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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Interstate 57 (I-57) is a north–south Interstate Highway in Missouri and Illinois that parallels the old Illinois Central Railroad for much of its route. It runs from Sikeston, Missouri, at Interstate 55 to Chicago, Illinois, at Interstate 94. I-57 essentially serves as a shortcut route for travelers headed between the south (Memphis, New Orleans, etc.) and Chicago, bypassing St. Louis, Missouri. Between the junction of I-55 and I-57 in Sikeston and the junction of I-55 and I-90/94 in Chicago, I-55 travels for 436 miles (702 km), while the combination of I-57 and I-94 is only 396 miles (637 km) long between the same two points. In fact, both the control cities on the overhead signs and the destination mileage signs reference Memphis along southbound I-57, even as far north as its northern origin at I-94 in Chicago.[2] Likewise, at its southern end, Chicago is the control city listed for I-57 on signs on northbound I-55 south of Sikeston, even though I-55 also goes to Chicago.[3]

As of 2021, I-57 has no spur routes,[4] nor are any planned for the near future. At a length of just over 386 miles (621 km), it is the second longest two-digit Interstate Highway without an auxiliary route, behind I-49. I-57 has one business loop in Charleston, Missouri.

Route description

Missouri

Cairo I-57 bridge between Missouri and Illinois
Cairo I-57 bridge between Missouri and Illinois

In the state of Missouri, Interstate 57 runs northbound from Sikeston to the Cairo I-57 Bridge over the Mississippi River north of Cairo, Illinois.

After ending southbound at Interstate 55, the highway continues as U.S. Route 60, which meets U.S. Route 67 at Poplar Bluff, Missouri, and from there U.S. Route 67 goes south to Little Rock, Arkansas.

From the start of I-57 northbound, the US 60 concurrency goes about 12 miles (19 km).

Illinois

The Dan Ryan Expressway West Leg (now more commonly referred to as I-57) at 99th St in 1970.
The Dan Ryan Expressway West Leg (now more commonly referred to as I-57) at 99th St in 1970.

In the state of Illinois, Interstate 57 runs from the bridge over the Mississippi River north to Chicago. I-57 is the longest Interstate Highway in Illinois. Its route follows essentially the earlier route of US 51 in southernmost Illinois (US 51 has been diverted to I-57 where I-57 has always been close to old US 51 between Future City and Dongola) before taking a northeastward diagonal to Illinois 37, which remains intact as a town-to-town through route, past its interchange with Interstate 24 (the northwestern terminus of Interstate 24) near Pulleys Mill and a short duplex with Interstate 64 near Mount Vernon north to Effingham, where it has a short concurrence with Interstate 70. It then follows US 45 bypassing Champaign (where it meets Interstates 72 and 74), and heads north to Onarga whereafter it follows the formerly duplex path of US 45 and (now decommissioned in most of Illinois) old US 54 to Kankakee. At Kankakee it heads northward largely parallel to the now decommissioned route of old US 54 (since renumbered largely as Illinois 50) into the Chicago area, meeting Interstate 80 in Hazel Crest, Interstate 294 in Blue Island, and feeding Interstate 94 on Chicago's South Side.

Although I-57 serves as a long-distance bypass of St. Louis, the section between Mount Vernon and Pulleys Mill contains the most direct Interstate route between St. Louis and cities largely to the southeast of St. Louis (including Nashville and Atlanta). It serves as the northwestern terminus of Interstate 24 that leads southeastward to those cities and as the eastern terminus of Interstate 72 near Champaign.

The route is an easy way for Chicagoans to reach Shawnee National Forest in the southern tip of the state. It also serves as a major artery for college students in the state, running near Shawnee Community College in Ullin, the main campus of Southern Illinois University in Carbondale, John A. Logan College in Carterville, Morthland College in West Frankfort, Rend Lake College in Ina, Lake Land College in Mattoon, Eastern Illinois University in Charleston, Parkland College in Champaign, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in UrbanaChampaign, Kankakee Community College in Kankakee, Olivet Nazarene University in Bourbonnais, and Governors State University in University Park.

I-57 remains the only Chicago expressway that does not have a commonly used name. Its Chicago-area portion was formerly known as the Dan Ryan Expressway–West Leg. I-57 was named the Ken Gray Expressway in southern Illinois after former U.S. Congressman Ken Gray (West Frankfort) for his work on getting the route planned through southern Illinois. A 20-mile (32 km) segment from Wentworth to Sauk Trail has been designated the Tuskegee Airmen Memorial Trail[5] but this is not intended as a navigational name.

History

The oldest segment of I-57 is a 6.2-mile (10.0 km) strip running east of Bradley to Kankakee labeled on the 1959 Illinois state highway map.[6] Two years later, a 30-mile (48 km) stretch of I-57 from Dongola north to Marion, Illinois opened on September 26, 1961.[7][self-published source] Another portion between the IL 121/US 45 exit and the Watson–Mason exit was completed and opened prior to July 1965, linking I-57 to I-70, and running in tandem with I-70 for several miles, with access to Indianapolis to the east, and St. Louis to the west.[citation needed] A 21.5-mile (34.6 km) section of I-57 in Jefferson County from Bonnie (using a temporary road that is still partially visible from the northbound lanes) to IL 161 later opened on December 9, 1969.[8] The portion of I-57 in Chicago (known as the Dan Ryan West Leg Extension) was constructed and opened in segments between 1963 and 1970. It remains the most recent Interstate Highway to be established within the city.[7] The final section of I-57 in Illinois opened in December 1971 at Paxton.[9]

The portion of I-43 from Milwaukee to Green Bay was originally numbered as Interstate 57.[10] The number was changed due to the existence of I-57 in Illinois.[11]

I-57 was widened to six lanes in Effingham from 2011 until 2016.[12]

For many years, an interchange at the junction of I-57 with I-294 did not exist. It was one of the few places in the US where Interstates cross, but have no interchange. IDOT and ISTHA opened Phase 1 of a new interchange in 2014, providing access from I-57 north to I-294 north and from I-294 south to I-57 south.[13] Phase Two will complete the remaining movements in 2022.[14]

Future

Future Interstate 57 in North Little Rock.
Future Interstate 57 in North Little Rock.

I-57 is slated to eventually be extended west along US 60 to Poplar Bluff, Missouri, and then south along the US 67 corridor to North Little Rock, ending at I-40. In April 2016, a provision designating US 67 from North Little Rock to Walnut Ridge, Arkansas, as "Future I-57" was added into the federal fiscal year 2017 Transportation, Housing and Urban Development funding bill, and officially became law in 2017.[15]

Missouri has already upgraded 62 miles (100 km) of the US 60/67 corridor between Sikeston and Route 158 near Harviell to a mixture of freeway and expressway segments. All at-grade crossings along the corridor would have to be eliminated before the Interstate designation could be applied.[16] A new freeway segment from Route 158 to just south of Neelyville near County Road 274 (about 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the Arkansas border) has been announced as part of a cost share program and is in the planning stages.[17][18]

In Arkansas, 118 miles (190 km) of Interstate-grade US 67 runs from I-40 to US 412 in Walnut Ridge, leaving a segment of approximately 40 miles (64 km) of new Interstate-grade highway along US 67 that still needs to be built in northeastern Arkansas.[19] On February 23, 2018, Arkansas state officials unveiled a "Future I-57" sign to be posted along the corridor of US 67.[20]

Exit list

StateCountyLocationmi[21][22]kmExitDestinationsNotes
MissouriScottSikeston0.0000.000 US 60 west – Dexter, Poplar BluffContinuation beyond I-55; southern end of US 60 concurrency; future I-57 south
0.000–
0.538
0.000–
0.866
1 I-55 – Memphis, St. LouisCurrent southern terminus; signed as exits 1A (south) and 1B (north); I-55 exit 66
MississippiLong Prairie Township4.9167.9124 Route B – Bertrand
Charleston10.74517.29210 I-57 BL north / Route 105 – Charleston, East Prairie
13.02720.96512 I-57 BL south / US 60 east / US 62 / Route 77 – Charleston, WyattNorthern end of US 60 concurrency
Mississippi River22.328
0.00
35.933
0.00
Interstate 57 Bridge
Missouri–Illinois state line
IllinoisAlexanderCairo1.42.31 US 51 south / IL 3 – Cairo, Olive BranchSouthern end of US 51 concurrency
Pulaski7.612.28Mounds Road
17.728.518Ullin Road
Union24.439.324Dongola Road
25.040.225 US 51 north – CarbondaleNorthern end of US 51 concurrency; northbound exit and southbound entrance
30.048.330 IL 146 – Anna, Vienna
36.358.436Lick Creek Road
Johnson39.763.940Goreville Road
WilliamsonGoreville43.970.744 I-24 east – NashvilleWestern terminus of I-24
45.272.745 IL 148
Marion52.985.153Main Street – MarionFormer IL 13
53.686.354 IL 13 – Carbondale, Harrisburg
The Hill Avenue
Split into exits 54A (IL 13) and 54B (The Hill Ave.) northbound
Johnston City58.994.859Herrin Road / Broadway Blvd - Johnston City, Herrin
FranklinWest Frankfort64.6104.065 IL 149 – West Frankfort, Zeigler, Thompsonville, De Soto
Benton71.6115.271 IL 14 – Christopher, BentonTo IL 34
77.5124.777 IL 154 – Sesser, Whittington
JeffersonIna82.6132.983Ina
91.5147.392 I-64 east – LouisvilleSouthern end of I-64 concurrency; I-64 exit 78 westbound
Mt. Vernon93.7150.894Veterans Memorial Drive
94.7152.495 IL 15 – Ashley, Mt. Vernon
96.2154.896 I-64 west – St. LouisNorthern end of I-64 concurrency; I-64 exit 73 eastbound
Dix103.5166.6103Dix
Marion109.2175.7109 IL 161 – Centralia
Salem116.4187.3116 US 50 – Salem, Sandoval
127.2204.7127Kinmundy, Patoka
FayetteFarina135.4217.9135 IL 185 – Vandalia, Farina
Clay
No major junctions
Effingham144.7232.9145Edgewood
150.7242.5151Mason, Watson
157.3253.1157 I-70 west – St. LouisSouthern end of I-70 concurrency; exit 92 eastbound
Effingham159.4256.5159Fayette Avenue
160.5258.3160 IL 32 / IL 33Access to Lake Shelbyville and Convention Center
162.2261.0162 US 45 – Sigel, EffinghamAccess to Lake Land College and Kuthe Center
163.4263.0163 I-70 east – IndianapolisNorthern end of I-70 concurrency; exit 98 westbound
Shelby
No major junctions
Cumberland177.0284.9177 US 45 – Neoga
ColesMattoon184.4296.8184 US 45 / IL 121 – Toledo, Mattoon
189.6305.1190 IL 16 – Charleston, MattoonSigned as exits 190A (east) and 190B (west)
192.4309.6192 CR 18 (Mattoon-Charleston Enterprise Parkway)
DouglasArcola203.6327.7203 IL 133 – Arcola, Paris
Tuscola211.7340.7212 US 36 – Newman, Tuscola
ChampaignPesotum219.9353.9220 US 45 – Tolono, Pesotum, Tuscola
228.6367.9229Monticello, Savoy, TolonoAccess to Willard Airport
231.7372.9232Curtis Road
Champaign235.2378.5235 I-72 west / University Avenue – Springfield, DecaturSigned as 235A (University Ave.) and 235B (I-72); I-72 exit 182
237.4382.1237 I-74 – Indianapolis, PeoriaSigned as exits 237A (east) and 237B (west); I-74 exit 179
238.4383.7238Olympian Drive
240.5387.0240Market Street
Rantoul250.2402.7250 US 136 – Fisher, Rantoul
FordPaxton260.9419.9261 IL 9 – Paxton, Gibson City
Iroquois271.9437.6272Buckley, RobertsRoberts signed northbound only
279.9450.5280
IL 54 to US 54 – Onarga, Roberts
Roberts signed southbound only
Gilman282.9455.3283 US 24 – Gilman, Chatsworth
292.7471.1293 IL 116 – Ashkum, Pontiac
Clifton296.5477.2297Clifton
301.6485.4302Chebanse
KankakeeKankakee307.5494.9308 US 45 / US 52 – Kankakee
311.6501.5312 IL 17 – Kankakee, Momence
315.3507.4315 IL 50 – Bradley, Bourbonnais
Bourbonnais318.4512.4318Bourbonnais ParkwayOpened Nov. 2, 2018[23]
Manteno321.6517.6322Manteno
Will327.1526.4327Wilmington, Peotone
Monee335.1539.3335Manhattan, Monee
University Park337.1542.5337Stuenkel Road / University ParkwayAccess to Governors State University; interchange opened on October 30, 2015
CookRichton Park339.0545.6339Sauk Trail
Matteson340.69548.29340 US 30 / Lincoln HighwaySigned as exits 340A (east) and 340B (west) southbound
342.21550.73342Vollmer RoadSigned as exits 342A (east) and 342B (west) southbound
344.67–
344.86
554.69–
555.00
345

I-80 to I-294 Toll south – Indiana, Iowa
Signed as exits 345A (east) and 345B (west); I-80 exit 151
346.62557.83346
167th Street to IL 50 (Cicero Avenue)
Signed as exits 346A (east) and 346B (west)
Markham347.90559.89348 US 6 (159th Street)Signed as exits 348A (east) and 348B (west)
349.62562.66349
I-294 Toll north (Tri-State Tollway) – Wisconsin
I-Pass or pay online; northbound exit and southbound entrance; complete interchange opening 2022; I-294 exit 7 southbound
Posen350.15563.51350 IL 83 (147th Street / Sibley Boulevard)
Calumet Park353.25568.50353127th Street / Burr Oak Avenue
Calumet ParkChicago line354.25570.11354119th Street
Chicago355.27571.75355111th Street / Monterey Avenue
357.32575.05357 IL 1 sorth (Halsted Street)Northern terminus of IL 1
358.47576.90 I-94 east (Bishop Ford Freeway) – IndianaNorthbound exit and southbound entrance; I-94 exit 63
358.57577.06358Wentworth AvenueSouthbound exit only
359.12577.95 I-94 west (Dan Ryan Expressway) – Chicago LoopNorthern terminus; I-94 exit 63
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Charleston business loop

Interstate 57 Business marker

Interstate 57 Business

LocationCharleston, Missouri

Business Loop I-57 in Charleston begins at I-57 exit 10. From this diamond interchange, it runs north in a concurrency with Route 105 along South Main Street into the city center. It then turns east onto Marshall Street, which also carries US 62 and Route 77. The business route ends at I-57 exit 12, with US 62 and Route 77 continuing to the east.

See also

References

  1. ^ Staff (October 31, 2002). "Table 1: Main Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways as of October 31, 2002". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 13, 2006.
  2. ^ Staff. "Interstate Control Cities". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  3. ^ Staff. Exit 64A sign (Highway guide sign). Sikeston, MO: Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  4. ^ Staff (December 31, 2018). "Table 2: Auxiliary Routes of the Dwight D. Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways as of December 31, 2018". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  5. ^ "Stretch of Illinois highway named for Tuskegee Airmen". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  6. ^ Illinois Division of Highways; H.M. Gousha (1959). Illinois Official Highway Map (Map). [1:790,00]. Springfield: Illinois Division of Highways – via Illinois Digital Archives.
  7. ^ a b "Interstate 57". Interstate Guide. Retrieved May 17, 2019.[self-published source]
  8. ^ Mt. Vernon Register-News. December 9, 1969. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  9. ^ Southern Illinoisan. December 29, 1971. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  10. ^ Fond du Lac Reporter. March 9, 1972. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  11. ^ The Journal Times. Racine, WI. December 10, 1974. Missing or empty |title= (help)[full citation needed]
  12. ^ "Lochmueller Group I-57/I-70 Rehabilitation"..
  13. ^ "Interchange connecting I-57, I-294 opens". Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  14. ^ "I-294/I-57 Interchange Project - Phase 2". Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  15. ^ Arkansas News Bureau. "Arkansas Highway to Receive 'Future I-57' Designation". Times Record. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  16. ^ Heuring, Leonna (August 1, 2010). "MoDOT Celebrates Completion of US 60 Four-Lane Project with Caravan". The Southeast Missourian. Cape Girardeau, MO. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
  17. ^ "Gov. Parson visits transportation cost-share project in Poplar Bluff, Mo". Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  18. ^ "U.S. 67 (FUTURE I-57) IN BUTLER COUNTY". Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  19. ^ Reaves, Jonathan. "Arkansas 'has a lot of work to do' to bring 'Future I-57' to Missouri line". KASU-TV. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  20. ^ Pettit, Emma. "Corridor stretching from North Little Rock to northeast Arkansas recognized as future interstate". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  21. ^ Missouri Department of Transportation (November 14, 2012). MoDOT HPMAPS (Map). Missouri Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  22. ^ Google (July 10, 2014). "Map of Interstate 57 in Illinois" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  23. ^ Dykstra, John (November 3, 2018). "I-57 interchange at Bourbonnais Parkway finally opens". The Daily Journal. Kankakee, IL. Retrieved November 5, 2018.

External links

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