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James M. Jackson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

James M. Jackson
Memorial to J. M. Jackson - Parkersburg, West Virginia - DSC05577.JPG
Memorial to J. M. Jackson by J. Massey Rhind
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1889 – February 3, 1890
Preceded byCharles E. Hogg
Succeeded byCharles Brooks Smith
Judge for the Wood County Criminal Court
In office
Personal details
Born(1825-12-03)December 3, 1825
Parkersburg, Virginia (now West Virginia)
DiedFebruary 14, 1901(1901-02-14) (aged 75)
Parkersburg, West Virginia
Political partyDemocratic Party
OccupationLawyer, judge, politician

James Monroe Jackson (December 3, 1825 – February 14, 1901) was a lawyer and Democratic politician from West Virginia who served as a United States Representative in the 51st United States Congress.

Early and family life

Jackson was born in Parkersburg in Wood County, Virginia (now West Virginia). His grandfather John G. Jackson had served in the U.S. House of Representatives as well as a U.S. District Judge, and earlier as a Brigadier General in the Virginia militia. His father was also (Virginia militia) General John Jay Jackson. His brothers became Federal Judge John Jay Jackson, Jr. and Circuit Judge and West Virginia Governor Jacob B. Jackson.


He graduated from Princeton University in 1845. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1847. He opened his practice in Parkersburg. He won election as prosecuting attorney for Wood County in 1856 and 1860. He served as a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1870 and 1871.

He was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1872. He served as a judge on the fifth circuit court from 1873 to 1888, when he resigned after thinking he was elected to the U.S. Congress in a very close race with Republican Charles Brooks Smith. Although Jackson presented credentials as a Democratic Member-elect to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889 until February 3, 1890, Smith, successfully contested the election and served the final year of the term before being defeated for re-election by Democrat James Capehart.

West Virginia legislators then elected Jackson as a judge on the criminal court for Wood County, where he served from 1891 until his death.

Death and legacy

Jackson died in Parkersburg, West Virginia on February 14, 1901. He was buried at Riverview Cemetery. The Jackson Memorial Fountain at Parkersburg is dedicated to the Jackson family.[1]

See also


  1. ^ Nimfa H. Simpson (January 1984). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Jackson Memorial Fountain" (PDF). State of West Virginia, West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Historic Preservation. Retrieved September 15, 2011.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website United States Congress. "Jackson, James Monroe (id: J000018)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Online. September 11, 2007.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 19 February 2022, at 06:17
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