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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jackie Speier
Jackie Speier official photo (cropped).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 14th district
Assumed office
April 8, 2008
Preceded byTom Lantos
Constituency12th district (2008–2013)
14th district (2013–present)
Member of the California Senate
from the 8th district
In office
1998–2006
Preceded byQuentin L. Kopp
Succeeded byLeland Yee
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 19th district
In office
1986–1996
Preceded byLou Papan
Succeeded byLou Papan
Personal details
Born
Karen Lorraine Speier

(1950-05-14) May 14, 1950 (age 69)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Steve Sierra
(m. 1987; died 1994)

Barry Dennis (m. 2001)
Children2
EducationUniversity of California, Davis (BA)
University of California, Hastings (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Karen Lorraine Jacqueline Speier[1] (/spɪər/; born May 14, 1950) is an American politician who currently serves as U.S. Representative for California's 14th congressional district, serving in Congress since 2008. She is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 12th District from 2008 to 2013, includes the northern two-thirds of San Mateo County and the southwest quarter of San Francisco. She represents much of the territory that had been represented by her political mentor, Leo Ryan. In 1978, while working as his aide, Speier survived five gunshot wounds during the assassination of Ryan, part of the Jonestown massacre.

Speier is also a former member of the California State Senate who represented parts of San Francisco and San Mateo counties. On April 8, 2008, she won the special election for the vacated United States House of Representatives seat of late Congressman Tom Lantos.[2]

A Caltrain "Baby Bullet" express locomotive is named in her honor.[3]

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  • ✪ Conversation with Congresswoman Jackie Speier

Transcription

>> From the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. >> Robert Newlen: Good morning, everyone, and welcome to the Library of Congress. It's good to see so many people here today. Our program today is a continuation of our Congressional conversation series in which the library invites current and former members of Congress to discuss their careers in public service. It's a real honor and privilege for me to welcome Representative Jackie Speier today and to welcome her to the Library. Representative Speier has had a distinguished career in public service, from her time as a Congressional staffer, as a state legislator, and her current role as member of Congress. She represents the 14th District of California in the House. Everyone knows where that is -- San Francisco area, absolutely beautiful. She is the ranking member on the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations and also serves on the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Among the issues that she has focused on: Ending sexual assault in the military; gender pay equity; consumer protection; cybersecurity; and student loan affordability. Representative Speier has a fascinating personal and professional story to share with us. She's overcome adversity numerous times in her life and channeled those experiences into an impressive and distinguished career in government service. Our conversation today will be led by Colleen Shogan, the Deputy Director of our National and International Outreach Service Unit here at the Library. Colleen is a political scientist by training and a self-described lover of Congress. I also want to commend to you this wonderful book, which Represent Speier co-authored. I think you'll all appreciate this title: <i>This is Not the Life I Ordered</i>. This is a great book to keep right at your desk when you're having those bad moments. I've already consulted it several times. So it's my pleasure to welcome Representative Speier. [ Applause ] >> Colleen Shogan: Terrific. Good morning and welcome to the Library of Congress. I think we're going to have a great conversation here this morning. At the conclusion of our conversation back and forth, Representative Speier is happy to take questions from the audience. But I'm going to kick us off. So you were interested in politics at a young age, but you didn't grow up in a particularly political family. For your confirmation you chose the name Jacqueline because of Jackie Kennedy. So can you tell us at a younger age what got you interested in politics and public service? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I came from a very blue collar family -- first in my family to go to college. Not politically active, as you pointed out. I guess I was 10, 11, 12 years old during the Camelot Era of the Kennedy Administration. And I think everyone in the country was uplifted by this young couple who had taken Washington by storm and the sense of hope and aspiration that was, I think, so vividly there and palpable. And so I guess that's what first drew me in. And then I did take the name Jacqueline at the confirmation. I hated the name Karen because my mother would always yell Karen and it would just drive me nuts. So I took Jacqueline as a confirmation name. And then I when from a public elementary school to a Catholic girl's high school by choice, which was another interesting point in my life. And so I was meeting a whole new group of students. And so I just decided that I was going to take my nickname at that point and make it Jackie. That's how that involved. In terms of politics I think I just remember reading the local newspapers and I was drawn to this local mayor, who was young -- Leo Ryan, mayor of South San Francisco -- who then ran for the state assembly and got elected. And there's a plan for all us. And we don't always know the plan. But I'm 16 years of age; my parents get a solicitation in the mail for Assemblyman Ryan's reelection. I take it, fill it out, say I have no money but I would volunteer. And then Saturday morning my job was to vacuum the house. And so I'm vacuuming the house and the phone rings. The vacuum cleaner's still going. I hear this voice on the other end saying, "Would you come to be interviewed?" And it was Leo Ryan. And he was having a campaign meeting at his home in Millbrea. And I went up and was interviewed. And they were actually interviewing young women to be what they called that year Ryan Girls. And there's a picture of me in my office as a Ryan Girl. And it was at the height of the Beatles. So we all had boots, black tights, little miniskirts, a little kind of British hat on. And we went around the communities just campaigning for then Assemblyman Leo Ryan. And that's how it all started. >> Colleen Shogan: And you continued to work for Leo Ryan when you went to UC Davis and as you were going to law school as well in California. Can you tell us a little bit about Leo Ryan? He had a unique view of his job as a representative. He became your political mentor. So can you talk to us a little bit about what Leo Ryan was like? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So he was -- I always said he ate bureaucrats for lunch. He had this inquisitive sense of wanting to know more. And he was, you know, a teacher by profession, so he taught history and government and English. And he, you know, told me that I didn't know how to write when he read my paper in college. And it was actually a critical analysis of his operation. And I had gotten an A-minus on it. He crossed the A-minus out and put C-minus and said I didn't know how to write and he was going to teach me. But he also had this sense of being experiential. Because he had a healthy sense of skepticism, he wanted to do things himself. So after the riots in Los Angeles, he went down there and taught school there for a week. He wanted to look at the criminal justice system in California, so he put himself in Folsom Prison for a week to evaluate that and actually wrote a play based on his experience there that never got published. But so he had by his very core this sense of wanting to see firsthand. There was nothing like being there as opposed to listening to some advisor tell you about a particular issue. >> Colleen Shogan: When you were working for Congressman Ryan as a senior legal counsel after you had graduated, after you had earned your law degree, in 1978 Congressman Ryan decided that he would lead a delegation to Guyana to visit the Peoples Temple commune that Jim Jones had assembled in Guyana. And you were a senior part of his Congressional staff at that time. Can you tell us about the decision that Congressman Ryan made to actually lead this delegation? Why did he decide to go to visit Jonestown and knowing that it was a dangerous -- could be a dangerous trip? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, first of all, I don't think he thought it was dangerous. He presumed that he had a Congressional shield, that that would somehow protect him. Mind you, there were no military escorts that joined us on that trip. He had had a friend whose son had been involved in the Peoples Temple who was mysteriously killed at a railroad tracks. We had a number of constituents in the San Mateo part of the district whose young adult kids got involved in the Peoples Temple. It was a huge church in San Francisco. Jim Jones was very politically active and connected and served both on the human rights commission and then on the housing authority. So had it wired there. There was a group of family members that came about concerned about loved ones in Jonestown. There was a couple who had been part of the Peoples Temple who had their son who was still in Jonestown that they wanted to get out. And so this all kind of came together. We have lots of meetings. There was a member of the Peoples Temple who had fled through the embassy in Georgetown, Guyana and come back to San Francisco that we interviewed who talked about all of these horrendous activities going on -- the sexual assault, the physical assault, the gun running, the mind control. So it was on that basis -- he was chairing a subcommittee on oversight of American citizens abroad -- that he decided that he was going to do like he did before, and that was to go see firsthand. >> Colleen Shogan: So you traveled to Guyana, and you did get to go to Jonestown to see the Peoples Temple commune. You were there for a number of days and there was unrest. And there was even an assassination attempt on Congressman Ryan's life while you were there. And it was decided there was some people maybe wanted to leave Jonestown, there was defectors. And it was decided that you would vacate, that you would head to the airstrip and there would be planes that would be there to transport you. And when you were there, there was an ambush from people from the Peoples Temple, actually, and they shot and killed Congressman Ryan along with four other people and severely wounded you in the process. Since it was such a remote airstrip, you actually stayed there for 22 hours without medical attention or really any help. So can you take us back to that day and talk to us about what you were thinking when that happened and how this affected your future career path and your future career in public service? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So just to take you back a little bit, we were in the commune for about 20, 24 hours, maybe a little bit less than that. We got there, we had a tour. We started meeting with family members. There was really a script that they were basically all reading in their minds. And it was, you know, pretty obvious that there was mind control. One of the reporters who was on the trip, Don Harris from NBC, was walking around the perimeter of the pavilion smoking a cigarette and two people slipped him notes. That's the first indication we had that people wanted to leave. So we were there overnight. The next morning I retrieved them and their belongings, and then word spread and more and more people wanted to leave. And then it became clear that we didn't have enough room in the plane. So we were going to do the first air lift and I was going to leave with them. And Congressman Ryan was going to stay behind with probably another 40 or 50 people that wanted to leave. There was then the knifing attempt on him. The truck was about to leave. We stopped, he got into the truck, we went to the airstrip. Unbeknownst to us, there was a tractor-trailer following behind us with seven gunmen on it. I'm coaxing a little Guyanese child out of the airplane because he had scampered up into it. And we didn't have enough seats as it was. So I was trying to coax him out so I could put people on the plane -- on the two planes. And all of a sudden this noise broke out. And at first, I had no understanding of what it was. People ran into the bush. Congressman Ryan ran under the plane. And so I followed suit and hid underneath a wheel. They came and they had ID'd who they wanted to kill. And so they shot us at point-blank range. Congressman Ryan was shot 45 times. And you could be helpful to me because I always say I think he's the only Congressman in the history of this country who's been assassinated in the line of duty. But I've never been able to absolutely confirm it. >> Colleen Shogan: That's, I think, true, actually. Because I remember when I worked at CRS this was an inquiry that we had, that we worked on. So I actually remember that. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Okay. All right. And I was lying there, playing dead and was shot five times. The whole right side of my body was blown up. And I looked down and there was a bone shooting out of my arm and my leg was totally blown up. And so what happens in a moment like that is that you -- you know, you're in shock, of course. But it was almost like my mind was telling me that half my body was good and half my body wasn't, and I was just going to ignore the half of my body that, you know, wasn't relevant. I was lying there and literally what do you do when you think you're dying? I mean, I thought, "My God, this is it. I'm 28 years old. This is it. I'm not going to live to be 85. I'm not going to get married and have 2.5 kids and live happily ever after. This is it." So I was raised as a good Catholic girl. And the first thing I did was say the act of contrition and literally waited for the lights to go out. And when they didn't, my grandmother who is in her mid 80's kind of flashed in front of me. And she was this powerful matriarch in my family. And I said, "I'm not going to have her live through my funeral if I can avoid it." So I kind of dragged my body to the cargo hold of the plane because the engines were still running. And one of the reporters actually from the <i>Washington Post</i> came up behind me and said, "Hurry up, Jackie." I can't. So he shoves me into the cargo hold. And the plane wasn't going anywhere. There were bullet holes through the engine and one of the wheels. And eventually they took me out of the plane, put me on the side of the airstrip. Unfortunately, it was on an ant hill. But you don't sweat the small stuff when you're dying. So one of the reporters had a tape recorder nearby, and I asked him if I could leave a message for my parents. And so I tape recorded a message to my parents and kind of a last will. And then was on that airstrip for 22 hours without medical attention. There was a tent nearby, so they put me in the tent. And through the night the producer for the NBC affiliate would come over to the tent because they were now at a bar in Matthew's Ridge. He would bring a bottle of rum -- Guyanese rum -- for me to take swigs of. And it was very potent, Guyanese rum. So that's how I got through the night. But it was those moments that I decided if I survived, I would never take a never day for granted, and that I would live every day as fully as possible, and that I would commit my life to public service. And so that was kind of one of those defining moments. And it really provided me an extraordinary gift because at a very young age I learned that there were no tomorrows -- no tomorrows were guaranteed -- and how precious every moment was. And once you've almost died, you're not afraid nearly as much to do things that others might see as a little risky. >> Colleen Shogan: As you recovered, you decided to run for Congressman Ryan's seat. And you didn't win the primary, but you quickly pivoted after that and ran for a local supervisor's election and you did win that seat. And you went on to have a very distinguished career in local and state politics serving in the California legislature, both in the assembly and also in the Senate. Can you talk to us about your time in local and state politics? What lessons did you learn in state and local politics that prepared you to be a member of Congress? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I think the lessons I learned really stemmed from Congressman Ryan. I mean, just not being afraid to go after something. And I remember one of the first issues I dealt with was a local utility had a transformer that spewed out PCB's in someone's backyard. And they said, "Oh, no, this is not a problem." And I took them on. It was Pacific Gas & Electric. It's no small utility, right? Ironically, I'd have another experience with them more recently. And so, you know, I learned early on that you can go up against very powerful interests and succeed. So it was, you know, a lesson that has held me in good stead. And you know, I like slaying dragons or at least trying to. >> Colleen Shogan: In 2007 -- we are the Library of Congress, so we like to talk about books. So in 2007 you published this book, <i>This is Not the Life I Ordered</i> with three other women. Can you tell us the story of this book, why did you write this book and how did you come to write it with three of your friends? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So this book was five years in the making. A group of friends and I would get together once a month to help each other, to support each other. We'd all gone through traumatic experiences. I had lost my husband in an automobile accident when I was pregnant with our second child 14 years after Guyana happened. And I'd always thought everyone gets their fair share of grief, but then that happened and it was incredibly devastating. So we would get together and have lunch. And the rationale for getting together every month was that we were going to write a book. We never put pen to paper for the first four years and then eventually did and wrote the book. And it became a -- and we told stories, not just our own but those of other women who had gone through very difficult times. And it became kind of a how-to book of how do you get through it? What are the tips? You know, creating a gratitude journal was one of the tips that we suggested. And the first day it may be only that your dog didn't pee in the carpet, but, you know, the next day it may be something else. And we also suggested that what we had created was really key to our being able to survive. And that was what we called kitchen table. So getting a group of people together as a kitchen table that would support you. And that's the only reason it exists, is just to be together. And I've noticed in my life that I have a number of groups like that. I have -- we created a married widows club after I lost my husband and then a friend lost her husband. And she's actually one of the co-authors of the book. And so over the years there's been about 14 of us. No one wants to join this particular club. But it has been a great source of support. And then I have my yoga girlfriends. And for the longest time we actually did yoga, and now we just kind of go on trips together. [ Laughter ] >> Colleen Shogan: In 2008 you ran for Congress again; this time you won. You represent the home district where it all started from and the same district that Congressman Ryan once represented. You're a member of the minority party in the House of Representatives. You're a Democrat. Tell us about what motivates your service to Congress. You're the member of a minority party in a majoritarian institution. The House runs by -- typically by majority rules. So what motivates your service when serving in an institution that's not incredibly popular these days? But you love it. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Yes, I'm part of the 10% or 11% that John McCain talks about. So the backdrop here is that I spent 18 years in the state legislature in California and had 300 bills signed into law by mostly Republican governors. So I come here wide eyed and bushy tailed thinking I'm going to take all I've learned in the state legislature and apply it here, except there's a lot of differences, right? You introduce a bill and you can dust it off every two or three years, but it's not necessarily ever going to be heard. That wasn't the case in California. Every bill got heard. Seniority here is as important as being in the majority, that you really have to wait your turn. And it is a very hierarchical environment. And since I've been here, we have been in the minority most of the time. The first two years I was in the majority, didn't know how lucky I had it. So I would say that I'm an optimist and I have the belief that we will be in the majority again and that we will be able to do good work. And I think my job now being in the minority is to say the emperor has no clothes when the emperor has no clothes, to be that voice that calls our colleagues out when they're not speaking on behalf of the American people. I brought some slides to show you. Maybe this is a good time to do that? >> Colleen Shogan: Right. Well, I'd like to talk about your approach to some of your House floor speeches, which is a bit unusual these days. A lot of times members come to the House floor, they use talking points that are provided to them by your party. But you have a different approach when you talk on the House floor; you draw from personal experience, you're not afraid necessarily to call out perceived double standards practiced by some of your colleagues. So tell us a little bit about your style. Is this sort of spontaneous when you go on the floor and you decide to make these types of speeches? And how has your frank rhetoric -- has it had an impact? Have you seen an effect by your approach? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I so first realized the power of the floor one night when we were debating. The Republicans had just taken over in the House. And the very first bill they introduced was H.R. 1, which was to defund Planned Parenthood to the tune of $400 million or $500 million. And we were sitting on the floor. It was late in the evening. And I was going to get up and speak on the hypocrisy of somehow defunding Planned Parenthood because one clerk misspoke at a Planned Parenthood office and somehow that was reason to defund it. Meanwhile, Halliburton had bribed foreign countries and was still getting billion-dollar contracts from the US government. So that's what I was going to talk about. The member right before me on the Republican side started reading from a book about second term abortions. And he talked about the sawing off of legs. And I thought, "Oh my God. How can he be talking like this?" So I kind of threw away my script so to speak and ended up talking about a second term abortion I had. And I remember finishing and trembling. And then John Lewis came up to me and he had tears in his eyes. And he said, "Jackie that's the most powerful speech I've ever heard on the floor." Well, coming from John Lewis, you can imagine how I felt. He said, "It reminded me of when my aunt was living with us. And one day she walked down the stairs in a blood-stained gown. My mother took her to the hospital and she never came home again." And then, of course, it took off virally. And I realized for the first time the power of the floor. And as I got into the issue of sexual assault in the military, I started telling stories of men and women who were sexually assaulted in the military whose lives had been totally destroyed. So that's how it first evolved. And then I recognized that, you know, you can bore people to death with what you say on the House floor or you can try and have an impact. So these are some of the slides we're going to show you now. I do want to say at the outset I can't begin to tell you how important your service is to all of us as members of Congress. I've had many of you come in over the years to brief me on issues, and what you do on our behalf is really priceless. So I'm sure you are here because you believe in Congress and love Congress and are doing it for all the right reasons. And I just want to give you a shout out for being so very good at what you do. Okay. So let's start. This is -- is this a chamber of Congress or is this a doctor's office? And I actually wore a white doctor's coat onto the House floor to make that particular speech. >> Colleen Shogan: And these were props that you have in your [inaudible]. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Yes. >> Colleen Shogan: These were next to you? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Right. I'm big on doing posters. This was done -- I was very outraged when Ray Rice and Ray McDonald -- both big football players -- were not, you know, taken out of the games once it was disclosed that they had committed domestic violence. And so this was an effort to try and get some public engagement on that issue. And the point was, you know, put them on the bench. Whenever someone is charged with sexual harassment or domestic violence, I mean, they basically are sidelined. You know, they either fire typically or if you're a police officer and there's undue force used in a crime, potentially you're put on administrative leave. And that's what I was just suggesting with that one. This was a floor speech because the Republicans had decided to sue President Obama because of the Affordable Care Act. So my point was there was no standing. It's taxpayer money being wasted. It was useless, it was a political stunt, it was inconsistent, it was a distraction, and it was also stupid. This one I actually haven't done on the House floor yet. But I was pretty outraged when Burger King decided it was going to invert and join with Tim Horton in Canada. So I actually had an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act so require that any company that inverts could not continue to have a government contract. Burger King has 187 installations at military bases across not just the United States but all over the world. And, you know, they get free space, free electricity. I don't think they pay for the employees there. It's just, you know, a great boondoggle. And here they are, they're renouncing for all intents and purposes their US citizenship so to speak and inverting. So this is a Whopper. And you probably can't see it there, but it shows the amount of money that the -- I think it's something like $356 million in subsidized services that taxpayers pay because they pay such low wages, their offshore profits, avoiding paying US capital gains -- $82 million -- and avoiding paying foreign earnings tax, $275 million. So the total is $1.6 billion. Now, ironically that amendment was in the NDAA last year on box. So it wasn't going to be taken up until one of the members pulled it and said, "Well, wait a minute. This is legal." And so it got taken out and we ended up not putting it in. So they're continuing to run their Burger Kings on military installations. This was another one from last year. They decided they were going after the sage grouse and the lesser prairie chicken and take them off the endangered species list. And it has no basis in the National Defense Authorization Act. So we decided that we'd mock it a little bit on the House floor. And so there's an RPG on that lesser prairie chicken, and we're commenting on the national security threat that it is. I've got very talented staff members [inaudible]. And this we've started doing. I was particularly incensed. I mean, I'm a victim of gun violence. I know what it's like to survive and, you know, overcome the trauma associated with it. That doesn't begin to deal with those who die and the family members who are left to somehow put their lives back together again. And so these moments of silence on the House floor had just got to the point where I couldn't take it anymore. And I actually walked out. And the <i>LA Times</i> reporter happened to see me. And I said, "You know, this is hypocritical. You have a moment of silence and then you're silent." And it's only these high celebrity almost shootings that we do a moment of silence. So I've started to go onto the House floor every month and talk about each and every person who's been murdered in a mass shooting. Now, a mass shoot is four or more people that have been injured or killed. And these are the pictures of those who were victims of mass shootings in April. And you can't necessarily tell it because some of them are individual pictures, but the number of families that get gunned down is extraordinary. There was a great piece in the <i>New York Times</i> on Monday that you probably saw that kind of talks about all of those who never get a moment of silence on the House floor. But what's the point? What is the point? And so that's what we've been doing. And we've now posted a wall outside my office. If you looked at the number of people who died since 1970 from gun violence and compared it to the Vietnam Memorial, it would be two and a half miles long. It would have 400,000 names on it. And there were, I think, 41 mass shootings in April -- more than there are days of the month. We had a lot of fun with this. We did a whole series on the price is wrong. And it was about spare parts in the military budget and how much money is wasted in the spare parts budget. We have a DLA -- it's a defense logistics agency -- it's like the big Home Depot that they're supposed to get their spare parts from. But then they end up buying them from contractors. And so an elbow, a plastic HVC elbow that would cost a dollar at Home Depot we paid $80 for. So this is one of those efforts where we did the price is wrong. How much does this really cost and how much did we pay for it? This one, you may wonder why I have a vodka bottle on the House floor. I was walking into the Speaker's Lobby with this bottle of vodka, a steak that had been cooked, and a phony jar of caviar on a silver plate. And the parliamentarian came up to me and said, "Ms. Speier, we can't have demonstrations on the floor." I said, "How is this a demonstration?" Or an exhibition -- he used some term of art. And he says, "It's the silver tray." I said okay. So I took the items on the House floor. And you're going to probably wonder what I was doing here. Well, I was offended because we were about to cut the food stamp budget by 50%. But just that month a number of my colleagues had taken trips -- codels -- around the world and were dining in Russia on vodka and caviar and in Argentina on steaks. And I thought that on the one hand, you know, it's okay for them to be -- have their food stamp program, but we're going to take food away from the poorest in our country. So this one, I don't know if it's going to be able to play, but this got to be kind of funny. And there was a piece that was a parody that was done on it. Thank you, [inaudible] California 14 we have about 4,000 families who are on food stamps. But some of my colleagues have thousands and thousands more. Yet they somehow feel like crusaders, like heroes when they vote to cut food stamps. Some of these same members travel to foreign countries under the guise of official business. They dine at lavish restaurants, eating steak, vodka, and even caviar. They receive money to do this. That's right, they don't pay out-of-pocket for these meals. Let me give you a few examples. One member was given $127.41 a day for food on his trip to Argentina. He probably had a fair amount of steak. Another member was given $3,588 for food and lodging during a six-day trip to Russia. He probably drank a fair amount of vodka and probably even had some caviar. That particular member has 21,000 food stamp recipients in his district. One of those people who is on food stamps could live a year on what this Congressman spent on food and lodging for six days. Another 20 members made a trip to Dublin, Ireland. They got $166 a day for food. These members didn't pay a dime. They received $50, $100, almost $200 for a single meal only for themselves. Yet for them the idea of helping fellow Americans spend less than $5 a day makes their skin crawl. The families of veterans, of farmers, of the disabled, of the working poor are not visible to them -- not even when they are their own constituents. Last week a man named Ron Shaich wrote in an article on his LinkedIn page about food stamps. Ron is the founder, chairman, and CEO of Panera Bread. In this article Ron admitted that despite wanting to fight poverty and hunger in America, he really didn't know what it was like to be truly hungry. And so this week Ron is taking the SNAP challenge -- the millionaire food mogul is living on $4.50 a day. I've taken the SNAP challenge in the past, and I can tell you it is a horrible experience. You think about food constantly. You are always hungry. But those on food stamps live on $4.50 every day -- not for one week -- for long into their future. That is soul crushing. Historically food stamps have been part of the farm bill. It's that same bill that 26 corporate farmers who remain nameless get $1 million each in subsidizes meant for real farmers. The taxpayers are giving $7 billion per year to large agribusiness, yet Republicans feel SNAP programs cost us too much money. They want to cut it. Mr. Speaker, I can stand here and say that my point is about saving food stamps from cuts -- that's true. But my larger point is about us as a country, as a society, as neighbors. I'm a member of the least-productive Congress in the history of this country. I'm ashamed of that. To be honest, if the federal government shut down for a couple of weeks as we keep hearing, would [inaudible] even notice? When a government of the people or for the people becomes a government in spite of the people, then who are we really serving? If we refuse to take care of those who are the most vulnerable at a tiny fraction of the costs of, say, our defense budget, don't we cease to be true public servants? Ron Shaich is putting himself in the worn-out shoes of 48 million fellow Americans. I'm ready to do the same again. I wonder how many of my Republican colleagues would want to cut food stamps if they had taken the SNAP challenge? After all, that means no more steak, no more caviar or vodka. Based on these members' eating habits, I wonder if they could survive. I yield back. So there was just one last one I wanted to show you. There it is. So this is another way that you can make public policy. This is a bill I introduced, never had a hearing, never got voted on but became law. And that's how sometimes we get things done, by introducing the bill, others recognize the importance of doing something about it. This was a bill introduced to tell the Treasury Department to stop minting the dollar coins because no one was using them and we were spending $300 million a year to store them. So I introduced the bill and three months later the Treasury Department decided that they were going to stop minting them. Okay. >> Colleen Shogan: Perfect. Our last question today is just a general question: What's next for you, both personally or professionally? What can we expect from you in the future? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: So my life has never been one that you could plan or predict. I was 29 years from the first time I ran for Congress to the second time I ran for Congress. That's a record in this Congress. I never had any intentions of coming back to Congress. Once I left, I was done. So I don't know what's next. We can't, I think, plan out our lives because there's always something that will intervene. So I'm going to just continue to make mischief. >> Colleen Shogan: Okay, terrific. We can now take some questions from the audience. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: That's a very good question -- does it help me kind of respond to veterans? Absolutely it does. I mean, I was on an airstrip under fire for a couple of minutes, and yet, our men and women who serve are there day in, day out, enduring the most incredible atrocities. I spent the night -- and you can see where Congressman Ryan has kind of filtered through my life -- I spent the night at a homeless shelter in my district a couple years ago. And around 1:00 a.m. -- I'd been talking to lots of people. And it was very edifying. Because the first people I met were two people who were working. One was working at Safeway in the bakery and the other was working in the warehouse at Office Max. And working people living in a homeless shelter. But about 1:00 a.m. this one gentleman comes up to me and tells me his story. He was a veteran, he got out, he had a six-figure job at Oracle, and then he hit a downward spiral -- drugs and alcohol -- and was last at the rehab program at Menlo Park in my district. He looked me in the eye and he said, "You have no idea what my country forced me to do in Iraq." And we don't. We have no idea. So post-traumatic stress is real. For that nanosecond that I was under fire, I had repercussions of it for a very long time. Twenty-one gun salutes would send me into orbit. Firecrackers going off would make me twitch. So it is a very real result of war. And, you know, we now know that, what, 30% or 40% of those returning from war are suffering from PTSD [inaudible]. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, there's so many stories. I mean, and I experience them all the time. You know, I'll be at the grocery store and people will come up to me and thank me because [inaudible] after the Great Recession hit. What do you do when 10% of your population is out of a job? So we started posting these job hunters boot camps that were not just job fairs with the opportunity to match with an employer, but also how do you retrain yourself? If you're middle-aged, you lost your job, how do you avoid the discrimination that's so obvious? How do you use social media? So I've had lots of people that have come up to me and said, "I finally got a job." And you could see that their lives -- that they had been reborn. Or people with mortgages were [inaudible]. I keep a helmet on the shelf in my office that was signed by a number of victims -- survivors -- of sexual assault in the military. And that's just a constant reminder that the work is really important that we do and that sometimes it's a huge boulder that we're pushing up a hill and we never think we're going to get it up. I mean, that's a great example with sexual assault in the military. I mean, yes, it should be taken out of the chain of command. That's what my legislation would do. But we have gotten a number of significant improvements to the Uniform Code of Military Justice in the last five years by some of the amendments that we have gotten into the law that's improved the status of those who are sexually assaulted. I continue to be concerned about whistleblowers and the retaliation that they endure. And we're dealing with that kind of issue in the intelligence committee. So those are all issues that I feel very strongly about and intend to be here to see them through. >> Colleen Shogan: We have one question over here. Oh no, no, no. You over here and then over here. >> Hi. I want to thank you for your work on sexual assault in the military. And I'm wondering if you had done any studies -- and this is on behalf on a cousin of mine -- on the link between sexual assault in the military and our epidemic of military suicides? >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I have not done any studies, but I know that there is some link to that. Because you can just see the downward spiral that takes place. What I was astonished by as I got to meet more and more of these survivors is particularly the women were legacy. I mean, their fathers and grandfathers and uncles had all been in the military and this was a family commitment. And because it's an all volunteer military now, these are people who join because they want to make a career of it. And because they're sexually assaulted and they report it, they basically lose their jobs. They're labeled with personality disorder. Imagine a DD214 that you then take to a future employer and it says you have a personality disorder. I mean, that's what they were doing. So you could see how their lives could easily unravel and that suicide would be, you know, their alternative to continuing to live in a state that was unacceptable. But I have not actually done any kind of study on that [inaudible]. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: Well, my schedule is not typical. I don't know what typical is. You know, the very first campaign I ran for after I lost for Congress, I was running for the board of supervisors and I was told "Make this call, you're going to get a $250 contribution." And I hemmed and hawed and then I made the call and I got $100 contribution. So I've never been good at this. So I'm not the type that will get on the phone and just raise money for the most part. I will do an event in my district. And people will come to the event. But I would say in terms of doing events back here, maybe four hours a month? Not what I would say is typical. >> Colleen Shogan: Other questions? Yes, right here [inaudible]. >> Last question. >> Colleen Shogan: Last question, okay. [ Inaudible ] >> Rep. Jackie Speier: That's a very good question. When we were about to make the trip, the State Department kept telling us, "You know, we can't force Jim Jones to meet with you. You have to get an invitation on your own. We have visited the commune. They seem very happy. Everyone seems to be glad to be there." Meanwhile, you know, we've already had some defectors who have come through the councilor office. We had a briefing in the embassy in Georgetown a day or two before we actually went to Jonestown. And they provided us with a slide show. Now mind you, the slide show had a picture of our two councilor officers with Jim Jones arm in arm. What kind of message was that sending? So I was pretty critical of State in terms of their lack of recognition that they had a responsibility to follow up on so many of these inquiries that had been made about people being held there against their will, Social Security checks being improperly handled. And I believe that the political trumped the councilor function in that regard. And bauxite was a very important component. We were importing a lot of bauxite from Guyana at the time. And I think those interests trumped the interests of Americans citizen that were being held there against their will. >> Colleen Shogan: Please join me in thanking -- >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I have one more comment. >> Colleen Shogan: Sorry. I should have had known. Right? I should have learned. >> Rep. Jackie Speier: I just want to leave you with you've got a sense of how my life has meandered, and I didn't touch on the loss of my husband when I was pregnant with our second child. But it was another traumatic experience in my life. But I've learned something that's very important. And the quotation I want to share with you is one that I hope you will keep in mind. "Life should not be a journey with the intention of arriving in a well-preserved body at the end of your life, but rather you should be totally worn out, totally used up -- martini in one hand, chocolate in the other, screaming, 'Woo hoo, what a ride.'" >> Colleen Shogan: All right. Thank you so much. [ Applause ] >> This has been a presentation of the Library of Congress. Visit us at loc.gov.

Contents

Early life and education

Speier was born in 1950 in San Francisco, and grew up in an apolitical family, the daughter of Nancy (née Kanchelian) and Manfred "Fred" Speier.[4] Her mother was of Armenian descent and a survivor of the Armenian Genocide, while her father was an immigrant from Germany. Speier took Jacqueline as her confirmation name after Jackie Kennedy.[5] She is a graduate of Mercy High School in Burlingame. She earned a B.A. degree from the University of California, Davis, and a J.D. degree from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law in 1976.[6]

Marriage and family

Speier's first marriage was to Dr. Steven Sierra, an emergency-room doctor, in 1987.[7][8] In 1988, they had a son Jackson Kent, while she was serving as a member of the California State Assembly.[5] Sierra died in a car accident in 1994 at the age of 53.[7] At the time, Speier was two months pregnant with their second child, a daughter she named Stephanie.[5]

In 2001, Speier married Barry Dennis, an investment consultant.[7][9]

Jonestown shooting

Congressman Leo Ryan
Congressman Leo Ryan

Speier entered politics by serving as a congressional staffer for Congressman Leo Ryan. Speier was part of his November 1978 fact-finding mission organized to investigate allegations of human-rights abuses by Jim Jones and his Peoples Temple followers, almost all of whom were American citizens who had moved to Jonestown, Guyana, with Jones in 1977 and 1978.[5] Speier was one of two members of the mission who made wills before traveling to Jonestown.[10]

Several Peoples Temple members ambushed the investigative team and others boarding the plane to leave Jonestown on November 18. Five people died, including Congressman Ryan. While trying to shield herself from rifle and shotgun fire behind small airplane wheels with other team members, Speier was shot five times and waited 22 hours before help arrived.[11] That same day, over 900 remaining members of the Peoples Temple died in Jonestown and Georgetown in a mass murder-suicide.

Political career

San Mateo County

Speier's political career began with an unsuccessful run to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Congressman Ryan (the seat she holds now).[5] She lost the Democratic primary to another former Ryan staffer, G. W. "Joe" Holsinger. He lost to the Republican candidate Bill Royer, San Mateo County Supervisor.[12]

Speier won her first election in 1980, when she ran for the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors and defeated a 20-year incumbent. At the time, she was the youngest person ever elected to the board. She was reelected in 1984, and was later selected as chairwoman.[11]

California State Assembly

In 1986, midway through her second term on the Board of Supervisors, Speier ran for the California State Assembly from a district in northern San Mateo County. She won by a few hundred votes. She was reelected five more times, the last time as the nominee of both the Democratic and Republican parties.[13]

California State Senate

Speier while serving in the California state senate
Speier while serving in the California state senate
Caltrain locomotive named after Jackie Speier
Caltrain locomotive named after Jackie Speier

State law prevented Speier from running for reelection to the Assembly in 1996, but in 1998 she was elected to the California State Senate. In 2002, she was elected to a second term with 78.2% of the vote.[14] As a state senator, Speier was instrumental in securing $127 million funding to start the "Baby Bullet" express service for Caltrain, for which the commuter rail agency named a new locomotive (no. 925) after her.[3] Speier also focused on representing consumer rights.[15] Senator Speier was termed out of the California State Senate in 2006. During her last term, she served as assistant president pro tempore of the California State Senate.

Candidate for Lieutenant Governor of California

In 2006, Speier ran in the Democratic primary for Lieutenant Governor of California against insurance commissioner John Garamendi and state senator Liz Figueroa. In the June 6, 2006 elections, Garamendi defeated Speier in a close race. Garamendi received 42.5%, Speier received 39.7%, and Figueroa received the remaining 17.8% of the vote.[16]

2008 presidential campaign

Speier endorsed Hillary Clinton's bid for president.[17]

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

On January 13, 2008, Speier announced she was running in the Democratic primary for the 12th District, Ryan's old district. The seat was being vacated by 14-term incumbent and fellow Democrat Tom Lantos, who announced on January 2, 2008, that he was not seeking re-election. Speier had spent much of 2007 building support to challenge Lantos in the Democratic primary.[18]

On January 17, 2008, Lantos endorsed Speier as his successor. She also picked up endorsements from Congresswoman Anna Eshoo, Congressman Mike Thompson and San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom.

Lantos died February 11, 2008. Speier won a special primary election on April 8, 2008 to fill the remainder of his term, which ended in January 2009. She won an outright majority, avoiding a runoff that would have been held on June 3, coinciding with the regular primary election.[19] She was elected to a full term in November with 75 percent of the vote and has been reelected three more times with no substantive opposition.

On July 11, 2008, Speier introduced her first bill, the Gasoline Savings and Speed Limit Reduction Act, which would set a national speed limit of 60 mph in urban areas and 65 mph on less-populated stretches of highway.[20]

In January 2016, during a speech on the House floor Speier announced that she would introduce legislation requiring schools to disclose disciplinary proceedings of faculty.[21]

On August 16, 2017, Speier advocated for the use of the 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to remove President Trump from office because of erratic behavior and mental instability "that place the country in great danger"[22] following his response to the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, and dealings with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un.[23]

In September 2016, Speier proposed a bill to stop sexual abuse and harassment of women in STEM fields known as the Federal Funding Accountability for Sexual Harassers Act.[24]

On October 27, 2017, Speier, as part of the #MeToo movement, posted a video sharing her experience with sexual harassment on Capitol Hill.[25] She said that when she was in her 20s a chief of staff for Representative Leo Ryan, "kissed me and stuck his tongue in my mouth." Speier called the United States Congress a breeding ground for a hostile work environment and she called for more sexual harassment training.[26]

Speier and Mississippi Democratic Representative Bennie Thompson have been seeking to prohibit sleeping in United States Congress offices.[27]

Political views

Defense

Speier is a critic of the F35 Joint Strike Fighter Program. She has been quoted in CNN: "To continue pouring money into building planes that have ejector seat issues, cyber vulnerabilities, flawed aerodynamics, maintenance problems, an inability to fly at full speed while using weapons, and overheating issues is borderline malfeasance."[28]

Abortion

Speier supports legal abortion. When she took the National Political Awareness Test in 2002, she answered, "Abortions should always be legally available."[29] The organization NARAL Pro-Choice America rated Speier as 100% on interest group ratings because she supported the choice of abortion in her voting for legislation.[30] Also, in 2008 the Planned Parenthood Organization gave Speier a 100% on her actions regarding abortion.[29] In a speech on the House floor on February 17, 2011, Speier said that she herself had undergone an emergency D&E procedure when complications developed in a wanted pregnancy.[31][32][33]

Gun laws

Speier believes in stricter gun control. According to her answers on the NPAT (National Political Awareness Test) she would like to require safety locks on all guns and background checks on prospective buyers as well as ban certain guns (other than for hunting) and strengthen state restrictions on buying and owning guns.[29] Gun Owners of America gave her an "F" grade and the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence and the Jack Berman Advocacy Center gave her a 100% rating.[29][30] The National Rifle Association (NRA) and Gun Owners of California also gave Speier a low grade on gun rights.[29]

Environment and energy

Speier is concerned for the protection of the environment and wants to preserve the health of this planet. She lists as evidence the decline of salmon on the West Coast as proof of global warming.[34] Speier believes global warming poses a growing danger and negatively affects the environment. When she spoke to the House on the subject of global warming and the environment, she expressed a desire "to craft a bipartisan and commonsense energy plan that makes polluters pay, provides for middle-class energy tax credits, and creates a new industry and lots of good, clean, green jobs".[35] Speier is working to improve energy legislation with the Clean Air Rebate Act of 2009, the Home Star Act and the American Clean Energy and Security Act.[36][37]

Urban terrorism

Speier introduced legislation to enhance information sharing between the Transportation Security Administration and participating mass transit agencies in high-risk jurisdictions. The goal of this expanded relationship would be to thwart terrorist attacks against high-profile transit targets.[38][39]

LGBT equality

Speier supports same-sex marriage. She is a member of the LGBT Equality Caucus.[40]

Speier was one of 32 members of Congress to co-sign a letter of October 8, 2015, to the TSA requesting a reform in screening policies and procedures for transgender travelers.[41]

Forced identification of prepaid mobile phone users

In March 2016, Speier introduced the Closing the Pre-Paid Mobile Device Security Gap Act (H.R. 4886) to force purchasers of prepaid mobile devices or SIM cards to provide identification.[42][43]

Congressional committee assignments

Caucuses

Electoral history

California Congressional District 11, special election (round 1) March 6, 1979[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic G. W. Holsinger 20,908 24.3
Republican William Royer 19,592 22.7
Democratic George Corey 15,470 18.0
Democratic Jackie Speier 13,744 16.0
Republican Les Kelting 6,578 7.6
Republican Bruce Makar 6,012 7.0
Democratic Curtiss Landers 1,475 1.7
Republican Roger B. Canfield 934 1.1
Democratic Charles T. Plough 731 0.8
American Independent Nicholas Waeil Kudrovzeff 372 0.4
Peace and Freedom Wilson Branch 310 0.4
Total votes 86,126 100
Turnout  
California State Assembly District 19 election, 1986[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 56,809 73.9
Republican Michael Rocco 20,010 26.1
Total votes 76,819 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California State Assembly District 19 election, 1988[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 67,584 77.2
Republican Robert Silvestri 18,240 20.8
Peace and Freedom Gene Pepi 1,732 2.0
Total votes 87,556 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California State Assembly District 19 election, 1990[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 53,359 100
Total votes 53,359 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California State Assembly District 19 election, 1992[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 108,428 75.1
Republican Ellyne Berger 36,020 24.9
Total votes 144,448 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California State Assembly District 19 election, 1994[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 100,602 93.1
Peace and Freedom David Reichard 7,459 6.9
Total votes 108,061 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California State Senate District 8 election, 1998[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 167,216 79.2
Republican Jim Tomlin 43,936 20.8
Total votes 211,152 100
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Independent
California State Senate District 8 election, 2002[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 158,999 78.2
Republican Dennis Zell 38,881 19.1
Libertarian Robert Fliegler 5,540 2.7
Total votes 203,420 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California Democratic Party Lieutenant Gubernatorial primary election, June 6, 2006[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 1,045,130 42.6
Democratic Jackie Speier 975,547 39.7
Democratic Liz Figueroa 436,868 17.7
Total votes 2,457,545 100
Turnout  
California's 12th Congressional District special election, April 8, 2008[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 66,279 77.7
Republican Greg Conlon 7,990 9.4
Democratic Michelle McMurry 4,546 5.3
Republican Mike Moloney 4,517 5.3
Green Barry Hermanson 1,947 2.3
Independent Kevin Dempsey Peterson (write-in) 2 0.0
Valid ballots 85,281
Invalid or blank votes
Total votes 85,281 100.00
Turnout   25.69
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 200,442 75.2
Republican Greg Conlon 49,258 18.5
Peace and Freedom Nathalie Hrizi 5,793 2.2
Green Barry Hermanson 5,776 2.1
Libertarian Kevin Dempsey Peterson 5,584 2.0
Total votes 266,853 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 152,044 75.6
Republican Mike Moloney 44,475 22.2
Libertarian Mark Paul Williams 4,611 2.2
Independent Joseph Michael Harding (write-in) 32 0.0
Total votes 201,162 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[59]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 203,828 78.9
Republican Debbie Bacigalupi 54,455 21.1
Total votes 258,283 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[60]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 114,389 76.7
Republican Robin Chew 34,757 23.3
Total votes 149,146 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2016[61]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 231,630 80.9
Republican Angel Cardenas 54,817 19.1
Total votes 286,447 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2018[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 211,384 79.2
Republican Cristina Osmeña 55,439 20.8
Total votes 266,823 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold

Books

  • This Is Not the Life I Ordered: 50 Ways to Keep Your Head Above Water When Life Keeps Dragging You Down, by Deborah Collins Stephens, Michealene Cristini Risley, Jackie Speier, and Jan Yanehiro, 2007, ISBN 978-1-57324-305-6
  • Undaunted: Surviving Jonestown, Summoning Courage, and Fighting Back, 2018, ISBN 978-1503903609

See also

References

  1. ^ Jackie Speier, Biographical Directory of Congress.
  2. ^ John Wildermuth (April 9, 2008). "Voters send Jackie Speier to Washington". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Commute Fleets". Statistics & Reports. Caltrain. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  4. ^ "MANFRED SPEIER Obituary - San Francisco, CA". San Francisco Chronicle.
  5. ^ a b c d e Haddock, Vicki (November 16, 2003). "Jackie Speier– moving on, moving up: Survivor of Jonestown ambush plans run for lieutenant governor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 27, 2008.
  6. ^ "Alumni News". Newsletter for Alumni and & Friends. University of California Hastings College of the Law. April 2007. Archived from the original on May 3, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2008. Recent Books by Hastings Alumni: This Is Not the Life I Ordered, coauthored by former California State Senator Jackie Speier '76.
  7. ^ a b c Jackie Speier at National Names DataBase.
  8. ^ "Auto Accident Kills Husband of Jackie Speier". Los Angeles Times. January 27, 1994. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  9. ^ Jackie For Congress: Bio, biography page at 2008 campaign website.
  10. ^ Gale, Rebecca (November 18, 2015). "Congresswoman Left for Dead at Jonestown Recalls the Massacre, 37 Years Later". Roll Call. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  11. ^ a b Staff (October 2006). "Senator Jackie Speier one of honored guests at banquet" (Press release). Armenian National Committee of America Western Region. Archived from the original on December 9, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2008.
  12. ^ "CQ Almanac Online Edition". CQ Press. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
  13. ^ "HR 56 Assembly House Resolution - INTRODUCED". California government.
  14. ^ "California Secretary of State, Vote2002, State Senate District 8". Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved February 15, 2008.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  15. ^ Yates, Dana (December 7, 2006). "Yee looking to make mark". The Daily Journal. San Mateo County's homepage. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2008.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA Lieutenant Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 06, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  17. ^ Marcos, Christina (February 16, 2016). "Female lawmakers rally around Clinton's White House bid". The Hill. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
  18. ^ Kapochunas, Rachel (January 2, 2008). "California Dems Expected to Vie for Lantos Seat". CQ Politics. Congressional Quarterly Inc. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2008.
  19. ^ John Wildermuth (February 13, 2008). "April 8 primary set to pick Lantos' successor". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
  20. ^ "H.R.6458 - Gasoline Savings and Speed Limit Reduction Act of 2008". U.S. Congress. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
  21. ^ Kramer, Miriam; Hern, Sergio. "Politician outs top astronomy professor's history of sexual harassment". Mashable. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  22. ^ "August 2017 Essential Politics archives". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  23. ^ "Rep. Speier wants to use the 25th Amendment to remove Trump. Here's what that means". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  24. ^ Claire Landsbaum (September 19, 2016). "A New Bill to Stop 'Rampant' Sexual Abuse, Harassment of Women in STEM Fields Will Be Proposed This Week". New York. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
  25. ^ Speier, Jackie [@RepSpeier] (October 27, 2017). "I'm sharing my #MeToo moment in the hope that my colleagues, & current/former staff who feel safe to do so, will join me. #MeTooCongresspic.twitter.com/dsGFhJ5joo" (Tweet). Retrieved December 13, 2017 – via Twitter.
  26. ^ Stracqualuris, Veronica; Bruce, Mary; Parkinson, John (October 27, 2017). "California congresswoman alleges sexual harassment on Capitol Hill". ABC News. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  27. ^ Berman, Russell (March 11, 2018). "'The Place Is Not a Frat House'". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  28. ^ Zachary Cohen (April 21, 2016). "Is the $400 billion F-35's 'brain' broken?". CNN.
  29. ^ a b c d e "Jackie Speier's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test) - The Voter's Self Defense System". Project Vote Smart.
  30. ^ a b "Jackie Speier". The Hill. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011.
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      I had a procedure at 17 weeks, pregnant with a child that had moved from the vagina into the cervix, and that procedure that you just talked about was a procedure that I endured. I lost the baby....
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External links

Articles
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tom Lantos
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 12th congressional district

2008–2013
Succeeded by
Nancy Pelosi
Preceded by
Anna Eshoo
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 14th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
André Carson
United States Representatives by seniority
126th
Succeeded by
Steve Scalise
This page was last edited on 9 July 2019, at 14:37
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