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ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A view of Mission Operations Complex - 1 (MOX-1) at ISTRAC before commencement of an orbit raising burn for Chandrayaan-2.
A view of Mission Operations Complex - 1 (MOX-1) at ISTRAC before commencement of an orbit raising burn for Chandrayaan-2.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), over the years, has established a comprehensive global network of ground stations to provide Telemetry, Tracking and Command (TTC) support to satellite and launch vehicle missions. These facilities are grouped under ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC)[not verified in body] with its headquarters at Bangalore, India.


ISTRAC has several facilities as of November 2013:[citation needed]

  • ISTRAC facilities in Bangalore consist of TTC ground station (BLR) with full redundancy multi-mission Spacecraft Control Center to carry out and control spacecraft operations and co-ordinate with the network stations. Computer facility with distributed architecture providing independent processors for communications handling, dedicated processors to provide real-time displays for individual spacecraft missions and off-line processors for carrying out spacecraft data archival, analysis and orbit determination.
  • Communication Control facility to establish links between SCC and ISTRAC network stations as well as control centers of other participating external space agencies and data receptions stations through dedicated voice, data and TTY links.
  • Limited TTC facility to provide on-orbit operational support to INSAT satellites as backup to Master Control Facility at Hassan.


The mission of the ISTRAC includes:[citation needed]

  • Tracking, commanding and housekeeping data acquisition as well as health analysis and control, orbit and attitude determination and network co-ordination support to all low Earth orbit satellite missions of ISRO throughout their mission life.
  • Telemetry data acquisition support for ISRO launch vehicle missions from liftoff until satellite acquisition and down range tracking support for monitoring and determining the satellite injection parameters.
  • Coordinating between spacecraft and launch vehicle teams, supporting ground stations right from planning till the completion of mission for the national and international satellite missions.
  • Telemetry, tracking and command support for the International satellite launch projects.

Ground Stations

ISTRAC has the following TTC ground stations:[1]


Global Stations

See also


  1. ^ "Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN)". ISRO. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b 10 eyes in the sky give India space edge
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "ISRO Developing Station in Vietnam". Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  5. ^ Torode, Sanjeev Miglani, Greg (2016-01-25). "India to build satellite tracking station in Vietnam that offers eye on China". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  6. ^ "And another ground station for Isro seems to be in works. This time around probably in Panama. : ISRO".
  7. ^ "Expression Of Interest" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  8. ^ Sheldon, John (2018-09-12). "São Tomé And Príncipe Signs Space Agreement With India". SpaceWatch.Global. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  9. ^ Africa, Space in (2018-09-09). "India and Republic of Sao Tome and Principe sign MoU to set up Space centre". Space in Africa. Retrieved 2021-03-29.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 October 2021, at 10:21
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