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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For the Amora sage of the second generation, see Rav Huna.
For the Amora sage of the third generation, see Raba bar Rav Huna.
For the Amora sage of the fifth generation, see Huna b. Joshua.
For the Amora sage of the sixth generation, see Huna b. Nathan.

Rav Huna Kamma (Aramaic/Hebrew: הונא קמא, lit. Huna I) was a Jewish rabbi of the 2nd century CE (fifth generation of tannaim).

Identification

The Talmud refers to him merely as R. Huna, which caused confusion between him and Rav Huna. Thus R. Sherira Gaon referred to him as Huna Kamma[1] (Kamma in Aramaic = the first). Later rabbis continued this usage.

Similarly, Samuel of Nehardea asked questions of a "Rav Huna";[2] it is unlikely that this was Rav Huna, who was much younger than Samuel. Tosafot concluded that this was a different rabbi from Rav Huna.[3] Some believe this other rabbi was in fact Rav Huna Kamma.[4]

Biography

He was the highest Jewish leader (exilarch) in Babylonia, at the same time Judah haNasi was the highest leader (nasi) in the Land of Israel.

Once Judah haNasi asked R. Hiyya whether he could be obligated (if the Temple had been standing) to offer the "Korban Nasi" (leader's sacrifice) over sins he might have, a question that basically meant whether he had the status of a king or not. R. Hiyya replied: "You have your rival in Babylon", referring to Huna Kamma.[5] The Hebrew word for "rival" (צרה) is also used to describe either of two wives of a single man,[6] indicating that the "nasi" and "exilarch" are positions of equal stature, and thus neither of the two was a sole leader who might be obligated in the Korban Nasi.

Judah Hanasi said that if Huna Kamma arrived in the Land of Israel, he would relinquish the position of nasi to Hunna Kamma - which Judah was not willing to do for any other rabbi.[7]

Huna Kamma was of the Davidic line.[7] His successor as exilarch was Mar Ukva.[8]

References

  1. ^ Iggeret Rav Sherira Gaon, Da'at Encyclopedia; Full text (in Hebrew)
  2. ^ The Babylonian Talmud's words: בעא מיניה שמואל מרב הונא
  3. ^ Tosafot Hullin 13a
  4. ^ Seder Hadorot, Atlas Etz Haim (by R' Refael Halperin), and other sources. However, see Shaarei Torat Bavel (R' Zeev Wolf Rabinovitz), p.377)
  5. ^ Babylonian Talmud, Horayoth 11b
  6. ^ See for example I Samuel 1:6, Mishna Yevamot 1:1
  7. ^ a b Yerushalmi Kilaim 9:3
  8. ^ Iggeret Sherira Gaon
This page was last edited on 24 April 2019, at 22:56
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