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Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel
Sheraton NY H&T west jeh.jpg
Hotel chain Sheraton Hotels and Resorts
General information
Location New York, NY
Address 811 Seventh Avenue
Coordinates 40°45′45″N 73°58′54″W / 40.7625°N 73.9817°W / 40.7625; -73.9817
Opening September 25, 1962
Owner Host Hotels & Resorts[1]
Management Starwood Hotels
Height 152.7 m (501 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 51
Floor area 16,598 m2 (178,660 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Morris Lapidus & Associates
Kornblath, Harle & Liebman
Other information
Number of rooms 1,750
Website
www.sheratonnewyork.com
[2][3][4][5]

The Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel is a 152.7 m (501 ft), 51-story hotel located in New York City near Times Square. It faces 7th Avenue, West 52nd Street, and West 53rd Street. It is one of the world's top 100 tallest hotels, and one of the tallest hotels in New York City.

History

The hotel opened on September 25, 1962[6], as the 2,000-room Americana. It was constructed by brothers Laurence Tisch and Preston Tisch,[7] co-owners of the Loews Corporation[8] and was the first over 1,000-room hotel to be built in New York since the Waldorf Astoria in 1931.[9] With 51 floors reaching up to 152.7 m (501 ft), it was acclaimed for many years in its advertising and by the media as the tallest hotel in the world,[10] based on the number and height of its inhabited floors [11] (though the spire of the 1957 Hotel Ukraina in Moscow was taller). The Americana was built, along with the New York Hilton facing Sixth Avenue on the next block, to serve the huge number of tourists that the 1964 New York World's Fair would bring, as well as the business and convention market. The architect Morris Lapidus was the original designer of both, but new owners of the Hilton project objected and Lapidus chose to resign. The hotel was also known variously as the Americana Hotel, Americana New York and Loews Americana of New York.

In 1965 the French movie with Louis de Funes "The troops in New York" had several scenes filmed at the Americana. On May 14, 1968, John Lennon and Paul McCartney held a press conference at the Americana to announce the formation of Apple Corps, their music label.[12] The Americana also hosted the New York portion of the 1967 and 1968 Emmy Awards. The hotel's supper club, The Royal Box, hosted performances by musical legends including Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald and Peggy Lee.[13] In 1971, a scene in The Godfather was filmed in a suite at the Americana.[14]

On July 21, 1972, American Airlines leased the Americana of New York from Loews, as well as the City Squire Motor Inn across the street, and the Americana Hotels in Bal Harbour, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico, for a period of thirty years. American merged the hotels with their existing Sky Chefs Hotels chain, and marketed all the properties under the Americana Hotels brand.[15] The hotel served as Democratic headquarters for the 1976 Democratic National Convention and 1980 Democratic National Convention.[16]

The Americana of New York and the City Squire were sold to a partnership of Sheraton Hotels and the Equitable Life Assurance Society[17] on January 24, 1979.[18] The Americana was renamed the Sheraton Centre Hotel & Towers.[19] Sheraton bought out Equitable's share in the hotel in 1990, freeing them to undertake a nearly $200 million renovation in 1991,[20] when the hotel was renamed the Sheraton New York Hotel and Towers. Starwood Hotels (which had bought Sheraton in 1998) sold the hotel, along with 37 other properties, to Host Marriott for $4 Billion on November 14, 2005.[21] The hotel continued to be managed by Sheraton, however, and was again renovated from 2011-2012, at a cost of $180 million,[22] with the name shortened to Sheraton New York Hotel in 2012[23] and then changed to Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel in 2013.[24]

Design

The hotel was built with a two-story podium originally containing the lobby, five restaurants, ten ballrooms and a large convention hall, and "an acre of kitchens", with the hotel rooms in narrow slabs above. To achieve this, Lapidus employed three structural systems: Floors 1 through 5 are steel-concrete composite columns, floors 5 through 29 are concrete shear walls, and 29 to 51 reinforced concrete columns. At the time of its completion, the building was the tallest concrete-framed structure in the city.[citation needed]

The main block of accommodation is a tall thin bent slab form, angled towards the 52nd Street corner, emphasized by the horizontal striped facade of strip windows and yellow glazed brick spandrels. On the north side facing Sixth Avenue, a lower 25-story wing is placed at right angles to the bent slab, and so at a slight angle to the street, and includes the entrance and lobby in a two-story podium.

The dominant feature at ground level is the two story circular rotunda projecting from under the end of the bent wing on the 52nd street corner. An image of the hotel in the 1960s can be found in the collection of the Museum of the City of New York here.

The sidewalk on all sides originally had striped paving at the slight angle of the entry and bent wing, effectively turning the Seventh Avenue sidewalk into a forecourt for the hotel.

The facades of the accommodation blocks are generally intact, but the podium levels were reclad in the 1991 renovation, replacing the varied, light 1960s details with Postmodern squared granite.

References

  1. ^ https://www.hosthotels.com/our-portfolio/portfolio-overview
  2. ^ "Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel". CTBUH Skyscraper Database. 
  3. ^ Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel at Emporis
  4. ^ "Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel". SkyscraperPage. 
  5. ^ Sheraton New York Times Square Hotel at Structurae
  6. ^ https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E01E6D8103EE43BBC4D51DFBF668389679EDE&legacy=true
  7. ^ http://www.americantradesystem.com/Loews_Americana.htm
  8. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1973/02/18/archives/loews-and-its-mutual-fund-loews-and-its-fund-a-mutual-fund-for.html
  9. ^ https://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D05EED8103BE13BBC4C51DFBF668389679EDE&legacy=true
  10. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/16/business/preston-robert-tisch-owner-of-loews-hotels-and-giants-dies.html
  11. ^ http://www.britishpathe.com/video/worlds-tallest-hotel-americana/query/Spellman
  12. ^ http://www.beatle.net/apples-american-debut-the-original-1968-press-kit/
  13. ^ http://www.sheratonnewyork.com/hotel-history
  14. ^ http://blog.overnightnewyork.com/deals-celebrating-the-sheraton-new-york-hotels-50th-birthday/
  15. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1972/07/21/archives/american-airlines-in-loews-hotel-pact-pact-with-loews-is-set-by.html
  16. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/28/realestate/commercial-property-manhattan-hotels-redoing-sheratons-for-convention-after.html
  17. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/28/realestate/commercial-property-manhattan-hotels-redoing-sheratons-for-convention-after.html
  18. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1979/01/25/archives/continental-corp-plans-to-build-35story-skyscraper-downtown-a.html
  19. ^ https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/106970334/
  20. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1991/04/28/realestate/commercial-property-manhattan-hotels-redoing-sheratons-for-convention-after.html
  21. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/14/AR2005111400383.html
  22. ^ http://www.sheratonnewyork.com/hotel-history
  23. ^ http://www.sheratonnewyork.com/AboutUs
  24. ^ http://www.hotelnewsresource.com/article71181Major_Renovation_Programs_Announced_for_Starwood_New_York_Properties.html

External links

Preceded by
Belmont Plaza Hotel
Venues of the
NFL Draft

1973-1974
Succeeded by
New York Hilton Midtown
This page was last edited on 10 June 2018, at 12:29.
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