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Hold Back the Dawn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hold Back the Dawn
Hold Back The Dawn - 1941 - poster.png
1941 Theatrical poster
Directed byMitchell Leisen
Written byCharles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Richard Maibaum
Manuel Reachi
Based onHold Back the Dawn
1940 novel
by Ketti Frings
Produced byArthur Hornblow Jr.
StarringCharles Boyer
Olivia de Havilland
Paulette Goddard
Narrated byCharles Boyer
CinematographyLeo Tover
Edited byDoane Harrison
Music byVictor Young
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
  • September 26, 1941 (1941-09-26)
Running time
116 minutes
CountryUnited States

Hold Back the Dawn is a 1941 American romantic drama film in which a Romanian gigolo marries an American woman in Mexico in order to gain entry to the United States, but winds up falling in love with her. It stars Charles Boyer, Olivia de Havilland, Paulette Goddard, Victor Francen, Walter Abel, Curt Bois, Rosemary DeCamp, and an uncredited Veronica Lake.

The movie was adapted by Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder from the 1940 novel by Ketti Frings. It was directed by Mitchell Leisen.

It was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Olivia de Havilland), Best Writing, Screenplay, Best Art Direction-Interior Decoration, Black-and-White, Best Cinematography, Black-and-White, and Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic Picture.[1]


The story opens with Georges Iscovescu recounting his story to a Hollywood film director at Paramount in an effort to earn some quick cash. Georges is a Romanian-born gigolo who has arrived in a Mexican border town seeking entry to the US. He has to endure a waiting period of up to eight years in order to obtain a quota number, living with other hopeful immigrants in the Esperanza Hotel. After six months he is broke and unhappy. When he runs into his former dancing partner, Anita Dixon, she explains how she quickly obtained US citizenship by marrying an American, who she then, just as quickly, divorced.

Georges resolves on the same plan. He soon targets visiting school teacher Miss Emmy Brown who is in Mexico on a day trip with her class of about fifteen young boys. Georges manages to extend the time necessary to repair her broken-down automobile. Emmy and her pupils sleep in the lobby of the full-up Esperanza Hotel. This provides Georges the opportunity to quickly and intensively woo Emmy in the early morning hours; she awakens to him sitting nearby and gazing at her lovingly. By claiming she is the exact image of the lost love of his life, his seemingly intense ardor toward a stranger is plausible, and they marry later that same day. However, Georges must wait some weeks before entering the US, and Emmy returns home with the boys.

A few days later, Emmy unexpectedly returns, complicating Georges' plans. Immigration inspector Hammock also appears, hunting for con artists such as Georges, and necessitating Georges' and an unwitting Emmy's departure. He drives all night, arriving at dawn in a small village. They participate in a festival of traditional blessings for newlyweds, an event that Emmy assumes has been Georges' destination all along. Georges had not planned on consummating the marriage, believing that he could return her to her small town essentially unchanged by the marriage, and fakes a shoulder injury. However, as the trip continues, he is surprised and increasingly enchanted by Emmy. When they stop at the seaside, Emmy bathes in the cool green water and Georges is unable to resist making love to her.

However, this jeopardizes Anita's plan for her and Georges to meet in New York and work together, to which he had agreed. Anita has long been in love with Georges, and on their return, brutally informs Emmy of the entire scheme reciting the inscription on Emmy's wedding ring, which Georges' said was his mother's. Hammock then asks Emmy to verify the legitimacy of her marriage; she does not turn him in, partially blaming her own naiveté, but nevertheless leaves him. Returning to the US, she drives distractedly, in anguish at Georges' betrayal. When a black lace veil Georges had bought her is blown into her face, she is seriously injured in a car accident.

When Georges learns of this, he immediately crosses the border, jeopardizing his visa to go to her. On hearing his voice, she awakens; seeing him, her misery is relieved and her breathing and heartbeat normalize as he sits with her for hours. However, Hammock is still on his tail, and, when Georges sees police arriving, he takes off. He heads to Paramount to try to sell his story to director Dwight Saxon, in order to get the money for Emmy's care. Hammock catches up with him and returns him to Mexico.

Some weeks later, Hammock returns to the border town. Anita has a new sugar daddy. Georges has unsurprisingly not heard from Emmy, and believes the worst, sitting dejectedly on a bench writing notes in the sand. Hammock joins him, and tells Georges that he didn't report the illegal entry – Georges' visa has been approved. Georges looks up to see Emmy, in a beautiful hat, happily waving to him in the sun from across the border. He crosses, and they depart.


Adaptations to other media

Hold Back the Dawn was adapted as a radio play on the November 10, 1941 episode of Lux Radio Theater with Charles Boyer, Paulette Goddard and Susan Hayward, again on the February 8, 1943 episode of The Screen Guild Theater with Charles Boyer and Susan Hayward, the July 31, 1946 episode of Academy Award Theater starring Olivia de Havilland and Jean Pierre Aumont, the May 31, 1948 episode of Screen Guild Theater with Charles Boyer and Ida Lupino, the May 14, 1949 episode of Screen Director's Playhouse with Boyer and Vanessa Brown, the May 4, 1950 episode of Screen Guild Theater with de Havilland and Boyer and the June 15, 1952 Screen Guild Theater with Barbara Stanwyck and Jean Pierre Aumont.

It was presented on Broadway Playhouse January 14, 1953, with Joseph Cotten starring.[2]


Hold Back the Dawn was released on Blu-ray disc in the United Kingdom through Arrow Films.[3]


On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 100 percent based on 7 critics, with an average rating of 8.40 out of 10.[4]

Variety commented that "While Hold Back the Dawn is basically another European refugee yarn, scenarists Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder exercised some ingenuity and imagination and Ketti Frings' original emerges as fine celluloidia".[5]

Bosley Crowther of The New York Times wrote "You will enjoy it as a straight-away romance, crowded with most engaging characters and smoking with Mr. Boyer's charm".[6]

See also


  1. ^ "NY Times: Hold Back the Dawn". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
  2. ^ Kirby, Walter (January 11, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 42 – via open access
  3. ^ "Hold Back the Dawn". Arrow Films. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  4. ^ "Hold Back the Dawn". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  5. ^ "Hold Back the Dawn". Variety. December 31, 1940.
  6. ^ Crowther, Bosley (October 2, 1941). "'Hold Back the Dawn', a Poignant Romance, at the Paramount -- 'Harmon of Michigan' at Criterion". The New York Times.

External links

Streaming audio

This page was last edited on 5 November 2021, at 02:34
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