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Indo-Australian Plate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 In orange and red is the Indo-Australian plate, shown as divided between the Indian Plate and the Australian Plate
In orange and red is the Indo-Australian plate, shown as divided between the Indian Plate and the Australian Plate

The Indo-Australian Plate is a major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extends northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters. It was formed by the fusion of Indian and Australian plates approximately 43 million years ago.[1] Recent studies, and evidence from seismic events such as the 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes, suggest that the Indo-Australian Plate may have broken up into two or three separate plates due primarily to stresses induced by the collision of the Indo-Australian Plate with Eurasia along what later became the Himalayas,[2][3] and that the Indian Plate and Australian Plate have been separate since at least 3 million years ago.[4]

The eastern part (Australia) is moving northward at the rate of 5.6 cm (2.2 in) per year while the western part (India) is moving only at the rate of 3.7 cm (1.5 in) per year due to the impediment of the Himalayas. This differential movement has resulted in the compression of the former plate near its center at Sumatra and the division into the Indian and Australian Plates.[5][6]

A third plate, known as the Capricorn Plate, may also be separating off the western side of the Indian plate as part of the continued breakup of the Indo-Australian Plate.[7]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Birth of himalayan range
  • Indian Plate
  • Wonderful facts about HImalaya - Revealed by Geologist

Transcription

Himalaya is a mountain range in the Indian subcontinent... & its home to 9 of ten highest peaks on Earth.. which are more higher that 8000 meters. Now let us See How Himalayan Range took Birth Actually the birth of Himalayan range started About 70 million years ago, The Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on the earth. The 6,000 kilometers plus journey of the Indian Plate .. before its collision with Eurasian Plate stared about 40 to 50 million years ago. According to the theory of tectonic plate, Indo-Australian plate.. was moving at about 15 cm per year towards North. It is assumed that the Indian Plate and Australian Plate.. have been separate since at 100 million years ago. Continental collision orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate resulted.. Formation Of Himalayan Range. Due to this collision The Andaman and Nicobar Islands.. in the Bay of Bengal were also formed. Himalayan Ranges consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock. The Indian plate is still moving at 67 mm per year horizontally... below the Tibetan Plateau, which forces the plateau to.. continue to move upwards. and it will travel about.. 1,500 km into Asia over the next 10 million years. by thrusting along the Himalaya southern front about 20mm per year of the India-Asia convergence is absorbed.. Resulting in the Himalaya Rising of approximately 5mm per year.. and Rising Mt Everest with average of 4mm per year. The movement of the Indian plate into the Asian plate.. also leads to earthquakes. After Antarctica and the Arctic The Himalayas contain.. the third-largest deposit of ice and snow in the world.

References

  1. ^ "The Indo-Australian Plate". austhrutime.com. 
  2. ^ "Press Release: An Earth Plate Is Breaking in Two". www.columbia.edu. 
  3. ^ R. R. Hillis, R. D. Müller. Evolution and Dynamics of the Australian Plate
  4. ^ Stein, Seth; Sella, Giovanni; Okai, Emile A. (2002). "The January 26, 2001 Bhuj Earthquake and the Diffuse Western Boundary of the Indian Plate" (PDF). American Geophysical Union. doi:10.1029/GD030p0243. Retrieved 26 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Earth cracking up under Indian Ocean". New Scientist. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2018. 
  6. ^ Delescluse, Matthias; Chamot-Rooke, Nicolas; Cattin, Rodolphe; Fleitout, Luce; Trubienko, Olga; Vigny, Christophe (26 September 2012). "April 2012 intra-oceanic seismicity off Sumatra boosted by the Banda-Aceh megathrust". Nature. 490 (7419): 240. doi:10.1038/nature11520 – via www.nature.com. 
  7. ^ Siegel, Lee (26 September 2012). "Sumatra quake was part of crustal plate breakup: Study shows huge jolt measured 8.7, ripped at least 4 faults". Phys.Org. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
This page was last edited on 14 March 2018, at 05:35.
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