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Huna bar Nathan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the Tanna sage of the fifth generation, see Huna Kamma.
For the Amora sage of the second generation, see Rav Huna.
For the Amora sage of the third generation, see Raba bar Rav Huna.
For the Amora sage of the fifth generation, see Huna b. Joshua.

Rav Huna bar Nathan (Hebrew: הונא בר נתן‎, read as Rav Huna bereih deRav Natan (רב הונא בריה דרב נתן) was a Babylonian rabbi and exilarch, of the fifth and sixth generations of amoraim.

Biography

Huna's father was also a known scholar, mentioned occasionally in the Talmud as "Rav Natan father of Rav Huna".[1]

In Huna's youth he was able to learn with Rava.[2] His main rabbis were Rav Papa[3] and Amemar,[4] and once Rav Papa visited him in his house.[5] Amemar permitted him to marry a woman from Mahoza, even though the lineage of people from there was not clearly known.[6]

Huna served as an Exilarch, or political leader, to the Jewish community in Babylonia. His term overlapping with Rav Ashi's term as Dean of the academy of Sura. He had access to the Sassanid Empire, and especially to the king Yazdegerd I, who ruled over Babylonia at the time, and was known for having a kind attitude towards the Jewish community there. Huna was one of the close associates of Yazdegerd I (called אזגור מלכא or איזגדר מלכא in the Talmud). Huna - together with his colleagues Rav Ashi, Amemar, and Mar Zutra - would often go to visit the royal court.[7]

However, while Huna was the official political leader of the Jews, Rav Ashi was recognized as the greater halachic authority, and even Huna was regarded as "subject to" Rav Ashi.[8]

References

  1. ^ Pesachim 117b; Zevachim 70b; etc.
  2. ^ Nedarim 12a
  3. ^ Pesachim 17b; Niddah 43b; etc.
  4. ^ Gittin 19b; etc.
  5. ^ Brachot 42a
  6. ^ Kiddushin 72b
  7. ^ Ketuvot 61a; Zevachim 19a etc.
  8. ^ Gittin 59a

External links


This page was last edited on 3 September 2019, at 06:00
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