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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ickworth
Ickworth House and Church - geograph.org.uk - 832141.jpg

Ickworth House and Church
Ickworth is located in Suffolk
Ickworth
Ickworth
Location within Suffolk
Population30 [1]
OS grid referenceTL8161
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBury St Edmunds
Postcode districtIP29
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°13′01″N 0°40′16″E / 52.217°N 0.671°E / 52.217; 0.671

Ickworth is a small civil parish, almost coextensive with the National Trust landscape estate, Ickworth Park, in the West Suffolk district of Suffolk, eastern England, 2.3 miles (3.7 km) south-west of Bury St Edmunds.[2] The population of the parish was only minimal at the 2011 Census and is included in the civil parish of Lawshall.

Landmarks

Ickworth has three main clusters of the 12 listed structures in the Grade II* listed park and garden which are:[3]

Name Grade Notes
Ickworth House Grade I National Trust[4]
Sir John Hervey's Summerhouse Grade II[5]
St Mary's Church Grade II*[6]
White House Grade II[7]
Mordaboys Cottages Grade II Thatched 17th century.[8]
Garden walling by summerhouse Grade II[9]
Coach House Grade II[10]
Garden wall by church Grade II[11]
Ha-ha Grade II[12]
Stable Block Grade II[13]
Balustrading by entrance Grade II[14]

The main park also had the only vineyard on National Trust land, until 2015 when it was grubbed up to allow the walled garden to be reinstated. An orchard of historic fruit trees is being planted as the first stage of this plan.

History

Early History

Mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as having 12 heads of household (9 of which villagers (villeins), 3 as smallholders) and four tied serfs (slaves), Ickworth rendered £3 and a small vill-tax to its overlords and was valued as being worth instead £4 per year.[15]

Modern History

Samuel Lewis's overview of 1848 reads:

...a parish, in the union and hundred of Thingoe, W. division of Suffolk, 2½ miles (S. W.) from Bury St. Edmund's; containing 62 inhabitants. This place is the property of the Marquess of Bristol, whose magnificent seat is within the parish. The mansion, consisting of a circular centre connected with wings by extensive corridors, was commenced in 1792, but the western wing is not yet completed; the park, which includes the parish, comprises about 2000 acres of rich land. The surface is varied, and the lower grounds are watered by a rivulet which expands into a broad lake, the whole forming one of the most splendid demesnes in the country. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £7. 11. 5½., and in the gift of the Marquess: the tithes have been commuted for £192. 1. 6., and the glebe comprises 5 acres. The church, the tower of which has been rebuilt by the present marquess, who has also added a south aisle, has a chancel in the early English style, and some windows in the decorated and later styles.[16]

The bulk of the land formed Lord Bristol's main freehold estate which was sold for public benefit to the National Trust to pay the precursor to inheritance tax in 1956.

In 2005 its population was estimated at 30.[1]

Demography

The 2011 census does not provide a population (see above) although Ickworth is part of the west of Census Output Area E00153548, which had 275 inhabitants of which 185 lived in a detached dwelling, 16 lived in a purpose-built block of flats or tenement, 5 in part of a converted or bed-sit and 1 in a commercial building and none lived in a shared (communal) dwelling.[17]

Transport

To the east is the A143 which is linked to the A14 by the shortest route via a turning onto a minor straight road in Horringer, Westley Lane, immediately to the north. The A14 is a main East-West route in England which then leads west to:

References

  1. ^ a b Estimates of Total Population of Areas in Suffolk Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine Suffolk County Council
  2. ^ Grid Reference Finder distance tools
  3. ^ The Park and Garden: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000186)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000186)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  5. ^ Sir John Hervey's Summerhouse Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1187002)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  6. ^ St Mary's Church Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1187001)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  7. ^ White House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1280824)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  8. ^ Thatched terraced cottages, early C17 with early C19 alterations with converted attics: Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1280771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  9. ^ Garden walling Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1187003)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  10. ^ Coach House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1280759)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  11. ^ Garden wall 100 yards south of church Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1280763)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  12. ^ Ha ha Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1280794)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  13. ^ Stable Block Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1187000)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  14. ^ Balustrading Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1298914)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  15. ^ Domesday map
  16. ^ Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Ickworth". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 20 April 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  17. ^ 2011 Census E00153548 as parish facility is faulty or publicly prohibited for postcode IP29 5QE. Retrieved April 2013

External links

Media related to Ickworth at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 12:52
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