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Ireland Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ireland Bridge
Bingley Ireland Bridge 1.jpg
Coordinates53°51′01″N 1°50′30″W / 53.850293°N 1.84157°W / 53.850293; -1.84157
CrossesRiver Aire
LocaleBingley
Maintained byBradford District Council
Characteristics
MaterialDressed stone[1]
No. of spans7
History
Opened1686

Bingley's Ireland Bridge is a Grade II* listed structure[1] and a historically significant crossing point over the River Aire in West Yorkshire, England. It is now the main route between Bingley & the nearby villages of Harden, Wilsden & Cullingworth (the B6429).

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Transcription

Contents

History

A bridge has existed at this point over the river since mediaeval times. The current bridge dates from 1686 and replaced an earlier timber structure.[2] During renovations in 2010, engineers found unique stonemason marks carved into sections of the bridge that were previously inaccessible until the scaffolding went up around it.[3] The bridge was widened and a parapet added in 1775.[4] Previous to the bridge being built, visitors to the town would ford the river at a crossing just south of the bridge that would lead them to the bottom of what is now Ferrand Street. When the water is low enough, the stones of this crossing are said to be visible.[4]

The All Saints Parish Church and the Old White Horse Inn, a Coaching inn were constructed very close to the eastern bank and Bingley's modern town centre spread south from these beginnings. A mill extended on the east bank for which a weir was built across the Aire. The water was then funnelled under the mill to power the works which started out as a Corn Mill, a forge and for much of the 20th century was a fat refinery. The mill was demolished in 1984[5] and the site has now been replaced by housing.[6]

In the 18th century, the middle of the bridge was an area where locals would congregate and 'gossip'. This would also entail talking to travellers who were using the bridge to get from Halifax and beyond to Otley and Ilkley.[7]

The bridge was originally named Bingley Bridge, but an influx of Irish immigrants caused a name change. They came to work in the Bingley mills and they also visited the Brown Cow Inn, which meant going across the bridge. The Brown Cow acquired the nickname of 'The Irish Inn'; this also led to the bridge being similarly named.[8] Harry Speight in his book The Chronicles of Old Bingley suggests the name came about due to the crossing of the Aire being like going over the water to Ireland.

Strengthening works

Despite previous strengthening works, the bridge was deemed unfit for two-way traffic, and traffic lights were installed for a time at either end. These allowed only a single lane across for some time - disrupting local traffic at peak times.[citation needed]

In January 2010, Bradford Council closed the bridge completely, and commenced works to strengthen the bridge. These works resulted in the closure of Harden Road to vehicles over the bridge. The works were originally due to take place in June 2009, but were postponed owing to the presence of rare Daubenton's bats roosting in the spans of the bridge.[3][9] After a £1.6 million pound project,[10] Ireland Bridge reopened to two-way traffic in June 2010.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Ireland Bridge  (Grade II*) (1133377)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Bingley Conservation Area" (PDF). Bradford.gov.uk. Bradford Council. March 2004. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Bridging the past with historic find in Bingley". Keighley News. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Bingley Conservation Area" (PDF). Bradford.org.uk. Bradford Council. March 2004. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  5. ^ Burrows, Dorothy (1985). Bingley - a Look at the Past. Pudsey: Allanwood Press. p. 21.
  6. ^ Firth, Gary; Hitt, Malcolm (2009). Bingley Past and Present. History Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-7524-5345-3.
  7. ^ Speight, Harry (1898). Chronicles of Old Bingley. Eliot Stock. p. 78. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  8. ^ "More on Ireland Bridge". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  9. ^ Winrow, Jo (1 June 2010). "Ireland Bridge, Bingley, to be open to traffic by 19 June". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Relief as Bingley bridge re-opens". Keighley News. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  11. ^ City of Bradford Council Ireland Bridge website Archived 24 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.

External links

This page was last edited on 22 December 2018, at 23:28
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