To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

House of Shammai

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The House of Shammai (or Beth Shammai, or in Modern Hebrew Beit Shammai. Beth is Hebrew for house of) was the school of thought of Judaism founded by Shammai, a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, BCE. A non-literal translation that perhaps gives a better flavour of the expression would be The Academy of Shammai.

The House of Shammai was the most eminent contemporary and the halachic opponent of the House of Hillel and is almost invariably mentioned along with him. Both Houses are mentioned in the Talmud, where all of the discussions between the houses are listed, including some stories. It is the eighth most frequently mentioned in the Mishnah.[1]

In respect of their religious interpretations, it was said that the school of Shammai binds; the school of Hillel looses,[2] but even though Hillel and Shammai had strong arguments, they respected each other. Indeed, the Talmud records that the two schools intermarried.

Modern day Rabbinic Judaism almost invariably follows the teachings of Hillel, but there are several notable exceptions in which the view of Shammai is followed to this day. The Mishna provides a list of 18 matters in which the halacha was decided in favor of Beit Shammai.[3]

According to the Arizal, in the future messianic era halacha will follow Beit Shammai rather than Beit Hillel.[4]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    3 852
    850
    1 559
  • ✪ Rico Cortes - The House Of Shammai And The House Of Hillel
  • ✪ Rav Wolicki- Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel
  • ✪ #12.2 Hillel and Shammai Debates

Transcription

Contents

Specific examples of difference

Among the many bones of contention are the following:

Forgetting to say grace after meals

One dispute between Hillel and Shammai concerned a person who had forgotten to say Birkat Hamazon and had left the place where they ate. Hillel said that they may say the blessing anywhere, the important thing is to say the blessing; while Shammai argues that they must return to the place where they ate the meal and say the blessing there.

Hanukkah candles

Lighting the Hanukkah candles.
Lighting the Hanukkah candles.

Beit Hillel states that on the first night of Hanukkah, one should light one candle (besides the shamash), and then increase that by one each night, culminating in eight flames on the last night of Hanukkah. Beit Hillel's rationale is that as a general rule in halacha, one increases holiness, rather than decreasing.

Beit Shammai held the opposite - that the menorah should begin with eight candles and gradually reduce to one. Their opinion was based on the halachic principle that allows one to derive law using similarities. The Sukkot Temple sacrifices involved 70 bullocks, reducing by one each day from 13 down to 7.

Tu Bishvat

Beit Hillel holds that the new year for trees is on the 15th of the Jewish month of Shevat. Beit Shammai says it is on the 1st on Shevat.[5] Beit Hillel's opinion is now accepted, so the new year is commonly called Tu Bishvat (literally "15th of Shevat").

See also

References

  1. ^ Drew Kaplan, "Rabbinic Popularity in the Mishnah VII: Top Ten Overall [Final Tally] Drew Kaplan's Blog (5 July 2011).
  2. ^ This article incorporates text from the 1903 Encyclopaedia Biblica article "BINDING AND LOOSING", a publication now in the public domain.
  3. ^ Mishna Shabbat 1:3
  4. ^ לעתיד לבוא הלכה תהיה כבית שמאי
  5. ^ Mishna Rosh Hashana 1:1

External links

This page was last edited on 21 June 2019, at 16:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.