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Ian Holm

Ian Holm.jpg
Holm in Edinburgh in 2004
Ian Holm Cuthbert

(1931-09-12)12 September 1931
Goodmayes, Essex, England
Died19 June 2020(2020-06-19) (aged 88)
London, England
Alma materRoyal Academy of Dramatic Art
Years active1957–2014
  • Lynn Mary Shaw
    (m. 1955; div. 1965)
  • Sophie Baker
    (m. 1982; div. 1986)
  • (m. 1991; div. 2001)
  • Sophie de Stempel
    (m. 2003)
AwardsBAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
1969 The Bofors Gun
1981 Chariots of Fire

Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play
1967 The Homecoming

Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor
1998 King Lear

Sir Ian Holm Cuthbert CBE (12 September 1931 – 19 June 2020), known as Ian Holm, was an English actor. Beginning his career on the British stage as a standout member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, he later transitioned into a successful and prolific screen career portraying a variety of both supporting and leading characters, earning critical acclaim and many accolades in the process.[1][2]

Holm won the 1967 Tony Award for Best Featured Actor for his performance as Lenny in The Homecoming and the 1998 Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actor for his performance in the title role of King Lear. He was nominated for seven BAFTA Awards, winning Best Actor in a Supporting Role twice for The Bofors Gun (his film debut) and Chariots of Fire. His latter performance as athletics trainer Sam Mussabini was also nominated for an Academy Award.

His other well-known film roles include Ash in Alien, Mr Kurtzmann in Brazil, Francis Willis in The Madness of King George, Father Vito Cornelius in The Fifth Element, Mitchell Stephens in The Sweet Hereafter, the voice of Chef Skinner in Ratatouille, and elderly Bilbo Baggins in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit film series.

Early life and education

Ian Holm Cuthbert was born on 12 September 1931 in Goodmayes, Essex, to Scottish parents, James Harvey Cuthbert and his wife Jean Wilson (née Holm).[3] His father was a psychiatrist who worked as the superintendent of the West Ham Corporation Mental Hospital and was one of the pioneers of electric shock therapy; his mother was a nurse.[4][5][6][7] He had an older brother, who died when Ian was 12 years old.[8] Holm was educated at the independent Chigwell School in Essex.[8][9] His parents retired to Mortehoe in Devon and then to Worthing, where he joined an amateur dramatic society.[10]

A chance encounter with Henry Baynton, a well-known provincial Shakespearean actor, helped Holm train for admission to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, where he secured a place from 1950.[9][11] His studies there were interrupted a year later when he was called up for National Service in the British Army,[11] during which he was posted to Klagenfurt, Austria, and attained the rank of Lance Corporal. They were then interrupted a second time when he volunteered to go on an acting tour of the United States in 1952.[10] Holm graduated from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in 1953.[9] He made his stage debut in 1954, at Stratford-upon-Avon, playing a spear-carrier in a staging of Othello.[12] Two years later, he made his London stage debut in Love Affair.[12]


Holm was an established star of the Royal Shakespeare Company before making an impact on television and film. In 1965, he played Richard III in the BBC serialisation of The Wars of The Roses, based on the RSC production of the plays. In 1969, he appeared in Moonlight on the Highway.[13] He appeared in minor roles in films such as Oh! What a Lovely War (1969),[14] Nicholas and Alexandra (1971),[15] Mary, Queen of Scots (1972)[16] and Young Winston (1972).[17]

In 1967 Holm won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play as Lenny in The Homecoming by Harold Pinter. In 1977, Holm appeared in the television mini-series Jesus of Nazareth as the Sadducee Zerah, and a villainous Moroccan in March or Die. The following year he played J. M. Barrie in the award-winning BBC mini-series The Lost Boys,[18] In 1981, he played Frodo Baggins in the BBC radio adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.[19]

Holm's first film role to have a major effect was that of Ash, the "calm, technocratic" science officer in Ridley Scott's science-fiction film Alien (1979).[20] His portrayal of Sam Mussabini in Chariots of Fire (1981) earned him a special award at the Cannes Film Festival, a BAFTA award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, and an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.[20][21][22] In the 1980s, he had memorable roles in Time Bandits (1981), Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes (1984) and Terry Gilliam's Brazil (1985). He played Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland, in Dreamchild (1985).[23][24]

In 1989, Holm was nominated for a BAFTA award for the television series Game, Set and Match. Based on the novels by Len Deighton, this tells the story of an intelligence officer (Holm) who discovers that his own wife is an enemy spy. He continued to perform Shakespeare, and appeared with Kenneth Branagh in Henry V (1989) and as Polonius to Mel Gibson's Hamlet (1990). Holm was reunited with Kenneth Branagh in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994), playing the father of Branagh's Victor Frankenstein.[25]

Holm raised his profile in 1997 with two prominent roles, as the stressed but gentle priest Vito Cornelius in The Fifth Element and lawyer Mitchell Stephens in The Sweet Hereafter. In 2001 he starred in From Hell as the physician Sir William Withey Gull. The same year, he appeared as Bilbo Baggins in the blockbuster film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, having previously played Bilbo's nephew Frodo Baggins in the 1981 BBC Radio adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. He returned for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003), for which he shared a SAG award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture. He later reprised his role as the elderly Bilbo Baggins in the movie The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey and The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies.[11] Martin Freeman portrayed the young Bilbo Baggins in those films.[26]

Holm was nominated for an Emmy Award twice, for a PBS broadcast of a National Theatre production of King Lear, in 1999; and for a supporting role in the HBO film The Last of the Blonde Bombshells opposite Judi Dench, in 2001.[27] He appeared in two David Cronenberg films: Naked Lunch (1991) and eXistenZ (1999).[20] He was Harold Pinter's favourite actor, the playwright once stating: "He puts on my shoe, and it fits!"[28] Holm played Lenny in both the London and New York City premieres of Pinter's The Homecoming.[22] He played Napoleon Bonaparte three times: in the television mini-series Napoleon and Love (1974), Terry Gilliam's Time Bandits (1981), and The Emperor's New Clothes.[18]

Personal life

Holm was married four times:[29] to Lynn Mary Shaw in 1955 (divorced 1965); to Sophie Baker in 1982 (divorced 1986); to actress Penelope Wilton, in Wiltshire,[30] in 1991 (divorced 2002); and to the artist Sophie de Stempel in 2003. He had two daughters from his first marriage, a son from his second marriage, and a son and daughter from his 15-year relationship with the photographer Bee Gilbert.[31]

Holm and Wilton appeared together in the BBC miniseries The Borrowers (1993). His last wife, Sophie de Stempel, is a protégée and was a life model of Lucian Freud,[32] as well as an artist in her own right.


Holm was treated for prostate cancer in 2001[29] and was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.[33][34][35] He died in hospital in London on 19 June 2020 at the age of 88.[36]



Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1968 The Bofors Gun Flynn [37]
The Fixer Grubeshov [37]
A Midsummer Night's Dream Puck [37]
1969 Oh! What a Lovely War Raymond Poincaré [37]
1970 A Severed Head Martin Lynch-Gibbon [37]
1971 Nicholas and Alexandra Vasily Yakovlev [37]
Mary, Queen of Scots David Rizzio [37]
1972 Young Winston George E. Buckle [37]
1973 The Homecoming Lenny [37]
1974 Juggernaut Nicholas Porter [37]
1976 Robin and Marian King John [37]
Shout at the Devil Mohammed [37]
1977 March or Die El Krim [37]
Jesus of Nazareth Zerah [37]
1979 Alien Ash [37]
S.O.S. Titanic J. Bruce Ismay [37]
1981 Chariots of Fire Sam Mussabini [37]
Time Bandits Napoleon [37]
1982 The Return of the Soldier Doctor Anderson [37]
Inside the Third Reich Joseph Goebbels [37]
1984 Laughterhouse Ben Singleton [37]
The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes
Capitain Philippe D'Arnot [37]
Terror in the Aisles Ash [38]
1985 The Browning Version Andrew Crocker-Harris [37]
Dreamchild Charles L. Dodgson [37]
Wetherby Stanley Pilborough [37]
Brazil Mr Kurtzmann [37]
Dance with a Stranger Desmond Cussen [37]
Mr and Mrs Edgehill Eustace Edgehill [37]
1988 Another Woman Ken Post [37]
1989 Henry V Fluellen [37]
1990 Hamlet Polonius [39]
1991 Naked Lunch Tom Frost [37]
Kafka Doctor Murnau [37]
1992 Blue Ice Sir Hector [37]
1993 The Hour of the Pig Albertus [37]
1994 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Victor's father [37]
The Madness of King George Dr. Francis Willis [37]
1996 Big Night Pascal [37]
Loch Ness Water Bailiff [37]
1997 Night Falls on Manhattan Liam Casey [37]
The Sweet Hereafter Mitchell Stephens [37]
The Fifth Element Father Vito Cornelius [37]
A Life Less Ordinary Naville [37]
Incognito John Uncredited cameo [40]
1998 Alice through the Looking Glass White Knight [37]
King Lear Lear [37]
1999 Shergar Joseph Maguire [37]
eXistenZ Kiri Vinokur [37]
Simon Magus Sirius/Boris/The Devil [37]
Wisconsin Death Trip Frank Cooper (voice) [37]
The Match Big Tam [37]
2000 Joe Gould's Secret Joe Gould [37]
The Miracle Maker Pontius Pilate (voice) [37]
The Last of the Blonde Bombshells Patrick [37]
Esther Kahn Nathan Quellen [37]
Beautiful Joe George The Geek [37]
Bless the Child Reverend Grissom [37]
2001 From Hell Sir William Gull [37]
The Emperor's New Clothes Napoleon / Eugene Lenormand [41]
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Bilbo Baggins [37]
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King [37]
2004 The Day After Tomorrow Professor Terry Rapson [37]
Garden State Gideon Largeman [37]
The Aviator Professor Fitz [37]
2005 Strangers with Candy Dr. Putney [42]
Chromophobia Edward Aylesbury [37]
Lord of War Simeon Weisz [37]
2006 Renaissance Jonas Muller (voice) [37]
O Jerusalem Ben Gurion [37]
The Treatment Dr. Ernesto Morales [37]
2007 Ratatouille Chef Skinner (voice) [37]
2012 The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Older Bilbo Baggins [37]
2014 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Final film role [37]


Year Title Role Notes Ref.
1972–74 BBC Play of the Month Khrushchov/Oedipus 2 episodes [43][44]
1974 Napoleon and Love Napoleon I 9 episodes [45]
1974–75 The Lives of Benjamin Franklin Wedderburn 3 episodes [46]
1975 Private Affairs David Garrick Episode: Mr Garrick and Mrs Woffington [47]
1977 The Man in the Iron Mask Duval Television film [37]
Jesus of Nazareth Zerah Parts 1 & 2 [9]
Jubilee Bill Ramsey Episode: Ramsey [37]
1978 Do You Remember? Walter Street Episode: Night School [48]
The Lost Boys J. M. Barrie 3 episodes [37]
Holocaust Heinrich Himmler 2 episodes [37]
Les Misérables Thénardier Television film [37]
The Thief of Baghdad The Gatekeeper Television film [49]
1979 All Quiet on the Western Front Himmelstoss Television film [37]
S.O.S. Titanic Bruce Ismay Television film [50]
1980 We, the Accused Paul Pressett Miniseries; 5 episodes [37]
The Misanthrope Alceste Television film [37]
1981–2008 Horizon Narrator Television documentary [51][52]
1982 The Bell Michael Meade TV [37]
Play for Today Alexie Television play (episode: Soft Targets) [37]
1986 Murder by the Book Hercule Poirot Television film [37]
1988 Game, Set and Match Bernard Samson 13 episodes [37]
1989 The Endless Game Control 2 episodes [37]
1991 Uncle Vanya Astrov BBC TV [37]
1992 The Borrowers Pod Clock 6 episodes [37]
1993 The Return of the Borrowers Pod Clock 6 episodes [37]
1999 Animal Farm Squealer (voice) Television film
2003 Monsters We Met Narrator Television documentary [53]
2004 The Last Dragon Narrator Television film [37]
2005 The Adventures of Errol Flynn Narrator Television documentary [37]
2009 1066: The Battle for Middle Earth Narrator 2 episodes[54][55] [37]


Year Title Role Venue
1960 Troilus and Cressida Troilus Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon
1962 Measure for Measure Claudio
1963 The Tempest Ariel
1967 The Homecoming[11] Lenny Music Box Theatre, Broadway
1967 Romeo and Juliet Romeo Royal Shakespeare Theatre, Stratford-upon-Avon
1997 King Lear[11] Lear Cottesloe Theatre, London

Honours and awards

Nominations and awards for films and TV roles are listed in filmography.



Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref.
1965 Evening Standard Award Best Actor Henry V Won [58]
1967 Tony Award Best Featured Actor in a Play The Homecoming Won [59]
1968 BAFTA Award Supporting Actor The Bofors Gun Won [60]
1978 BAFTA Award Best Actor Do You Remember? Nominated [61]
Royal Television Society Award Best Performance The Lost Boys Won [22]
BAFTA Award Best Actor Nominated [61]
1981 Cannes Film Festival Best Supporting Actor Chariots of Fire Won [62]
Academy Award Best Supporting Actor Nominated [59]
BAFTA Award Best Supporting Actor Won [62]
1984 Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes Nominated [63]
1985 Saturn Award Best Supporting Actor Dreamchild Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics Won [64]
Wetherby Won [64]
National Society of Film Critics Award Supporting Actor 3rd Place
Boston Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Brazil Won [64]
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Supporting Actor 3rd place
Boston Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actor Dance with a Stranger Won [64]
National Society of Film Critics Awards Best Supporting Actor 3rd place
1993 Critics' Circle Theatre Award Best Actor Moonlight Won [65]
Evening Standard Award Best Actor Won [58]
1988 BAFTA Award Best Actor Game, Set and Match Nominated [66]
1995 BAFTA Award Best Supporting Actor The Madness of King George Nominated [67]
1997 Genie Award Best Actor The Sweet Hereafter Won [68]
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Best Actor Won [69]
National Board of Review Best Cast Won [70]
Toronto Film Critics Association Best Actor Won [71]
Chicago Film Critics Association Best Actor Nominated
National Society of Film Critics Award Best Actor 3rd Place
New York Film Critics Circle Best Actor 2nd Place
1998 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Actor - Miniseries or Movie King Lear Nominated [72]
Olivier Award Best Actor Won [59]
Critics' Circle Theatre Award Best Actor Won [73]
Evening Standard Award Best Actor Won [58]
2000 Primetime Emmy Award Supporting Actor - Miniseries or Movie The Last of the Blonde Bombshells Nominated [74]
2001 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Cast in a Motion Picture Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Nominated [75]
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award Best Cast Won
Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award Best Supporting Actor Nominated
2003 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Cast in a Motion Picture Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Won [76]
Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Cast Won [77]
National Board of Review Best Cast Won [78]
Phoenix Film Critics Society Best Cast Nominated
2004 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Cast in a Motion Picture The Aviator Nominated [79]
2007 Annie Award Voice Acting in a Feature Production Ratatouille Won [80]


  • Holm, Ian; Jacobi, Steven (2004). Acting my Life. London: Bantam Press. ISBN 978-0-593-05214-3.


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External links

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