To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Hyperlink cinema

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hyperlink cinema is a style of filmmaking characterized by complex or multilinear narrative structures with multiple characters under one unifying theme.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    Views:
    6 047
  • Mod-01 Lec-38 Postmodernism and Cinema

Transcription

History

The term was coined by author Alissa Quart, who used the term in her review of the film Happy Endings (2005) for the film journal Film Comment in 2005.[2] Film critic Roger Ebert popularized the term when reviewing the film Syriana in 2005.[3] These films are not hypermedia and do not have actual hyperlinks, but are multilinear in a more metaphorical sense.

In describing Happy Endings, Quart considers captions acting as footnotes and split screen as elements of hyperlink cinema and notes the influence of the World Wide Web and multitasking.[2] Playing with time and characters' personal history, plot twists, interwoven storylines between multiple characters, jumping between the beginning and end (flashback and flashforward) are also elements.[2] Ebert further described hyperlink cinema as films where the characters or action reside in separate stories, but a connection or influence between those disparate stories is slowly revealed to the audience; illustrated in Mexican director Alejandro González Iñárritu's films Amores perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003), and Babel (2006).[3][4]

Quart suggests that director Robert Altman created the structure for the genre and demonstrated its usefulness for combining interlocking stories in his films Nashville (1975) and Short Cuts (1993).[5] However, his work was predated by several films, including Satyajit Ray's Kanchenjunga (1962),[6] Federico Fellini's Amarcord (1973),[7] and Ritwik Ghatak's Titash Ekti Nadir Naam (1973),[8] all of which use a narrative structure based on multiple characters.

Quart also mentions the television series 24 and discusses Alan Rudolph's film Welcome to L.A. (1976) as an early prototype.[2] Crash (2004) is an example of the genre,[9] as are Steven Soderbergh's Traffic (2000), Fernando Meirelles's City of God (2002), Stephen Gaghan's Syriana (2005) and Rodrigo Garcia's Nine Lives (2005).

One of the 2017 Tamil Language action thriller film Maanagaram involves an everyman who moves to the Indian megacity Chennai, were he gets intertwined with four other lives as they strive to achieve success in the city when a vicious gangster threatens them. The director Lokesh Kanagaraj mentioned one of the female protaganist's role as the link among these characters throughout the film and that the theme of the entire film had a heavy influence from his admiration on the works of director Quentin Tarantino.

The style is also used in video games. French video game company Quantic Dream has produced games, such as Heavy Rain and Detroit: Become Human, with hyperlink cinema style storytelling, and the style has also influenced role-playing games such as Suikoden III (2001) and Octopath Traveler (2018).

Analysis

The hyperlink cinema narrative and story structure can be compared to social science's spatial analysis. As described by Edward Soja and Costis Hadjimichalis spatial analysis examines the "'horizontal experience' of human life, the spatial dimension of individual behavior and social relations, as opposed to the 'vertical experience' of history, tradition, and biography."[10] English critic John Berger notes for the novel that "it is scarcely any longer possible to tell a straight story sequentially unfolding in time" for "we are too aware of what is continually traversing the story line laterally."[10]

An academic analysis of hyperlink cinema appeared in the journal Critical Studies in Media Communication, and referred to the films as Global Network Films. Narine's study examines the films Traffic (2000), Amores perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003), Beyond Borders (2003), Crash (2004; released 2005), Syriana (2005), Babel (2006) and others, citing network theorist Manuel Castells and philosophers Michel Foucault and Slavoj Žižek. The study suggests that the films are network narratives that map the network society and the new connections citizens experience in the age of globalization.[11]

Alberto Toscano and Jeff Kinkle have argued that one popular form of hyperlink cinema constitutes a contemporary form of it-narrative, an 18th- and 19th-century genre of fiction written from the imagined perspective of objects as they move between owners and social environments.[12] In these films, they argue, "the narrative link is the characters' relation to the film's product of choice, whether it be guns, cocaine, oil, or Nile perch."[12]

Examples

Films

Video games

Directors associated with hyperlink cinema

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 10 Movies Where Several Stories Interconnect - MovieWeb
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Quart, Alissa (July–August 2005). "Networked". Film Comment. 41 (4): 48–5. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Ebert, Roger (December 9, 2005). "Syriana". Reviews. rogerebert.com. Retrieved July 25, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d Ebert, Roger (September 22, 2007). "Babel". Reviews. rogerebert.com. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
  5. ^ Ebert, Roger (2006). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2007. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 100. ISBN 0-7407-6157-9
  6. ^ a b "Kanchenjungha". AMC. Archived from the original on December 11, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "20 Great Examples of Hyperlink Cinema Every Film Buff Must Watch". Taste of Cinema. September 4, 2015.
  8. ^ a b Ghatak, Ritwik (2000). Rows and Rows of Fences: Ritwik Ghatak on Cinema. Ritwik Memorial & Trust Seagull Books. pp. ix & 134–36. ISBN 81-7046-178-2.
  9. ^ Willmore, Alison (February 23, 2009). ""Crossing Over" and Hyperlink Cinema". IFC. Archived from the original on April 10, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  10. ^ a b Soja, Edward W.; Hadjimichalis, Costis (1979). "Between Geographical Materialism and Spatial Fetishism: Some Observations on the Development of Marxist Spatial Analysis". Antipode. 17 (2–3): 59–67. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.1985.tb00334.x.
  11. ^ Narine, Neil (2010). "Global Trauma and the Cinematic Network Society". Critical Studies in Media Communication. 27 (3): 209–234. doi:10.1080/15295030903583556. S2CID 143671583.
  12. ^ a b Toscano, Alberto; Kinkle, Jeff (2015). Cartographies of the Absolute. Zero Books. p. 192.
  13. ^ "Hyperlink Film". Flickchart.
  14. ^ "The Best Hyperlink Films of the 1930s". Flickchart.
  15. ^ Newman, Michael Z. (2011). Indie: An American Film Culture. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231513524 – via Google Books.
  16. ^ "The Best Hyperlink Films of the 1960s". Flickchart.
  17. ^ a b Özguc, Agah. Bütün Filmleriyle Yilmaz Güney (in Turkish).
  18. ^ "Ganadevata". Upperstall.com. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
  19. ^ a b c d "Top 10 Greatest Films of 'Hyperlink Cinema'". moviebabble.com. March 17, 2018.
  20. ^ "The Best Hyperlink Films of the 1980s". Flickchart.
  21. ^ "It's a Sad and Beautiful World: Music From the Films of Jim Jarmusch". A Perfect Prescription. March 15, 2016.
  22. ^ a b c d "The Best Hyperlink Films of the 1990s". Flickchart.
  23. ^ Kipp, Jeremiah (August 12, 2008). "Before the Rain Film Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  24. ^ Ebert, Roger (March 11, 2009). "Exotica".
  25. ^ a b c Booker, M. Keith (2007). Postmodern Hollywood: What's New in Film and why it Makes Us Feel So Strange. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 12–21. ISBN 978-0-275-99900-1. Retrieved October 18, 2008 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ How Quentin Tarantino Broke The Mold For Anthology Movies With Pulp Fiction|/Film
  27. ^ Holden, Stephen (January 22, 1999). "'Playing By Heart': In a Cocktail of Romance, Different Flavors of Love". The New York Times. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Hyperlink Cinema and the Prevalence of Intertwining Stories". The Artifice. January 17, 2017.
  29. ^ "CODE INCONNU". Festival de Cannes.
  30. ^ a b c Ebert, Roger (January 6, 2006). "Cape of Good Hope". Reviews. rogerebert.com. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
  31. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 18, 2002). "Lantana". Reviews. rogerebert.com. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
  32. ^ Cochran, Dechlan (April 12, 2012). "11:14, an obscure gem of a movie (review)". D&CFilm.
  33. ^ Barber, Nicholas (March 17, 2015). "Fragmentation games: the return of the portmanteau film". The Guardian.
  34. ^ "The 15 Best Glenn Close Movie Performances". Taste of Cinema. March 8, 2019.
  35. ^ Page, Matt (June 20, 2005). "Film Review: Sin City". Open Heaven Church. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  36. ^ Jerslev, Anne (March 2012). "The post-perspectival: Screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire". Journal of Aesthetics and Culture.
  37. ^ Ebert, Roger (April 27, 2006). "Look Both Ways". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved July 12, 2022.
  38. ^ Skinner, Marjorie (September 4, 2008). "The Celestial Prophecy : Living on The Edge of Heaven". Portland Mercury. Archived from the original on December 15, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
  39. ^ Gandert, Sean (October 18, 2007). "Rendition". Paste. Archived from the original on February 24, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
  40. ^ Holden, Stephen (January 25, 2008). "The Air I Breathe – Movie – Review". The New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  41. ^ Chang, Justin (February 21, 2008). "Vantage Point". Variety. Retrieved January 3, 2011.
  42. ^ Snider, Eric D. (February 16, 2010). "Portland Film Fest Review: Ajami". Cinematical. Archived from the original on February 18, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
  43. ^ Anderson, Melissa (May 8, 2009). "Powder Blue Review". Variety. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  44. ^ Hiscock, John (February 25, 2009). "Watchmen: the 'unfilmable' on screen". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  45. ^ Perkis, Ed (May 17, 2016). "Watchmen Director's Cut Blu-ray Review". CinemaBlend. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  46. ^ "REVIEW: Hereafter". Marshall and the Movies. November 4, 2010.
  47. ^ Osenlund, R. Kurt (December 2, 2011). "Answers to Nothing". Slant Magazine. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  48. ^ Wickman, Forrest (September 9, 2011). "Steven Soderbergh's Contagion". Slate.
  49. ^ LaSalle, Mick (October 25, 2012). "'Cloud Atlas' review: Baring your soul". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  50. ^ Hachard, Thomas (April 7, 2013). "Disconnect". Slant Magazine. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  51. ^ Kermode, Mark (January 24, 2016). "The Big Short review – life with the Wall Street sharks". The Guardian.
  52. ^ "A conversation with Bonny and Koushani". www.telegraphindia.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  53. ^ "'Everything Everywhere All at Once' Review: It's Messy, and Glorious". NY Times. March 24, 2022.
  54. ^ "'Bullet Train' Spoiler Free Review - ScrenHub Review - ScreenHub Entertainment". August 11, 2022.
  55. ^ Exclusive! Kannada's First Hyper-Link Rom-Com, Chow Chow Bath, Completes 50 Days - Times Now
  56. ^ Kenja Chethan Kumar on ‘Chow Chow Bath’: It is a hyperlink film - The Hindu
  57. ^ "Suikoden III in-depth review". IGN Boards. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  58. ^ "Indigo Prophecy Review". GameSpot. September 21, 2005. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  59. ^ "Interview: David Cage of Quantic Dream and Heavy Rain". Engadget. May 27, 2009. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  60. ^ "Resident Evil 6 HD Remaster Review – Not Worth The Replay Value". gamingbolt.com. April 4, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  61. ^ "Tips on how to save, or lose, all eight characters in Until Dawn". VentureBeat. August 31, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  62. ^ "'Octopath Traveler' tells eight stories, and they're all forgettable". Digital Trends. July 18, 2018.
  63. ^ "Detroit: Become Human Story and Ending Explained - Here's What Happened". NDTV Gadgets 360. May 28, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
  64. ^ Ray, Satyajit (2015). Prabandha Sangraha. Kolkata: Ananda Publishers. pp. 120–121. ISBN 978-93-5040-553-6.
  65. ^ a b "20 Worst Hipster Movies of All Time". LA Weekly. July 17, 2014.
  66. ^ "Narrative of Tagore's songs used in Tarun Majumdar's Alo (2003)". Silhouette Magazine. December 29, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  67. ^ "Canter queen". The Telegraph. Calcutta. November 7, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 June 2024, at 12:08
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.