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InterContinental Marseille Hotel Dieu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

InterContinental Marseille Hotel Dieu
Marseille 20131005 02.jpg
Façade of the InterContinental hotel
Former names Hôtel-Dieu de Marseille
General information
Type Luxury Hotel
Address 1 Place Daviel
Town or city Marseille, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Country France
Coordinates 43°17′54″N 5°22′11″E / 43.298454°N 5.369697°E / 43.298454; 5.369697
Groundbreaking 1753
Renovated 2010–2013
Owner AXA Real Estate
Design and construction
Architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart

The InterContinental Marseille Hotel Dieu is a five-star luxury hotel near the Vieux-Port area of Marseille, France. Housed in the Hotel-Dieu, which served as the city's primary hospital for over eight hundred years, the hotel opened on April 25, 2013 in conjunction with the ongoing Euroméditerranée project. It is part of the InterContinental global hotel chain, and is the fourth InterContinental property in France.

The hotel sits on the location of the Saint-Espirit Hospital, which was created in 1188. The next six centuries saw the hospital undergo considerable expansion, and the current building was inaugurated by Napoleon III in 1866. In 1963, the hotel was listed as a registered national monument on the ISMH, or the Inventaire Supplémentaire des Monuments Historiques.[1] The last patients left in 1993, and in 2003, the hospital was acquired in preparation for development. The property is owned by Paris-based AXA Real Estate.[2]

172 rooms and 22 suites are housed in the InterContinental hotel, with prices up to $6,600 for the presidential suite.[3] In addition, the hotel hosts two restaurants: "Les Fenêtres Brasserie" and "Alcyone Restaurant", the latter of which is one of four restaurants in Marseille to hold at least one Michelin Star.[4]

History

The iron gates of the former Hotel-Dieu
The iron gates of the former Hotel-Dieu

Hospital

Though the Hotel-Dieu's predecessor was founded in 1188, the Hotel-Dieu in its previous incarnation was founded when the Hospital Saint-Jacques de Galice and the Hospital Saint-Espirit merged in 1593, thus becoming Marseille's largest and foremost hospital. Both hospitals had previously served Marseille in the Black Death epidemic of Bubonic Plague, which first reached Marseille in January 1348.[5] However, the combined Hotel-Dieu first achieved widespread renown when esteemed French ophthalmologist Jacques Daviel made significant advances and developments in Cataract surgery when he performed a extracapsular cataract extraction in 1747 at the Hotel-Dieu. By 1753, the hospital needed substantial expansion to meet the needs of Marseille, and the current building was built under the direction of the court architect of Louis XV, Jacques Hardouin-Mansart de Sagonne. Sagonne was the grandson of the eminent Jules Hardouin Mansart, a famed architect who represented the vestige of French Baroque Architecture and power.[6] Benefiting from the financial aid of Jean-Etienne Raymond, the project was completed in 1788, and the hospital did not need additional expansion until 1860.[7] The period between 1860 and 1866 saw the Hotel-Dieu rebuilt and remodeled by renowned architect Felix Blanchet, and the transformed hospital was christened by Napoleon III in November of that year.[8]

Hotel

In 1993, after 805 years of service, the Hotel-Dieu received its last patients, and was converted into a teaching hospital; the hospital completely closed in 2006. Throughout this time, several consortiums were bidding for the redevelopment of the Hotel-Dieu, and four years after the acquisition of the property from the Hospital in 2003, it was announced that the site was to become a luxury hotel under the InterContinental brand. Construction and renovations began in 2010, and the rejuvenated Marseille icon reopened on April 25, 2013, about 825 years since the Saint-Espirit Hospital first opened its doors. The hotel's renovations were accomplished by French construction company Eiffage and were developed by Altarea Cogedim.

Hôtel de ville

The Marseilles City Hall (Hotel de ville de Marseille) is located near the harbour port in the 2nd arrondissement and was built in the 17th century building.

The construction of this medium-size hall dates back to 1653 when Gaspard de Villages, first consul, proposed to the municipal council to build a new city hall. On September 6, 1653 the committee responsible for the works opted to build this new building at the same location as the old one. Etienne de Puget, the bishop blessed the first stone in October 25, 1653.

Jean-Baptiste Méolans assisted by the engineer Enéas Bilondelle was responsible for the blueprints but the lack of fundings and the occupation of the city by Louis XIV’s troops in 1660 prevented the construction to go beyond the laying of the foundations.

In 1666, Gaspard Puget, Pierre Puget’s brother took over the project. François and Mathieu Pourtal (or Portal, both were stonecutters), Martinet, Levaquery and Martin Grosfils worked on the ornaments of the front side. Pierre Puget only realized the escutcheon placed above the main entrance in 1673. The current escutcheon on the front is a replica of the original escutcheon which is currently kept in the Beaux-Arts museum. The building actually served as the official city hall in 1673, roughly 20 years after the first stone was laid.

Between 1748 and 1752, Mansart de Lévy (Jacques Hardouin-Mansart de Sagonne), the last architect of his family projected to rebuild the whole city hall including the royal square in honor of Louis XV. This project was abandoned in favor of the reconstruction of the Hôtel-Dieu located in the back side. This architect had been commissioned on the spot by the king in 1752. His 1769 unsigned order left in Pierre Patte's famous register reads "Monuments built in France for the glory of Louis XV". This building project was little-known by art historians until it was identified in 1994 and published in 1996.

Throughout January and February 1794 during the French Revolution, Marseille was known as the unnamed city (Ville sans nom), the hall narrowly escaped destruction as it was suspected to be the headquarters of the federalists.

In 1914, architect Clastrier replaced the Mansart slate tiles leaving a complete different design. These old roof tiles are very well featured on the 18th-century engravings and paintings. The city hall is one of the very few buildings in this district that was left undamaged by the 1943 German occupation. Following April 30th 1948 decree, the building is part of the national heritage monument list.

In 1996, a project to extend the monument and to renew the surroundings was submitted. The contest was won by architect Franck Hammoutène in 1999 and the works were completed in 2006. This allowed to renew a total indoor area of 8 300 m2 including a new consultation room, several new council rooms and a museum. The floor above these new rooms host a new public space offering 20.000 m2 between the Old Port and the Hotel-Dieu making it the largest plaza in the city.

Design

Stairway of the hotel
Stairway of the hotel

Similar to numerous other buildings in Marseille built during the corresponding time period, the Hotel-Dieu exhibited French Baroque architecture, while subsequent improvements added touches reminiscent of French Rococo and Neoclassicism, and later, the Second Empire Style.[9] Like many French buildings, it has a French Garden; the ruins of a 12th-century chapel is buried under it. A cultural exhibition of the hotel showcases some of the artifacts recovered from the chapel, some dating back over 2200 years.

The redevelopment of the Hotel-Dieu was acceded to by AAA Bechu Agency and local Architecture firm, Tangram. Despite the hotel's storied history, the interior is modernistic, reflecting the Art Deco style as well as the traditional colors of the Mediterranean, orchestrated by Jean-Philippe Nuel. The InterContinental also prides itself in its 750m² terrace which can comfortably ensconce 160 people. Furthermore, the five-story hotel features twelve meeting rooms with a combined 1000 square meters of event space.

Rooms

Out of the 194 Rooms and Suites in the hotel, 22 are suites; of which 15 are Junior Suites, 6 are "Prestige Suites", and one is a Presidential Suite. 72 Rooms, including all of the suites, overlook the Vieux-Port.

Clock on the façade of the hotel
Clock on the façade of the hotel

Restaurants and Bars

The InterContinental Marseille features two restaurants both under the direction of Michelin-starred chef Lionel Lévy, formerly the head chef at 'Une table au Sud', itself a Michelin-starred restaurant.[10] The hotel's terrace hosts the Capian Bar

Les Fenêtres Brasserie

The hotel's brasserie, named for the Hotel-Dieu's distinctively arched windows, can seat eighty.[11][12]

Alcyone Restaurant

The hotel's formal dining restaurant is named after the figure Alcyone in Greek mythology. A few months after its inception, the restaurant was awarded a Michelin star.[13] Aside from the Michelin Guide, other reviewers have also given the restaurant generally positive reviews. The publication France Today illustrated a good impression of the restaurant albeit the restaurant being in a "teething phase", noting that a few tables had a "magical view of the distant city".[14] Prices for a set meal are around 139 Euros.


Awards

At the 2014 MIPIM Awards, a festival that recognizes architectural and design developments, the InterContinental Marseille was awarded the "Best Refurbished Building" award in honor of the regeneration and renewal of the Hotel-Dieu.[15] The building's renovation also gave it the Haute Qualité Environnementale Certification, and thus the hotel became the second building in the hotel industry to receive the award, which awards institutions for green building in France.[16] Moreover, the hotel was included in the 2014 Condé Nast Traveler Hot List, which recognizes the world's finest hotels, along with the Travel + Leisure "It List", honoring the best new hotels as picked by their editors.[17][18]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Inventaire supplémentaire des monuments historiques
  2. ^ InterContinental Marseille History
  3. ^ National Post Review of the InterContinental Marseille Hotel Dieu Archived 2014-09-05 at Archive.is
  4. ^ Michelin-starred restaurants in Marseille
  5. ^ De Smet, Vol II, Breve Chronicon, p. 15.
  6. ^ Cachau, Philippe (2005). Jacques Hardouin-Mansart de Sagonne, dernier des Mansart. Atelier national de Reproduction des Thèses.
  7. ^ Aziza, Judith (2013). Soigner et être soigné sous l'Ancien Régime. L'Hôtel-Dieu de Marseille aux. Presses Universitaires de Provence.
  8. ^ Fabre, Augustin (1855). Histoire des hôpitaux et des institutions de bienfaisance de Marseille. Lafitte.
  9. ^ Millon, Henry (1999). The Triumph of the Baroque: Architecture in Europe. Thames & Hudson Ltd.
  10. ^ Une table au Sud
  11. ^ The Critics Guide (Les Fenêtres Brasserie)
  12. ^ "Visit Provence" Travel Guide to Marseille
  13. ^ Michelin Guide Alcyone Restaurant
  14. ^ France Today Review of Alcyone Restaurant
  15. ^ MIPIN 2014 Award Winners
  16. ^ HQE Certified Buildings List
  17. ^ Condé Nast Traveler Hot List
  18. ^ Travel and Leisure It List
This page was last edited on 30 August 2018, at 20:20
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