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Ivan Skoropadsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ivan Skoropadsky
I.Skoropadsky.jpg
Hetman of Zaporizhian Host
In office
11 November 1708 – 14 July 1722
Preceded byIvan Mazepa
Succeeded byDanylo Apostol
Personal details
Born1646
Uman, Bratslav Voivodeship, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Died3 July 1722(1722-07-03) (aged 75–76)
Hlukhiv, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
NationalityRuthenian (Ukrainian)
Spouse(s)Anastasia Skoropadska

Ivan Skoropadsky (Ukrainian: Іван Скоропадський) (1646 – 3 July 1722) was a Ukrainian Hetman of Zaporizhian Host, and the successor to the famous Hetman Ivan Mazepa.

Biography

Born into a noble Cossack family in Uman, Ukraine in 1646, Skoropadsky was educated in Kyiv-Mohyla Academy. In 1675 he joined Cossack military service under Hetman Ivan Samoylovych and distinguished himself in Russo-Turkish War of 1676–1681 and once again in the Crimean expedition against the Ottoman Empire and Crimean Khanate in 1688.

Ivan Skoropadsky was briefly an ambassador representing Cossack Hetmanate in negotiations with the Russian Tsar Peter the Great. During the Great Northern War Skoropadsky was a Cossack colonel of the Ukrainian Starodub regiment and after Swedish army crossed into Ukraine in 1708, refused to join Ivan Mazepa who decided to switch sides and fight against Russia. Only about 3,000 Cossacks, mostly Zaporozhians, followed Mazepa, while others remained loyal to the Tsar. With Mazepa deposed, Ivan Skoropadsky was elected as new Hetman on 11 November 1708. The fear of other reprisals and suspicion of Mazepa's newfound Swedish ally Charles XII prevented most of Ukraine's population from siding with the rebels.

Ivan Skoropadsky moved the capital of the Cossack Hetmanate from Baturyn which was razed by the Russian army for Mazepa's rebellion, to the town of Hlukhiv. Following Mazepa's defeat in the Battle of Poltava, Skoropadsky thought to regain Peter I's trust and yet negotiate greater autonomy for the Hetmanate and greater rights for the Cossack nobility, often resisting Peter the Great's policy of incorporation of the Hetmanate lands into the Russian Empire. His careful negotiations allowed him to achieve both, and the Hetmanate regained much of its lost prominence.

In 1718 his daughter married Count Pyotr Pyotrovich Tolstoy, the son of Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy (a prominent Russian statesman) and Ivan Skoropadsky was granted numerous estates in Ukraine becoming its largest land-owner. The Hetman had no male children but Pavlo Skoropadsky, a descendant of his brother,[1] briefly ruled Ukraine 200 years later, and also carried the title of Hetman in his Hetmanate-influenced government.

See also

References

  1. ^ John S. Reshetar Jr., The Ukrainian Revolution, 1917–1920: A Study In Nationalism, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952), 145.

External links

Predecessor
Ivan Mazepa
Herb Viyska Zaporozkoho.svg
Hetman of Zaporizhian Host
1708–1722
Herb Viyska Zaporozkoho.svg
Successor
Collegium of Little Russia
(Pavlo Polubotok)
Predecessor
Mykhailo Myklashevsky
Starodub polk.svg
Starodub Regiment
1706–1708
Starodub polk.svg
Successor
Lukian Zhoravka
Predecessor
Andriy Hamalia
Herb Viyska Zaporozkoho.svg
Aide-du-Camp General
1701–1706
Herb Viyska Zaporozkoho.svg
Successor
Mykhailo Hamalia
This page was last edited on 10 January 2022, at 00:10
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