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Institut national de la recherche agronomique

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Institut national de la recherche agronomique
Logo of INRA (French National Institute for Agricultural Research) - version of 2013.jpg
MottoScience & Impact
Formation1946
TypeGovernmental organisation
Purposetargeted research
Location
President
Philippe Mauguin (July 2016[1])
Budget
€877.6 million[2]
Staff
8,290[2]
Websitewww.international.inra.fr

The Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, pronounced [inʁa]; English: National Institute of Agricultural Research) was a French public research institute dedicated to agricultural science. It was founded in 1946 and is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment under the joint authority of the Ministries of Research and Agriculture. From 1 January 2020 the INRA merged with the IRSTEA (Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture) to create the INRAE (Institut national de recherche pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement).[3]

INRA led projects of targeted research for a sustainable agriculture, a safeguarded environment and a healthy and high quality food. Based on the number of publications in agricultural sciences/crops and animal sciences, INRA was the first institute for agricultural research in Europe, and the second in the world.[2] It belonged to the top 1% most cited research institutes.[2]

Missions

INRA main tasks were:

  • to gather and disseminate knowledge;
  • to build know-how and innovation for the society;
  • to provide expertise to public institutions and private companies;
  • to participate in science-society debates;
  • to train in research.

Staff and Organization

INRA was a research institute with 1,840 researchers, 1,756 research engineers and 4,694 lab workers/field workers/administrative staff. In addition, 510 PhD students were trained, and 2,552 interns were employed every year.[2]

INRA was composed of 13 scientific departments:

  • Environment and Agronomy
  • Biology and crop breeding
  • Plant health and environment
  • Ecology of forests, meadows and aquatic environments
  • Animal genetics
  • Animal physiology and animal production systems
  • Animal health
  • Characterization and processing of agricultural products
  • Microbiology and food processing
  • Human nutrition
  • Sciences for action and development
  • Social sciences, agriculture and food, territories and environment
  • Applied mathematics and computer sciences

Moreover, INRA provided tools and support to the scientific community: databases, environmental research observatories, genetic resources centers, experimental platforms, etc.

Centers and Partnerships

In 2014, INRA had 17 regional centres in France, including in the French overseas territories. Most laboratories and facilities located in Paris region are to be moved to the Paris-Saclay research-intensive cluster.[4]

INRA develops partnerships with:

Research on wine and grapes

INRA maintained a collection of vines at Domaine de Vassal, in Marseillan near Sète, a site where phylloxera cannot survive.[7]Gouais blanc can be found there.

Researches on vine cultivation are conducted in Pech Rouge estate, in Gruissan.[8] INRA also owns the Château Couhins wine-producing estate near Bordeaux. Many wine grapes have been created at INRA stations including Ederena.[9]

INRA was a member of the consortium for the genome sequencing of Vitis vinifera in 2007.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://institut.inra.fr/en/Overview/Highlights/Philippe-Mauguin-President-of-INRA
  2. ^ a b c d e f https://inra-dam-front-resources-cdn.brainsonic.com/ressources/afile/251625-fb52e-resource-inra-plaquette-de-presentation-de-l-institut-en.html
  3. ^ "Inra will become Inrae after merging with Irstea". La dépêche vétérinaire (in French). 19 May 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://www.researchgate.net/institution/French_National_Institute_for_Agricultural_Research
  7. ^ "Domaine de Vassal at www1.montpellier.inra.fr". Archived from the original on 18 February 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  8. ^ Pech Rouge at www1.montpellier.inra.fr
  9. ^ J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 322, Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2

External links

This page was last edited on 2 May 2020, at 01:40
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