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J. T. Smith (musician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

J. T. Smith
Birth nameJohn T. Smith
Also known asThe Howling Wolf
"Funny Paper" Smith
"Funny Papa" Smith
Howling Smith
Bornc. 1890
probably Texas, United States
Diedc. 1940
GenresTexas blues, blues
Occupation(s)Guitarist, singer, songwriter
InstrumentsGuitar, voice
Years active1920s–1940
Associated actsBernice Edwards

John T. Smith (c. 1890 – c. 1940), variously known as the Howling Wolf, "Funny Paper" Smith, "Funny Papa" Smith, and Howling Smith, was an American blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.[1][2] He released around ten singles in his own name or variants thereof. He also recorded with Bernice Edwards, Black Boy Shine, Magnolia Harris, and Dessa Foster. His best-known song was "Howling Wolf Blues", of which several variants were recorded. Many of his original recordings were unreleased at the time. All are now available on compilation albums. Little is known about Smith, and some reported details of his life may be apocryphal.

Smith's music has been compared to that of Blind Lemon Jefferson,[3] and his guitar playing was similar in style to that of other Texas guitarists around in his lifetime.[4] One factor that set him apart from his contemporaries was his lyrical compositions, which were highly original. On more than one occasion, his verses were so full that he had to split the song between both sides of the three-minute limitation imposed by the standard 78-rpm disc.[5]

Life and career

Smith was probably born in Texas. Details of his early life are not known. His first professional role involved him working at the Lincoln Theater in New York City.[3] He married in the 1920s and spent most of the decade as an itinerant musician, travelling around Texas and Oklahoma, performing at parties, fish fries and juke joints, often in the company of Thomas Shaw, Alger "Texas" Alexander, and Little Hat Jones.[6] He also was seen in the Dallas, Texas, area in the 1920s and 1930s, but he never recorded there.[4] His first recordings were made in Chicago on September 18 and 19, 1930. "Howling Wolf Blues" (parts one and two) was issued by Vocalion (Vocalion 1558) as his first single.[2] Several sources have noted that his guitar was often out of tune, even on some of his recordings, and Shaw commented that Smith was not an accomplished guitarist.[3][4][5] Another oddity was that although Smith called himself "Funny Papa", his record label Vocalion managed to mistake this for "Funny Paper" Smith, and that is how he was billed on his earliest releases.[4] He recorded almost twenty songs for Vocalion in 1930 and 1931, including the aforementioned "Howling Wolf Blues", from which he acquired another pseudonym, "The Howling Wolf".[3]

Smith reportedly wore a stovepipe hat with "Funny Papa Smith" stitched upon it.[3] Between September 1930 and April 1935, he recorded forty-one songs, but only half that number were released at that time. Around this time he performed on weekends with Thomas Shaw.

In 1931, Smith was arrested after being involved in a fight in a gambling establishment[6] and allegedly killing a man in an argument over a woman.[4] He was jailed on a charge of murder[7] and spent a few years in a Texas penitentiary. In 1935, he recorded some songs for the Vocalion label in Fort Worth, Texas, but they were not released.[3] Along the way he recorded with Bernice Edwards, Black Boy Shine, Magnolia Harris, and Dessa Foster.[2] More than one source noted that Magnolia Harris was probably a pseudonym for the contractually obliged Victoria Spivey.[2][5] In 1939, he toured with Alger "Texas" Alexander. Smith's subsequent whereabouts are unknown. It has been reported that he died in 1940,[3] but the blues historians Bob Eagle and Eric S. LeBlanc reckoned from their research that it was "after 1947".[1]


  1. ^ a b Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. p. 538. ISBN 978-0313344237.
  2. ^ a b c d ""Funny Papa" Smith Illustrated Discography". Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Smith, John T. (Funny Papa)]". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  4. ^ a b c d e Govenar, Alan B.; Brakefield, Jay F. (1998). Deep Ellum and Central Track: Where the Black and White Worlds of Dallas Converged. p. 110. ISBN 978-1574410518. Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  5. ^ a b c "J. T. 'Funny Paper' Smith (The Howling Wolf), Complete Issued Titles (1930–1931)". Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  6. ^ a b "J. T. Funny Papa Smith". Retrieved 2016-11-30.
  7. ^ Edwards, David "Honeyboy" (1997). The World Don't Owe Me Nothing: The Life and Times of Delta Bluesman Honeyboy Edwards. p. 207. ISBN 1-55652-368-8. Retrieved 2016-11-30.

Other sources

  • Harris, Sheldon (1979). Blues Who's Who: A Biographical Dictionary of Blues Singers. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House. ISBN 9780870004254.
  • Koster, Rick (2000). Texas Music. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312254254.
  • Santelli, Robert (1994). Big Book of the Blues: A Biographical Encyclopedia. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0140159394.
This page was last edited on 30 May 2021, at 02:21
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