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House of Monpezat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

de Laborde de Monpezat
Arms of De Laborde de Montpezat.svg
Country
Founded1648 (1648)[1] or 1655 (1655)[2]
Current headFrederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat
Titles
Estate(s)Château de Cayx

The de Laborde de Monpezat family (French pronunciation: ​[la.bɔʁd də mɔ̃.pə.za]) is a French old bourgeois family from the Province of Béarn associated with the Danish Royal Family by marriage after 1967, when Henri de Laborde de Monpezat wed Princess Margrethe of Denmark, heir presumptive of the ruling House of Glücksburg.

Its members owned three homes and farms in Monpezat and Beaufranc in Béarn that were declared "noble lands" by letters of 1655, but the Laborde family was denied twice in 1703 and 1707 to be admitted with the nobility at the Estates of Béarn. Admission into the Estates of Béarn was a necessary condition to be recognized as noble in Béarn.[3]

Most recent reference authors, specialists of the French nobility, do not consider that the de Laborde de Monpezat family belongs to the French nobility.[3][4]

Family background

The Labordes were a well-to-do family of the middle-class originating from the region of Béarn in southwestern France which took the name Laborde de Monpezat,[5] following the marriage of Jean Laborde to Catherine d'Arricau, dame de Monpezat on 16 August 1648.

In May 1655 Jean de Laborde, medical doctor, received letters patent which elevated three houses and farms in Monpezat and Beaufranc as "noble lands",[6][3] but the family's recognition as noble depended legally of the Estates of Béarn which, in 1703 and again in 1707, rejected the Laborde de Monpezat petition to be admitted with the nobility in the Estates of Béarn.[3] The reception into the States of Béarn was required to be recognized as noble in Béarn. On 11 July 1672 The States of Béarn condemned a person who called himself noble before his reception.[7]

Not all feudal or noble lands allowed to be admitted into the States of Béarn in the order of the nobility: only the baronies, the lordships with middle and low Justice and domenjadures" (lordship with the right to be admitted into the State of Béarn) had this right.[8] There is not official record which stipulates that in the letters of 1655 the "nobles lands" of the Laborde family were erected as “domemjadure”. The original letters patent have not been found and their recording has not been found either.

Nonetheless, the family survived the French Revolution under the name of Laborde de Monpezat. By a decree of the Third cabinet of Napoleon III, the family's requests to legally change their surname to de Laborde-Monpezat (on 14 July 1860) and then to de Laborde de Monpezat (on 19 May 1861) were granted.[9] Under the present form of the name, the family supplied a mayor to the town of Pau in 1875 (Aristide de Laborde de Monpezat, b. 1830 – d. 1888, great grandfather of Prince Henrik).

Since late in the nineteenth century, some members of the Laborde de Monpezat family bear the courtesy title of "count", which had to be assumed, properly on a traditional basis, only by untitled genuine nobles.[10]

Neither the nobility of the family nor this French title of "count" are acknowledged as historically and legally valid by the Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence (English: Encyclopedia of False and Seeming Nobility) (Pierre-Marie Dioudonnat, Paris, 1976–1997), nor did Régis Valette include the family in his Catalogue de la noblesse française (English: Catalog of French Nobility) (2002). Charondas describes in his book A quel titre (Volume 37, 1970) the Laborde de Monpezat as "false nobles, low folk in the 17th century, not received in the states of Béarn due to 'alleged nobility,' and as having never had nobility in their family."

Danish titles

Coat of arms of Prince Joachim, featuring a central inescutcheon impaled between his maternal Oldenburg (dexter) and paternal Monpezat arms (sinister).
Coat of arms of Prince Joachim, featuring a central inescutcheon impaled between his maternal Oldenburg (dexter) and paternal Monpezat arms (sinister).

Danish law never officially required that royal spouses be of aristocratic origin. Nonetheless, no prince's marriage to a person who lacked male-line descent from royalty or titled nobility had been accepted as dynastic by the sovereign in the course of Denmark's history as a hereditary monarchy prior to Hereditary Princess Margrethe's marriage in June 1967.[11] From the date of that marriage "Count" Henri de Laborde de Monpezat was designated Prince Henrik. In 2005, his wife having reigned as Queen Margrethe II since 1972, Henrik was officially declared Denmark's Prince Consort.

On 30 April 2008, the title "Count of Monpezat" (greve af Monpezat), was conferred by the Queen on both of her sons and made hereditary for their descendants in the male-line, for both males and females.[12] The Queen's Private Secretary Henning Fode commented, "The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, and it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do." There was not an official publication of the grant, only a press release and a rescript were personally given.

In fact, Henrik had mentioned the possibility of associating his family name with that of his royal descendants as long ago as 1996, stating in his published memoir, "During our generation the future sovereign will perhaps receive approval to see 'Monpezat' added to the dynastic name of Oldenburg-Glücksborg".[13] While being interviewed by the French weekly Point de Vue in October 2005, Henrik raised the issue shortly after the birth of Crown Prince Frederick's firstborn child, Prince Christian, who is expected to inherit the Danish crown eventually: "It also makes him very proud and happy that Monpezat will be added to this small grandson's future name as Prince of Denmark. 'It is a great joy for me that his French roots will also be remembered.'"[14] Although no announcement was made at that time, Prince Christian does now include (part of) his French grandfather's surname among his hereditary titles. The grant does not extend this Danish comital title to Henrik himself, however. Nor has the Danish Crown issued a proclamation or statement indicating the name that the royal dynasty will bear after Queen Margrethe's reign (in accordance with tradition, she reigns as a member of her father's dynasty, the House of Glücksburg).[15]

Prince Joachim and his descendants now bear a coat-of-arms differenced from those of Denmark's royal shield of arms with Prince Joachim's arms featuring an inescutcheon impaled between the arms of Oldenburg and Monpezat, the arms crowned with a coronet of a prince of Denmark. Crown Prince Frederik's arms are, except for its use of the coronet of the Crown Prince of Denmark, identical to his mother's arms with the Oldenburg inescutcheon.

Denmark

Portrait Name Life Reign Additional titles
(Prince Henrik) Prince Henrik 1934–2018 - Prince Consort, Prince of Denmark
Prince Frederik 1968- - Crown Prince of Denmark

The heir apparent is his son Prince Christian of Denmark (born 2005).

Family tree

  1. Jean Laborde, ca. 1620 - ????
  2. Paul Laborde de Monpezat, 1672 - ????
  3. Louis Laborde de Monpezat, 1711–1761
  4. Antoine Laborde de Monpezat, 1743–1787
  5. Jean de Laborde de Monpezat, 1786–1863 (The Laborde de Monpezat family requested to legally change their surname from Laborde de Monpezat to de Laborde-Monpezat in 1860, and to de Laborde de Monpezat in 1861)
  6. Aristide de Laborde de Monpezat, 1830–1888
  7. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, 1868–1929
  8. André de Laborde de Monpezat, 1907–1998
  9. Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark, 1934–2018
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born 1968
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, born 2005

Bibliography

  • Pierre-Marie Dioudonnat, Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence, 4 vol., Sedopols, Paris, (1976-1997).
  • Régis Valette, Catalogue de la noblesse française (2002)
  • Joseph Valynseele, Les Laborde de Monpezat et leurs alliances, Paris, 368 pages, 1975

Notes

  1. ^ Valynseele 1975
  2. ^ Chevé, Joëlle (1998). FeniXX (ed.). La Noblesse du Périgord: Au pays des 1.000 châteaux (in French). ISBN 9782262059743.
  3. ^ a b c d Dioudonnat, Pierre-Marie, Encyclopédie de la fausse noblesse et de la noblesse d'apparence, Paris, Sedopols, 1976–79 (2 vols), French, p.208
  4. ^ F. de Saint-Simon, Dictionnaire de la noblesse française, 1975, p. 60.
  5. ^ "L'Intermédiaire des chercheurs et curieux 1967 p 81". 1967.
  6. ^ Joseph Valynseele, Les Laborde de Monpezat et leurs alliances, Paris, chez l'Auteur, 1975, p. 29.
  7. ^ Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, Institut et musée Voltaire, 1978, p. 262.
  8. ^ Bulletin de la Société héraldique et généalogique de France, 1885, p. 695 : "Tous les biens féodaux ou nobles ne sont point décorés de l’entrée aux Etats, il n’y a que les baronnies (…); les seigneuries qui ont la justice moyenne et basse (…) et les domenjadures (note : on entendait par domenjadure, une seigneurie donnant droit d’entrée aux Etats) qui avaient ce droit d’entrée par les anciennes constitutions de la province".
  9. ^ Joseph Valynseele, Les Laborde de Monpezat et leurs alliances, Paris, chez l'Auteur, 1975, French
  10. ^ Joseph Valynseele, Les Laborde de Monpezat et leurs alliances, Paris, chez l'Auteur, 1975, p. 53.
  11. ^ Huberty, Michel; Alain Giraud; F. and B. Magdelaine (1994). L'Allemagne Dynastique Tome VII Oldenbourg (in French). France. pp. passim. ISBN 2-901138-07-1.
  12. ^ "Monpezat til Frederik og Joachim". Berlingske Tidende. 30 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
  13. ^ Henrik prince de Danemark, Destin Oblige, 1996, 102
  14. ^ Levinsen, Niels (B.T.). "Henrik fulgte Mary time for time" (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2008-06-17. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  15. ^ "The Danish Monarchy". Archived from the original on 14 February 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2009.

External Articles

This page was last edited on 20 July 2021, at 18:20
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