To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Italians in Paraguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Italian Paraguayans
italo-paraguaiani
Total population
40% of the total Paraguayan population is of full or partial Italian descent.[1]
Regions with significant populations
Asunción
Languages
Spanish, Italian, Guarani
Religion
Christianity (mostly Roman Catholic)
Related ethnic groups
Italians, Italian Argentines, Italian Brazilians, other Paraguayan people of European descent.

Italian Paraguayans are one of the most prominent ethnic minorities in Paraguay, consisting mainly of Italian residents who migrated to Paraguay or Paraguayan-born citizens of Italian descent. Italian immigration to Paraguay has been one of the largest migration flows this South American country has received.[2] Italians in Paraguay are the second-largest immigrant group in the country after the Spaniards.

History

The War of the Triple Alliance (1865–70) was the bloodiest in Latin American history. The war was a disaster for Paraguay, which lost two-thirds of all its adult males. Paraguay's population fell from about 600,000 to about 250,000. For the next 50 years, Paraguay stagnated economically. The male population was replaced by an influx of immigrants from Italy, Spain, Germany, and Argentina. The census of 1899 showed a population of about 630,000 of whom nearly 100,000 were Indians. The foreign population in 1895 numbered 5000 Argentines, 3500 Italians, 1500 Spaniards, 1250 Germans, 800 French, 600 Brazilians, and 1000 Swiss, Austrians, English, and other nationalities.

The Italians were a relatively huge community of nearly 6000 persons at the beginning of the 20th century, concentrated in the capital and the areas around it. This group of immigrants, largely made up of workers, architects, engineers and less by professionals in other fields, exercised great influence, especially on growth and urban development in Asunción and in the maintenance of the Paraguayan rail system. They created even small cities, like "Nuova Italia".[3]

One of the most famous in the early 20th century was Silvio Pettirossi (June 16, 1887 – October 17, 1916), who was a Paraguayan airplane pilot and aviation pioneer. In December 1914 he founded the Aeroclub de Paraguay and was named its president. Actually Asunción's Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, three soccer clubs, the "Airborne Brigade of the Paraguayan Air Force", a Paraguayan Air Force Base in Luque, an avenue in Asunción and the "Paraguayan Institute of Aviation History" are named after him.

Indeed some Presidents of Paraguay are Italo-paraguayans: José Patricio Guggiari; Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti (1988 - 1993), Juan Carlos Wasmosy Monti (1993 - 1998) and Luis Ángel González Macchi (1999-2003). Even some misses of Paraguay are descendants of Italians, like Fiorella Migliore.

According to prof. Fernando Constantini, 40% of the Paraguayans are descendants (in some blood percentage) from the Italian immigrants: the Italians were 15% of the male population in Paraguay in 1875, after the devastating Chaco war,[4] and now they are fully assimilated because of the many mixed marriages.

In 2012 there were 8,502 Italian citizens residents in Paraguay, according to the "Ministero degli Interni" of Rome.[5]

Famous Italian-Paraguayans

Cirillo Antonio Rivarola, the 4th president of Paraguay
Cirillo Antonio Rivarola, the 4th president of Paraguay
  • Guido Boggiani, writer and explorer
  • Maneco Galeano, musician
  • Ignacio Alberto Pane, writer and journalist

Migration history

A group belonging to the Italian community in Paraguay gathered outside the National Pantheon of the Heroes of Asunción.
A group belonging to the Italian community in Paraguay gathered outside the National Pantheon of the Heroes of Asunción.

The number of Italian immigrants in Paraguay was by far the highlight of foreigners who settled in the country in the early postwar years after 1870. During the Paraguayan War, many Italian immigrants enlisted voluntarily rows of then President Mariscal Francisco Solano López.

In the period between 1882 and 1907, Italians were the largest group, exceeding 27% of total foreign arrivals in Paraguay.

After the unification of Italy in 1860, after Garibaldi's battles, it began the era of the great migrations that lasted until 1914. This yielded a very extensive migratory movement, between the years 1869-1913, more than 14 million Italians left their country.

However, most of the Italian immigrants came mainly from Lombardy (especially from Bergamo) and the rest of northern Italy, comprising individuals who arrived in Paraguay on their own and facing its risks.

This group of immigrants, largely made up of workers, architects, engineers and less by professionals in other fields, exercised great influence, especially on growth and urban development in Asunción and in the maintenance of the Paraguayan rail system.

Actual Italian community

It is estimated by academics that about 150,000 Paraguayans have direct Italian origin, as descendants of Italians who emigrated to Paraguay mainly from 1870. Meanwhile, Paraguayans with at least one Italian great-grandfather would be around 600,000, although in many cases they are considered "mestizo" Paraguayans.[6]

Italians are now fully integrated into Paraguay society, due to the many marriages between Italians and Paraguay girls (after the massacres in the war of 1870 that left only a few native Paraguay males). The Italian citizens residents in Paraguay in 2012 are 8.502, according to the "Ministero Interni" in Rome. Since 2017 every year is done the "Festa italiana" in the capital of Paraguay, with a huge success of public and commerce merchants.

Gallery

"Festa Italiana" in Asuncion in 2019:

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ (in Spanish) Italianos vinculados con el proceso de desarrollo en Paraguay Archived 2011-01-12 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Italiani nel Paraguay nel 1908; p.436-448 (in Italian)
  4. ^ "Italianos en Paraguay (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  5. ^ Statistiche relative all'elenco aggiornato dei cittadini italiani residenti all'estero (AIRE), alla data del 31 Dicembre 2012
  6. ^ Storia degli Italiani all'estero
This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 12:55
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.