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Islam in the Republic of Ireland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The documented history of Islam in Ireland dates to the 1950s. The number of Muslims in Ireland has increased since the 1990s,[1] mostly through immigration. According to the 2016 Irish census the number of Muslims resident in the Republic was 63,443.[2]

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Transcription

Contents

History

The earliest mention of Ireland in Muslim sources originates in the works of Al-Idrisi in his Tabula Rogeriana mentioned Irlandah-al-Kabirah (Great Ireland).[3]

Drogheda crest, containing the star and crescent of King John who granted the town's charter in 1210
Drogheda crest, containing the star and crescent of King John who granted the town's charter in 1210

On 20 June 1631 a North African pirate ship captained by Jan Janszoon (Murad Reis) sailed into Roaring Water Bay in West Cork and raided coastal village of Baltimore. A crew of slave traders roused the villagers from their beds, slaughtered anyone who resisted, and herded 107 people into the hold of their waiting ship. Men, women and children were taken, even down to babies in the cradle. The villagers were sold into a life of slavery in the Ottoman Empire.[4]

In 1845 Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid declared his intention to send £1,000 along with three ships full of food to the Irish people. According to Abdullah Aymaz in an article in The Fountain magazine, the British administration tried to block the ships, but the food arrived secretly at Drogheda harbor and was left there by Ottoman sailors.[5][6] Shipping records relating to the port appear not to have survived. Newspaper reports suggest that ships from Thessaloniki in the Ottoman Empire sailed up the River Boyne in May 1847,[7] although it has also been claimed that the river was dry at the time. A letter in the Ottoman archives of Turkey, written by prominent Irishmen, explicitly thanks the Sultan for his help.[8]

The organisational history of Islam in Ireland is complex, not least because of the immense variety of ethnic backgrounds of Irish Muslims.[9] The first Islamic Society in Ireland was established in 1959. It was formed by students studying in Ireland and was called the Dublin Islamic Society (later called the Islamic Foundation of Ireland).[10] At that time there was no mosque in Dublin. The students used their homes and later rented halls for Jum'ah (Friday) and Eid (Muslim holiday) prayers. In 1976 the first mosque and Islamic centre in Ireland was opened in a four-storey building at 7 Harrington Street, Dublin 8.[citation needed] Among those who contributed to the cost of the mosque and Islamic centre was the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. In 1981 the Ministry of Endowment and Islamic Affairs of Kuwait sponsored a full-time imam for the mosque.[citation needed]

In 1983, the present building of the Dublin Mosque and Islamic Centre was bought, renovated and the headquarters of the Society moved from Harrington Street to 163 South Circular Road, Dublin 8.[citation needed]

In Cork, prayer halls are located in housing estates. Cork's Muslim community operates out of an industrial estate, while hoping to raise money to build a new mosque.[11]

In 1992, Moosajee Bhamjee became the first (and to date only) Muslim Teachta Dála (Member of Irish Parliament).[12]

Demography and ethnic background

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991 3,873—    
2002 19,147+394.4%
2011 48,130+151.4%
2016 63,443+31.8%
2002 census:[13] 2011, 2016 censuses:[14]

According to the 2016 Irish census, there were 63,443 Muslims living in the Republic of Ireland,[14] representing a 29% increase over the figures for the 2011 census. However the Islamic community is very much a minority, especially when compared to the numbers of Christians and those of no religion. Cities and towns with the highest Muslim population according to the 2016 census: 27,586 Dublin City and suburbs; 3,633 Cork City and suburbs; 3,432 Limerick City and suburbs; 2,047 Galway City and suburbs; 1,392 Waterford City and suburbs; 947 Balbriggan; 937 Dundalk; 937 Tralee; 861 Drogheda; 810 Portlaoise; 711 Ennis; 628 Sligo; 615 Athlone; 592 Navan; 564 Carlow; 562 Kilkenny; 550 Swords; 543 Ballyhaunis; 522 Cavan; 497 Mullingar; 489 Letterkenny; 467 Killarney; 422 Naas; 401 Longford.[15]

The Muslim community in Ireland is diverse and growing rapidly, and its numbers are not determined by the country's history to the same extent as the UK and France, where the majority of Muslims are immigrants or descendants of immigrants from former colonies, or Germany and Austria, where the majority of Muslims are Turkish migrant workers and their descendants. Just over 55 per cent of Muslims were either Asian or African nationals with 30.7 per cent having Irish nationality.[16] The census also revealed that of the 31,779 Muslims resident in Ireland at the time of the census, 9,761 were Irish nationals, less than the number of Asians (10,649) although more than the 6,909 African nationals. The census of 2011 found there were 49,204 Muslims in Ireland, "a sharp rise on five years previously".[17] The Muslim immigration at the end of the 90s was caused by the Irish economic boom and asylum seekers from diverse Muslim countries, and in the 20-year period between 1991 and 2011 the Muslim population increased 1000%, from 0.1% to 1.1% of the population of the republic.[17]

Age and sex

There was an increase in the number of Muslims in every five year age group between 2006 and 2016. There were 147 Muslim males for every 100 females in 2006. This gap narrowed to 129 males per 100 females in 2016. The average age of Muslims in 2016 was 26.0 (compared with the State average of 37.4 years). There were 10,884 children of primary school-going age (5-12 year olds) among the Muslim community in Ireland and a further 5,480 of secondary school age.[18]

Marital status

Muslims in Ireland are more likely to be married and were less likely to be single compared with the general population.Almost 6 out of 10 were married compared with 4.8 out of 10 for the general population. Divorce is also less prevalent among Muslims compared with the general population. [18]

Residence

Just under half (47.3%) of all of Ireland’s Muslims lived in County Dublin. Dublin City was home to the largest proportion (15.5%), followed by South Dublin (13.1%), Fingal (12.8%) and Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown (5.9%).[18]

Principal economic status

The economic status of Muslim men and women varied greatly with relatively small numbers of women at work and slightly above average numbers of men looking after the home and family.

Among Muslim men 53.3 per cent were at work in April 2016 with 17.0 per cent unemployed or looking for their first job. In contrast 23.6 per cent of Muslim women were working at the time of the census while a further 1 in 5 (19.5%) were unemployed.

In all 27.4 per cent of Muslim women aged 15 and over were looking after the home or family - significantly higher than the rate for all women at 14.9 per cent.[18]

Major occupational groups of Muslims

There were 17,543 Muslims at work.At a broad occupational level, 'professional occupations' was the largest category, accounting for 23.5 per cent of workers. Within this category medical practitioners were the largest occupation, with 2,102 workers and accounting for 12.0 per cent of all Muslim workers compared followed by Chefs(1,349).[18]

Mosques and denominations

In 2003, the Islamic Cultural Centre with help from Foras na Gaeilge announced plans to translate the Koran from Arabic into Irish for the first time.[19] However, the plan foundered because of difficulties in finding speakers of both languages and as of 2018 no translation yet exists.[20]

In September 2006 an umbrella organisation, the Irish Council of Imams, was established. It represents 14 imams in Ireland, of both the Sunni and Shia traditions. It is chaired by Imam Hussein Halawa (Islamic Cultural Centre of Ireland) and its deputy chairman is Imam Yahya Al-Hussein (Islamic Foundation of Ireland). Imam Dr. Umar Al-Qadri (Al-Mustafa Islamic Cultural Centre Dublin 15), Imam Salem (Cork Mosque), Imam Khaled (Galway Mosque) and Imam Ismael Khotwal (Blackpits Mosque) are among its founding members.

Sunni

Shia

Ahmadiyya

The  Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was formally registered in the country in 1992, during the era of the Fourth Caliph. However, there have been Ahmadi Muslims in the country since the 1960s. There are two Ahmadiyya mosques in the Republic of Ireland, one in Galway in the western coast, named the Galway Mosque, and one in Lucan near the eastern coast in County Dublin. The Galway Mosque is purpose built.[23][24] Most Ahmadiyya Moslems in Ireland are refugees from countries where they are persecuted.

Media

Some UK-based television channels targeted at the Muslim Community can be accessed in Ireland via satellite including the Sky digital platform.

Notable Muslims

  • Moosajee Bhamjee, first Muslim TD
  • Ibrahim Halawa, Irishman who was imprisioned in Egypt
  • Rex Ingram, film director
  • Sher Muhammad Rafique, community leader
  • Lisa Smith former Irish Soldier who went to Islamic State

Muslim students in universities

There are several student Islamic societies (ISOC) in universities all across Ireland especially in the major universities such as UCD, TCD, UCC, NUIG, ISSNI, RCSI, GMIT, ITC, DCU, Dublin Institute of Technology, IT Tralee, IT Tallaght, IT Blanchardstown, DBS.[25]

Yearly events include regular (weekly halaqas & linguistic classes), social (Food festivals), cultural (Eid), Charity drives (Charity week), physical (sports), Academic (speakers tours, lectures, courses, conferences & seminars), Intellectual (debates) and campaigns (Islam awareness & justice).

The Federation of Students Islamic societies (FOSIS) Ireland [6], is an umbrella organisation established in the early millennium (2003) whose mission is to unite, serve and represent Muslim students.[25] It also seeks to bring these students together, to share experiences and to offer help and advice where appropriate, uniting Muslim Students to positively contribute to Irish communities.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ Islam Ireland's 3rd largest faith, BBC 29 November 2007
  2. ^ "Change in religion" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  3. ^ Dunn, 2009, p. 452.
  4. ^ O'Donnell, Leeanne; O'Brien, Liam (23 October 2010). "From Baltimore to Barbary - The Village That Disappeared". RTÉ Radio 1. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ Akay 2012.
  6. ^ Aymaz 2007.
  7. ^ Kelly, Antoinette. "New evidence shows Turkey delivered food to Ireland during the famine". IrishCentral. Retrieved 11 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Abdülmecid'in İrlanda halkına yaptığı yardım 'efsane' değilmiş". Zaman. Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  9. ^ Scharbrodt, Oliver, "Islam in Ireland". 318 – 336 in Olivia Cosgrove et al. (eds), Ireland's new religious movements. Cambridge Scholars, 2011; ISBN 978-1-4438-2588-7
  10. ^ "The Islamic Foundation of Ireland". DCU Islamic Society. Archived from the original on 15 July 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  11. ^ "About the Cork Mosque". Archived from the original on 14 April 2014.
  12. ^ "The Muslim-Irish prove to be a surprisingly moderate bunch". Irish Independent. 19 December 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  13. ^ "2002 Census Sample Form" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. p. 4, q.12. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  14. ^ a b "2011 Census Sample Form" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. p. 4, q.12. Retrieved 15 October 2017.; "Census 2016 Sample Form" (PDF). Central Statistics Office. p. 4, q.12. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  15. ^ "Central Statics Office". cso.ie.
  16. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie.
  17. ^ a b "Press Release Census 2011 Profile 7 Religion, Ethnicity and Irish Travellers - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Religion - Non-Christian". cso.ie/en. Central Statistics Office, Government of Ireland. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
    CC-BY icon.svg
    Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  19. ^ "Quran to be translated into Irish". BBC News. 11 March 2003. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  20. ^ Rogan, Aaron (24 April 2018). "Plan to translate the Koran into Irish revived" – via www.thetimes.co.uk.
  21. ^ Lacey, Jonathan, "Turkish Islam in Ireland". 337 – 356 in Olivia Cosgrove et al. (eds), Ireland's new religious movements. Cambridge Scholars, 2011; ISBN 978-1-4438-2588-7
  22. ^ "Ballyhaunis Mosque in Ballyhaunis, County Mayo - Salatomatic - your guide to mosques & Islamic schools". www.salatomatic.com.
  23. ^ Lorna Siggins (20 September 2014). "Persecuted Muslims build first Irish mosque in Galway". Irish Times. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  24. ^ "Galway Ahmadiyyas hope new mosque will be a 'symbol of peace' and understanding".
  25. ^ a b c "FOSIS - home for Muslim students and ISOCs across UK and Ireland". ireland.fosis.org.uk.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 October 2019, at 14:51
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