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Ilay Campbell, Lord Succoth

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Lord Succoth
Portrait of Sir Ilay Campbell.jpg
Portrait by David Martin
Lord President of the Court of Session
Lord Justice General
In office
26 October 1789 – 31 August 1808
Appointed byGeorge III
Preceded byLord Glenlee
Succeeded byRobert Blair
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Burghs
In office
1784–1790
Preceded byJohn Craufurd
Succeeded byJohn Craufurd
Lord Advocate
In office
1784–1790
Preceded byThe Hon Henry Erskine
Succeeded byRobert Dundas
Solicitor General for Scotland
In office
1783–1784
Preceded byAlexander Murray
Succeeded byRobert Blair
Personal details
Born1734
Died1823 (aged 89)
Political partyPittite
ProfessionAdvocate, Judge, Politician

Sir Ilay Campbell, Lord Succoth FRSE LLD (1734–1823) was a Scottish advocate, judge and politician.

Life

Campbell's birthplace is given as either Argyll or Edinburgh. His mother was Helen Wallace, and his father, Archibald Campbell of Succoth, Principal Clerk of Session to the Scottish Courts.[1]

He attended Mundell's School in Edinburgh[2] and then the University of Glasgow to study law, graduating in 1751.

An advocate from 1757, he was engaged in the Douglas peerage case from 1764 to 1769. He was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland in 1783 and Lord Advocate in 1784. He became Member of Parliament for Glasgow Burghs in the same year. He was Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General from 1789 to 1808, where he sat as Lord Succoth.

On his resignation in 1808, he was created a baronet,[3] and resided at Garscube House,[4] about four miles from Glasgow on the banks of the river Kelvin. There he engaged in the management of his estate, and the performance of his duties as a country gentleman. Lord Cockburn says of him that "he lived like a patriarch in a house overflowing with company, beloved by troops of relations, and courted for his character and hospitality by many friends."

Campbell was awarded an honorary doctorate (LLD) from the University of Glasgow in 1784, and elected Lord Rector of the University in 1799. He died in 1823 aged 89.

Campbell was succeeded by his son Archibald, also a Senator of the College of Justice under the same title of Lord Succoth.

It is worth observing that the title "Lord Succoth" derived from the 1st and 2nd baronets' status as law lords rather than as Lords of Parliament. As such, the title "Lord Succoth" was not hereditable. The honorific "The Much Honoured" references a feudal barony ("of Succoth"). Sir Ilay's descendants remained baronets until the extinction of the baronetcy in 2017.[5]

Family

Campbell married Susan Mary Murray of Murrayfield, sister of Alexander Murray, Lord Henderland[6] in 1766. She lived until 1815.

Their daughter, Margaret Campbell, married Sir John Connell, Judge of the Admiralty Court, and their son, Arthur Connell FRSE (Campbell's grandson) was a chemist who discovered connellite.[1]

Their daughter Elizabeth Campbell (d.1853) married William Dalziell Colquhoun. Their daughter Mary Frances Campbell died in 1870 without marrying. These two sisters are buried in Dean Cemetery.

Positions of note

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/cms/files/fellows/biographical_index/fells_indexp1.pdf
  2. ^ "CAMPBELL, Ilay (1734–1823), of Succoth, Argyll. – History of Parliament Online".
  3. ^ "No. 16179". The London Gazette. 3 September 1808. p. 1214.
  4. ^ XLVI. Garscube Glasgow Digital Library: The old country houses of the old Glasgow gentry
  5. ^ Obituary of Sir Ilay Campbell of Succoth Bt. https://www.scotsman.com/news/obituaries/obituary-sir-ilay-campbell-of-succoth-gardening-and-heraldry-expert-1-4375168
  6. ^ "MURRAY, Alexander (1736–95), of Murrayfield, Edinburgh, and Henderland, Peebles. – History of Parliament Online".
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Craufurd
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Burghs
1784–1790
Succeeded by
John Craufurd
Legal offices
Preceded by
Alexander Murray
Solicitor General for Scotland
1783–1784
Succeeded by
Robert Blair
Preceded by
The Hon Henry Erskine
Lord Advocate
1784–1789
Succeeded by
Robert Dundas
Preceded by
Lord Glenlee
Lord Justice General
1789–1808
Succeeded by
Robert Blair
Academic offices
Preceded by
George Oswald of Auchencruive
Rector of the University of Glasgow
1779–1801
Succeeded by
Lord Craig
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Succoth)
1808–1823
Succeeded by
Archibald Campbell
This page was last edited on 18 June 2021, at 23:35
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