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Isle of Wight County Council

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Isle of Wight County Council
Arms of Isle of Wight Council.svg
Arms granted in 1938
Type
Type
History
Founded1 April 1890
Disbanded1 April 1995

Isle of Wight County Council was the county council of the non-metropolitan English county of the Isle of Wight from 1890 to 1995.

History

Old County Hall, Newport
Old County Hall, Newport
Godfrey Baring, Chairman1898 to 1957, by Spyin Vanity Fair, 1910
Godfrey Baring, Chairman
1898 to 1957, by Spy
in Vanity Fair, 1910

County Councils were first introduced in England and Wales with full powers from 22 September 1889 as a result of the Local Government Act 1888, taking over administrative functions until then carried out by the unelected Quarter Sessions.[1] The areas they covered were termed administrative counties and were not in all cases identical to the traditional shire counties.

To begin with, the Isle of Wight was part of the area of Hampshire County Council, but a year later the island was given its own county council, which came into being on 1 April 1890. Following the first elections, Somerset Gough-Calthorpe, 7th Baron Calthorpe was elected as first Chairman. He was succeeded in 1898 by Sir Godfrey Baring, 1st Baronet, who was Chairman for almost sixty years, until his death in 1957.[2]

Premises were acquired, the former Swan Hotel in High Street, Newport, and some houses on either side, and the County Council was based there for several years.[3] A new building, designed in the Neo-Georgian style by Gutteridge and Gutteridge, was built on the same site and opened by Robert Sanders, 1st Baron Bayford, in October 1938. An extension was built on its east side in 1969.[4]

On 1 April 1995, following recommendations made by the Local Government Commission for England appointed in 1992, the county council and the island’s two district councils, Medina and South Wight (which themselves had been created by mergers in 1973) were replaced by a new unitary authority called Isle of Wight Council, the first elections to which were held in 1995.[5]

Responsibilities

The functions coming across to the new county councils from the former quarter sessions were set out in the Act of 1888, and included: repairing county roads and bridges, building and maintaining county buildings, such as county halls, court houses, and police stations, providing asylums for pauper lunatics, maintaining reformatory and industrial schools, providing polling stations for parliamentary elections, fish conservancy, control of wild birds, destructive insects, and contagious diseases in animals, weights and measures, licensing places of entertainment and race courses, levying rates, borrowing money, and hiring and dismissing county officers.[6]

By the time it was merged into the new Isle of Wight Council unitary authority, the Council provided a wide range of services, including education, libraries, youth services, social services, highway maintenance, waste disposal, emergency planning, consumer protection and town and country planning for matters to do with minerals, waste, highways and education. This made it the largest employer on the island.

Coat of arms

The Coat of arms of the Isle of Wight was first granted to the County Council in 1938.[7] On its abolition in 1995, the right to use them transferred to the new Isle of Wight Council.

The shield shows a simplified figure of Carisbrooke Castle, the historic seat of the island’s royal governors, and the blue field and the anchors represent the sea. Underneath is the island's motto, "All this beauty is of God".[7]

Notable members

Lord Calthorpe
Lord Calthorpe

See also

References

  1. ^ John Edwards, ”County” in Chambers's Encyclopedia (London: George Newnes, 1955), pp.189–191
  2. ^ “Sir Godfrey Baring” (obituary), in The Times, 25 November 1957, p. 12
  3. ^ County Hall history at wightpedia.org.uk, accessed 2 May 2020
  4. ^ David Wharton Lloyd, Nikolaus Pevsner The Isle of Wight (Yale University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0300107333), pp. 177-178
  5. ^ The Isle of Wight (Structural Change) Order 1994, SI 1994/1210, at legislation.gov.uk, accessed 4 May 2020
  6. ^ Local Government Act 1888, text as enacted at legislation.gov.uk, accessed 4 May 2020
  7. ^ a b Valentine Dyall, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales (London: Hutchinson, 1954): “ISLE OF WIGHT County Council Arms: Azure, a silver castle with three towers between three gold anchors. CREST: On a wreath argent and azure, a gold mural crown charged with three anchors azure... These were granted in 1938. The blue field and the anchors represent the sea, and the castle is that of Carisbrooke, once the capital of the island. The supporters allude to farming and seafaring interests.”
  8. ^ "Lord Calthorpe" (obituary) in The Times, Issue 40059, 18 November 1912, p. 9
  9. ^ "Sir Godfrey Baring" (obituary) in The Times, 25 November 1957, p. 12
  10. ^ "Sir Edgar Chatfeild-Clarke" (obituary) in The Times, 17 April 1925, p. 12
  11. ^ "MOTTISTONE, 3rd Baron cr 1933, of Mottistone (Arthur Patrick William Seely)", in Who Was Who online edition (Oxford University Press, 2012), accessed 4 May 2020 (subscription required)
  12. ^ "Mr Mark Woodnutt" (obituary) in The Times, 7 November 1974, p. 18
  13. ^ "Obituary: Lord Ross of Newport" in The Independent, 12 May 1993, accessed 3 May 2020
This page was last edited on 4 May 2020, at 08:11
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