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Idi b. Abin Naggara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For rabbis of the Land of Israel with similar names, see Abin I (third generation of amoraim): Jose ben Abin (his son; fifth generation of amoraim); Samuel b. Jose b. Boon (his grandson; sixth generation of amoraim).
For other rabbis of Babylon with similar names, see Hiyya b. Abin Naggara (Idi's brother) or Abin Naggara (their father).
For the dean of the Academy of Sura, see Idi ben Abin II

Rav Idi bar Abin Naggara (or Idi bar Abin,[1] or Idi ben Abin, or Rav Idi b. Avin (I),[2] or Ada bar Abin) was a Jewish Babylonian rabbi who lived around 350 CE (fourth generation of amoraim).


He was the son of R. Abin Naggara, who likely worked as a carpenter (Naggara = "the carpenter"), and who came from Nerash or Nerus (נרשאה) in Babylonia. It is said that Rav Huna once passed the door of R. Abin and, when seeing the house lit by Shabbat candles, remarked that "Two great men will issue hence",[3] since it is stated that "He who habitually practises [the lighting of] the lamp will possess scholarly sons". Indeed, he then had two scholarly sons: Idi and Hiyya.

Idi married a woman of Kohen descent and thus ate the foreleg, the jaws, and the maw.[4] His sons R. Shesheth and R. Shisha were ordained to teaching.[5]

Idi acquired his Torah knowledge from R. Amram and Rav Chisda. He also delivered papers in the name of R. Isaac b. Ashian, most of them in the Aggadah, and most likely he was also his pupil. Idi gave an explanation in the presence of Rav Yosef,[6] had discussions with Abaye on various occasions,[7] and likewise gave explanations in the presence of Rabbah.[8] He also had occasion to appear in the court of Rav Chisda.[9] His pupils were Rav Papa and R. Huna b. Joshua, who were hosted at one of his sons' houses.[10] Idi was considered the main authority in Nerash, where he introduced a certain law.[11] Idi seems to have moved at a later period to Shekanzib, where he had occasion to receive Papa and Huna, whom he treated in a somewhat slighting manner.[12]


  1. ^ ABIN NAGGARA,; Article on his father
  2. ^ Rav Idi b. Avin (I) | רב אידי בר אבין, sages of the talmud | חכמי התלמוד
  3. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 23b
  4. ^ Deuteronomy 18:3; Mishna Hullin 10:1
  5. ^ Pesachim 49a; Zevachim 6a; Hullin 67b; Eruvin 102a
  6. ^ Shabbat 60a
  7. ^ Bava Metzia 35b
  8. ^ Eruvin 56b; Kiddushin 40a
  9. ^ Bava Batra 33a
  10. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Shabbat 136a
  11. ^ Nedarim 67b
  12. ^ Yevamot 85a

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "IDI B. ABIN NAGGARA". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 15:22
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