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Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eastern Orthodox Christians in Montenegro (2011 census)

Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Montenegro. It is the largest Christian denomination in the country. According to the latest census of 2011, 446,858 citizens of Montenegro (72.07%) registered as Eastern Orthodox Christians. The majority of Eastern Orthodox people in Montenegro are adherents of the Serbian Orthodox Church. A minor percentage supports the noncanonical and unrecognized Montenegrin Orthodox Church, which has the status of a religious non-governmental organization (NGO) since its founding in 1993.[1][2][3]

The current Metropolitan of Montenegro and primate of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro is Joanikije II, who serves as 56th head since the establishment of the diocese in 1219. The seat of the diocese is the Cetinje Monastery, since 1484.

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According to the 2011 official census, of the total 446,858 Eastern Orthodox Christians in Montenegro, there are: 246,733 ethnic Montenegrins (55.22%), 175,052 of Montenegrin Serbs (39.17%) and 25,073 of other ethnic groups (5.61%)

Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro

Cetinje Monastery, seat of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
Upper church of the Serbian Orthodox Ostrog Monastery
The Cetinje Octoechos

Four eparchies (dioceses) of the Serbian Orthodox Church cover the territory of Montenegro, two of them being entirely within its borders, and two partially:

In 2006, the Bishops' Council of the Serbian Orthodox Church decided to form a regional Bishops' Council for Montenegro, consisted of bishops whose dioceses cover the territory of Montenegro. By the same decision, Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral was appointed president of the regional Bishops' Council.[6] The 17th-century Ostrog monastery is a religious landmark of Montenegro and the most popular pilgrimage site.[7]

Independent churches and religious NGOs

In modern times, some independent groups and organizations emerged within the wider scope of Eastern Orthodoxy in Montenegro, challenging the traditional position of the canonical Serbian Orthodox Church in the country. Alternative religious movements are focused mainly on the creation of a separate and independent (autocephalous) Orthodox Church in Montenegro, receiving so far a limited support from the public.

Montenegrin Orthodox Church (1993)

In 1993, a group led by recalled Orthodox Church in America and Serbian Orthodox monk, Antonije Abramović reformed a separate religious organization, known as the Montenegrin Orthodox Church, at time receiving support from the Liberal Alliance of Montenegro, a minor political party that advocated the independence of Montenegro.[8] Antonije was proclaimed Metropolitan of Montenegro by his supporters, but his movement failed to gain any significant support. It remained unrecognized, and was labelled as noncanonical. In 1996, he was succeeded by Miraš Dedeić, controversial priest recalled by canonical Eastern Orthodox Churches back in early 1990s, Dedeić tried to reorganize MOC, hoping that state independence of Montenegro, achieved in 2006, would secure wider political support for his organization.[9] The MOC (1993) has been recognized as a religious NGO since 2001.

Montenegrin Orthodox Church (2018)

In 2018, a group of priests of the Montenegrin Orthodox Church (MOC) split and formed an organization.[10] This split was headed by Vladimir Lajović, who after the split became, in June 2018, an archimandrite under the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Church of Italy (Italian: Chiesa Ortodossa d'Italia), a schism of the Orthodox Church in Italy[citation needed] which itself was under the jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate.[10][11]

See also


  1. ^ Cattaruzza & Michels 2005, p. 235-253.
  2. ^ Morrison & Čagorović 2014, p. 151-170.
  3. ^ Džankić 2016, p. 110–129.
  4. ^ Official Pages of the Metropolitanate of Montenegro and the Littoral
  5. ^ Official Pages of the Eparchy of Budimlja and Nikšić
  6. ^ "Communique of the Diocesan Council of the Orthodox Church in Montenegro (2010)". Archived from the original on 2020-01-20. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  7. ^ Bataković 2005, p. 122.
  8. ^ Buchenau 2014, p. 85.
  9. ^ Džankić 2016, p. 120-121.
  10. ^ a b Večernje novosti (2018): Raskol raskolnika: Crnogorska pravoslavna crkva se podelila u dve frakcije
  11. ^ "Chiesa Ortodossa d' Italia: Organizzazione". Archived from the original on 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2019-06-28.


External links

This page was last edited on 19 May 2024, at 07:37
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