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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The mythical creature Hydra
The mythical creature Hydra

The hydra effect or hydra paradox owes its name to the Greek legend of the Lernaean Hydra which grew two heads for each one cut off, and is used figuratively for counter-intuitive effects of actions to reduce a problem which result in stimulating its multiplication. Most notably scientists have proposed that ecological systems can exhibit a hydra effect when "a higher death rate in a particular species ultimately increases the size of its population". The hypothesis is suggested to have implications for the eradication of pests, and resource management. There are also said to be indications that reducing the death rate can shrink a population.[1]

The hydra effect has also been used about negative outcomes when shutting down torrent sites which come back in more incarnations, and is cited by those opposing the war on drugs and targeted killing as counter-productive effects.[2][3][4] In 2016 the site Torrentz shut down its operations without further information for the cause of the shut down. However, within two weeks, there were 3 torrent sites that were built as replacements for Torrentz, which stands as a perfect example of the hydra effect.[5] Similarly, after the torrent website The Pirate Bay was shut down in December 2014, it reincarnated with hundreds of copies within a week.[6]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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    Views:
    25 219 927
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    1 643 227
  • ✪ Anti-Gravity Wheel?
  • ✪ Levitating Water Drops
  • ✪ Levitating Waters - Antigravity water drops

Transcription

I am here at the University of Sydney where the mechanical engineering shop has built this incredible piece of apparatus for me. It is a forty pound, that is nineteen kilogram flywheel on the end of a meter long shaft. Can you imagine trying to hold this out horizontally with just one hand at this end? It is virtually... it is impossible, ok? No I'm going to let go. You going to be able to hold this at all? I hope so. Can you lift it out? Make it horizontal - hold it, hold it, hold it. Come on. Just try to - I want you to hold it out horizontal. See if you can. Hold it, hold it! Ahh, come on! No. What I'm going to do is I am going to spin this up to a few thousand RPM and then I'm going to attempt just that, to hold it from one end and have it out horizontally. Five, four, three, two, one. Boom. I'm going to let go with my left hand. What you'll see is that the shaft remains horizontal, see it going around there. It almost looks as though the wheel is weightless. How does this work? Well instead of pulling the wheel down to the ground as you'd expect, the weight of the wheel creates a torque which pushes it around in a circle. You may recognise this as gyroscopic precession. For a more detailed explanation, click the annotation, or the link in the description to see my video on the topic. Here I want to try something more extreme. I'm going to try to lift it over my head with one hand while it's spinning. Wish me luck. But before I make the attempt, Rod wisely suggests that I first check if I can lift the wheel above my head without it spinning. OK, let's prove that I could lift it, just this end, without it spinning. Here we go. agggh I mean it's just kind of awkward with the hand. Careful! Ah, che Careful! Ha Oooohhh Just barely. Oh goodness, do you even lift? Clearly I do not. Undaunted by my lack of strength, I'm going for it, but I want to make sure the wheel is spinning as fast as possible to give me the best chance of success. Give it ten more seconds. Ten, nine, eight, seven, six, five, four, three, two, one. Pull! Go. That was perfect. Now I'm going to release my left hand and holding only with my right hand at the end of the shaft, I'll try to lift it up over my head. This is a forty pound, nineteen kilogram flywheel. Ready? Here we go: three, two, one. Beautiful! Let's go again in three, two, one. Nice! Smooth. Three, two, one. It feels incredibly, incredibly light as I do that. When you said it felt incredibly light, yeah you mean when you're lifting it feels light? Yeah. It shouldn't! I know. Hahahaha Honestly, I have lifted it up with one hand when it's not spinning. Yeah. And it feels really hard to lift it up, like it's a big effort. Yeah. But with this, when it's spinning it honestly felt like it was just... wanting to go up by itself. Yes. It felt like I was not struggling like I was not putting in the amount of force that you'd think to lift that kind of weight. I bet if you let it go, it'd crash down to the ground. It's not weightless! We can't do that though. We can't do that part of the experiment. What we could maybe do is I could stand on a scale and we could see what the weight of me plus that apparatus does, while I'm lifting it up over my head, see if I get lighter in essence. You can see that just my weight is about 72 kilograms. Now when I pick up the flywheel it goes up to about 91 kilograms, which makes sense because the flywheel itself is about 19 kilos, that's about 42 pounds. Now we're going to spin it up and I want you to make a prediction. As I'm lifting it over my head, do you think the scale reading will be more, less than, or equal to 91 kilograms. What do you think? You can make your prediction by clicking on one of the on-screen annotations or if you're on mobile you can click a link in the description. Five, four, three, two, one.

See also

References

  1. ^ Abrams, Peter (27 May 2015). "Hydra paradox: When culling animals makes them thrive". New Scientist.
  2. ^ Clark, Liat. "Shutting down huge pirate sites has no 'positive effect'". Wired UK. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  3. ^ Blum, Gabriella and Philip Heymann (June 2010). "Law and Policy of Targeted Killing" (PDF). Harvard National Security Journal. 1: 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  4. ^ Elias Garcia (4 September 2014). "The Hydra Effect and the War on Drugs". Archived from the original on 24 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  5. ^ Van der Sar, Ernesto. "Torrentz Remains Down, But The Clone Wars Are On". TorrentFreak.
  6. ^ Ernesto (27 December 2014). "Hundreds of Pirate Bay Copies Emerge, Is The Hydra Alive?". Retrieved 23 May 2015.
This page was last edited on 19 January 2020, at 05:05
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