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James Langevin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jim Langevin
James Langevin official portrait.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's 2nd district
Assumed office
January 3, 2001
Preceded byRobert Weygand
24th Secretary of State of Rhode Island
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
GovernorLincoln Almond
Preceded byBarbara Leonard
Succeeded byEd Inman
Member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives
from the 29th district
In office
January 1989 – January 1995
Succeeded byJoseph McNamara
Personal details
Born (1964-04-22) April 22, 1964 (age 57)
Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationRhode Island College (BA)
Harvard University (MPA)
WebsiteHouse website

James R. Langevin (/ˈlænəˌvɪn/ LANN-jə-vinn; born April 22, 1964) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district since 2001. A member of the Democratic Party, he is the first quadriplegic to serve in Congress; Langevin was appointed to be the first quadriplegic Speaker pro tempore of the U.S. House of Representatives in 2019.

Early life and education

Langevin was born in Providence, Rhode Island, to Richard and Judy (Barrett) Langevin.[1] He is of French-Canadian descent.[2] He attended Bishop Hendricken High School in Warwick, Rhode Island, and Rhode Island College, from which he received an undergraduate degree, in addition to serving as president of Student Community Government, Inc. He has a Master of Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University.[3]

In 1980, at age 16, Langevin was seriously injured in an accidental shooting. He had been working in the Boy Scout Explorer program at the Warwick Police Department when a firearm was accidentally discharged, leaving him paralyzed.[3] Langevin received $2.2 million in a settlement with the city of Warwick.[4]

Rhode Island government

Langevin's first experience in politics was when he was elected to the state's 1986 constitutional convention and was named its secretary. Langevin, who uses a wheelchair, once ran on the slogan "I'll stand up for you", which he said during a meeting in West Warwick.

Langevin was first elected a member of the Rhode Island General Assembly in 1988 and served as a state representative until 1994. He was elected Secretary of State of Rhode Island in November 1994, defeating Republican incumbent Barbara Leonard. While Secretary of State, he earned a reputation for weeding out corruption in state government.[citation needed].

U.S. House of Representatives

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Political positions

Abortion

Langevin has a mixed record on abortion. He has voted both to restrict and defend the choice to have the procedure. He voted against banning abortion coverage in the Affordable Care Act, but for the Abortion Pain Bill, which seeks "to ensure that women seeking an abortion are fully informed regarding the pain experienced by their unborn child."[7][8] He strongly promotes contraceptive availability, and in a 2007 statement said, "I have great respect for the passion displayed by Mr. Smith and Mr. Stupak and I share their opposition to abortion. However, in this instance I must strongly disagree with their decision to prevent the distribution of contraception to some of the most poor and needy people and nations in the world."[9] Because of his mixed stance on the issue, he has received fluctuating ratings from interest groups such as Planned Parenthood and the National Right to Life Committee.[10]

Langevin believes that abortion should be legal when the pregnancy is a result of incest or rape or when the pregnancy endangers the life of the mother, but does wish to decrease the number of abortions in the country.[11] His relatively complex stance on abortion contributes to somewhat contradictory interest group ratings because of his supporting of various bills: Langevin's stance on abortion supported the interests of the NARAL Pro-Choice America 0% in 2006, but in 2007, the same group gave him a rating of 100% and the National Right to Life Committee gave him zero points, with points assigned for actions connected to an anti-abortion agenda.[12]

Health care

Langevin has strongly supported health care reform. In May 2009, he introduced the American Health Benefits Program Act of 2009, with the stated purpose of "amending the Social Security Act and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to assure comprehensive, affordable health insurance coverage for all Americans through an American Health Benefits Program.[13] He receives much of his campaign donations from health professionals.[14] Langevin stated his goal of universal health care as "a system of portable and continuous coverage based on quality, affordability and choice that promotes investment in long-term prevention and drives down the cost of care over time."[15]

Labor

Langevin is considered strongly pro-labor. He has received $130,000 in campaign contributions from pro-labor groups.[16] During his time in office, he has supported labor interests in over 25 votes.[17] Numerous labor interest groups have rated him extremely highly, including the United Auto Workers, the AFL-CIO, and the Utility Workers Union of America.[18] The Latin America Working Group and The Alliance for Worker Freedom have ranked Langevin very poorly.[18]

Gun control

Langevin supports gun control, and co-sponsored a 2005 bill that would have reauthorized the 1994 assault weapons ban, which expired in 2004.[citation needed]

Stem cell research

One of Langevin's top priorities in Congress has been the expansion of federal funding of embryonic stem cell research.[19] His policy position is driven by his paralysis and the possibilities for stem cell research in alleviating this condition; he joined other House members in introducing the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005, expanding the limited funding put in place in 2001.[19]

Cybersecurity

Langevin helped found the House Cybersecurity Caucus, which he co-chairs.[20] He has appeared on 60 Minutes speaking about the national security challenges the country will face this century in regard to protecting infrastructure and data.[21] Langevin has said that he hopes to raise awareness of the need for cybersecurity and supports strict penalties for internet crimes as well as strong internet privacy laws.[11]

Langevin supports cybersecurity measures as long as they do not add "unnecessary regulations to business".[22] In October 2012, Rhode Island passed a statewide cybersecurity plan that Langevin strongly supported. In May 2012, he proposed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) that would account for the cyber risks the U.S. faces in terms of national security, saying without these measures the nation is "ignoring key aspects of what is fast becoming the biggest threat to our security".[23]

Cybersecurity contractors General Dynamics and Raytheon were Langevin's two top sources for campaign contributions in the 2010 election.[20]

In June 2015, FBI director James Comey announced that the United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) had been the target of a data breach targeting the records of more than 18 million Americans.[24] Langevin called for the resignation of OPM director Katherine Archuleta, saying, "I have seen no evidence Ms. Archuleta understands this central principle of cyber governance, and I am deeply concerned by her refusal to acknowledge her culpability in the breach."[25]

Armed forces

Langevin, who serves on the Committee of Armed Services, has regularly voted for additional support of armed forces in Iraq and Afghanistan but he has voted for a timeline for U.S. forces to leave Iraq as well as a ban on any permanent U.S. bases in the country.[26] He has also voted against limiting the interrogation techniques used in fighting terror and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.[27]

Tax cuts

Langevin, who serves on the Congressional Committee on the Budget, supports tax cuts for low-income and middle-class citizens while eliminating tax cuts for the wealthy, indicating in his Political Courage Test that he wishes to "greatly decrease" taxes for families making less than $75,000 a year.[11] He also supports temporary incentives for businesses to invest in job creation. Langevin has a 100% rating from the AFL-CIO and supports the regulation of business.[12]

Advocacy for disabled people

Langevin is known as an advocate for people with disabilities and for universal health care, being himself a quadriplegic. He is the first quadriplegic to serve in Congress.[28]

On July 27, 2004, he spoke to the Democratic National Convention, largely on the subject of stem cell research.

In March 2007, Langevin co-sponsored the Christopher and Dana Reeve Paralysis Act, which had the stated purpose of "enhancing and furthering research into paralysis and to improve rehabilitation and the quality of life for persons living with paralysis and other physical disabilities." The bill passed the House but not the Senate. In 2009, the bill was included in the Omnibus Public Land Management Act, also co-sponsored by Langevin, which passed both houses of Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama.

In 2008, Langevin announced his support for Hillary Clinton for president[29] and served as a special adviser to her on issues ranging from stem cell research to people with disabilities.

On July 26, 2010, Langevin became the first member of Congress to preside over the House of Representatives while using a wheelchair.[28] The House had just recently installed a wheelchair lift leading up to the Speaker's rostrum.[28]

Environment

Langevin leans to the left on environmental and energy issues in Congress. Environmental issue groups have generally given him high ratings; he received a 97% rating from the League of Conservation Voters in 2011. He has also received a rating of 100% from the Defenders of Wildlife Foundation. Conservative issue groups concerning the energy and the environment have given him very low ratings. He is a strong supporter of alternative energy from oil and coal, voting against the Stop the War Against Coal Act of September 2012,[30] and has supported measures for new wind farms in New England. He has praised these developments, saying wind farm "development holds great promise for Rhode Island and the country to have more stable and cleaner energy resources, while boosting our economy by presenting an opportunity to build a manufacturing base for these turbines and create quality jobs in the Ocean State."[31][32]

In 2011, Langevin strongly opposed the Energy Tax Prevention Act, which would limit the EPA's ability to regulate carbon outputs. Calling it the "Dirty Air Act", Langevin said that in passing this act, the U.S. would be "turning back the progress we have made to protect our health under the Clean Air Act", adding that the passage of the bill would be "continuing our nation's addiction to foreign oil."[33] Moreover, he has fought for more environmental regulations that he believes will help Rhode Islanders live healthier lives, saying that "protecting the environment is a matter of pride."[34]

Political campaigns

Langevin was first elected to the United States House of Representatives in 2000, defeating perennial candidate Robert Tingle for a seat that was left open when Representative Robert Weygand ran for the U.S. Senate. He took office in 2001, representing Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district. He has been reelected with relative ease ever since, defeating independent Rodney Driver in 2006 and Republican Mark Zaccaria in 2008.

2010

In 2010, he defeated Zaccaria again.

2012

Langevin was reelected with 55.7% of the vote, defeating Republican nominee Michael Riley and Independent Abel Collins, an environmental activist.[35][36][37]

References

  1. ^ "June Langevin finds it's never too late to start a new business". Warwick Beacon. December 21, 2010. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  2. ^ "Honorable James R. Langevin". American-French Genealogical Society. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Representative Jim Langevin at house.gov". Archived from the original on March 27, 2008. Retrieved April 22, 2008.
  4. ^ McCutcheon, Michael; Barone, Chuck (2013). 2014 Almanac of American Politics. The University of Chicago Press.
  5. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
  6. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  7. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative Langevin on HR 6099 - Abortion Pain Bill". Votesmart.org. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  8. ^ "James Langevin on Abortion". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  9. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative James R. 'Jim' Langevin - The Department Of State, Foreign Operations And Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008-Continued". Votesmart.org. June 21, 2007. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  10. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative James R. 'Jim' Langevin - Interest Group Ratings". Votesmart.org. May 14, 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c "Congressional Election 2000 National Political Awareness Test".
  12. ^ a b "Project Vote Smart Interest Group Ratings of James Langevin".
  13. ^ "H.R. 2399: American Health Benefits Program Act of 2009". GovTrack.us. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  14. ^ "Jim Langevin: Campaign Finance/Money - Summary - Congressman 2008". OpenSecrets. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  15. ^ "Jim Langevin for Congress: Issues: Health Care". Jimlangevin.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  16. ^ "Jim Langevin: Campaign Finance/Money - Industries - Congressman 2008 | OpenSecrets". 63.e5bed1.client.atlantech.net. July 13, 2009. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  17. ^ "Project Vote Smart - Representative James R. 'Jim' Langevin - Voting Record". Votesmart.org. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  18. ^ a b "Project Vote Smart - Representative James R. 'Jim' Langevin - Interest Group Ratings". Votesmart.org. Retrieved July 12, 2010.
  19. ^ a b "James Langevin for Congress: Stem Cells". Archived from the original on November 26, 2008. Retrieved November 29, 2009.
  20. ^ a b Carney, Timothy (April 27, 2011) The rise of the cybersecurity-industrial complex, Washington Examiner
  21. ^ "Cyber security is the topic for Langevin on 60 Minutes", Providence Journal-Bulletin, November 8, 2009
  22. ^ "Langevin Responds to Panetta's Stark Warnings about Cyber Threats". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  23. ^ "Langevin Proposes Cybersecurity Amendments to Defense Bill". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  24. ^ Perez, Evan; Prokupecz, Shimon (June 24, 2015). "U.S. government hack could actually affect 18 million". CNN.
  25. ^ "Influencers: OPM chief should be held responsible for breach". Csmonitor.com. June 29, 2015.
  26. ^ "James Langevin's Voting Record on Defense".
  27. ^ "James Langevin's Voting Record on the Military".
  28. ^ a b c ABC News. "Historic Lift: Wheelchair-Bound Member Presides Over House". ABC News Blogs. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  29. ^ "Rhode Island Rep. Jim Langevin Endorses Clinton". June 1, 2007. Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved April 22, 2008.
  30. ^ "HR 3409 - Stop the War on Coal Act of 2012 - Key Vote". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  31. ^ "Langevin Applauds Key Step Toward RI Wind Farm". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  32. ^ "Interior Launches Leasing Process for Commercial Wind Energy Offshore Rhode Island and Massachusetts". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  33. ^ "Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  34. ^ "Langevin, Kennedy Urge Defeat of Anti-Environmental Legislation". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  35. ^ Peoples, Steve (April 29, 2011). "Langevin's Influence Jeopardized in Minority". GoLocalProv. Retrieved April 7, 2012.
  36. ^ Arditi, Lynn (June 7, 2012). "Environmental activist challenges Langevin for District 2 seat". The Providence Journal. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
  37. ^ "2012 House Races". Politico. Retrieved January 30, 2013.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Kathleen Connell
Democratic nominee for Secretary of State of Rhode Island
1994, 1998
Succeeded by
Matt Brown
Political offices
Preceded by
Barbara Leonard
Secretary of State of Rhode Island
1995–2001
Succeeded by
Ed Inman
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Robert Weygand
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district

2001–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Sam Graves
United States representatives by seniority
53rd
Succeeded by
Rick Larsen
This page was last edited on 21 August 2021, at 06:53
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