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IMAX Corporation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

IMAX Corporation
Russell 2000 Component
IndustryMotion picture production and exhibition
PredecessorMulti-Screen Corporation, IMAX Systems Corporation
FoundedAugust 20, 1967; 53 years ago (1967-08-20) in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
FoundersGraeme Ferguson
Roman Kroitor
Robert Kerr
William Shaw
Area served
Key people
Bradley Wechsler
Richard Gelfond
ProductsSpecial-venue films and movie theatres
RevenueIncrease US$395.66 million (2019)[3]
Increase US$58.5 million (2019)[3]
Total assetsIncrease US$889 million (2019)[3]
Total equityIncrease US$637 million (2019)[3]
Number of employees
DivisionsIMAX, IMAX 3D, IMAX Dome, IMAX DMR, IMAX at AMC (joint venture with AMC Theatres), IMAX Enhanced (joint venture with DTS)[4]
SubsidiariesIMAX Filmed Entertainment
Ridefilm Corporation
Sonics Associates
David Keighley Productions[5]
3D Entertainment

The IMAX Corporation is a Canadian theater company which designs and manufactures IMAX cameras and projection systems as well as performing film development, production, post-production and distribution to IMAX-affiliated theatres worldwide.[6] Founded in Montreal in 1967, it has headquarters in the Toronto area, and operations in New York City and Los Angeles.

As of December 2019, there were 1,624 IMAX theatres located in 81 countries, of which 1,529 were in commercial multiplexes.[7] These include IMAX variations such as IMAX 3D, IMAX Dome, and Digital IMAX. The CEO is Richard Gelfond.[8]


IMAX is an Canadian corporation that is based in Mississauga, Ontario. The company was founded in 1967 when three filmmakers—Graeme Ferguson, Roman Kroitor and Robert Kerr—incorporated IMAX Corporation. The idea and the new technology, which resulted in the birth of the company, came from the multi-screen productions of Roman Kroitor, Colin Low and Hugh O'Connor. In the Labyrinth[9] and Ferguson's Man and the Polar Regions (on which Robert Kerr collaborated), both screened at the Expo 67.[10][11] From their experience, Graeme Ferguson, Roman Kroitor and Robert Kerr realized that new technology would be necessary to develop a larger and more complex project than previously seen. As a result, they sought an engineer named William Shaw in 1968[12] (he had gone to Galt Collegiate Institute in Galt, Ontario, now Cambridge, with Ferguson and Kerr) to help develop this technology. Shaw created this new projector that allowed for films to have exceptionable quality and to be ten times larger than conventional 35mm picture frames.[13] The first movie IMAX Corporation produced using this new technology was Tiger Child, which was featured at Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan.[13] It was because of the multi-screen viewing that Graeme Ferguson, Roman Kroitor and Robert Kerr wanted to create a theatre with giant screens, surround sound and stadium seating.

William Shaw was instrumental in helping IMAX Corporation fulfill its ambitions in creating larger and more realistic experiences for audience which included oversized screens, surround sound and steep seating for better viewing.[11] Shaw remained at IMAX (although officially retired) as a designer and inventor until his passing on August 31, 2002 at the age of 73.[13] Before retiring, Shaw created a 3D camera which was sent to the International Space Station for IMAX films.[13] In 1994, investment bankers Gelfond and Bradley Wechsler acquired IMAX Corporation through a leveraged buyout and publicly listed the company on the NASDAQ stock exchange.[14][15] IMAX then began to focus their abilities on attracting Hollywood production houses.[16] Another engineer at IMAX Corporation, Brian Bonnick, Chief Technology Officer at IMAX Corporation, developed technologies that made it possible for the worldwide IMAX to produce major Hollywood films.[17] More flexible technology required by that industry led to the development of the IMAX DMR (Digital Re-Mastering), which was able to adapt quickly in various locations. Newer technology followed, including the IMAX Experience and the IMAX MPX theatre system. Revamped IMAX 2D footage has been transferred into IMAX 3D.[17]

Recent milestones

  • In April 2009, Gelfond became the sole IMAX CEO and Wechsler moved into the role of chairman of the board of directors.[18][19]
  • Later in 2009, IMAX participated in the movie Avatar, to which the company credits its mainstream Hollywood success.[20][21]
  • In March 2011 IMAX noted that China's Wanda Cinema Line announced a 75-theatre deal with IMAX Corporation.[22]
  • In 2012, IMAX opened its first location in Tianjin, China.[23]
  • On October 8, 2015, IMAX China, a subsidiary of the company, was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.[24] According to The Hollywood Reporter and The Wall Street Journal, "IMAX China raised $248 Million in its initial public offering,"[25] which was the "bottom of [the] indicative price range."[26]
  • As of December 2019, there were 1,624 theatres in 81 countries and territories.[3]


In November 2016, Marvel Television and IMAX announced the live action television series Marvel's Inhumans, based on the superhero race of the same name. The series, co-produced with ABC Studios, saw IMAX serve as a financing partner, a first for IMAX, which allowed Marvel to spend more on the series than it had on its other television series, especially for visual effects. The entire series was filmed with IMAX digital cameras. Inhumans debuted an edited specific for theatrical-release version of the first two episodes. The episodes debuted on IMAX screens in theatres worldwide in September 2017, with the series airing weekly on ABC afterwards.[27][28][29] After the poor reception to the IMAX version of the first two episodes and a box office gross of $3.5 million, Richard Gelfond said, "Going forward, we intend to take a more conservative approach consistent with the Game of Thrones approach to capital investments and content. We will be more conservative when considering whether to invest our own capital; and if so, to what extent."[30]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d e f "EDGAR Pro". Archived from the original on 2018-09-11. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Imax Corporation – Company History". Archived from the original on 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
  6. ^ "History of IMAX". Funding Universe. 2011-09-03. Archived from the original on 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
  7. ^ "IMAX and Cineplex Launch Canada's First IMAX VR Centre at Scotiabank Theatre Toronto". GmbH. Archived from the original on 2018-06-15. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  8. ^ "Corporate Information". May 9, 2016. Archived from the original on April 8, 2019. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  9. ^ "In the Labyrinth (1967) Full Cast & Crew". IMDB. Archived from the original on 2020-10-24. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  10. ^ Aitken, Ian (October 27, 2005). "NFB's Labyrinth". Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film. Routledge. pp. 168–9. ISBN 978-1579584450.
  11. ^ a b Anonymous (Spring 1993). "Oscar Nominated Canadian Company on the Leading Edge". Performing Arts & Entertainment in Canada. ProQuest 224882893.
  12. ^ Tillson, Tamsen (September 15, 2002). "Obituaries: Shaw Thought Big: IMAX". Variety. ProQuest 236388230.
  13. ^ a b c d Anonymous (September 10, 2002). "His Talents Made IMAX Possible". National Post. ProQuest 329968693.
  14. ^ Enchin, Harvey (Jan 13, 1994). "TORONTO-BASED IMAX FINDS INVESTORS IN U.S." Toronto Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018 – via Deseret News.
  15. ^ "Imax brand is larger than life". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  16. ^ Schawbel, Dan. "Richard Gelfond: How He Took IMAX From Museums To Hollywood". Forbes. Archived from the original on 2018-04-13. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  17. ^ a b Anonymous (September 24, 2007). "IMAX Corporation". The Globe and Mail. ProQuest 383811791.
  18. ^ "Imax nixes co-chairman, co-CEO posts" – via The Globe and Mail.
  19. ^ "IMAX realigns governance". Financial Post. Archived from the original on 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  20. ^ Lindner, Melanie (March 11, 2010). "IMAX Chief Says Avatar Is Just The Start". Archived from the original on 2018-01-17. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  21. ^ "Avatar drives IMAX box office record". April 12, 2010 – via
  22. ^ "IMAX". IMAX Corporation. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  23. ^ Anonymous (May 5, 2009). "IMAX Corporation; IMAX Signs Theatre Deal in China". China Weekly News. ProQuest 199235087.
  24. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (February 24, 2016). "Imax China to Install 100 New Screens in 2016, Bullish on Growth". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 25, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  25. ^ Brzeski, Patrick (7 October 2015). "Imax China Begins Trading on Hong Kong Stock Exchange". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  26. ^ Lee, Yvonne (1 October 2015). "IMAX China Raises $248 Million in Hong Kong Initial Public Offering". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  27. ^ "'Marvel's The Inhumans' Coming To IMAX & ABC In 2017". November 14, 2016. Archived from the original on June 7, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  28. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (November 14, 2016). "Marvel, ABC Set 'The Inhumans' TV Series". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  29. ^ Barnes, Brooks (November 14, 2016). "Marvel's 'Inhumans' TV Series Will Arrive via Imax Theaters". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  30. ^ Hayes, Dade (October 27, 2017). "Imax Concedes 'Marvel Inhumans' Experiment Let Down Moviegoers". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2017.

External links

Official website

This page was last edited on 17 April 2021, at 16:58
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