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Ialomița County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ialomița County
Județul Ialomița
Coat of arms of Ialomița County
Administrative map of Romania with Ialomița county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38′N 27°18′E / 44.64°N 27.3°E / 44.64; 27.3
CountryRomania
Development regionSud
Historical regionMuntenia
CapitalSlobozia
Government
 • PrefectMarian Pavel (PSD)
Area
 • Total4,453 km2 (1,719 sq mi)
Area rank35th
Population
 (2011)
 • Total258,669[1]
 • Rank39th
Telephone code(+40) 243 or (+40) 343[2]
ISO 3166 codeRO-IL
GDP (nominal)US$ 1.652 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 6,384 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Ialomița County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈjalomit͡sa] (About this soundlisten)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Slobozia.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 258,669 and the population density was 58.08/km².

Romanians make up 95.6% of the population, the largest minority being the Romani people (4.1%).[3]

Year County population[4]
1948 244,750
1956 Increase 274,655
1966 Increase 291,373
1977 Increase 295,965
1992 Increase 304,008
2002 Decrease 296,572
2011 Decrease 258,669

Geography

Scenery near Țăndărei
Scenery near Țăndărei

This county has a total area of 4,453 km².

The county is situated in the Bărăgan Plain, all the area is flat crossed by small rivers with small but deep valleys.

Its east border is on Danube and the Ialomița River crosses the county from West to East about the middle. The Danube is split around the Ialomița Pond - the Old Danube branch and the Borcea branch.

Until 1940 (in the West part) and 1967 (in the East part) the county/plain was home of the great bustard (dropie in Romanian), with large populations of this bird. The birds disappeared because of the massive village buildout and hunting them for food.

Neighbours

Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is almost entirely concentrated in the city of Slobozia.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

Tourism

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Ialomița County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 31 counsellors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 14                            
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 10                            
  PRO Romania (PRO) 6                            

Administrative divisions

The central park of Fetești
The central park of Fetești

Ialomița County has 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes.

Historical county

Județul Ialomița
County (Județ)
The Ialomița County prefecture building from the interwar period, now the prefecture building of Călărași County.
The Ialomița County prefecture building from the interwar period, now the prefecture building of Călărași County.
Coat of arms of Județul Ialomița
Romania 1930 county Ialomita.png
Country
Flag of Romania.svg
Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Călărași
Area
 • Total7,095 km2 (2,739 sq mi)
Population
 (1930)
 • Total293,352
 • Density41/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southeastern part of the Greater Romania, in the southeastern part of the historical region of Muntenia. The county comprised a large part of the current Ialomița County and of today's Călărași County. It was bordered on the west by Ilfov, to the north by the counties of Prahova, Buzău and Brăila, to the east by the county Constanța County, and in the south by Durostor County.

With an area of 7,095 square kilometres (2,739 sq mi), Ialomiţa County was one of the largest counties of Greater Romania.

Administration

Map of Ialomița County as constituted in 1938.
Map of Ialomița County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided administratively into five districts (plăṣi):[6]

  1. Plasa Călărași, headquartered at Călărași
  2. Plasa Lehliu, headquartered at Lehliu
  3. Plasa Slobozia, headquartered at Slobozia
  4. Plasa Țăndărei, headquartered at Țăndărei
  5. Plasa Urziceni, headquartered at Urziceni

Subsequently, three new districts were added:

  1. Plasa Căzănești, headquartered at Căzănești
  2. Plasa Dragoș Vodă, headquartered at Dragoș Vodă
  3. Plasa Fetești, headquartered at Fetești

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 293,352 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 96.6% Romanians, 2.5% Romanies, 0.2% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.3% Eastern Orthodox, 0.2% Jewish, 0.1% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 34,260 inhabitants, comprising 90.2% Romanians, 6.0% Romnanies, 1.3% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 97.4% Eastern Orthodox, 1.4% Jewish, 0.5% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRESĂ : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recensământului Populaţiei şi Locuinţelor – 2011" (PDF). Ialomita.insse.ro. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Ialomița
This page was last edited on 7 April 2021, at 00:15
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