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International Conference on Environmental Systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ICES logo
ICES logo

The International Conference on Environmental Systems, or ICES (known prior to 1990 as the Intersociety Conference on Environmental Systems), is an annual technical conference focusing on human spaceflight technology and space human factors. Session topics include: Environmental Control and Life Support Systems (ECLSS), thermal control, life sciences, extra-vehicular activity (EVA) systems (including space suit design and human-robot interaction), space architecture, and mission planning for exploration.

The conference has taken place annually since 1971.


The first ICES conference was held in San Francisco in 1971, after three years of work by members of Environmental Control and Life Support System specialist committees representing four different societies: the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), and the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA). It replaced three other meetings held each year as part of various society conference programs and since then it has been held every year. In 1972, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) became the fifth and final co-sponsoring society for ICES.[1]

Prior to 1990, ICES organization was US-only. In 1990 it became international, by merging the American conference with a similar conference held in Europe, and ICES started to be held abroad (for the first time in Germany in 1994). Since 2000, the ICES conference takes place four times out of five in the US and once in five years outside US (so far in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2016).

For its first 39 years, the main ICES organizer was the Society of Automotive Engineers; from 2010 through 2013, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics filled the role of main organizer, supported by American Institute of Chemical Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers and ICES International Committee. Starting in 2014, the conference became an independent entity that was organized by Texas Tech University.[2] in 2014 and 2015. In 2016, the conference became independent with its own website at whilst AIAA, AIChE, ASME, and the ICES International Committee continue organizing the conference sessions.

Papers presented at ICES are published every year in the conference proceedings, from 1971 to 2009 by SAE, then from 2010 to 2013 by AIAA. These papers are available and searchable online at the SAE and AIAA websites. They are now published by the ICES organization. Proceedings from the 2014-2019 conferences, hosted by Texas Tech University, are accessible from the ICES conference website.

Conference locations

US conference locations. Cities in blue have hosted multiple times.
European conference locations

The conference is located primarily in the United States, and was located exclusively on the west coast of the US for its first 19 years. Since 1994, the conference has taken place in Europe roughly once every five years.

Year Location
1971 San Francisco, California[1]
1972 San Diego, California[1]
1973 San Diego, California[3]
1974 Seattle, Washington[3]
1975 San Francisco, California[4]
1976 San Diego, California[5]
1977 San Francisco, California[6]
1978 San Francisco, California[7]
1979 San Francisco, California[8]
1980 San Diego, California[8]
1981 San Francisco, California[8]
1982 San Diego, California[9]
1983 San Francisco, California[10]
1984 San Diego, California[8]
1985 San Francisco, California[4]
1986 San Diego, California[11]
1987 Seattle, Washington[12]
1988 San Francisco, California[13]
1989 San Diego, California[13]
1990 Williamsburg, Virginia[14]
1991 San Francisco, California[14]
1992 Seattle, Washington[14]
1993 Colorado Springs, Colorado[15]
1994 Friedrichshafen, Germany[16]
1995 San Diego, California[14]
1996 Monterey, California[14]
1997 Lake Tahoe, Nevada[17]
1998 Danvers, Massachusetts[18]
1999 Denver, Colorado[19]
2000 Toulouse, France[20]
2001 Orlando, Florida[21]
2002 San Antonio, Texas[21]
2003 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada[22]
2004 Colorado Springs, Colorado[23]
2005 Rome, Italy[24]
2006 Norfolk, Virginia[25]
2007 Chicago, Illinois[26]
2008 San Francisco, California[27]
2009 Savannah, Georgia
2010 Barcelona, Spain[28]
2011 Portland, Oregon
2012 San Diego, California[29]
2013 Vail, Colorado[30]
2014 Tucson, Arizona[2]
2015 Bellevue, Washington[2]
2016 Vienna, Austria[31]
2017 Charleston, South Carolina[31]
2018 Albuquerque, New Mexico[31]
2019 Boston[32]
2020 postponed to 2021[33]


The ICES conference is organized by the following committees:

  • ICES Steering Committee
  • AIAA Life Sciences and Systems Technical Committee
  • AIChE Environmental Systems Committee
  • ASME Crew Systems Technical Committee
  • ICES Thermal and Environmental Control Systems Committee (TECS)[34] (initially SAE Committee SC 9, Spacecraft Environmental Control and Life Support Systems, then SAE Space Environmental Systems Committee, then AIAA Space Environmental Systems Program Committee)
  • ICES International Committee

Initially the conference was co-organized also by the AsMA Life Sciences and Biomedical Engineering Branch Executive Committee,[1] now discontinued.

See also


  2. ^ a b c "45th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES 2015) :: Civil & Environmental Engineering :: TTU". Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Physical/Chemical Closed-loop Water-recycling" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Air Revitalization: Oxygen Production". Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  5. ^ "THE SHOCK AND VIBRATION DIGEST. VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2" (PDF). Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  6. ^ "URC WEB: Urine Pretreatment". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Regenerative Life Support: Water Disinfection". Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d "NICOLA NERVEGNA". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  9. ^ Archived from the original on May 12, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ [1] Archived August 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-03-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Regenerative Life Support: Water Production". Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  13. ^ a b Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ a b c d e "Advanced Life Support: Moon". Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Singapore Polytechnic Library". Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Paragon Space Development Corporation - Life has no limits". Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  17. ^ Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Nickerson, C. A.; Ott, C. M.; Mister, S. J.; Morrow, B. J.; Burns-Keliher, L.; Pierson, D. L. (2000). "Microgravity as a Novel Environmental Signal Affecting Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Virulence". Infection and Immunity. 68 (6): 3147–3152. doi:10.1128/iai.68.6.3147-3152.2000. PMC 97548. PMID 10816456.
  19. ^ "29th International Conference on Environmental Systems - Denver". Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  20. ^ Archived from the original on June 18, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ a b "Dave Akin's Spacecraft Design Reference Library". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  22. ^ [2] Archived September 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Archived from the original on July 28, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ [3] Archived June 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Chris Adams. "Definition of Human Factors". Home. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  26. ^ Archived from the original on June 19, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. ^ "Claudio Finetto : Turin Area, Italy : Defense & Space". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  28. ^ [4]
  29. ^ Archived from the original on January 29, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ "The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics". Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  31. ^ a b c "ICES 2016 Vienna". International Conference on Environmental Systems, Inc. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  32. ^ 49th International Conference on Environmental Systems (ICES)
  33. ^ 50th International Conference on Environmental Systems POSTPONED until JULY 2021
  34. ^ "ICES 2020: 50th International Conference on Environmental Systems". Retrieved 29 July 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 July 2020, at 16:25
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