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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portrait of Ivan Bilibin by Boris Kustodiev, 1901

Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin (Russian: Иван Яковлевич Билибин, IPA: [ɪˈvanˈjakəvlʲɪvʲɪt͡ɕbʲɪˈlʲibʲɪn]; 16 August [O.S. 4 August] 1876 – 7 February 1942) was a Russian illustrator and stage designer who took part in the Mir iskusstva ("World of Art"), contributed to the Ballets Russes, co-founded the Union of Russian Artists, and from 1937 was a member of the Artists' Union of the USSR. Ivan Bilibin gained popularity with his illustrations of Russian folk tales and Slavic folklore. Throughout his career he was inspired by the art and culture of medieval Russia.[1]

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Transcription

Biography

Ivan Bilibin was born in Tarkhovka, a suburb of St. Petersburg. In 1898 he studied at Anton Ažbe's Art School in Munich, where he was heavily influenced by Art Nouveau and the German satirical journal Simplicissimus,[2] and then under Ilya Repin in St. Petersburg.[3] Bilibin gained some success as early as 1899, when he first released illustrations for Russian fairy tales. The same year, after the formation of the artists' association Mir Iskusstva, in which Bilibin was an active member, his career as an illustrator of books and magazines began with a commission for its magazine Mir Iskusstva. He later also contributed essays on Russian folk art.[4] Artistic designs for other magazines such as Dog Rose (Шиповник) and productions of a Moscow publishing house followed.

After graduating in May 1901, Bilibin went to Munich, where he completed his training with the painter Anton Ažbe.[citation needed]

In the period 1902 to 1904,[citation needed] working under the Russian Museum (Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III) Bilibin traveled to the Vologda, Olonetsk, and Arkhangelsk Governorates, performing ethnographic research and studying examples of Russian wooden architecture.[5] In 1904 he published his findings in the monograph Folk Arts of the Russian North. Old Russian art had a great influence on his work. Another influence on his art was traditional Japanese prints and Renaissance woodcuts.[6][1]

During the Russian Revolution of 1905, Bilibin drew revolutionary cartoons, especially for the magazine Zhupel (Жупелъ), which in 1906 was banned because of his illustration depicting the emperor as a donkey.[7] In 1909 Bilibin served as the designer for the first stage production of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's The Golden Cockerel.

In 1911, Bilibin was hired by the State Paper Manufacturing Section to illustrate ball programs, exhibition and book posters, postcards for the Red Cross's Society of St. Eugenia, and envelopes and stationery with the Russian Bogatyrs.[8]

After the October Revolution of 1917, Bilibin left Russia, the new Bolshevik government proving alien to him. Hungry for a new exotic environment, in 1920 Bilibin went to stay in Egypt. He moved to Cairo and Alexandria, where he painted for the Greek colony. In Cairo, he specialized in the Byzantine-style art that was in demand by the Greek colony for icons and frescoes. He was also enraptured by the architecture of mosques and their "head-spinning ornamentation". In 1925, Bilibin settled in Paris, where he took to decorating private houses and Orthodox churches.[3] He still longed for his homeland, in 1936, and after decorating the Soviet Embassy,[citation needed] he returned to Soviet Russia. Bilibin died during the Siege of Leningrad, starving within the city when he refused to leave,[5] and was buried in a collective grave.

Logo of the magazine and "Sic transit ..." Жупел (журнал) (Bogeyman) (Jupel/Zhupel), 1905

Marital life

In 1902 Bilibin married his former student, the Irish-Russian painter and illustrator of children's stories[9] Maria Chambers. They had two sons, Alexander (1903) and Ivan (1908). In 1912 he again married a former student, the art school graduate Renée O'Connell (Рене Рудольфовна О'Коннель), granddaughter of Daniel O'Connell. In 1923 he married the painter Aleksandra Shchekatikhina-Pototskaya (Александра Васильевна Щекатихина-Потоцкая), with whom he had a joint exhibition in Amsterdam in 1929.

Publications

  • Bilibin, Ivan (1904), Народное творчество русского Севера [Folk Arts of the Russian North] (in Russian)
Folktales published by the "Department for the Production of State Documents"
Illustrations of Pushkin's tales
Other
  • Roslavlev, A.S. (1911), Сказки [Fairy Tales] (in Russian)
  • Поди туда — не знаю куда, принеси то — не знаю что… [Go there - I do not know where, bring that - I do not know what ...] (in Russian), 1919 , unpublished
  • Contes de l'Isba [Tales from a Hut] (in French), 1931
  • Carpenter, Francis (1932–1933), Tales of a Russian Grandmother

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "The Art of Ivan Bilibin : Textualities". Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  2. ^ Jose Alainz, Komiks: Comic Art in Russia, 2010, p.26
  3. ^ a b Janina Orlov, 'Ivan Bilibin' in Donald Haase, The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales and Fairy Tales: A-F, p. 121
  4. ^ Richard Taruskin, 'From Subject to Style: Stravinsky and the Painters' in Jann Pasler, Confronting Stravinsky: Man, Musician, and Modernist, 1986, p. 26
  5. ^ a b Isaeva, Ksenia (16 Aug 2016), "Russian fairy tales in the works of Ivan Bilibin", www.rbth.com
  6. ^ Maria Peitcheva, Ivan Bilibin: Drawings Colour Plates, 2016, p. 1
  7. ^ Hardeman, Hilde (1987). "The Publishing-House Z. I. Grzhebin". Solanus. New Series. 1.
  8. ^ Elena Litovchenko, 'Late Nineteenth Century Cover Designs from the Collection of the Research Museum of the Russian Academy of Fine Arts' in Alla Rosenfeld, Defining Russian Graphic Arts: From Diaghilev to Stalin, 1898-1934, pp. 47-48
  9. ^ Rosalind P. Blakesley, 'The Venerable Artist's Fiery Speeches Ringing in my Soul', in J.B Bullen, Internationalism and the Arts in Britain and Europe at the Fin de Siècle, p.101

External links

This page was last edited on 21 May 2024, at 09:57
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