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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1886 map of Indochina, from the Scottish Geographical Magazine
1886 map of Indochina, from the Scottish Geographical Magazine

Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia. The name refers to the lands historically within the cultural influence of India and China, and physically bound by the Indian Subcontinent in the west and China in the north. It corresponds to the present-day areas of Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, and (variably) peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today's Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.

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Thailand is in the heart of Southeast Asia and is bordered to the north by Laos Cambodia, Malaysia and Myanmar. It is just over twice the size of the United Kingdom and like the United Kingdom it is a Constitutional Monarchy. This is TheCoolFactShow! Subscribe for more cool facts! Do you own or run a business? You need video to tell your story and make you more money. We can help. Follow the link on your screen or the description. Fact # 1: Through diplomacy, the former Kings of Thailand managed to ensure it was the only country in Southeast Asia never to be colonized by the then superpowers of England, France and Portugal. Thailand means "Land of the Free". Fact # 2: Thailand is a land of temples. There is a total of 40,717 Buddhist temples in Thailand, with approximately 34,000 currently in use; and nearly 95% of its population are Buddhists. In the past all Thai young men, including Kings, were expected to become Buddhist monks if only for a short period, before their 20th birthday. This is a way to gain great merit in the community, but is a less observed practice today. Fact # 3: The flag of Thailand consists of five horizontal stripes. The top and bottom are equal-sized red stripes, the middle stripe is blue which is lined above and below by equal-sized white stripes. The blue stripe is double the size of the other four. The red stripes represent the blood spilt to maintain Thailand's independence. The white stands for purity and is the color of Buddhism which is the country's main religion. Blue is Thailand's national color and it represents the Thai monarchy. The blue is also used to honor Thailand's World War I allies, Great Britain, France, United States and Russia, who all had red, white and blue flags. Fact # 4: Thailand is home to many animals: One-tenth of all animal species live in Thailand; and approximately 10% of the world’s bird species live there also, a greater proportion than in either America or Europe. The smallest mammals found here are the Etruscan shrew and the bumblebee bat. Fact # 5: Both the Hollywood movie and Broadway play, “The King and I” are banned in Thailand. Based on the Siamese ruler, King Mongkut, the movie is viewed as being insulting to the King. He was depicted as being uncultured but he is thought to have been the first Asian ruler to be able to speak, read and write English fluently. He is also known as the father of Thai scientists. Fact # 6: When visiting Thailand there are a few traditions relating to body language you need to adhere to. The head is considered sacred, so never touch a head; or pass something over anyone’s head. Thais consider feet unclean, and symbolically as well as physically the lowest part of the body You should never point your feet at anyone, use your feet to move anything or touch anyone with your feet. Don’t wave your hands around as you talk, as it gives Thai people the impression that you are angry. Fact # 7: Siamese cats are native to Thailand, and date back to the 14th century, where a book of Thai poems described 23 types of Siamese cat. Today, only 6 breeds are left. Their name in Thai is Wichen-Maat meaning “Moon Diamond,” and to give a bride a pair of Si Sawat cats (a breed of Siamese) signifies good luck in the marriage. Fact # 8: Thais love celebrating festivals. In April, they celebrate the Songkran Water Festival, which is also the Thai New Year, in one of the hottest months of the year. In November, they have a paper lantern festival known as Yi Peng, where sky lanterns adorned with good luck wishes and prayers are released into the sky. Fact # 9: The Monkey Buffet is one of the strangest festivals in the world. It is celebrated on the 25th of November every year, and includes giving fruit and vegetables to the local monkey population. Thais believe that monkeys are symbols of good fortune. Fact # 10: If you plan to visit Thailand, some of their laws may seem odd. It is a crime to step on Thai currency; and don’t forget to wear a shirt while driving a car, otherwise you could find yourself being arrested! Have you or someone you know ever been to Thailand? Tell us about it in the comments below! If you like this video, please don’t forget to press the thumbs up button. Share this video with your friends and family. New videos are posted all the time. Do you own or run a business? In the 21st century to grow your sales you need compelling video content that helps tell your story and an online strategy that capitalizes on the power of social media. We can help. See the links on your screen and the description. This is TheCoolFactShow. Subscribe for more cool facts. Have you seen our video on Canada? Explore the culture and people of this 2nd largest country in the world. Check it out!

Contents

History

The origins of the name Indo-China are usually attributed jointly to the Danish-French geographer Conrad Malte-Brun, who referred to the area as indo-chinois in 1804, and the Scottish linguist John Leyden, who used the term Indo-Chinese to describe the area's inhabitants and their languages in 1808.[1] Scholarly opinions at the time regarding China's and India's historical influence over the area were conflicting, and the term was itself controversial—Malte-Brun himself later argued against its use in a later edition of his Universal Geography, reasoning that it over-emphasized Chinese influence, and suggested Chin-India instead.[2] Nevertheless, Indo-China had already gained traction and soon supplanted alternative terms such as Further India and the Peninsula beyond the Ganges. Later, however, as the French established the colony of French Indochina, use of the term became more restricted to the French colony,[3] and today the area is usually referred to as Mainland Southeast Asia.[4]

In biogeography

In biogeography, the Indochinese Region is a major biogeographical region in the Indomalaya ecozone, and also a phytogeographical floristic region in the Paleotropical Kingdom. It includes the native flora and fauna of all the countries above. The adjacent Malesian Region covers the Maritime Southeast Asian countries, and straddles the Indomalaya and Australasian ecozones.

See also

References

  1. ^ Vimalin Rujivacharakul et al., eds. (2013). Architecturalized Asia : mapping a continent through history. Hong Kong University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9789888208050.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Malte-Brun, Conrad (1827). Universal Geography, Or, A Description of All the Parts of the World, on a New Plan, According to the Great Natural Divisions of the Globe: Improved by the Addition of the Most Recent Information, Derived from Various Sources : Accompanied with Analytical, Synoptical, and Elementary Tables, Volume 2. A. Finley. pp. 262–3.
  3. ^ Wesseling, H. L. (2015). The European Colonial Empires: 1815–1919. Routledge. ISBN 9781317895060.
  4. ^ Keyes, Charles F. (1995). The golden peninsula : culture and adaptation in mainland Southeast Asia (Pbk. reprint ed.). University of Hawaii Press. p. 1. ISBN 9780824816964.
This page was last edited on 22 January 2019, at 18:56
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