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Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Former Director of INBA Teresa Vicencio Álvarez
Former Director of INBA Teresa Vicencio Álvarez

The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura (INBAL, English: National Institute of Fine Arts and Literature), located in the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, is the Mexican institution in charge of coordinating artistic and cultural activities (both at the political and the educational level) in the country.

On November 23, 1946, president Miguel Alemán Valdés proposed the creation of the INBA, and it was formally opened on 1 January 1947, as a branch of the Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP). The first head of the INBA was Carlos Chávez, who created a new orchestra for the Conservatory, the current Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional.[citation needed]

The institute includes many departments, artistic ensembles, three national centers for storage of the literary stock, 29 schools and further institutions. The school of design and handicrafts was founded by José Chávez Morado in 1962.[citation needed]

One of the important services the institute provides for the nation is to protect, along with the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, monuments and buildings deemed cultural patrimony.[1] INAH is entrusted with 'archaeological' (pre-Hispanic and paleontological) and 'historical' (post-Conquest 16th to 19th centuries) structures, zones and remnants, while INBAL is entrusted with 'artistic' buildings and monuments (properties that are of significant aesthetic value).[1] The valuation of aesthetic value is left to the Comisión Nacional de Zonas y Monumentos Artísticos (National Commission of Artistic Zones and Monuments).[1] This commission is composed of the Director of INBAL, a representative of the Secretaría de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecología, a representative of UNAM, and three individuals affiliated with the arts picked by the Director.[1] Edifices deemed worthy by the commission are catalogued in the Registro Público de Monumentos y Zonas Artísticos (Public Register of Artistic Monuments and Zones).[1]

The institute provides education from elementary school through to postgraduate level; one of the educational institutions that INBAL manages is CEDARTS (centros de educación artística or artistic education centers, in English) which is focused on artistic education.

There are 12 CEDARTS in Mexico, three in Mexico City and the rest in some other states.[citation needed]

  1. CEDART "Alfonso Reyes" Monterrey, Nuevo León
  2. CEDART "David Alfaro Siqueiros" Chihuahua, Chihuahua
  3. CEDART "Diego Rivera" Ciudad de México, CDMX
  4. CEDART "Emilio Abreu Gómez" Mérida, Yucatán
  5. CEDART "Frida Kahlo" Ciudad de México, CDMX
  6. CEDART "Ignacio Mariano de las Casas" Querétaro, Querétaro
  7. CEDART "José Clemente Orozco" Guadalajara, Jalisco
  8. CEDART "José Eduardo Pierson" Hermosillo, Sonora
  9. CEDART "Juan Rulfo" Colima, Colima
  10. CEDART "Luis Spota Saavedra" Ciudad de México, CDMX
  11. CEDART "Miguel Bernal Jiménez" Morelia, Michoacán
  12. CEDART "Miguel Cabrera" Oaxaca, Oaxaca

In addition to the educational offerings, there are museums, galleries and buildings under the INBAL management, that the institute often uses to present different types of artistic entertainment to the general public, such as "tempestad"[clarification needed] or a season of flamenco dance.[citation needed]

History

List of Directors
Directors Period
Carlos Chávez 1946 - 1952
Andrés Iduarte 1952 - 1953
Miguel Álvarez Acosta 1954 - 1958
Celestino Gorostiza 1958 - 1964
José Luis Martínez Rodríguez 1964 - 1970
Miguel Bueno González 1970 - 1971
Luis Ortiz Macedo 1972 - 1974
Sergio Galindo 1974 - 1978
Juan José Bremer 1977 - 1982
Javier Barros Valero 1982 - 1986
Manuel de la Cera Alonso 1987 - 1988
Víctor Sandoval de León 1989 - 1991
Rafael Tovar y de Teresa 1991 - 1992
Gerardo Estrada Rodríguez 1992 - 2000
Ignacio Toscano 2001
Saúl Juárez Vega 2001 - 2006
María Teresa Franco González Salas 2006 - 2009
Teresa Vicencio Álvarez 2009 - 2012
María Cristina García Cepeda 2012 - 2017
Lidia Camacho Camacho 2017 - 2018
Lucina Jiménez 2018 -

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "LEY FEDERAL SOBRE MONUMENTOS Y ZONAS ARQUEOLOGICAS, ARTISTICOS E HISTORICOS". Secretariat of Public Education. Retrieved November 23, 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 4 March 2021, at 20:32
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