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Hold (compartment)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

View of the hold of a container ship
View of the hold of a container ship

A ship's hold or cargo hold is a space for carrying cargo in the ship's compartment.

Description

Cargo in holds may be either packaged in crates, bales, etc., or unpackaged (bulk cargo). Access to holds is by a large hatch at the top. Ships have had holds for centuries; an alternative way to carry cargo is in standardized shipping containers, which may be loaded into appropriate holds or carried on deck.[1][2]

Holds in older ships were below the orlop deck, the lower part of the interior of a ship's hull, especially when considered as storage space, as for cargo. In later merchant vessels it extended up through the decks to the underside of the weather deck.

Some ships have built in cranes and can load and unload their own cargo. Other ships must have dock side cranes or gantry cranes to load and unload.[3]

Cargo hatch

Six large cargo hatch covers on a capesize bulk carrier ship as she approaches the Egyptian-Japanese Friendship Bridge
Six large cargo hatch covers on a capesize bulk carrier ship as she approaches the Egyptian-Japanese Friendship Bridge

A cargo hatch or deck hatch or hatchway is type of door used on ships and boats to cover opening to the cargo hold or other lower part of the ship. To make the cargo hold water proof, most cargo holds have cargo hatch. This can be a water proof door, like a trap door with hinges or a cover that is places on top of the cargo hold opening, covered and held down with a tarp or a latching system. Cargo hatch can also be flexible and roll up on to a pole. A small cargo hatch to a small storage locker is called a Lazarette. Should a cargo hatch failure in a storm, the ship is at risk of sinking, such that has happen on bulk carrier hatches. Some ships that sank due to cargo hatch failure: MV Derbyshire, MV Christinaki, Bark Marques, SS Henry Steinbrenner, SS El Faro, SS Marine Electric, and the SS Edmund Fitzgerald. Most cargo hatches have a coaming, a raised edge around the hatch, to help keep out water. The term batten down the hatches is used prepare the ship for bad weather. This may included securing cargo hatch covers with wooden battens, to prevent water from entering from any angle. The term cargo hatch can also be a used for any deck opening leading to the cargo holds. Aircraft and spacecraft may also used the term for its cargo doors. [4]

Basic types:»
  • Lifting (up to remove)
  • Rolling (rolls up on to a pole, trap type)
  • Folding (fold up like paper or an accordion
  • Sliding (slides on to the deck or over the side of ship)
  • Roll stowing (roll up on to a pole, plates)

Gallery

See also

Ships with Holds:

References

Notes

Sources

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]

External links


Media related to Lazarettes at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 03:34
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