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James Raine (Chancellor)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rev Canon

James Raine

Reverend James Raine (1830–1896).jpg
The Canon Raine, painted posthumously in 1906 by Henry Keyworth Raine
Durham, England
Died1896(1896-00-00) (aged 65–66)
Alma materUniversity of Durham
Spouse(s)Annie Keyworth
Parent(s)James Raine and Margaret Peacock
Offices held

James Raine (1830–1896) was a British antiquarian and ecclesiast. He was a Canon and Chancellor of York Minster.


Early life and education

Raine was born in Durham, England, and was the son of James Raine and Margaret Peacock.[1] He lived with his parents and three sisters (including Margaret Raine Hunt) in Crook Hall, Durham.[2] He was educated at the Cathedral School in Durham and the University of Durham, from which he graduated in 1851.[3]


From 1857 to 1868 he was the vicar of St Lawrence's Church, York. He left this role to be the Rector of both St Michael's Church, Spurriergate and St. Crux, Pavement, retiring from the former in 1885 and retaining the latter until his death. He was appointed Canon of York Minster in 1866 and Chancellor in 1891.[3]

A stained glass window in All Saint's Church, Pavement is dedicated to Raine. It depicts Saints Aidan of Lindisfarne, Paulinus (first Bishop of York) and Cuthbert (holding St Oswald's head).[4]


Raine was an Honorary Curator of Antiquities at the Yorkshire Philosophical Society (who operated the Yorkshire Museum) from 1873,[5] and was appointed a Vice-President of the society in 1876.[6] At the time of his death in 1896 he was also a Trustee of the museum.[7] He donated several objects to the Yorkshire Museum throughout his life.[8] Raine served as the honorary librarian of York Minster.[3] He was the secretary of the Surtees Society from 1855 to 1895.[9] His father had also served in this role from 1834–1849.

He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Civil Law from Durham University in 1882 in recognition of his archaeological work.[3]


Raine was married to Annie Keyworth.[3] Together they had nine children.[10] Their son Angelo also served as Rector of St. Crux from 1937–1956.[11] A portrait of James Raine was produced by another son, Henry Keyworth Raine in 1906 for the Yorkshire Museum. It was transferred to the York Art Gallery in 1971.[12]

Select publications

  • Raine, J. 1875. " An account of several Roman inscriptions discovered during the Railway Excavations", Annual Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society for 1875. 1–5.
  • Raine, J. 1880. "Curious discovery made in the garden of St. Mary's Convent, near Micklegate Bar", Annual Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society for 1880. 48.
  • Raine, J. 1893. Historic Towns: York.
  • Raine, J. 1884. "Recent discoveries of Roman remains at York", The Academy (7 July 1884), 35.


  1. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Raine, James". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  2. ^ "James Raine Correspondence". JISC Archives Hub. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e "The Rev. Chancellor Raine". Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society: 24–25. 1896.
  4. ^ "Stained glass window, All Saints' church, Pavement, York". February 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Officers of the Society: Curators". Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society: 6. 1874.
  6. ^ "Officers of the Society, 1877". Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society: 5. 1874.
  7. ^ "Trustees of the Yorkshire Museum". Report of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society: 5. 1874.
  8. ^ Wellbeloved, C. (1881). Handbook to the grounds and antiquities of the Yorkshire Philosophical Society (7th ed.). John Sampson. pp. 148–149.
  9. ^ Fowler, J. T. (1904). Durham University: Earlier Foundations and Present Colleges. London: F. E. Robinson & Co. p. 172.
  10. ^ "1919–1937 Angelo Raine". St Edward the Confessor, Dringhouses, York. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  11. ^ P M Tillott, ed. (1961). "THE PARISH CHURCHES". A History of the County of York: the City of York. Victoria County History. pp. 365–404.
  12. ^ "Reverend James Raine (1830–1896)". Art UK. Retrieved 10 November 2020.

External links

Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
John Pedder
Secretary of the Surtees Society
Succeeded by
William Brown
This page was last edited on 24 August 2021, at 17:47
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