To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Hobbs, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hobbs, New Mexico
City
Hobbs Public Library
Hobbs Public Library
Motto(s): 
"It All Happens Here"
Location of Hobbs, New Mexico
Location of Hobbs, New Mexico
Hobbs, New Mexico is located in the United States
Hobbs, New Mexico
Hobbs, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°42′44″N 103°8′26″W / 32.71222°N 103.14056°W / 32.71222; -103.14056
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyLea
Government
 • MayorSam Cobb
 • City ManagerSam Cobb
Area
 • Total26.44 sq mi (68.47 km2)
 • Land26.40 sq mi (68.37 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
3,622 ft (1,104 m)
Population
 • Total34,122
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
39,141
 • Density1,482.61/sq mi (572.45/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
88240-88242
Area code(s)575
FIPS code35-32520
GNIS feature ID0923609
Websitewww.hobbsnm.org

Hobbs is a city in Lea County, New Mexico, United States. Its population was 34,122 at the 2010 census,[2] increasing from 28,657 in 2000.

Hobbs is the principal city of the Hobbs, New Mexico micropolitan statistical area, which includes all of Lea County.

History

Hobbs was founded in 1907 when James Isaac Hobbs (1852–1923) established a homestead and named the settlement.[4] In 1910, the Hobbs post office opened, with James Hobbs as the first postmaster.[5] By 1911, there were about 25 landowners in Hobbs.[6]

The small, isolated settlement expanded rapidly following the discovery of oil by the Midwest Oil Company in 1927. A refinery was built the following year, and in 1929, the town of Hobbs was officially incorporated.[7] At the peak of this oil boom, over 12,000 people lived in Hobbs. When the Great Depression hit, oil prices dropped and the population fell to only about 3,000 in 1931. However, a few years later, activity picked up in the oilfields and the population climbed to about 14,000 in 1940.[6]

On June 23, 1938, seven local men were killed and five more injured when an explosive charge used in oil drilling detonated prematurely.[8]

Following the outbreak of World War II, Hobbs Army Airfield was built north of town in 1942. In 1948, the city bought the air base and converted it into the Hobbs Industrial Air Park, which is still used for soaring competitions.

The first college in Hobbs opened in 1956. It was initially the First Baptist College, and in 1962, it became the College of the Southwest. The name was changed again to University of the Southwest in 2008. A second college, New Mexico Junior College, opened in 1966.

Geography

Hobbs is in eastern Lea County, less than 4 mi (6 km) west of the Texas border. U.S. Route 62 passes through the city, leading east 29 mi (47 km) to Seminole, Texas, and west 69 mi (111 km) to Carlsbad. State Road 18 also passes through Hobbs, leading northwest 21 mi (34 km) to Lovington, the Lea county seat, and south 61 mi (98 km) to Kermit, Texas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Hobbs has a total area of 26.4 square miles (68.5 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.14%, is covered by water.[9] Land in the city drains either east to Seminole Draw or southeast to Monument Draw, both of which are tributaries of Mustang Draw in Texas and ultimately part of the Colorado River watershed.

Climate

Hobbs, like many parts of eastern New Mexico, has a semiarid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) .[10] The city experiences hot summers and chilly winters. With around 70% of precipitation coming in the high solar half of the year, Hobbs may also be defined as a dry humid subtropical climate.

Climate data for Hobbs, New Mexico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56.4
(13.6)
61.8
(16.6)
69.1
(20.6)
78.0
(25.6)
85.7
(29.8)
93.1
(33.9)
93.9
(34.4)
92.4
(33.6)
86.0
(30.0)
77.1
(25.1)
65.2
(18.4)
57.5
(14.2)
76.3
(24.6)
Average low °F (°C) 27.9
(−2.3)
31.9
(−0.1)
37.6
(3.1)
46.4
(8.0)
55.4
(13.0)
63.6
(17.6)
66.7
(19.3)
65.8
(18.8)
59.3
(15.2)
48.4
(9.1)
36.8
(2.7)
29.4
(−1.4)
47.4
(8.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.46
(12)
0.46
(12)
0.54
(14)
0.79
(20)
1.93
(49)
1.85
(47)
2.16
(55)
2.37
(60)
2.54
(65)
1.54
(39)
0.55
(14)
0.55
(14)
15.75
(400)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.5
(3.8)
1.2
(3.0)
0.5
(1.3)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.6
(1.5)
1.0
(2.5)
5.1
(13)
Source: WRCC [11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930598
194010,6191,675.8%
195013,87530.7%
196026,27589.4%
197026,025−1.0%
198029,15312.0%
199029,115−0.1%
200028,657−1.6%
201034,12219.1%
2019 (est.)39,141[3]14.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of 2010, 33,405 people, 10,040 households, and 7,369 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,514.0 people per square mile (584.5/km2). The 11,968 housing units averaged 632.3 per mi2 (244.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.52% White, 6.79% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 24.46% from other races, and 3.73% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 42.18% of the population.

Of the 10,040 households, 39.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were not families. About 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72, and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city, the age distribution was 30.4% under 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,100, and for a family was $33,017. Males had a median income of $31,352 versus $20,841 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,209. About 20.2% of families and 24.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.3% of those under age 18 and 15.5% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

The largest industries in Hobbs are mining/quarrying and oil and gas extraction, followed by retail trade and educational services.[13]

Arts and culture

Located in Hobbs are the headquarters of the Soaring Society of America and Zia Park Casino, Hotel, and Racetrack, which offers live and simulcast racing, casino games, dining, and a 154-room hotel. The property is owned and operated by Penn National Gaming, Inc..[14]

Education

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Hobbs city, New Mexico". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (February 14, 2006). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 741. ISBN 1-135-94859-3.
  5. ^ "Lea County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  6. ^ a b [Sholin, Terry M. (January 3, 2001). "History of Hobbs". Hobbs New Sun. Hobbs. Archived from the original on August 14, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
  7. ^ Archuletta, Phil T.; Holden, Sharyl (2004). Traveling New Mexico: A Guide to the Historical and State Park Markers. Sunstone Press. p. 152. ISBN 978-1-61139-117-6.
  8. ^ "SEVEN KILLED, FIVE HURT IN NITRO BLAST IN NEW MEXICO". The Helena Independent. Associated Press. June 23, 1938. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  9. ^ "U.S. Gazetteer Files: 2019: Places: New Mexico". U.S. Census Bureau Geography Division. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  10. ^ http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-AnOY3bX30oI/TZvUMicLbUI/AAAAAAAAABg/J5l2PgBA2Cc/s1600/climatemapusa2yv3.png
  11. ^ "HOBBS, NEW MEXICO - Climate Summary". Retrieved October 13, 2018.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "About Hobbs, NM". DataUSA. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "About Zia Park Casino". Zia Park Casino, Hotel & Racetrack. Retrieved November 15, 2017.
  15. ^ "Welcome - University of Southwest". usw.edu.
  16. ^ "New Mexico Junior College". www.nmjc.edu.
  17. ^ "Home - Hobbs Municipal Schools". www.hobbsschools.net.

External links

This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 16:54
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.