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Immigration to Paraguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Location of Paraguay in South America.
Location of Paraguay in South America.

Historically, the migratory history of Paraguay has been ambiguous, since it has had periods of large scale emigration as well as large waves of immigrants, particularly from Europe and the Middle East.[1]

Ethnically, Paraguay is considered itself as a white and mestizo country, the result of intermarriage between Amerindians (mainly Guaraní) and Europeans (mostly of Spanish origin). Unlike neighbouring countries like Argentina or Brazil, Paraguay did not attract massive numbers of immigrants, but this does not imply that it has not been a recipient thereof. However, during the 19th century the country suffered a devastating war that greatly reduced its population, having to rise from the ashes and repopulate their territory with the help of immigrants.

During the 20th century, Paraguay became a recipient of immigrants, especially Europeans fleeing wars occurring in the Old World, in search of a better life quality and peace. Several immigrant groups can be found among those who settled in Paraguay, such as Spaniards, Germans (many of them being Mennonites), Italians, French, Poles, Croats, Russians, Arabs (mostly Syrians and Lebanese) and Jews among others.[2]

Today, immigration to Paraguay has not ceased, but the places of origin of the newcomers have changed. According to the 2002 census, 84,2% of immigrants in Paraguay come from Brazil and Argentina.[3]

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Transcription

Contents

History

The first Europeans to arrive in what is now Paraguayan territory were Spaniards who left a palpable cultural heritage even today.

The government of Carlos Antonio López was marked by a period of international openness including immigration and attracting settlers to populate the country.

Settlement in the Paraguayan Chaco

Chaco region in Paraguay during the dry season.
Chaco region in Paraguay during the dry season.
Mennonite children in a petrol station in Paraguay.
Mennonite children in a petrol station in Paraguay.
Map of Paraguay indicating the origin of the founders of the different districts in the country by colour.
Map of Paraguay indicating the origin of the founders of the different districts in the country by colour.

Geographically, Paraguay can be divided into two parts: The Chaco or Western Region, and the Eastern Region, where Asunción is located, as well as the other main cities of the country. The Chaco is the largest region by area with about 60% of the total territory but, on the other hand, it is the least populated region being home to less than 2% of the total population. Because of this, one of the main goals of the government of Paraguay was to populate this vast and immense region, which comprises the departments of Presidente Hayes, Boquerón, and Alto Paraguay (also known in English as Upper Paraguay). The colonisation of the Chaco begins with the founding of several colonies, including Nueva Burdeos (French: Nouvelle-Bordeaux, present-day Villa Hayes), which was founded by French immigrants. The first settlers came to this colony through the port of Asunción in 1856.[4]

Figures

Place of origin 1870-1879 1880-1889 1890-1899 1900-1909 1910-1919 1920-1929 1930-1939 1940-1949 1950-1959
Paraguayan returnees 0 0 0 51 193 105 111 0 0
Argentina 0 4.895 18 364 1.122 100 141 512 2.036
Brazil 0 530 0 29 44 0 12 77 474
Uruguay 0 198 0 59 68 40 12 43 188
Bolivia 0 0 0 4 0 0 8 13 75
United States 0 0 6 37 3 35 9 60 385
Canada 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 20 99
Rest of the Americas 0 0 0 2 4 0 5 36 136
Total from the Americas 0 5.623 24 546 1.434 281 298 671 3.393
Italy 0 824 251 1.115 973 37 41 238 580
Spain 0 321 9 809 1.494 37 73 159 1.287
France 0 228 10 124 111 15 109 63 148
United Kingdom 800 39 28 35 31 9 8 84 160
Germany 0 467 11 479 811 814 1.038 186 661
Austria 0 0 1 122 318 137 533 50 32
Russia 0 53 0 99 252 46 515 288 319
Belgium 0 0 0 15 46 14 12 168 80
Switzerland 0 0 3 22 85 137 96 30 38
Czech Republic 0 0 0 0 0 44 527 126 90
Poland 0 0 0 0 0 34 8.079 461 188
Rest of Europe 0 146 0 14 14 44 332 279 480
Total from Europe 800 2.078 313 2.834 4.135 1.368 11.363 2.132 4.063
Syria
Lebanon
0 0 0 0 0 2 52 17 75
Rest of the Middle East 0 0 0 15 4 2 2 3 0
Total from the Middle East 0 0 0 15 4 4 54 20 45
Japan 0 0 0 25 0 0 533 161 4.085
Rest of East Asia 0 73 78 0 127 0 0 18 72
Total from East Asia 0 73 78 0 127 0 0 18 72
Mennonites 0 0 0 0 0 1.876 381 4.258 7
Total of immigrants 0[5]-800 4.808[5]-7.774 415-3.743[5] 3420-7.115[5] 5.700-6.306[5] 3.264[5]-3.529 12.629-20.141[5] 7.280-7.555[5] 10.044[5]-11.665
Paraguayan population ? 239.774 ? 490.719 651.040 843.905 987.824 1.259.826 1.816.890

See also

References

  1. ^ Univisión. "Paraguay, país de inmigrantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Inmigrantes europeos en Paraguay 1818 - 1930" (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  3. ^ Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM). "Perfil Migratorio de Paraguay 2011" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i According to Pidoux (1972).
This page was last edited on 5 October 2018, at 15:27
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