To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Inauguration of Joe Biden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Presidential inauguration of
Joe Biden
DateJanuary 20, 2021 (2021-01-20)
LocationUnited States Capitol,
Washington, D.C.
Organized byJoint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, Inaugural Committee
ParticipantsJoe Biden
46th President of the United States
— Assuming office

John Roberts
Chief Justice of the United States
— Administering oath

Kamala Harris
49th Vice President of the United States
— Assuming office

— Administering oath
Biden inaugural logo.png

2025 →

The inauguration of Joe Biden as the 46th president of the United States will mark the commencement of the four-year term of Joe Biden as president and Kamala Harris as vice president. A public ceremony is scheduled for Wednesday, January 20, 2021, on the West Front of the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. The event will be the 59th presidential inauguration. Biden will take the oath of office as president on that day, and Harris will take the oath of office as vice president.

The inauguration will take place during extraordinary political, health, economic, and national security crises, including outgoing President Donald Trump's attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election, which incited a storming of the Capitol, an attempt to remove Trump prematurely, which led to his historic second impeachment, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Festivities will be limited to prevent the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19.[1][2] The live audience will be limited to members of the 117th United States Congress and, for each, one guest of their choosing, resembling a State of the Union address.[3] Public health measures such as mandatory face coverings, testing, temperature checks, and social distancing will be used to protect participants in the ceremony.[4]

"Our Determined Democracy: Forging a More Perfect Union"—a reference to the Preamble to the United States Constitution—and "America United" will serve as the inaugural themes.[5]


The inauguration will mark the formal culmination of the presidential transition of Joe Biden that began when he won the U.S. presidential election on November 3, 2020, and became the president-elect four days later on November 7, 2020.[6] Biden and his running mate, Kamala Harris, were confirmed by the Electoral College on December 14, 2020.[7] Trump, who continued to dispute the legitimacy of the election without proof but committed to an "orderly transition" of power exactly two months after losing, will not attend the ceremony—the first time a losing incumbent will do so since Andrew Johnson skipped the 1869 inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant.[8][9][10] This will be the fourth time in United States history a departing president would refuse to attend their successor's inauguration.[9][11]

Upon his inauguration, Biden will become the oldest president at 78 years and 61 days, older upon taking office than Ronald Reagan, who left office at 77 years, 349 days. He will also become the first president from Delaware (although he was born in Pennsylvania), the second Catholic after John F. Kennedy, and the fifteenth former vice president to serve as president.[12][13][14][15] Harris will become the first woman, first African American, and first Asian American vice president.[16]


Construction of the inaugural platform at the United States Capitol
Construction of the inaugural platform at the United States Capitol

The Capitol Police Board has restricted public access to the West Front of the United States Capitol from September 7, 2020, to February 28, 2021, to "allow for the safe and secure construction of the Inaugural platform, stands, and other infrastructure necessary to support the event."[17] Construction began on September 29, 2020.[18] An inaugural first nail ceremony, which traditionally commemorates the start of construction of the inaugural platform, was not held because it “coincided with the period of remembrance for the late Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.”[19]

Joint Congressional Committee

The swearing-in ceremony and the inaugural luncheon for President-elect Biden and Vice President-elect Harris is being planned by the Joint Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, a bipartisan committee composed of United States Senators Roy Blunt (chairman), Mitch McConnell, and Amy Klobuchar (whom Biden ran against in the 2020 Democratic primaries), and United States Representatives Nancy Pelosi, Steny Hoyer, and Kevin McCarthy.[20] The committee, overseen by the U.S. Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, chose the inaugural theme "Our Determined Democracy: Forging a More Perfect Union" to highlight the inaugural ceremony as a "hallmark of American governance and democracy" and stress the peaceful transition of power.[5]

On December 8, 2020, Republican members of the committee voted against a resolution that would have publicly recognized Biden as the president-elect and Harris as the vice president-elect, which Blunt explained was to avoid having the committee interfere with the ongoing electoral process.[21] After Biden's win was certified by the Electoral College, Blunt and several other Republican senators finally acknowledged him as the president-elect, stating that he will facilitate communications with Biden's presidential inaugural committee to "plan for the swearing-in ceremony."[22]

Presidential Inaugural Committee

The 2021 Presidential Inaugural Committee will organize several other inauguration‑related events at the direction of the President‑elect and Vice President‑elect of the United States.[23] The committee is led by Jim Clyburn, Eric Garcetti, Cedric Richmond, Lisa Blunt Rochester, and Gretchen Whitmer (co-chairs), Tony Allen (chief executive officer), Maju Varghese (executive director), Yvanna Cancela and Erin Wilson (deputy executive directors), David A. Kessler (chief medical adviser), and Adrienne Elrod (director of talent and external affairs). Allen stated that the events will "look different amid the pandemic" but maintain inaugural traditions while engaging Americans in a safe manner.[24][25] The committee's inaugural theme, "America United", was announced following the storming of the U.S. Capitol Building.[26] The committee's official YouTube and other social media will feature exclusive content related to the inaugural ceremonies.

Security and costs

Compared to past inaugurations, the drastic reduction in crowd size at Biden's inauguration is expected to reduce construction costs.[27] In September 2020, prior to implementing attendance restrictions, costs were estimated to exceed US$44.9 million, with the District of Columbia's costs incurred in connection with the inauguration being reimbursed by the federal government.[28] However, the storming of the United States Capitol, along with threats of nationwide political unrest on Inauguration Day and the days preceding it, has significantly increased the need for security.[27] The inauguration—and week preceding it—has been designated a National Special Security Event (NSSE).[29]

Storming of the United States Capitol

The inaugural platform occupied by pro-Trump demonstrators
The inaugural platform occupied by pro-Trump demonstrators

The storming of the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021 raised serious questions about the security of the inauguration; on January 8, the United States Secret Service (USSS), which will provide additional security, released a statement asserting that the inaugural ceremony will be secure.[30] Security preparations for the 2021 inauguration began after the previous ceremony in 2017.[30]

Following the storming of the Capitol, "non-scalable" seven foot-high crowd control barriers were installed around the perimeter of the Capitol grounds to prevent disruptions during the inaugural ceremony.[31] Additionally, tens of thousands of armed National Guardsmen—from nearly every U.S. state—will be deployed to secure the Capitol grounds, a level of security not seen since the September 11 attacks.[32][33][34] On January 11, 2021, Trump approved a request for an emergency declaration in Washington, D.C., allowing federal assistance through FEMA to help secure the inauguration.[35] Thousands of troops arrived a week before the ceremony and occupied the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center.[34][36] Following calls[37] to hold his inauguration in private, Biden stated that he is "not afraid" of taking the oath publicly as originally planned, citing confidence in the Capitol's security.[38]

Pre-inaugural events

Train ride

Biden originally planned to travel to Washington, D.C. from Wilmington, Delaware on a passenger train, which he routinely took during his time as a U.S. Senator—earning him the nickname "Amtrak Joe".[39] However, this plan was scrapped due to security concerns on January 13.[40]

Biden, as vice president-elect in 2009, joined then President-elect Barack Obama on a similar inaugural train ride during their first inauguration. On January 20, 2017, after completing his tenure as vice president, Biden departed Washington, D.C. on an Amtrak Acela train bound for his namesake station in Wilmington, Delaware.[41]

Lincoln Memorial lighting

Inaugural organizers are inviting communities around the United States to light buildings and ring church bells at 5:30 p.m. ET on the eve of the inauguration in a moment of "unity and remembrance" for those lost to the pandemic.[42] A lighting ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool will be held simultaneously.[42]

National Day of Service

Two days before Inauguration Day, January 18, 2021, is Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, a U.S. federal holiday that recognizes Dr. King's birthday. Biden and his inaugural committee encourage Americans to engage in acts of community service on that day and plan to co-organize events that focus on improving people's economic, health, and social well-being.[43]

Inaugural events

COVID-19 public health measures

Clyburn, a co-chair on the inaugural committee, stated that most traditional inaugural festivities will be conducted virtually, primarily modeled after the 2020 Democratic National Convention.[44] Biden and his inaugural committee are corresponding with U.S. House and Senate leadership and public health experts on details pertaining to the event's attendance.[45] The ceremony will take place outdoors on the West Front of the United States Capitol (the site of every inauguration since 1981).[46] While members of Congress, in previous years, would receive 200,000 tickets to distribute among constituents, on this occasion, each member will be allotted one guest ticket. Only around 3,000 people are expected to be permitted on the Capitol grounds.[47] The decision was made by the Joint Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies based on consultation with public health experts.[3][48]

Field of Flags

Across the National Mall, an art display of "191,500 U.S. flags and 56 pillars of light" will be installed, representing those who could not attend the inauguration in person due to historic public health-related attendance restrictions.[49]


"The President's Own" United States Marine Band, which has appeared at every U.S. presidential inauguration since Thomas Jefferson's in 1801, will perform. They will play a medley of traditional music, herald the entry of dignitaries to the inaugural platform, and perform "Hail, Columbia" and "Hail to the Chief", the official anthems of the vice president and president, respectively, after Harris and Biden are each sworn in.[50][51]

Outgoing Vice President Mike Pence plans to attend[52] but outgoing President Donald Trump will not.[53] Former presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, along with respective first ladies Hillary Clinton, Laura Bush, and Michelle Obama, will attend the inauguration, while former President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter cannot, as they are unable to travel.[54]

Roy Blunt, chair of the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, will serve as the master of ceremonies. Fr. Leo J. O'Donovan, S.J., former president of Georgetown University, will deliver the inauguration's invocation.[55] Georgia firefighters' union leader Andrea Hall will lead the Pledge of Allegiance, Lady Gaga will sing the national anthem, inaugural National Youth Poet Laureate Amanda Gorman will recite a poem, and Jennifer Lopez will perform.[56] The benediction will be delivered by Reverend Dr. Silvester Beaman.[56]

Oaths of office

Biden was sworn into the vice-presidency by Associate Justice John Paul Stevens on January 20, 2009.
Biden was sworn into the vice-presidency by Associate Justice John Paul Stevens on January 20, 2009.

Harris will recite the following oath:

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.[57]

Harris was sworn into the Senate by then-outgoing Vice President Biden on January 3, 2017.
Harris was sworn into the Senate by then-outgoing Vice President Biden on January 3, 2017.

Biden will recite the following oath, as prescribed by the Constitution:

I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. [So help me God.][57]

Biden will be sworn in on a Bible that has been in his family since 1893—the same one he used during his senatorial and vice presidential swearing in ceremonies.[58][59] It drew some public attention during the 2013 inauguration due to its size; it is 5 inches (12.7 cm) thick, and has a Celtic cross on the front.[60] Upon assuming office, Biden will receive a traditional 21-gun salute in his honor.

Inaugural address

Biden's inaugural address will “[lay] out his vision to beat [COVID-19], build back better, and bring the country together,” according to his inaugural committee.[61] He will ask Americans to wear facial coverings to prevent the spread of COVID-19 for the first 100 days of his presidency.[62]

Post-inaugural events: "America United"

After the swearing-in ceremony, Biden, Harris, and their spouses will participate in a Pass in Review on the East Front of the U.S. Capitol featuring members of the United States Armed Forces. The congressional luncheon, a tradition witnessed since the 1897 inauguration of William McKinley, was also canceled due to public health concerns.[63]

Arlington wreath laying ceremony

Following the Pass in Review, Biden and Harris, along with former presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama, and all their spouses, will participate in a wreath laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery.[64]

Virtual Parade Across America

Following the wreath laying ceremony, a parade down Pennsylvania Avenue, NW will escort Biden and Harris to the White House and include every branch of the U.S. military.[65] The Virtual Parade Across America, organized by the Biden Inaugural Committee, will be televised, reflecting the "diversity, heritage, and resilience of the country" in the event's "musical acts, local bands, poets, dance troupes, and more."[65] Viewing stands outside the White House that were originally constructed for the inaugural parade were dismantled because they were ultimately deemed "unnecessary" for the revised plans.[66]

Celebrating America special

Traditional inaugural balls will not be held due to pandemic-related restrictions. A primetime television special will air as a substitute, known as Celebrating America, which will air in simulcast across most major television networks and other cable and streaming outlets. It will be hosted by Tom Hanks and include performances by Ant Clemons, Jon Bon Jovi, Demi Lovato, and Justin Timberlake, among others.[67] Biden may celebrate the remainder of the evening exclusively with relatives and close campaign advisors.[39]


The Biden Inaugural Committee and Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies are implementing ways to make the ceremony interactive online in addition to a traditional televised broadcast.[3]

Protests and demonstrations

Applications for First Amendment permits are being processed by the National Park Service for demonstrations on Inauguration Day, including those filed by the ANSWER Coalition and by two pro-Trump groups named Roar for Trump and Women for a Great America.[68] A series of protests and counter-protests related to the results of the 2020 presidential election began in December 2020.[69][70] The FBI has warned of armed protests potentially occurring at state capitols in the week leading up to Inauguration Day.[71]

Preventing unrest

Significant efforts have been made to deter people from visiting Washington, D.C. during the week of the inauguration out of the concern that assemblies may become violent. This has prompted a strengthening of security in the city. The Biden Inaugural Committee and Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies urged people not to gather in the city for the inauguration.[3] D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser urged tourists not to visit the city during the week of the inauguration and requested all demonstration permits processed by the Department of the Interior be rejected.[72][33] Additionally, Airbnb canceled all reservations in the city, a local hotel workers' union called on hotels to restrict guests to those providing inauguration security, and several Metro stations, parking garages, and bus routes around the Capitol will be closed or rerouted.[73][72]

See also


  1. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Fandos, Nicholas (November 30, 2020). "Biden's Inauguration: Expect Smaller Crowds and More Social Distancing". The New York Times. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  2. ^ Bennett, Kate; Fox, Lauren (November 25, 2020). "Pandemic inauguration could cut the choir, standing-room-only parties and maybe the historic lunch". CNN. CNN. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "JCCIC Announces Attendance Guidelines for 59th Inaugural Ceremonies". U.S. Senate. Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. December 16, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  4. ^ Sullivan, Kate; Mucha, Sarah (December 15, 2020). "Inauguration committee urges people not to travel for Biden's inauguration". CNN. CNN Worldwide. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Blunt, Roy (November 2, 2020). "59th inaugural ceremonies: 'Our Determined Democracy: Forging a More Perfect Union'". The Hill. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  6. ^ Lemire, Jonathan; Miller, Zeke (November 7, 2020). "Biden wins White House, vowing new direction for divided US". Associated Press. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  7. ^ Parks, Miles (December 14, 2020). "Electoral College Affirms Biden Victory As Trump Continues Baseless Challenges". NPR.
  8. ^ Lemire, Jonathan; Miller, Zeke (January 8, 2020). "President Trump won't attend Joe Biden's inauguration". Associated Press.
  9. ^ a b Balcerski, Thomas (November 11, 2020). "A history lesson on presidents who snub their successors' inaugurations". CNN. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  10. ^ Malloy, Ally (January 7, 2020). "Trump pledges orderly transition after Congress affirms Biden's win and Capitol riot". CNN. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  11. ^ Lee, Carol; Alba, Monica; Welker, Kristen (December 1, 2020). "Trump considers 2024 campaign kickoff on Inauguration Day". CNN. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  12. ^ Cormier, Ryan; Talorico, Patricia (November 7, 2020). "Delaware history is made: The First State gets its first president in Joe Biden". Delaware Online. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  13. ^ Peter, Josh (November 7, 2020). "Joe Biden will become the oldest president in American history, a title previously held by Ronald Reagan". USA Today. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  14. ^ Smith, Jerry (March 8, 2019). "Biden would be the oldest sitting president if elected in 2020". The News Journal. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  15. ^ Cohen, Li (November 7, 2020). "What are we supposed to call Kamala Harris' husband?". CBS News. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  16. ^ Burns, Alexander; Glueck, Katie (August 17, 2020). "Kamala Harris Is Biden's Choice for Vice President". The New York Times. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  17. ^ "Access to West Front of U.S. Capitol Restricted for Inauguration Platform Construction" (Press release). United States Capitol Police. September 3, 2020. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  18. ^ "Inauguration Day 2021: What it will look like and what you need to know". WUSA. November 9, 2020. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  19. ^ "Biden or Trump, inaugural planning and construction well underway on Capitol Hill". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. November 5, 2020. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  20. ^ "Membership of the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies". United States Senate. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  21. ^ Lillis, Mike (December 8, 2020). "Inauguration committee Republicans sink Democrats' resolution acknowledging Biden victory". The Hill.
  22. ^ Carney, Jordain (December 14, 2020). "Top GOP senators acknowledge Biden as president-elect after Electoral College vote". The Hill.
  23. ^ Collins, Michael (November 21, 2020). "Less pomp and circumstance? Biden inauguration likely to be scaled-down affair in response to COVID". USA Today. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  24. ^ Killion, Nikole (December 7, 2020). "Biden and Harris name 5 inaugural committee co-chairs, with Rep. James Clyburn at the helm". CBS News. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
  25. ^ Forgey, Quint (November 30, 2020). "Biden, Harris form inaugural committee". Politico. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  26. ^ Mucha, Sarah (January 11, 2021). "'America United' announced as inaugural theme". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  27. ^ a b Fields, Samantha (January 11, 2021). "Will Capitol attack hike security costs for Biden inauguration?". Marketplace.
  28. ^ Segraves, Mark (September 18, 2020). "Why DC Officials Are Expecting Next Presidential Inauguration to Be the Most Expensive Yet". WRC-TV. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  29. ^ Chalfont, Morgan (January 11, 2021). "DHS secretary says security measures tied to inauguration will begin Wednesday". The Hill. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  30. ^ a b U.S. Secret Service Communication Team (January 8, 2021). "Statement from the U.S. Secret Service on Inauguration Security". United States Secret Service. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  31. ^ Katkov, Mark (January 7, 2021). "Army Secretary Says A 'Non-Scalable' 7-Foot Fence Is Going Up Around U.S. Capitol". NPR. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  32. ^ Cohen, Zachary; Sands, Geneva (January 13, 2021). "20,000 National Guard troops expected to be in Washington for inauguration". CNN. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  33. ^ a b Recker, Jane (January 11, 2021). "DC Mayor Says Americans Should Not Come to Washington for the Inauguration". Washingtonian. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  34. ^ a b Booker, Brakkton (January 13, 2021). "About 20,000 National Guard Members To Deploy For Inauguration, Officials Say". NPR. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  35. ^ Chalfont, Morgan (January 11, 2021). "Trump approves D.C. emergency declaration ahead of Biden inauguration". The Hill. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  36. ^ Hohman, Maura (January 13, 2021). "National Guard troops seen sleeping in Capitol in striking photos". Today. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  37. ^ Carney, Jordain; Chalfant, Morgan (January 13, 2021). "Security concerns mount ahead of Biden inauguration". The Hill. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  38. ^ Sullivan, Kate (January 11, 2021). "Biden says he is 'not afraid' of taking oath of office at US Capitol after deadly riot". CNN. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  39. ^ a b Zeleny, Jeff (January 8, 2021). "Biden to take train to Washington for inauguration, moving forward to 'not be deterred' by neither violence nor virus". CNN. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  40. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra; Miller, Zeke (January 13, 2021). "Biden forgoing Amtrak trip to Washington over security fears". AP News.
  41. ^ Cherry, Amy (January 20, 2017). "VIDEO: Crowd cheers, chants 'Welcome Home Joe' for the homecoming of Delaware's own". Wilmington, DE: WDEL. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
  42. ^ a b Allen, Mike (December 31, 2020). "Biden's plan for Inauguration Eve: Lights, church bells for COVID lives lost". Axios. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  43. ^ Saenz, Arlette (January 4, 2021). "Biden inaugural festivities to feature national day of service on MLK Day". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  44. ^ Shabad, Rebecca (December 8, 2020). "Clyburn says Biden's inauguration events will be '80 percent virtual'". NBC News.
  45. ^ Blitz, Matt. "'Gigantic' Inauguration Parade In D.C. Unlikely, Biden Says". DCist. WAMU. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  46. ^ Korte, Gregory (December 16, 2020). "Biden Inaugural Audience Will Be 'State of the Union'-Sized, Senator Says". Bloomberg News.
  47. ^ "Fears over Biden inauguration security mount after US Capitol attack". The Guardian. January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  48. ^
  49. ^ Chalfant, Morgan (January 11, 2021). "Biden inauguration theme will be 'America United'". The Hill. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
  50. ^ Garland, Chad (January 7, 2021). "What kind of uniform is that? Marines drill for inauguration in unique style". Stars and Stripes.
  51. ^ Garland, Chad (January 7, 2021). "What kind of uniform is that? Marines drill for inauguration in unique style". Stars and Stripes.
  52. ^ Acosta, Jim; Westwood, Sarah (January 7, 2021). "Pence planning to attend Biden inauguration but awaiting invitation, source says". CNN. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  53. ^ Forgey, Quint. "Trump says he won't attend Biden inauguration". Politico. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  54. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Janfaza, Rachel (January 8, 2021). "Obama and Clinton will join Bush at Biden's inauguration". CNN. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  55. ^ "Jesuit Fr. Leo O'Donovan to deliver invocation at Biden inauguration". National Catholic Reporter. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  56. ^ a b News, A. B. C. "Lady Gaga, Jennifer Lopez to perform at Biden's inauguration". ABC News. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  57. ^ a b "Inauguration". United States Government. Archived from the original on November 8, 2020. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  58. ^ Darnell, Tim; Journal-Constitution, Atlanta. "Joe Biden will take presidential oath on huge, 100+year-old family Bible". ajc. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  59. ^ Biden plans to be sworn in as president with a massive family heirloom Bible dating back to 1893 from Business Insider
  60. ^ TODAY, David Jackson, USA. "Obama to be sworn in with Lincoln, King Bibles". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  61. ^ Ashraf, Khalil (December 15, 2020). "Biden to take oath outside Capitol amid virus restrictions". The Washington Post.
  62. ^ Allen, Mike (December 30, 2020). "Biden's "100-day challenge"". Axios.
  63. ^ Korte, Gregory (December 29, 2020). "Biden's Inaugural Lunch Called Off Due to Concern Over Virus". Bloomberg News.
  64. ^ Edelman, Adam (January 11, 2021). "Biden plans 'America United' inauguration theme". NBC News.
  65. ^ a b Collins, Michael (January 3, 2021). "Joe Biden to get 'presidential escort' to White House, virtual parade instead of traditional inaugural festivities". USA Today.
  66. ^ Brown, Matthew (December 30, 2020). "Parade viewing stands dismantled near White House as Biden team seeks to discourage inauguration crowds". USA Today.
  67. ^ Blistein, Jon; Blistein, Jon (January 13, 2021). "Tom Hanks to Host Biden, Harris Inaugural TV Special 'Celebrating America'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  68. ^ Cloherty, Megan (November 10, 2020). "Inauguration Day plans begin in DC, but still many question marks". WTOP-FM. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  69. ^ Blitz, Matt. "Another MAGA Rally Planned For D.C., This Time With Fewer Expected". DCist. WAMU. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  70. ^ Khalil, Ashraf. "Trump loyalists converging again on Washington over election". Associated Press. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
  71. ^ Katersky, Aaron; Darrough, Celia (January 11, 2021). "Armed protests being planned at all 50 state capitols, FBI bulletin says". ABC. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  72. ^ a b Davies, Emily; Brice-Saddler, Michael; Lang, Marissa; Jouvenal, Justin (January 13, 2021). "Airbnb to cancel all D.C. reservations during inauguration week as security in the city is tightened". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  73. ^ Cartagena, Rosa (January 13, 2021). "Hotel Workers' Union Calls for DC Hotels to Close During Inauguration, but That Seems Unlikely". Washingtonian. Retrieved January 13, 2021.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 13:29
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.