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Hungarian Grand Prix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hungarian Grand Prix
Hungaroring
(2003–present)
Hungaroring.svg
Race information
Number of times held35
First held1936
Most wins (drivers)United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton (8)
Most wins (constructors)United Kingdom McLaren (11)
Circuit length4.381 km (2.722 mi)
Race length306.630 km (190.531 mi)
Laps70
Last race (2020)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The Hungarian Grand Prix (Hungarian: Magyar Nagydíj) is a motor race held annually in Mogyoród, Hungary. Since 1986, the race has been a round of the FIA Formula One World Championship.

History

Origins

The first Hungarian Grand Prix was held on 21 June 1936 over a 5-kilometre (3.1-mile) track laid out in Népliget,[1] a park in Budapest. The Mercedes-Benz, Auto Union, and the Alfa Romeo-equipped Ferrari teams all sent three cars and the event drew a very large crowd. However, politics and the ensuing war meant the end of Grand Prix motor racing in the country for fifty years.

Hungaroring

A major coup by Bernie Ecclestone, the 1986 Hungarian Grand Prix was the first Formula One race to take place behind the Iron Curtain. Held at the twisty Hungaroring in Mogyoród near Budapest, the race has been a mainstay of the racing calendar ever since. It was the only current Grand Prix venue that had never seen a wet race up until the 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix. The first Grand Prix saw 200,000 people[1] spectating, although tickets were expensive at the time. Today, the support is still very enthusiastic, particularly from Finns.[2]

Due to the nature of the track, narrow, twisty and often dusty because of under-use, the Hungarian Grand Prix is associated with processional races, with sometimes many cars following one another, unable to pass. Thierry Boutsen demonstrated this in 1990, keeping his slower Williams car in front of championship leader Ayrton Senna, unable to find a way by. Pit strategy is often crucial; in 1998, Michael Schumacher's Ferrari team changed his strategy mid-race before Schumacher built up a winning margin after all the stops had been made. Passing is a rarity here, although the 1989 race saw a bullish performance from Nigel Mansell in the Ferrari, who started from 12th on the grid and passed car after car, finally taking the lead when Ayrton Senna was baulked by a slower runner. The circuit was modified slightly in 2003 in an attempt to allow more passing.

Other notable occasions in Budapest include first Grand Prix wins for Damon Hill (in 1993), Fernando Alonso (in 2003, the first Grand Prix winner from Spain, and the youngest ever Grand Prix winner at the time), Jenson Button (in an incident-packed race in 2006), and Heikki Kovalainen (in 2008, who also became the 100th winner of a World Championship race). In 1997, Damon Hill came close to winning in the technically inferior Arrows-Yamaha, but his car lost drive on the last lap causing him to coast in second place. In 2014, Lewis Hamilton finished in third, six seconds behind winner Daniel Ricciardo, despite starting the race from the pit lane.

In 2001, Michael Schumacher equalled Alain Prost's then record 51 Grand Prix wins at the Hungaroring, in the drive which also secured his fourth Drivers' Championship which also matched Prost's career tally.[3]

The 2006 Grand Prix was the first to be held here in wet conditions. Button took his first victory from 14th place on the grid.[4]

At the 2013 Hungarian Grand Prix, it was confirmed that Hungary would continue to host a Formula 1 race until 2021.[5] The track was completely resurfaced for the first time in early 2016, and it was announced the Grand Prix's deal was extended for a further 5 years, until 2026.[6] In 2020 the contract was also extended one year further to 2027.[7]

Official names

Winners of the Hungarian Grand Prix

Repeat winners (drivers)

Drivers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Driver Years won
8 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 2007, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020
4 Germany Michael Schumacher 1994, 1998, 2001, 2004
3 Brazil Ayrton Senna 1988, 1991, 1992
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet 1986, 1987
United Kingdom Damon Hill 1993, 1995
Canada Jacques Villeneuve 1996, 1997
Finland Mika Häkkinen 1999, 2000
United Kingdom Jenson Button 2006, 2011
Germany Sebastian Vettel 2015, 2017

Repeat winners (constructors)

Teams in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Constructor Years won
11 United Kingdom McLaren 1988, 1991, 1992, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012
7 United Kingdom Williams 1986, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997
Italy Ferrari 1989, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2015, 2017
5 Germany Mercedes 2013, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020
2 Austria Red Bull 2010, 2014

Repeat winners (engine manufacturers)

Manufacturers in bold are competing in the Formula One championship in the current season.

Wins Manufacturer Years won
13 Germany Mercedes * 1999, 2000, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020
8 France Renault 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2010, 2014
7 Italy Ferrari 1989, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2015, 2017
6 Japan Honda 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992, 2006

* Between 1999 and 2005 built by Ilmor, funded by Mercedes

Year by year

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
1936 Italy Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo Népliget Report
1937

1985
Not held
1986 Brazil Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Hungaroring Report
1987 Brazil Nelson Piquet Williams-Honda Report
1988 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
1989 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ferrari Report
1990 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault Report
1991 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
1992 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
1993 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Report
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Report
1995 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Report
1996 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Report
1997 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Report
1998 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
1999 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2000 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2002 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Report
2003 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Report
2005 Finland Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2006 United Kingdom Jenson Button Honda Report
2007 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Report
2008 Finland Heikki Kovalainen McLaren-Mercedes Report
2009 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Report
2010 Australia Mark Webber Red Bull Racing-Renault Report
2011 United Kingdom Jenson Button McLaren-Mercedes Report
2012 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes Report
2013 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2014 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Red Bull Racing-Renault Report
2015 Germany Sebastian Vettel Ferrari Report
2016 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2017 Germany Sebastian Vettel Ferrari Report
2018 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2019 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report
2020 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Mercedes Report

References

  1. ^ a b Brad Spurgeon (26 September 2003). "Formula One: a way of fine-tuning an image". International Herald Tribune. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. Retrieved 29 February 2008.
  2. ^ "Formula one races draw in fewer fans in Europe". American Chamber of Commerce in Hungary. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
  3. ^ "Hungarian GP 2001 – Triple success for Ferrari". crash.net. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Hungarian Grand Prix 2006 Review". F1 Fanatic. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Hungarian Grand Prix deal extended until 2021". GP Today. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  6. ^ "Aszfaltavató a Hungaroringen" (in Hungarian). Hungaroring. 14 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016. A Magyar Nagydíj szerződését újabb öt évvel meghosszabbítottuk, ami azt jelenti, hogy a futamunknak 2026-ig helye van a Formula–1-es versenynaptárban." Translates as "We have extended the Hungarian Grand Prix's contract for a further 5 years, which means that our race has a place on the F1 calendar until 2026.
  7. ^ "Hungarian Grand Prix contract extended to 2027". PlanetF1. 5 June 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  8. ^ "1987 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  16. ^ "2016 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  21. ^ "1997 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  22. ^ "1998 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  24. ^ "2000 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
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  30. ^ "1996 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  31. ^ "2008 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  32. ^ "2009 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  33. ^ "2010 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  34. ^ "2011 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  35. ^ "2012 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  36. ^ "2014 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  37. ^ "2015 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  38. ^ "2017 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  39. ^ "2018 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  40. ^ "Formula 1 Rolex Magyar Nagydíj 2018". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Ltd. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  41. ^ "2019 Formula 1 World Championship Programmes | The Motor Racing Programme Covers Project". www.progcovers.com.
  42. ^ "Hungary". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 2 June 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 22:29
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