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International Trade Centre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International Trade Centre
International Trade Centre Logo.svg
PredecessorInternational Trade Information Centre
Formation1964; 57 years ago (1964)
TypeIntergovernmental organization
Legal statusActive
PurposeTo foster inclusive and sustainable economic development
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
MethodsEducation, Publications, Training, Knowledge dissemination
FieldsInternational development, Economic development
Executive Director
Pamela Coke-Hamilton[1]
since July 2020  Jamaica
Parent organization
World Trade Organization
United Nations
Budget (2017)
CHF 116.24 million [2]
Staff (2017)
299 [2] 
A coloured voting box.svg
 Politics portal

The International Trade Centre (ITC) (French: Centre du commerce international (CCI)) is a multilateral agency which has a joint mandate with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations (UN) through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The headquarters of the ITC are in Geneva. There are staff approximately 300 employees from more than 80 nationalities.


ITC is the successor to the International Trade Information Centre, which the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established in 1964 to assist the exports of developing countries.[3] An agreement was reached between the GATT and the newly established UNCTAD, to create a joint subsidiary in 1967. The International Trade Centre (ITC) was established on 1 January 1968.[4] The ITC has a joint mandate with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations (UN) through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The ITC is the focal point for trade related technical assistance.[5]


The ITC is involved in projects providing trade technical assistance in countries all over the world.

Advancing Afghan Trade

Launched in 2016 following Afghanistan’s accession to the WTO under the name “Afghanistan: Trade for Economic Growth & Regional Cooperation”, is an initiative undertaken by the European Union (EU) and the ITC that uses trade as a mean to create economic growth and jobs, to reduce poverty and to enhance regional cooperation. The programme consists of a three-year plan (2016-2019) and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry is involved in its implementation. It is funded by the EU and has a budget of 4.5 million Euros.[6]

Ethical Fashion Initiative

The Ethical Fashion Initiative focuses on the specific skills of artisans and brings them to known fashion brands such as Stella McCartney, Marni, Vivienne Westwood, Edun and Camper. This synergy helps artisans from developing countries such as Kenya, Burkina Faso and Haiti to gain a living while it exposes the designers to unique skills and handmade goods. The initiative also involves mentorship programmes for aspiring African designers as well as collaborations on the continent.[7]

Market analysis tools

ITC developed several free-of-charge online market analysis tools such as the Export Potential Map,[8] Investment Map,[9] Market Access Map,[9] Procurement Map,[10] Standard Map[11] and Trade Map.[12]

EuroMed Trade and Investment Facilitation Mechanism

The EuroMed Trade and Investment Facilitation Mechanism comprises a free-of-charge online portal for country and product-specific information on tariffs and duties, import and export procedures, and market requirements. There are regular updates of the information thanks to a network of national focal points in each participating Mediterranean country. The EuroMed Helpdesk is available in English, French, Arabic, and Turkish.

The goal is to boost economic integration because due partly to a lack of availability and transparency of trade-related information, EuroMed countries don’t engage a lot in intra-regional trade.

The project is funded by the European Union (EU). ITC is in charge of the implementation of the EuroMed Trade and Investment Facilition Mechanism.[13]

Ready4 Trade Central Asia

Ready4Trade Central Asia program works to promote international trade in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and is funded by the European Union.[14]

EU-Sri Lanka Trade-Related Assistance

The EU-Sri Lanka Trade-Related Assistance project aims to increase the trade competitiveness of Sri Lankan Small and Medium Size Enterprises (SMEs) in regional and European Union (EU) markets.

The project has a duration of four years and is worth 8 million euros. It is funded by the European Union (EU). It supports SME export competitiveness and value addition in various sectors such as spices, food and Information Technology.[15]

The project addresses compliance standards and efficiencies in cross border procedures, which are key constraints to market access, especially for SMEs.[16]

Gambia Youth Empowerment Project YEP

The Gambia Youth Empowerment Project (YEP) aims at the enhancement of the skills and employability of potential and returning migrants. ITC supports youth employment and entrepreneurship through vocational trainings and partnerships with domestic and international skills development institutions and the private sector.[17]

Netherlands Trust Fund – Phase III (NTF III)

The Netherlands Trust Fund III (NTF III) - Export Sector Competitiveness Programme started in 2013. It is a partnership between the Dutch Centre for the Promotion of Imports from developing countries (CBI) affiliated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and the ITC. The aim is to strengthen the competitiveness of IT services in Bangladesh, Kenya and Uganda,[18] as well as the tourism sector in Myanmar,[19] the avocado producers in Kenya, and coffee plantations in Uganda.[20]

Non-tariff measures

The Non-tariff measures programme provides an interactive platform that fosters transparency and understanding of the obstacles that non-tariff measures pose to international trade by limiting exports and imports through compliance to specific requirements.

The programme is a multi-agency initiative that helps countries to find solutions that take their respective specific needs into account. The Non-tariff measures programme is in close collaboration with national and regional stakeholders.[21]

Promoting Intra-regional Trade

The Promoting Intra-regional Trade programme launched in 2013 focuses increasing the export competitiveness of honey, mango and spice producing SMEs in Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania[22] and Zambia. It is a three-year programme that is implemented by the ITC in collaboration with lead organizations in each country.

The Government of Finland finances the Promoting Intra-regional Trade Programme.[23]

Women and Trade

The Women and Trade Programme is an initiative aiming at connecting 1 million women entrepreneurs to trade by 2020. This initiative thereby contributes directly to the SDG number 5 by empowering women.[24]


The SheTrades initiative offers women entrepreneurs an online platform to connect to markets. The SheTrades app allows female entrepreneurs to share information about their companies increasing their visibility and enabling them to internationalize. This helps to include more women entrepreneurs in the supply chains of corporations.

Greenbell Communications of Kenya teamed up with Google and CI&T to develop a suggestion. The SheTrades platform, was launched in 2015 at the International Women in Business Forum in Nairobi. Organizations signed on to the platform to verify women entrepreneurs are members of their networks.[25]

Youth and Trade Programme

The Youth and Trade Programme focuses on providing a strong environment in which young entrepreneurs can evolve and receive assistance when needed. This helps them to grow and internationalize while at the same time providing income opportunities thereby helping the economy grow.

The programme contributes directly to the Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Skills for entrepreneurship) as well as goal 8 (decent work and inclusive growth).[26][27]


Export Potential Map

The Export Potential map is an online tool allowing businesses and countries to identify what goods and services to export and to where. The idea is that through the precise economic analysis provided by the Export Potential Map, companies can target new markets and policymakers can optimize their policies and support programmes for their exporters.

The Export Potential Map covers information about 222 countries and territories.[8]

Investment Map

The Investment Map is designed to help investment promotion agencies (IPAs) in defining priority sectors for investment promotion, identifying potential investors in a given sector, identifying competitor countries for inward investment, and defining opportunities for bilateral investment. It holds a vast amount of information and statistics on foreign direct investment and international trade, tariff data and activities of multinational firms and allows an analysis by country, trading partner and sector.

The Investment Map was developed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and ITC in partnership with the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), which is part of the World Bank Group.[9]

Market Access Map

Market Access Map is a tool which provides information on applied customs tariffs including MFN tariffs and preferences granted unilaterally and reciprocally in the framework of regional and bilateral trade agreements. Users can find ad valorem equivalents (AVEs) for non-ad valorem duties in order to compare tariffs across countries and simulate tariff reduction scenarios. The application also covers tariff rate quotas, trade remedies, rules of origin as well as corresponding documentation, bound tariffs of WTO members, non-tariff measures (NTMs) and trade flows to help users prioritize and analyse export markets as well as prepare for market access negotiations.[28]

Rules of Origin Facilitator

The Rules of Origin Facilitator provides free and user-friendly access to ITC’s database of rules of origin and origin-related documentation in hundreds of trade agreements. The Facilitator is also combined with the huge tariff and trade agreements databases underlying the Market Access Map, resulting in a market intelligence solution enabling companies, particularly ones from developing countries, to benefit from trade agreements worldwide. The Facilitator currently contains a data for more than 250 FTAs applied by more than 190 countries. This database is gradually expanding with the ultimate goal to cover over 400 FTAs and preferential schemes that are currently active in the world.

The Facilitator aims to help small and medium sized enterprises to increase trade by taking advantage of global trade opportunities in the form of low duty rates under trade agreements. The tool can also be used by policymakers, trade negotiators, economists as well as various other users. Any user can simply look for information on origin criteria, other origin provisions, and trade documentation by entering the HS code of their product.[29]

Procurement Map

The Procurement Map was designed by the ITC in order to boost entrepreneurship and market opportunities by offering users detailed information over 150 000 public tenders. The map allows users to undertake a search by country or economic sector. This allows them to identify potential buyers.[10]

Standard Map

The Standard Map provides verified and transparent information on more than 200 voluntary sustainability standards and other similar initiatives covering issues ranging from food quality to safety. This allows producers, manufacturers, brands, retailers, researchers and policymakers to identify standards relevant for their own businesses, to compare them and save and share their sustainability diagnostic report with actors along the value chain via the Sustainability Network.[11]

Trade Map

The Trade Map developed by the ITC offers strategic market research with detailed statistical information on international trade flows helps them gauge the competitiveness of national and sectoral trade performance and identify priority products and markets for trade development for both firms and trade support institutions.[30]


SheTrades Global

SheTrades Global is a two-day annual conference. The first forum took place in 2011 and until 2018 the conference was called Women Vendors Exhibition and Forum.[15]

Trade for Sustainable Development Forum (T4SD)

The Trade for Sustainable Development Forum (T4SD) is an annual event organized by the ITC.

T4SD connects communities in policy and business, trade and sustainability, while challenging thought leaders to bridge the gap between debates on sustainability standards, supply chains, and international trade to work towards achieving the UN Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs).[17]

Trade Promotion Organization (TPO) World Conference and Network

Created in 1996 with the intention to offer a platform to facilitate the dynamic exchange of information, good practices, experiences and collaboration about offering export-oriented services among Trade Promotion Organizations (TPOs), the Trade Promotion Organization Network provides a platform where individual organizations may benefit from the synergies of TPOs working together in order to achieve continual and mutual improvement through online and offline forums.

The TPO Network World Conference takes place every two years and is open to all trade support institutions mandated to provide trade related technical support services.

During the conference, TPO Network Awards are awarded to leading national trade promotion organisations mandated by their governments to promote the export promotion strategy of their countries. TPOs participate in the TPO Network Awards in categories defined according to the economic development status of the countries where their national headquarters are located.[31]

The World Export Development Forum (WEDF)

The World Export Development Forum (WEDF) is an annual global platform with the goal to develop SMEs. The first conference was held in 1999. The event is attended by more than 600 senior national and international policymakers, heads of trade support organizations, business leaders and representatives of international agencies.

WEDF comprises high-level plenaries, workshops and facilitated business-to-business meetings enabling participants to increase their practical knowledge in the latest innovations, processes and policies while expanding their networks.[32]

Partner Events

ITC, with its goal to support SMEs and their development impact in international trade, collaborates with its partner organizations, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), for events in order to achieve its aim. Examples for this partnership include amongst others the WTO Public Forum and Aid for Trade conference.

Executive Directors

ITC had since its creation in 1964 six Executive Directors. Twice in its history the position was vacant: in the early Seventies and the early Nineties.[33]

ITC's Executive Director is a senior international civil servant of the United Nations with the level of Assistant Secretary-General.[34] ITC's Executive Director as well as the Deputy-Executive Director are appointed by the heads of its two parent organizations: the Director-General of the WTO and the Secretary-General of the UNCTAD.[35]

Name Start of tenure End of tenure Nationality
Herbert L. Jacobson 1964 1971 United States USA
vacant 1971 1975 -
Victor E. Santiapillai 1975 1979 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Padinjarethalakal Cherian Alexander 1979 1981 India India
Goran Engblom 1981 1992 Sweden Sweden
vacant 1992 1994 -
J. Denis Bélisle 1994 2006 Canada Canada
Patricia Francis 2006 2013 Jamaica Jamaica
Arancha Gonzalez 2013 2020 Spain Spain
Dorothy Tembo (ad interim) 2020 2020 Zambia Zambia
Pamela Coke-Hamilton 2020 Jamaica Jamaica


The work of the ITC is financed by contributions from the private sector as well as resources provided by beneficiary countries and international organizations.[36]

See also


  1. ^ ITC (2020). Retrieved 08 August 2020 from
  2. ^ a b International Trade Centre Staff (May 2018). Annual Report 2017 (PDF) (Report). International Trade Centre. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  3. ^ GATT (1967), “Joint GATT/UNCTAD Trade Centre: Note by the Director-General”, L/2890 (6 Nov 1967), page 7
  4. ^ See General Assembly Resolution 2297, document symbol A/RES/2297(XXII).
  5. ^ ITC, I. (2017). Our role in the UN and WTO. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  6. ^ "ITC and EU launch initiative to boost trade and economic growth in Afghanistan". Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  7. ^ "Ethics". Ethical Fashion Initiative. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  8. ^ a b ITC, I. (2017). Home | Export Potential Map. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  9. ^ a b c ITC, I. (2017). Foreign investment opportunities, FDI statistics, company data, trade and tariff data. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  10. ^ a b ITC, I. (2017). Procurement Map - Home. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  11. ^ a b ITC, I. (2017). Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  12. ^ (ITC), I. (2017). Trade Map - Trade statistics for international business development. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  13. ^ "Home - TIFM". Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  14. ^ "Ready4Trade Description" (PDF).
  15. ^ a b ITC, I. (2017). SheTrades Global. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  16. ^
  17. ^ a b ITC, I. (2017). Trade for Sustainable Development Forum 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  18. ^ ITC News. (2016). E-directories launched for Ugandan, Kenyan IT businesses. ITC News. Retrieved from
  19. ^ ITC News. (2015). ITC launches export promotion training for Myanmar tour operators. ITC News. Retrieved from
  20. ^ ITC News. (2013). Netherlands contributes EUR 6 million to ITC for export-led job creation. ITC News. Retrieved from
  21. ^ ITC, I. (2012). ITC launches NTM survey in Tanzania. ITC News. Retrieved from
  22. ^ All Africa. (2015). Kenyan, Tanzanian Mango Exporters Gain Access to Middle Eastern Markets. Retrieved from International Trade Centre. (2015). ITC partners with CFYI and YBI for youth entrepreneurship. Retrieved from
  23. ^ ITC, I. (2017). Promoting Intra-regional Trade in Eastern Africa. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  24. ^ ITC Communications. (2012). US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton recognizes ITC’s work with women entrepreneurs. ITC News. Retrieved from
  25. ^ ITC News. (2015). Kenya’s GBC team is the winner of the 2015 WVEF Tech Challenge. ITC News. Retrieved from
  26. ^ ITC, I. (2017). Youth and Trade Programme. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  27. ^ International Trade Centre. (2015). ITC partners with CFYI and YBI for youth entrepreneurship. Retrieved from
  28. ^ "ITC". Market Access Map. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  29. ^ Rules of Origin Facilitator. ITC Retrieved 4 June 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ ITC, I. (2017). Trade Map - Trade statistics for international business development. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  31. ^ ITC, I. (2017). TPO Network World Conference and Awards 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  32. ^ ITC, I. (2017). World Export Development Forum. Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
  33. ^ For short bios of each of the six Executive Directors, please see Stephen Browne and Sam Laird 2011, The International Trade Centre: Export Impact for Good, Routledge, pages 31-32.
  34. ^ For an overview of all positions paid out of ITC's regular budget, please see the biennial budgeting and planning documents of the UN General Assembly. For example: General Assembly 2009, Proposed programme budget for the biennium 2010-2011 Part IV International cooperation for development Section 13 International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO, Document symbol A/64/6 (Sect. 13)/Add.1. The UN's Official Document System provides a convenient search tool for such documents.
  35. ^ "WTO | The WTO and International Trade Centre (ITC)". Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  36. ^ ITC, I. (2017). Retrieved 8 September 2017, from
This page was last edited on 29 July 2021, at 07:25
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