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Division No. 1, Subdivision B, Newfoundland and Labrador

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Subdivision 1B
Division No. 1, Subdivision B
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Census divisionDivision 1
Government
 • MHASherry Gambin-Walsh (LIB, Placentia—St. Mary's)
 • MPKen McDonald (LIB, Avalon)
Area
 • Land460.21 km2 (177.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total360
 • Density0.8/km2 (2/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3:30 (Newfoundland Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2:30 (Newfoundland Daylight)

Division No. 1, Subdivision B is an unorganized subdivision on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It is in Division 1 and contains the unorganized communities of Iona, Little Barasway, Placentia Junction, Point Verde and Ship Harbour.

Iona

47°26′N 53°59′W / 47.433°N 53.983°W / 47.433; -53.983 Iona is a group of small islands in Placentia Bay that used to be inhabited. The islands were once called Ram's or Ram's Island. The population was reported to be 197 in the 1836 Census and 100 in 1921 and 67 in 1940. Iona was originally settled by Irish Roman Catholics,[1] which included but not limited to, the surnames of Griffin, Bruce, Fitzpatrick, Murphy, Sweeney, McFarrell (Later McFarlane), Duke, Pope, Newman, Northover, Bird, Whiffen, and King. The depression of the 1930s severely impacted the Island's people, causing many people to leave and find work. Also, in 1935 a lightning storm struck and destroyed the Island's school, in the next year the small church located on the island was destroyed by fire, and in 1937 a North Atlantic storm splintered the Island's fleet, and washed away many homes and sheds.[2] The community was depopulated during the Provincial Government's Resettlement Program. Most of these families moved to the close communities of Ship Harbour, Fox Harbour and Long Harbour.

Little Barasway

47°10′41″N 54°02′28″W / 47.178°N 54.041°W / 47.178; -54.041 Little Barasway is a small community on the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, approximately 12 km south of Placentia. The name "Little Barasway" is derived from the local pronunciation of the word barachois (a lagoon or harbour sheltered from the sea by a strip of beach). The town name has had many spellings over the years, including Little Barachoix, Little Barrachois, and Little Barrisway. It has never been home to more than a few families in the last 150 years, the names of which include Foley, Doyle, and O’Keefe.[citation needed]

Thomas Foley is said to have been the first permanent settler of Little Barasway. A fisherman, he arrived in nearby Placentia circa 1846 to work for Sweetman & Saunders, a firm based out of Waterford, Ireland.[citation needed] The history of the Cape Shore says he was nicknamed Thomas "Tramore" Foley, as he was from Tramore, Ireland.[citation needed]

Point Verde

47°14′N 54°00′W / 47.233°N 54.000°W / 47.233; -54.000 Pointe Verde was a small settlement in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, with 19 families around 1864. The population was 238 in 1956, and 330 in 1986.[3]

Point Verde is located just southwest of Placentia, which is known as the old French capital of Newfoundland. While Placentia was built on a stony beach, Point Verde (Green Point) possesses fine grasslands. One striking feature of Point Verde is the large ponds located near the headland. The two bodies of water used to be joined before a causeway was put in for the road that extends to the point.

The first settlers at Point Verde were John and Robert Greene, who acquired the peninsula from Placentia merchants Saunders and Sweetman in 1803. The Greenes fished and cleared tuckamore to create extensive gardens and pastureland for their livestock. By the time of the first census in 1836, the community had a population of seventy-two.

Lighthouse

Point Verde Lighthouse
Newfoundland
LocationPoint Verde
Newfoundland
Canada
Coordinates47°14′15.2″N 54°00′55.2″W / 47.237556°N 54.015333°W / 47.237556; -54.015333
Year first constructed1879 (first)
1920 (second)
1930s (third)
1975 (fourth)
Year first lit1990 (current)
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionmetal skeletal tower
Tower shapesquare prism skeletal tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patterngrey metallic tower
Tower height11 metres (36 ft)
Focal height30 metres (98 ft)
Range16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)
CharacteristicFl W 5s.
Fog signal1 blast every 60s.
Admiralty numberH0422
CHS numberCCG 16
NGA number1960
ARLHS numberCAN-807
Managing agentCanadian Coast Guard[4][5]

In 1877, a Mr. Dwyer presented a petition to the Newfoundland House of Assembly from C. Irvine and other residents of Placentia and nearby communities calling for a lighthouse at Point Verde. It was noted that the lighthouse would cost about $4,000 and would be very useful for navigation in Placentia Bay and Harbour.

A design for the lighthouse was prepared and executed in 1878, and Point Verde Lighthouse was ready to receive its lantern room by the end of the year, but the lighting material had not arrived from Scotland in time, even though it had been ordered sufficiently early. The first Point Verde Lighthouse consisted of a rectangular, two-story, flat-roofed dwelling set atop a cement foundation with a square tower rising above its roof. A sixth-order lens was used to display a fixed white light at a focal plane of thirty metres.

Before work on constructing the lighthouse began, a short road was built to the nearest beach, and all the necessary material was landed there. In 1886, a bridge was built to access the "Downs," some grassland near the lighthouse, from the main road to Placentia. To access the lighthouse, a road along the beach that was subject to flooding and being obliterated by heavy seas had to be used, as some owners of the "Downs" objected to their property being crossed.

When the Point Verde station was inspected in September 1880, the facing was peeling off the concrete foundation walls, revealing the rottenness within. The worst parts were restored before winter set in that year, and the rest of the repair work was effected the following year.

With its exposed location, Point Verde Lighthouse was buffeted by the winds that accompanied many winter storms. By 1886, iron fastenings had been attached to the tower "to prevent the excessive working that occurs during gales." These fastenings were tightened in 1887 to stabilize the lighthouse. Still, a gale in December 1889 gave the lighthouse a good shaking and blew away the privy.

Erosion has long been a problem at Point Verde. In 1888, Inspector John T. Nevill noted that the sea was gradually encroaching on the bank near the lighthouse and suggested that a certain variety of grass be planted to maintain the face of the bank.

James Joseph (Joe) Greene, a descendant of the Greenes that settled Point Verde, was having a hard time making a living as fisherman and was anxious to relocate his family to Boston where some of his relatives were thriving. Joe's wife Louise, however, was desperate to remain near her family at Point Verde so she reportedly contacted a family member who was high up in the government and begged him to try to get Joe an appointment as a lighthouse keeper. Her efforts succeeded, and Joe Greene started looking after the light at Point Verde around 1922. Joe and Louise had nine children, and when Joe died in 1945, their son Leonard was made keeper.

At some time during Joe Greene's service a wooden, square, pyramidal tower, topped by an octagonal lantern room and painted in red and white horizontal stripes, was built on Point Verde. The station's two dwellings and other outbuildings were also painted in the red and white daymark.

In 1975, a 3.7-metre tall, cylindrical fiberglass tower was erected for displaying the light at Point Verde. Besides this tower, a fog signal, and two, one-storey keeper's dwellings were found on the point, and all of these structures were painted with red and white horizontal bands. The lighthouse was staffed until the early 1970s.

A square, steel skeletal tower surmounted by an enclosed lantern room was put in place at Point Verde in 1990. This tower, a fog signal, and a shed, all enclosed in a chain link fence are all that remain on the point.

Keepers
James E. Croucher (1878 – 1897), Thomas Croucher (1898 – at least 1912), James Joseph Greene (1922 - 1945), Gus Greene (1930s), Leonard Greene (1945 - 1960s), George Thomas (1977 – 1991). Leo McGrath was also a lighthouse keeper at the Point Verde lighthouse from the 1960s to approximately 1982.

Ship Harbour

see: Ship Harbour, Newfoundland and Labrador

See also

References

  1. ^ Edward Wix, Six Months of a Newfoundland Missionary's Journal, 1835; Link to Transcription: http://ngb.chebucto.org/Articles/wix03.shtml
  2. ^ Unknown. "Island Harbors Mystery." Calgary Herald [Calgary, Alberta, Canada] 7 May 1960, late city ed., sec. The Herald's Travel and Holiday Page: 24. Print.
  3. ^ Cuff, Robert, and Cyril F. Poole, eds. Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador. Vol. 4. St. John's: Harry Cuff Publications, 1993.
  4. ^ Southeastern Newfoundland The Lighthouse Directory University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 12 February 2017
  5. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
  1. Encyclopedia of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1981.
  2. Journal of the House of Assembly of Newfoundland, various years.
  3. Family information by Don Ladolcetta
This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 02:52
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