To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Honours degree

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Honours degree has various meanings in the context of different degrees and education systems. Most commonly it refers to a variant of the undergraduate bachelor's degree containing a larger volume of material or a higher standard of study, or both, rather than an "ordinary", "general" or "pass" bachelor's degree. Honours degrees are sometimes indicated by "Hons" after the degree abbreviation, with various punctuation according to local custom, e.g. "BA (Hons)", "B.A., Hons", etc. In Canada, honours degrees may be indicated with an "H" preceding the degree abbreviation, e.g. "HBA" for Honours Bachelor of Arts[1] or Honours Business Administration.[2]

Examples of honours degree include the honors bachelor's degree in the United States;[3] the bachelor's degree with honours in the United Kingdom,[4] the Netherlands,[5] Bangladesh,[6] Hong Kong,[7] and India;[8] the honours bachelor's degree in Ireland;[9] the bachelor with honours and bachelor honours degree in New Zealand; the bachelor with honours and honours bachelor's degree in Canada;[10] and the bachelor honours degree in Australia.[11] In South Africa the bachelor honours degree is a postgraduate degree that follows on from the completion of a bachelor's degree.[12] The undergraduate master of arts degree awarded by the ancient universities of Scotland in place of the bachelor of arts may be awarded as an honours or non-honours degree; these are at the same level as equivalent bachelor's degrees.[13][14] At master's level, the integrated master's degrees in British universities, which students enter at the same level as bachelor's degrees, are also honours degrees.[15]

Many universities and colleges offer both honours and non-honours bachelor's degrees. In most countries where honours degrees are granted, they imply a higher level of achievement than a non-honours degree. In some countries (e.g. Australia), an honours degree may also involve a longer period of study than a non-honours degree.[11] Students who complete all the requirements for a non-honours bachelor's degree but do not receive sufficient merit to be awarded an honours degree would normally be awarded a non-honours degree (sometimes known as a "pass", "general" or "ordinary" degree), although students who do not complete the requirements for an integrated master's honours degree may receive a bachelor's honours degree.[16] In England, Northern Ireland and Wales, almost all bachelor's degrees are awarded as honours degrees; in contrast, honours degrees are rarely awarded in the United States.

The current British undergraduate degree classification system, with its division into first, upper and lower second, and third class honours, was developed in 1918 to distinguish between students on the basis of their academic achievement.[17] The concept of an "honours" degree goes back much further than this, however, as there were examinations for honours in the original regulations of the University of London in 1839,[18] and Nevil Maskelyne being recorded as taking a bachelor's degree with honours at Cambridge in 1754.[19] Other countries and territories influenced by this system include Australia, Brunei, Canada, New Zealand, Malta, Singapore, South Africa, The Netherlands and Hong Kong.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    24 054
    16 181
    6 473
    314 982
    162 104
  • Is an Honours degree worth it?
  • Major differences in Honors Degree (Hons) VS regular college degree
  • What is Honours Degree in Malayalam | Normal ഡിഗ്രീയും honours ഡിഗ്രീയും തമ്മിലുള്ള വ്യത്യാസം എന്ത്?
  • Different Types Of Degrees Explained: (Associates, Bachelors, Masters, Doctorate, and Professional)
  • অনার্স আর ডিগ্রি কোর্সের মূল পাথ্যর্ক।Honours VS Degree। Difference between Honours & Degree Course.



England, Wales and Northern Ireland

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, bachelor's degrees are normally awarded "with honours" after three years of study.[20] The bachelor's degree with honours meets the requirements for a higher education qualification at level 6 of the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications in full,[21] and is a first-cycle, end-of-cycle award on the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area established by the Bologna process. Students can be awarded an "ordinary" degree if they achieve the required learning outcomes over a smaller volume of studies than is required for an honours degree, e.g. only passing 300 credits rather than the 360 usually required for an honours degree.[22][23] In addition to bachelor's degrees, four-year integrated master's degrees, which combine study at the bachelor's and master's levels, are also awarded with honours.[15]

The University of Oxford does not award honours with its standard BA degree, but considers students who gain a third class degree or better to have "achieved honours status".[24]


In France, the Honours degree may correspond to the Double Licence diploma. It lasts the same length of time as the general bachelor's degree, but requires a higher level of study.[25] It is generally offered in faculties with post-graduate degrees, whereas the Double Licence degree is mainly offered in undergraduate schools or colleges.[26]

However, the Honours degree, with its additional year after the Bachelor's degree, corresponds more closely to the Maîtrise diploma, which no longer exists in France. It corresponds to the first year (M1) of a Master's degree.[27]


A number of honours degrees are offered by the University of Malta, and the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology (MCAST), usually indicating an extra year of study with an undergraduate dissertation or a specialisation within a three-year programme.[28]


In the Netherlands, the Honours programme is an addition of 30 ECTS to the regular Bachelor's programme, and must be completed within two to three years of undergraduate studies. In most universities, this programme offers an interdisciplinary approach, blending teachings from social and medical sciences, as well as knowledge from the fields of business and economics, art and law to all honours students.[29][30] To gain access to this programme, prospective students must demonstrate outstanding academic performance, and average a GPA of minimum 7.5/10 at the end of their studies to graduate with Honours.


In Scotland, all undergraduate degrees with honours must be of four-year duration. Students can choose to do the honours degree or the general (or pass/ordinary) degree. The first two years of both types of degrees are the same; however, after that, students who pursue the honours route will complete more advanced subjects and a dissertation in their last year, while students who choose to do the general degree will complete their third year at a lower level of specialisation.[31]

Entry into the honours year in Scotland is generally not restricted and students are encouraged to take the honours year as the general/ordinary/pass degree does not provide the same level of depth and specialisation.[31]

Students enrolling in the honours programme but failing to achieve the required academic merit for honours are awarded a pass/ordinary/general degree.


In Ireland, honours bachelor's degrees are at level 8 of the National Framework of Qualifications and are Bologna first cycle degrees. They normally follow a three or four year (180-240 ECTS credits) course. The higher diploma may be awarded at the same level following a single year of study (60 ECTS credits) and is normally taken following an honours degree as a conversion course. Ordinary (non-honours) bachelor's degrees are at level 7 of the framework and take three years (180 EFTS credits) to complete.[32]



In Canada there are two type of honours degree. Some universities, especially in Ontario, award an honours degree after four years of undergraduate study, instead of the three years of an ordinary bachelor's degree. Examples of universities awarding this degree include Queen's University[33] and York University.[34] In those universities, honours degree students may undertake an honours thesis.[35][36]

University of Toronto previously had a similar differentiation between three- and four-year degrees, additionally imposing a higher cGPA minimum of 1.85 for the honours option instead of the 1.5 required for ordinary. Beginning with the Summer 2001 session, the three-year option was discontinued and is unavailable to new students.[37] As of the 2022-23 academic year, students taking a four-year degree may still elect to receive an ordinary B.A. or B.Sc. if they graduate with a cGPA between 1.5 and 1.84.[38]

Some other universities, such as McGill University, University of Ottawa, University of Western Ontario, University of British Columbia, Concordia University and Dalhousie University, require students to undertake an honours project in order to graduate with honours (Latin: cum honore, French: spécialisé). In those universities, honours programmes also require a higher degree of specialization than non-honours "major" degrees, including a supervised research project or thesis, and students are required to maintain a high academic standard.[39][40][41][42][43][44]

Thesis-based honours degrees prepare students for research-based postgraduate study, and may sometimes allow direct entry into doctoral programmes.[39][45] A four-year bachelor's degree is required for entry to most postgraduate courses in Canada.[46][47]

United States

In the United States, many honours degrees (or honors degrees in US spelling) require a thesis or project work beyond that needed for the normal bachelor's programme.[3] Honours programmes in the US are taken alongside the rest of the degree and often have a minimum GPA requirement for entry or college-entrance exam score, which can vary between institutions.[48][49] In rare cases, a student may petition to write one even if they do not meet the normal requirements. Some institutions do not have a separate honours programme, but instead refer to bachelor's degrees awarded with Latin honours, which may be based either on GPA or class position, as honours degrees.[50][51]


Hong Kong

Universities in Hong Kong have four degree classifications: first class, second class upper division (or second class division one/I), second class lower division (or second class division two/II), and third class. Bachelor's degrees issued in Hong Kong are honour degrees and are abbreviated as BSc (Hons), BEng (Hons), BBA (Hons), etc. The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University follow a GPA scale of 4.3, and The Chinese University of Hong Kong follows a GPA scale of 4.0.



The consecutive Australian with-honours degree is usually a one to two-year research programme, after the completion of a bachelor's degree in the same field. It can also be started as a concurrent programme in the fourth year of a four-year bachelor's degree. It is generally considered a postgraduate year because a bachelor's degree can be completed without it.[52] Entry to an honours degree generally requires proven abilities and a distinction (75% or greater average) in the relevant area or the final-year units, and even then is quite competitive.

In the regular (standalone) honours, the student will complete selected courses within a supervised programme of research (field, laboratory, or secondary), and produce a long, high-quality research thesis. This is usually accompanied by a seminar or presentation of the findings to an academic board for marking. In the case of a quality thesis being produced, its findings may be published in a peer-reviewed academic journal or similar publication. Students receiving high marks in their honours programme have the option of continuing to candidature of a doctoral programme, such as Doctor of Philosophy, without having to complete a master's degree.[53] Honours can be awarded at up to five levels, depending on the awarding institution, and may be indicated in post-nominals in general as "(Hons)":

  • Honours, Class 1, with a University Medal, sometimes indicated in post-nominals as (Hons IM), (Hons 1M), or (H1M)
  • Honours, Class 1, sometimes indicated in post-nominals as (Hons I), (Hons 1), or (H1)
  • Honours, Class 2, Division 1 (or Division A), sometimes indicated in post-nominals as (Hons II), (Hons II(1)), (Hons 2(1)), (H21), (Hons IIA), (Hons 2A), or (H2A)
  • Honours, Class 2, Division 2 (or Division B), sometimes indicated in post-nominals as (Hons II), (Hons II(2)), (Hons 2(2)), (H22), (Hons IIB), (Hons 2B), or (H2B)
  • Honours, Class 3, sometimes indicated in post-nominals as (Hons III), (Hons 3), or (H3)

At the master's level, Monash University has a Master of Business with Honours programme in which students can be awarded an honours classification upon completion.[54]

Macquarie University has phased out the honours degree in favour of the Master of Research degree for most fields, although it still offers honours degrees in psychology and engineering as honours degrees are required for accreditation in these fields.[55][56][57]

New Zealand

The bachelor honours degree is a separate level on the New Zealand Qualifications Framework from the bachelor's degree without honours, as in Australia and Scotland.[58] It may either be a 4-year (480 credit) course or a single-year (120 credit) course following on from a bachelor's degree, and it prepares students for postgraduate study.[59] Bachelor's degrees issued are abbreviated as B.Com. (Hons), B.Sc. (Hons), etc. The award of honours recognises outstanding achievement, meritorious achievement or a pass; these may be termed first class honours, second class honours: first or second divisions, and third class honours.[60]


South Africa

In South Africa, non-professional bachelor's degrees (BA, BSc, BCom) are three-year degrees (professional degrees such as law or medicine are longer). Students with a 3-year degree may register for honours degree, a one-year qualification required to register for a Master's.[61] Usually the honours degree specialises in one subject matter (e.g., mathematics, English). Intake into the honours degree is often highly selective. The bachelor's degree is at level 7 and the honours degree at level 8 on the National Qualifications Framework of the South African Qualifications Authority. The honours degree typically consists of taught courses and research components (at least 25% of the honours degree).[62]

See also


  1. ^ "Undergraduate Programs: Bachelor of Arts degree". University of Waterloo. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2021. What is the abbreviation for an honours Bachelor of Arts? The common abbreviations are BA or HBA.
  2. ^ "Ivey HBA Program Brochure". Ivey Business School at the University of Western Ontario. 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Structure of the U.S. Education System: Bachelor's Degrees". U.S. Department of Education. February 2008. Archived from the original on 23 August 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  4. ^ The Frameworks for Higher Education Qualifications of UK Degree-Awarding Bodies. Quality Assurance Agency. November 2014. p. 17. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Honours at the UvA | University of Amsterdam, Netherlands". 11 November 2022. Retrieved 23 January 2023.
  6. ^ "IUB at a glance | Independent University, Bangladesh". Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Bachelor's Degree with Honours". Open University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 23 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Bangalore University rolls out honours scheme for UG course". Times of India. 30 April 2014. Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  9. ^ "National Framework of Qualifications". Quality and Qualifications Ireland. Archived from the original on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Bachelors Degree". York University. Archived from the original on 21 June 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Bachelor Honours Degree: An Explanation" (PDF). Australian Qualifications Framework Council. November 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  12. ^ "The Higher Education Qualifications Framework" (PDF). South African Qualifications Authority. p. 25. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Studying for a degree in Arts". Archived from the original on 19 February 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  14. ^ The Frameworks for Higher Education Qualifications of UK Degree-Awarding Bodies. Quality Assurance Agency. November 2014. p. 29. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". Faculty Handbook. Durham University. What do I need to pass to get a degree?. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  16. ^ "Alternative Exit Awards". University of Kent. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  17. ^ Alderman, Geoffrey (14 October 2003). "Tear up the class system". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  18. ^ Regulations of the University of London on the subject of the examinations for degrees in Arts. March 1839. p. 9.
  19. ^ Arthur Thomas Malkin (1836). "Maskelyne". The Gallery of Portraits with Memoirs. Vol. VI. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. p. 20.
  20. ^ The Frameworks for Higher Education Qualifications of UK Degree-Awarding Bodies. Quality Assurance Agency. November 2014. p. 15. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  21. ^ The Frameworks for Higher Education Qualifications of UK Degree-Awarding Bodies. Quality Assurance Agency. November 2014. p. 25. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Glossary". Quality Assurance Agency. Ordinary degree. Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  23. ^ "Flowchart of Progression Regulations for Bachelors Degrees/Diplomas/Certificates" (PDF). Faculty Handbook. Durham University. How does the Ordinary degree work?. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  24. ^ "Verifying qualifications". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Double licence Sciences de la Terre - physique - École & observatoire des sciences de la Terre - EOST - Université de Strasbourg". Retrieved 4 May 2024.
  26. ^ "Université : "Avec une double licence, j'ouvre mon champ des possibles"". L'Etudiant (in French). Retrieved 4 May 2024.
  27. ^ "Can I apply for Honour's in France?". Campus France. Retrieved 4 May 2024.
  28. ^ "Prospectus for year 2015" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies: Honours Modules". Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  30. ^ "University Utrecht Honours College". Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  31. ^ a b "The General Degree". University of St Andrews. Archived from the original on 26 October 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  32. ^ "National Framework of Qualifications". Quality and Qualifications Ireland. Archived from the original on 28 March 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  33. ^ "Degrees at a glance". Queen's University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Bachelors Degree: What is a Bachelor's degree? What is an Honours Bachelor's degree?". York University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  35. ^ "Honours BA/BSc". Department of Psychology. York University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  36. ^ "Honours Thesis – Questions and Answers" (PDF). Queen's University Department of Political Science.
  37. ^ "2001-2002 Calendar: Degree and Program Requirements". University of Toronto, Faculty of Arts and Science. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  38. ^ "2022-23 Academic Calendar" (PDF). University of Toronto, Faculty of Arts and Science. p. 15-16. Retrieved 11 May 2023.
  39. ^ a b "Program types: Major, Honours, Liberal". Mcgill University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Curriculum - COMPULSORY COURSES for students in the BSc with Honours". University of Ottawa. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  41. ^ "The degree structure". Western University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  42. ^ "Degree Requirements". UBC.
  43. ^ "Undergraduate programs". Concordia University. Legend: Degree abbreviations and definitions. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  44. ^ "Undergraduate degree options". Dalhousie University. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  45. ^ "Degree Options in Canada". University Guide Online. Berlitz. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  46. ^ ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS Dalhousie University
  47. ^ "Honours Program: Frequently Asked Questions". Mcgill University. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  48. ^ "Honors Degree". Department of Physics and Astronomy. Northwestern University. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  49. ^ "Honors Degree FAQs". University of Delaware. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  50. ^ "Requirements for Honors Degrees". Harvard University. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  51. ^ "Honors Degree". State University of New York at Oneonta. Archived from the original on 24 June 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  52. ^ "Postgraduate Study". Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  53. ^ "Pathways to PhD for Honours, Final year and Masters Coursework students". RMIT University. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  54. ^ "Master of Business (Honours) for 2014". Monash. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  55. ^ "Search". Macquarie University. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  56. ^ "Honours - Macquarie University". Archived from the original on 26 September 2013.
  57. ^ "International pathway". Macquarie University. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  58. ^ "Understanding New Zealand qualifications". New Zealand Qualifications Authority. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  59. ^ "Bachelor honours degree". New Zealand Qualifications Authority. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  60. ^ "Bachelor Honours Degree". New Zealand Qualifications Authority. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  61. ^ "Honours and Master's in Sociology | Department of Sociology".
  62. ^ Department of Higher Education and Training (17 October 2014). "National Qualifications Act (67/2008): Higher Education Qualifications Sub-Framework". Government Gazette. 592 (38116). Republic of South Africa: 3–42.
This page was last edited on 8 May 2024, at 09:38
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.