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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ice Cube
Ice-Cube 2014-01-09-Chicago-photoby-Adam-Bielawski.jpg
Ice Cube in January 2014
Born
O'Shea Jackson

(1969-06-15) June 15, 1969 (age 50)
Occupation
  • Rapper
  • actor
  • producer
  • director
  • writer
Years active1986–present[1]
Spouse(s)
Kimberly Woodruff (m. 1992)
Children4 (including O'Shea Jackson Jr.)
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Labels
Associated acts
Websiteicecube.com

O'Shea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), called Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor, and filmmaker. His lawless lyrics on N.W.A's 1988 album Straight Outta Compton led gangsta rap's outbreak. Yet his solo albums of 1990 and 1991 rank high in political rap. In 1991 and 1995, entering film, he starred in Boyz n the Hood and cocreated Friday.

In 1988, Cube had found fame, alongside Eazy-E and Dr. Dre, as a member of pioneering gangsta rap group N.W.A. Its leading rapper, Cube also wrote some of Dre's and most of Eazy's lyrics on Straight Outta Compton. A music and cultural landmark, this album introduced lyrical content extremely violent, threatening to attack abusive police and innocent civilians alike, rap songs that pushed boundaries.[1][2] Leaving N.W.A in December 1989, Cube launched a solo rap career.

His first two albums, AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted in 1990 and Death Certificate in 1991, offered lyrical delivery of similar force and of content inciting some controversy, but generally more conscious and reflective, with sociopolitical criticism. Swiftly certified Platinum, and drawing numerous accolades, these albums would be cited by later rappers as important influences, while Cube routinely appears on critics' lists of the greatest rappers.[3][4][5][6][7][8] Yet early into his solo acclaim, he entered cinema.

In a screen performance praised for its authenticity, Cube starred in director John Singleton's feature debut, the 1991 film Boyz n the Hood. Cube cowrote and starred in the 1995 film Friday, premising Friday sequels, reshaping his persona into movie star. His directorial debut was a 1998 film, ThePlayer's Club. His numerous acting roles include the Barbershop film series, begun in 2002, and the Ride Along films. Also an executive producer of those 2010s films, he is likewise of the 2015 biopic Straight Outta Compton, on N.W.A's story.

In 2010, while his film Are We There Yet? was spun into a sitcom, sports network ESPN aired Ice Cube's directed documentary Straight Outta L.A., about the backstory of gangsta rap's emergence and the artists' finding symbolism in Raiders football, an unwritten endorsement and symbiosis. Otherwise, over 25 years since his early albums, he released his tenth solo album, still aiming for political statement. In business, he launched a clothing line, Solo by Cube, as well as a 3-on-3 basketball league, Big3, mainly featuring retired NBA players.

Personal life & side ventures

Ice Cube as a senior in high school, 1987
Ice Cube as a senior in high school, 1987

Ice Cube was born on June 15, 1969, in Baldwin Hills, South Central Los Angeles, to Doris, hospital clerk and custodian, and to Hosea Jackson, machinist and UCLA groundskeeper.[9][10][11][12] He has an elder brother,[13] and they had a half-sister murdered when Cube was 12.[14][15] He grew up on Van Wick Street in South Central.[16][17]

In ninth grade at George Washington Preparatory High School, in Los Angeles,[18] Cube began writing raps once challenged by a friend to do so in typewriting class. "Kiddo" lost.[19] Explaining his own stage name, Cube implicates his own elder brother: "He threatened to slam me into a freezer and pull me out when I was an ice cube. I just started using that name, and it just caught on."[19][20][21]

Cube also attended William Howard Taft High School, in Woodland Hills, California.[9] Soon after wrote and recorded a few locally successful rap songs with N.W.A, he left for Arizona to enroll in the Phoenix Institute of Technology in the fall 1987 semester.[9][22] In 1988, with a diploma in architectural drafting, he returned to the Los Angeles area and rejoined N.W.A, but kept a career in architecture drafting as a backup plan.[9][23]

In the mid-1990s, he adopted Islam.[24] Denying Nation of Islam membership,[25] he has mentioned heeding his own conscience,[26] and called himself a "natural Muslim, 'cause it's just me and God."[24][27] Questioned in 2017, he commented, in part, "I'm gonna live a long life, and I might change religions three or four times before I die. I’m on the Islam tip—but I’m on the Christian tip, too. I’m on the Buddhist tip as well. Everyone has something to offer to the world."[28]

On April 26, 1992, Ice Cube married Kimberly Woodruff, born September 1970.[29][30] As of 2017, they have four children together.[31] In 2005, when questioned on the balance between his music and his parenting, Cube discussed counseling his children to appraise not only music lyrics, but also the violence depicted in other media.[32] In a 2016, he offered his favorite movie as the 1975 film Jaws, and his favorite among his own songs as "It Was a Good Day."[33]

Cube was among the several executive producers of the hit, 2015 biopic Straight Outta Compton, where his own son, O'Shea Jr., portrayed him.[34] In other ventures, Cube has endorsed Coors Light beer and St. Ides malt liquor,[35] and licensed a clothing line, Solo by Cube. And in 2017, he launched Big3, a 3-on-3 basketball league starring former NBA players. Its first season started that June with eight teams, an eight-week regular season, playoffs, and a championship game.[36]

Music career

In perhaps 1986 at age 16, Ice Cube began rapping in a trio called C.I.A., but soon joined N.W.A, newly forming. He was N.W.A's lead rapper and main ghostwriter on its official debut album, Straight Outta Compton, but by financial dispute, he left by the start of 1990.

In 1990, his debut solo album, Amerikka's Most Wanted, found him doubling as leader of a featured rap group, Da Lench Mob. Incidentally, Cube is a cousin of rapper Del the Funky Homosapien, who wrote for the Da Lench Mob, and whose debut album, with Cube's help, arrived in 1991 at Del's age 18.[25]

After Cube's third or 1993 solo album, Lethal Injection, Cube went on some hiatus from solo music projects until his 1998 return. In that span, Cube focused on films and on other rappers, including Da Lench Mob, Mack 10, Mr. Short Khop, and Kausion.[37] Meanwhile, in 1996, Cube joined Mack 10 and WC in a side trio, the Westside Connection.

Amid Cube's many features and brief collaborations, September 2007 brought In the Movies, a compilation album of Ice Cube songs on soundtracks.[38] Also, as a fan of the NFL football team the Raiders, Cube released in October 2009 a tribute song, "Raider Nation."[39] And in September 2012, in Pepsi's NFL Anthems campaign, Cube released his second Raiders anthem, "Come and Get It."[40]

C.I.A. (circa 1986)

With friend Sir Jinx, Ice Cube formed the rap group C.I.A., and performed at parties hosted by Dr. Dre. Since 1984, Dre was a member of a popular DJ crew, the World Class Wreckin' Cru, which by 1985 was also performing and recording electro rap. Dre had Cube help write the Wreckin Cru's hit song "Cabbage Patch." Dre also joined Cube on a side project, a duo called Stereo Crew, which made a 12-inch record, "She's a Skag," released on Epic Records in 1986.[41]

In 1987, C.I.A. released the Dr. Dre-produced single "My Posse." Meanwhile, the Wreckin' Cru's home base was the Eve After Dark nightclub, about a quarter of a mile outside of the city Compton in Los Angeles county. While Dre was on the turntable, Ice Cube would rap, often parodying other artists' songs. In one instance, Cube's rendition was "My Penis," parodying Run-DMC's "My Adidas."[42] In 2015, the nightclub's co-owner and Wreckin' leader Alonzo Williams would recall feeling his reputation damaged by this and asking it not to be repeated.[43]

N.W.A (1986–1989)

Poster for one of N.W.A's first concerts at a Compton skating rink, 1988
Poster for one of N.W.A's first concerts at a Compton skating rink, 1988

At 16, Cube sold his first song to Eric Wright, soon dubbed Eazy-E, who forming Ruthless Records and the musical team N.W.A.[9] Soon, Cube was recruited as house ghostwriter at a new label, Ruthless Records, in Compton, California.

The success of the song "Boyz-n-the-Hood," written by Cube, produced by Dre, and rapped by Eazy-E, led Eazy to focus on developing his musical team N.W.A, which soon gained MC Ren. Cube wrote some of Dre's and nearly all of Eazy's lyrics on N.W.A's official debut album, Straight Outta Compton, released in August 1988. Yet by late 1989, Cube questioned his compensation and N.W.A's management by Jerry Heller.[2]

Cube had also written much of Eazy-E's debut album, Eazy-Duz-It. He had received total pay of $32,000, and the contract that Heller presented in 1989 did not confirm that he was officially an N.W.A member.[44] After leaving the group and its label, Cube sued Heller, and the lawsuit was later settled out of court.[44] In response, N.W.A members attacked Cube on the 1990 EP 100 Miles and Runnin', and on N.W.A's next and final album, Niggaz4Life, in 1991.

Cube solo (1990–)

AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted (1990)

In early 1990, Ice Cube recorded his debut solo album, AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted, in New York with iconic rap group Public Enemy's production team, the Bomb Squad. Arriving in May 1990, it was an instant hit, further swelling rap's mainstream integration. Controversial nonetheless, it drew accusations of misogyny and racism. Cube appointed Yo-Yo, a female rapper and guest on the album, to the head his record label, and helped produce her debut album, Make Way for the Motherlode. Also in 1990, Cube followed up with an EPKill At Will—critically acclaimed, and rap's first EP certified Platinum.[37]

Death Certificate (1991)

His second album Death Certificate was released in 1991. The album thought to as more focused, yet even more controversial, triggering accusations of anti-white, antisemitic, and misogynist content. The album was split into two themes: the Death Side, "a vision of where we are today," and the Life Side, "a vision of where we need to go." The track "No Vaseline" is a scathing retort to the insults N.W.A's Cube disses begun on N.W.A's 1990 EP 100 Miles and Runnin'. The track "Black Korea," also sometimes deemed racist, is also taken as prophetic of the 1992 Los Angeles riots.[37] Broadening his audience, though, Cube toured with Lollapalooza in 1992.[25]

A ticket from a 1993 Ice Cube concert in Omaha, Nebraska.
A ticket from a 1993 Ice Cube concert in Omaha, Nebraska.

The Predator (1992)

Cube's third album, The Predator, arrived in November 1992. Referring to the 1992 Los Angeles riots, the "Wicked" sing opens, "April 29 was power to the people, and we might just see a sequel." The Predator was the first album ever to debut at #1 on both the R&B/hip-hop and pop charts. Singles include "It Was a Good Day" and "Check Yo Self," songs having a "two-part" music video. Generally drawing critical praise, the album is his most successful commercially, over three million copies sold in the US. After this album, Cube's rap audience diminished.

Lethal Injection (1993)

Cube's fourth album, Lethal Injection, came out in late 1993. Here, Cube borrows from the G-Funk sound then led by Dr. Dre's album The Chronic, itself released in December 1992. Although not received well by critics, the album brought successful singles, including "Really Doe", "Bop Gun (One Nation)", "You Know How We Do It," and "What Can I Do?"

War & Peace Vol. 1 & 2 (1998 & 2000)

In 1998, he released his long-awaited fifth solo album, War & Peace Vol. 1 (The War Disc). The delayed sixth album, Volume 2, was arrived in 2000. The albums feature the Westside Connection and a reunion with his old N.W.A members Dr. Dre and MC Ren. Many fans maintained that these two albums, especially the second, were below his earlier work.[45] In 2000, Cube also joined Dr. Dre, Eminem & Snoop Dogg for the Up in Smoke Tour.[46]

Laugh Now, Cry Later (2006)

In 2006, Cube released his seventh solo album, Laugh Now, Cry Later, selling 144,000 units in the first week.[47] Lil Jon and Scott Storch produced the lead single, "Why We Thugs." In October, was honored at VH1's Annual Hip Hop Honors, and performed it and also the track "Go to Church." Cube soon toured globally in the Straight Outta Compton Tour—accompanied by rapper WC from the Westside Connection—playing in America, Europe, Australia, and Japan.

Raw Footage (2008)

Cube's eighth studio album, Raw Footage, arrived on August 19, 2008, yielding the singles "Gangsta Rap Made Me Do It" and "Do Ya Thang".

I Am the West (2010)

On September 28, 2010, his ninth solo album, I Am the West, arrived with, Cube says, a direction different from any one of his other albums. Its producers include West Coast veterans like DJ Quik, Dr. Dre, E-A-Ski, and, after nearly 20 years, again Cube's onetime C.I.A groupmate Sir Jinx. Offering the single "I Rep That West," the album debuted at #22 on the pop albums chart, the Billboard 200, and sold 22,000 copies in its first week.

Everythang's Corrupt (2012–2018)

In 2012, Cube released more details on his forthcoming, tenth studio album, Everythang's Corrupt. Releasing its title track near the 2012 elections, he added, "You know, this record is for the political heads."[48][49] But the album's release was delayed.[50] On February 10, 2014, iTunes brought another single from it, "Sic Them Youngins on 'Em,"[51] and a music video followed the next day.[52] Despite a couple of more song releases, the album release was delayed even beyond Cube's work on the 2015 film Straight Outta Compton. After a statement setting release to 2017,[53] the album finally arrived on December 7, 2018.

Westside Connection (1996–2007)

In 1996, Ice Cube formed with rappers Mack 10 and WC a trio. Feeling neglected by East Coast media, a longstanding issue in rap's bicoastal rivalry, the group aimed to reinforce West pride and resonate with the undervalued.

The Westside Connection's first album, Bow Down, has tracks like "Bow Down" and "Gangstas Make the World Go 'Round" that reflect the group's objectives. The album was certified Platinum by year's end.

Released in 2003, the group's second album, Terrorist Threats, fared well critically, but saw lesser sales. "Gangsta Nation," featuring Nate Dogg, the only single released, was a radio hit.

After a rift between Cube and Mack 10 about Cube's film work minimizing the group's touring, the Westwide Connection disbanded.

Features & collaborations (1992–)

Amid Cube's numerous features on other artists' songs,[54] an early one, along with Ice-T, is on 2Pac's 1993 album Strictly 4 My N.I.G.G.A.Z., its track "Last Wordz." In 1994, Cube teamed with onetime N.W.A groupmate Dr. Dre, then leading leading rap's G-funk subgenre, for the first time since Cube had left the group, and which had disbanded upon Dre's 1991 departure. The result was the Cube and Dre song "Natural Born Killaz," on the Murder Was The Case soundtrack, released by Dre's then new label, Death Row Records. In 2004, Cube featured on the song "Real Nigga Roll Call" by Lil Jon & the East Side Boyz, then the leaders of rap's crunk subgenre. And in 2008, Cube was on The Game's 2008 song "State of Emergency." And in 2014, Cube appeared on MC Ren's remix "Rebel Music," their first collaboration since the N.W.A reunion in 2000.[55]

In 2010, Cube had signed up-and-coming recording artist named 7Tre The Ghost, deemed likely to be either skipped or given the cookie-cutter treatment by most record companies.[56] Otherwise, over the years, Cube himself has collaborated outside the rap genre. He worked with David Bowie and Trent Reznor, the Nine Inch Nails singer, for a remix of Bowie's "I'm Afraid of Americans." Cube is on the band Korn's song "Children of the Korn," joined them on the Family Values Tour 1998, and received a return favor, "Fuck Dying," on his own fifth album. Cube is found on British DJ Paul Oakenfold's solo debut album, Bunkka, the track "Get Em Up." In 2012, Ice Cube recorded a verse for a remix of the Insane Clown Posse song "Chris Benoit", from ICP's The Mighty Death Pop! album, appearing on the album Mike E. Clark's Extra Pop Emporium.[57] In 2009, Ice Cube performed at the Gathering of the Juggalos, and returned to perform at the 2011 festival.[58]

Ice Cube performing live in Metro City Concert Club on October 29, 2010.
Ice Cube performing live in Metro City Concert Club on October 29, 2010.

Film & television

Narrative

John Singleton's seminal film Boyz n the Hood, released in July 1991, debuted the actor Ice Cube, playing Doughboy. Later, Cube starred with Ice-T and Bill Paxton in Walter Hill's 1992 action film Trespass, and in Charles Burnett's 1995 film The Glass Shield. Meanwhile, Cube declined to costar with Janet Jackson in Singleton's 1993 romance Poetic Justice, a role that Tupac Shakur then played.

Cube did star as university student Fudge in Singleton's 1995 film Higher Learning.[59] Singleton, encouraging Cube, had reportedly told him, "If you can write a record, you can write a movie."[60] Cube cowrote the screenplay for the 1995 comedy Friday, and starred in it with comedian Chris Tucker. Made with $3.5 million, Friday drew $28 million worldwide. Two sequels, Next Friday and Friday After Next, arrived in 2000 and 2002.

In 1997, playing a South African exiled to America who returns 15 years later, Cube stars in the action thriller Dangerous Ground, and has a supporting role in Anaconda. In 1998, writing again, the director Ice Cube debuted in The Players Club. In 1999, he starred alongside George Clooney and Mark Wahlberg in Three Kings, critically acclaimed. In 2002, Cube starred in Kevin Bray's All About the Benjamins, and in Tim Story's film Barbershop.

In 2004, Cube played in Barbershop 2, and in Torque. The next year, he starred in the opening installation of the XXX film series as well as in the family comedy Are We There Yet?, which premised his role in its 2007 sequel, Are We Done Yet?. In 2012, Cube acted in 21 Jump Street. He acted in its sequel, 22 Jump Street, in 2014. That year, and then to return in 2016, he played alongside comedian Kevin Hart in two more Tim Story films, Ride Along and Ride Along 2. Also in 2016, Cube returned for the third entry in the Barbershop series. And in 2017, Cube starred with Charlie Day in the comedy Fist Fight.

Documentary

In late 2005, Ice Cube and R. J. Cutler cocreated the six-part documentary series Black. White., carried by cable network FX.

Ice Cube and basketball star LeBron James paired up to pitch a one-hour special to ABC based on James's life.[61]

On May 11, 2010, ESPN aired Cube's directed documentary Straight Outta L.A., examining the interplay of Los Angeles sociopolitics, hip hop, and the Raiders during the 1980s into the 1990s.[62][63]

Serial television

Ice Cube's Are We There Yet? series premiered on TBS on June 2, 2010. It revolves around a family adjusting to the matriarch's new husband, played by Terry Crews. On August 16, the show was renewed for 90 more episodes,[64] amounting to six seasons. Cube also credits Tyler Perry for his entrée to TBS.[65] In front of the television cameras, rather, Cube appeared with Elmo as a 2014 guest on the PBS children's show Sesame Street.[66]

Discography

Studio albums

Filmography

Films

Year Film Functioned as Role
Director Producer Screenwriter Actor
1991 Boyz n the Hood No No No Yes Darin "Doughboy" Baker
1992 Trespass No No No Yes Savon
1993 CB4 No No No Yes Himself (cameo)
1994 The Glass Shield No No No Yes Teddy Woods
1995 Higher Learning No No No Yes Fudge
Friday No Yes Yes Yes Craig Jones
1997 Dangerous Ground No Yes No Yes Vusi Madlazi
Anaconda No No No Yes Danny Rich
1998 The Players Club Yes Yes Yes Yes Reggie
I Got the Hook Up No No No Yes Gun runner
1999 Three Kings No No No Yes Sgt. Chief Elgin
Thicker Than Water No No No Yes Slink
2000 Next Friday No Yes Yes Yes Craig Jones
2001 Ghosts of Mars No No No Yes James 'Desolation' Williams
2002 All About The Benjamins No Yes Yes Yes Bucum
Barbershop No No No Yes Calvin Palmer
Friday After Next No Yes Yes Yes Craig Jones
2004 Torque No No No Yes Trey Wallace
The N-Word No No No Yes Himself
Barbershop 2: Back in Business No Yes No Yes Calvin Palmer
2005 Are We There Yet? No Yes No Yes Nick Persons
Beauty Shop No Yes No No
Sierra Leone's Refugee All Stars No Yes No No
XXX: State of the Union No No No Yes Darius Stone / XXX
2007 Are We Done Yet? No Yes No Yes Nick Persons
2008 First Sunday No Yes No Yes Durell Washington
The Longshots No Yes No Yes Curtis Plummer
2009 Janky Promoters No Yes Yes Yes Russell Redds
2010 Lottery Ticket No Yes No Yes Jerome "Thump" Washington
2011 Rampart No No No Yes Kyle Timkins
2012 21 Jump Street No No No Yes Capt. Dickson
2014 Ride Along No Yes No Yes Detective James Payton
22 Jump Street No No No Yes Capt. Dickson
The Book of Life No No No Yes The Candle Maker (voice role)
2015 Straight Outta Compton No Yes No No
2016 Ride Along 2 No Yes No Yes Detective James Payton
Barbershop: The Next Cut No Yes No Yes Calvin Palmer
2017 XXX: Return of Xander Cage No No No Yes Darius Stone / XXX
Fist Fight No No No Yes Strickland
2020 The High Note No No No Yes Jack Robertson
TBA Flint Strong No No No Yes Jason Crutchfield
TBA Last Friday No Yes Yes Yes Craig Jones

Television

Year Film Functioned as Role Notes
Producer screenWriter director Actor
1994 The Sinbad Show No No No Yes Himself Episode: The Mr. Science Show
2002 The Bernie Mac Show No No No Yes Himself Episode: Goodbye Dolly
2005 BarberShop: The Series Yes No No No
WrestleMania 21 No No No Yes Himself
2006 Black. White. Yes No No No
2007 Friday: The Animated Series Yes Yes No No
2010 30 for 30 No No Yes No Episode: Straight Outta L.A.
2010–2013 Are We There Yet? Yes No No Yes Terrence Kingston Recurring Role; 20 Episodes
2014 The Rebels Yes No No No Pilot of unproduced series
2017 The Defiant Ones No No No Yes Himself Documentary

Video games

Title Year Role Other notes Ref.
Call of Duty: Black Ops 2010 Chief Petty Officer Joseph Bowman/SOG multiplayer announcer Voice and likeness actor [67][68]
Doom 3 BFG Edition 2012 Screaming Marines/Infected Carriers Uncredited[citation needed]

Awards and nominations

Film award history

Ice Cube has received nominations for several films in the past. To date, he has won two awards:

  • 2000: Blockbuster Entertainment Award: Favorite Action Team (for Three Kings)
  • 2002: MECCA Movie Award: Acting Award

Music awards

  • VH1 Hip Hop Honors 2006
  • BET Hip-Hop Awards 2009
  • BET Honores 2014

Other

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Steven Otfinoski. "African Americans in the Performing Arts". Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Ice Cube: Attitude (McIver, 2002) ISBN 1-86074-428-1
  3. ^ "Ice Cube Back in the Dayz..." Socialbilitty.com. February 2, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2017.
  4. ^ Thomas, Stephen (June 15, 1969). "Ice Cube". AllMusic. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  5. ^ Jeffries, David (October 31, 1991). "Death Certificate – Ice Cube". AllMusic. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  6. ^ "The Source's Top 50 Lyricists Of All Time **Complete List Inside**". ThisIs50.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  7. ^ "The 50 Greatest Rappers of All Time".
  8. ^ "Ice Cube: Rank 8" Archived February 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, MTV.com. Accessed February 4, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e Jessie Carney Smith (2006). Encyclopedia of African American Business, Volume 1. Greenwood.
  10. ^ Muhammad, Baiyina W. (2006). "O'Shea 'Ice Cube' Jackson (1965– ), Rapper, Lyricst, Producer, Actor, ScreenWriter, Director, Film Producer and Businessman". In Jessie Carney Smith (ed.). Encyclopedia of African American Business. 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 403–5. ISBN 9780313331107.
  11. ^ "Ice Cube". Hiphop.sh. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  12. ^ Nashawaty, Chris (November 15, 2002). "They Call Him Mister Cube , News". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
  13. ^ Mark Armstrong (August 13, 2014). "The Believer Interview: Ice Cube : Longreads Blog". Blog.longreads.com. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  14. ^ Ice Cube – Actor/Musician | Teen Interview. Teen nick. Retrieved on December 31, 2011.
  15. ^ Cube also has a cousin, Teren Delvon Jones, who is the rapper Del tha Funky Homosapien, member of the rap group Hieroglyphics, who also worked with Gorillaz. Another cousin is Kam of rap group The Warzone.
  16. ^ Kennedy, Gerrick D. (2017). Parental Discretion Iz Advised: The Rise of N.W.A and the Dawn of Gangsta Rap.
  17. ^ Coleman, Brian (October 13, 2014). "The Making of Ice Cube's "AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted"". Cuepoint. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  18. ^ "Actor and Musician Ice Cube: 'Are We There Yet?'". NPR. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
  19. ^ a b "Ice Cube Goes Undercover on Twitter, Instagram, Reddit, and Wikipedia | GQ". YouTube. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  20. ^ Ice Cube Explains His Moniker And Gives One To Stephen, interview on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert (aired June 20, 2017, published to YouTube on June 21, 2017)
  21. ^ Ice Cube's Google Autocomplete Interview (Wired.com, published to YouTube on April 11, 2016)
  22. ^ Jefferson, Jevaillier (February 2004). "Ice Cube: Building On His Vision". Black Collegian. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2011.
  23. ^ "Ice Cube Celebrates the Eames". Dezeen. December 8, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  24. ^ a b "These 9 Famous Americans Are All Muslim". Business Insider. October 27, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  25. ^ a b c "Chillin' with Cube". The Guardian. February 25, 2000.
  26. ^ Martin Cizmar, "Ice Cube is one of rap's original gangsters, but he is also one of hip hop's most unconventional political activists", Willamette Week, 23 Aug 2016, updated 3 Oct 2016.
  27. ^ "Muslim Celebrities". CBS. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  28. ^ Stern, Marlow (February 2, 2017). "Ice Cube on Donald 'Easy D' Trump: 'Everybody Is Getting What They Deserve'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  29. ^ "Kimberly Woodruff". Ecelebrityfacts.com. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  30. ^ "23 Yrs & Counting: Ice Cube Gives Advice On The Key to Marital Bliss".
  31. ^ "Ice Cube". IMDb. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  32. ^ Gross, Terry (January 10, 2005). "Actor and Musician Ice Cube: 'Are We There Yet?'". Fresh Air. NPR.
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External links

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