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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Isha prayer (Arabic: صلاة العشاءṣalāt al-ʿišāʾ  IPA: [sˤalaːt alʕiʃaːʔ], "night prayer") is the night-time daily prayer performed by practicing Muslims. It is the second[1] of the five daily prayers – (salat).[2][3] The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Furū al-Dīn) according to Shia Islam. It is a four rak'ah prayer and in Sunni Islam, the two Sunnah rak'ah following the Isha' are highly recommended and so is the three rakat Wajib Witr. There are a few optional prayers that can be recited after the Isha' prayer, including the Nafilat ul-Layl prayers (together termed tahajjud), as well as the tarawih in Ramadan.

Name variations

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة العشاء (Ṣalāh al-ʿIshaaʾ)
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Persian نماز عشاء/نماز خفتن
Pakistan, India Urdu نماز خفتن/نماز عشاء (Isha namaaz)
Turkey Turkish Yatsı namazı
Afghanistan, Pakistan Pashto ماسخوتن Azerbaijan Azeri İşa namazı
Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namazi i natës, Namazi i jacisë
Balkans Serbo-Croatian Jacija-namaz
Bangladesh, India Bengali ইশা, এশা (Isha, esha)
Poland Polish Isza
Somalia, Somaliland Somali Salaada Cishe
Indonesia (nationwide) Bahasa Indonesia Salat Isya
Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore Bahasa Melayu Solat Isyak
Indonesia (West Java, Banten) Basa Sunda Solat Isa
China (Xinjiang) Uyghur خۇپتەن نامىزى
Iraqi Kurdistan Sorani نوێژی عیشا
Kazakhstan Kazakh Кұптан намазы (Kuptan namazy)

Ahadith mentioning virtues of Isha Salat

An Imam reads verses from the Quran after Isha' (night prayers) in the Mughal Empire.
An Imam reads verses from the Quran after Isha' (night prayers) in the Mughal Empire.

Uthman reported that he heard Muhammad  saying: "The one who offered Isha salat in congregation, it was as if he remained in salat up to midnight, and he who offered the Fajr salat in congregation, it was as if he remained in salat the whole night." (Muslim) Abu Hurairah reported: The Messenger of Allah said, "The most difficult Salah for the munafiqeen (the hypocrites) is Isha and Fajr. Had they known the rewards for them, they would have attended them even if they had to crawl on their knees." (Bukhari)[3]

Sunni Muslims

The time period within which the Isha prayer must be recited is the following:

  • Time begins: According to the Hanafi school, Isha begins when complete darkness has arrived and the white twilight in the sky has disappeared. According to the Maliki and Shafi'i schools, the time begins when the red thread has disappeared from the sky. These times can be approximated by using the sun as a measure. When the sun has descended 12 degrees below the horizon, it is approximately equivalent to the disappearance of the red from the sky. For approximating when complete darkness begins, some astronomers argue that it occurs when the sun has descended 15 degrees below the horizon while others use the safer measure of 18 degrees.
  • Time ends: At the beginning of dawn when the time for Fajr prayer begins. However, it is frowned upon to delay the prayer without a legitimate reason past the first third of the night, and "night" in Islamic law means the time between the end of the Maghrib prayer and the start of the Fajr prayer. According to an opinion in the Maliki school, the prohibition is from delaying the prayer beyond the first half of the night, rather than just the first third.[4]

Shia Muslims

The time period within which the Isha prayer must be recited is the following:

  • Time begins: once Maghrib (evening prayer) has been recited and completed.[2]
  • Time ends: at midnight, the midpoint between shafak and dawn.

However, it is very important to recite the prayer as soon as the time begins. Often Maghrib and Isha are offered together with a small gap of time in between.

See also

References

  1. ^ Counted from sunset, the traditional begin of the Islamic day, it is the second prayer. Counted from midnight it is the fifth prayer.
  2. ^ a b A guide on praying Maghrib and Isha prayers on qul.org website, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  3. ^ a b Significance of Offering The Isha Prayer and Its Benefits, QuranReading website, Published 29 January 2015, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  4. ^ Prayer Times defined for all five prayers in a day, qul.org website, Retrieved 14 May 2017

External links

This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 08:17
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