, Ohio, on December 31, 1845. Entering the newspaper business, he edited and published the Kenton Republican. He was the Chief Clerk of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1856.

Civil War service

At the beginning of the Civil War, he enlisted in the 4th Ohio Infantry on April 17, 1861, and was soon made a captain. He took part in the operations at Rich Mountain in western Virginia and then was promoted to the rank of major in October 1861. He served under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont in the Shenandoah Valley, and became a lieutenant colonel in April and colonel of the 82nd Ohio Infantry in August 1862. He was engaged at the Cedar Mountain, the Second Battle of Bull Run, and Chancellorsville in XI Corps.[1]

Robinson was severely wounded in his chest at Gettysburg while leading his retreating troops into the borough on the first day of fighting.[2]

After a lengthy recuperation period, Robinson commanded a brigade under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker and then under Maj. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams in XX Corps. He participated in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign and later in Sherman's March to the Sea. During the Carolinas Campaign, he fought at the Battle of Bentonville. Robinson was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers on January 12, 1865. General Robinson was mustered out of the army on August 31, 1865.[1] On July 9, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Robinson for appointment to the grade of brevet major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865 and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on July 23, 1866.[3]

Postbellum career

After the war, Robinson returned to Ohio and resumed his civilian career. He served as chairman of the Republican State Executive Committee of Ohio 1877–1879. In January 1880, he was appointed as a commissioner of railroads and telegraphs for the state. Robinson was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses and served from March 4, 1881 to January 12, 1885, when he resigned. He then served as the Secretary of State of Ohio from 1885 to 1889.

James S. Robinson died in Kenton, Ohio, on January 14, 1892. He was interred there in Grove Cemetery.

See also


  1. ^ a b public domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1891). Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Vautier, John D., History of the Eighty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1894), p. 141.
  3. ^ Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001), Civil War High Commands, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 714, ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1


External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George L. Converse
United States Representative from Ohio's 9th congressional district
Succeeded by
William C. Cooper
Political offices
Preceded by
James W. Newman
Secretary of State of Ohio
Succeeded by
Daniel J. Ryan

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 22:34
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