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Historically black colleges and universities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with the intention of primarily serving the African-American community. This was because the overwhelming majority of predominantly white institutions of higher-learning disqualified African Americans from enrollment during segregation.[1][2] From the time of slavery in the 19th century through to the second half of the 20th century, majority schools in the Southern United States prohibited all African Americans from attending, while historic schools in other parts of the country regularly employed quotas to limit admissions of blacks.[3] There are 101 HBCUs in the United States, including public and private institutions. This figure is down from the 121 institutions that existed during the 1930s.[4] Of these remaining HBCU institutions in the United States, 27 offer doctoral programs, 52 schools offer master's programs, 83 colleges offer bachelor's degree programs and 38 schools offer associate degrees.[5]

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  • Anchor Institutions: Historically Black Colleges and Universities Leading the Way
  • Historically Black Colleges and Universities
  • Why I Went To A Black College
  • Dr. Jelani Favors: Historically Black Colleges & Universities in the Black Power Movement
  • Students reflect on black, white college experiences

Transcription

>> I KNOW YOU WANTED TO ADD TO THAT COMMENT. >> AS PRESIDENT I CONSTANTLY TRIED TO PORTRAY A VERY, VERY POSITIVE IMAGE. SOMETIMES I DON'T LIKE TO TALK ABOUT THE CHALLENGES. IN A GROUP LIKE THIS, I MUST MENTION A CHALLENGE, AND I HAVE TO BE CAREFUL HOW I SAY IT BECAUSE I SEE ONE OF OUR STATE SENATORS SITTING IN THE AUDIENCE. I RECOGNIZE OUR SENATOR FROM MARYLAND. >> THAT WOULD BE MY WIFE, BY THE WAY. [ APPLAUSE ] >> WE'RE SOMETIMES CHALLENGED BY OUR RESOURCE ALLOCATION. ONE SOMETIMES ASKS, HOW CAN YOU AFFORD TO BE SPENDING MONEY ON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, COMMUNITY REVITALIZATION, COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT WHEN YOU HAVE SO MANY NEEDS OF LIMITED RESOURCE STUDENTS? YOU SHOULD BE OFFERING THEM ASSISTANCE, SCHOLARSHIPS, ET CETERA. SO WE'RE SOMETIMES BETWEEN A ROCK AND A HARD PLACE AS WE LIKE TO SAY. WITH DECLINING RESOURCES, HOW DO YOU ALLOCATE THE RESOURCES? AND THEN YOU'RE FACED WITH ANOTHER CHALLENGE. IF YOU'RE NOT CONCERNED WITH THE COMMUNITY, THEN HOW CAN YOU DEVELOP THE COMMUNITY TO ALLOW YOUNG PEOPLE TO STAY WITHIN THE COMMUNITY SO THAT THEY CAN EVENTUALLY BE YOUR STUDENTS? SO YOU REALLY HAVE TO JUGGLE THESE IDEAS AND POSITIONS AND TO BE SURE THAT YOU MAINTAIN THIS BALANCING ACT TO BE PROUD OF WHERE YOU ARE AND MEET THE STATE DEMANDS OF HAVING RELATIVELY HIGH ENROLLMENT, HIGH GRADUATION RATES, HIGH RETENTION RATES AND DO THE THINGS FOR STUDENTS THAT YOU'RE EXPECTED TO DO. SO I JUST THOUGHT I'D THROW THAT AUTO THERE AS A CHALLENGE. AGAIN, I'M DOING THIS PURPOSEFULLY TO REMIND MY H.U.D. FOLKS THAT'S WHY WE DEPEND ON THE AGENCIES, THE FEDERAL AGENCIES, TO HELP US IN THIS TRANSITION FROM SERVING NOT JUST OUR STUDENTS BUT OUR COMMUNITIES. THANK YOU. >> THANK YOU. [ APPLAUSE ] >> AND I KNOW THAT OUR H.U.D. PARTNERS WOULD SAY, YOU'RE SINGING TO THE CHOIR. BECAUSE THEY'VE BEEN GIVING US MONEY FOR A LONG TIME. AND PART OF THE REASON WHY WE'RE HERE THIS AFTERNOON IS TO SAY TO THE COUNTRY AND TO SAY TO THE ASSEMBLED AUDIENCE, THAT WITH THE FUNDS THAT H.U.D. AND THE HBCU PROGRAM MAKES AVAILABLE TO THOSE OF US ON THE GROUND, IT'S A GOOD INVESTMENT. WE ARE GOOD STEWARDS OF YOUR MONEY. YOU DON'T HAVE TO END UP WORRYING ABOUT WHETHER OR NOT THERE ARE GOING TO BE AUDITS THAT ARE GOING TO FIND THAT THERE'S BEEN WASTE AND FRAUD WHEN YOU SUPPORT THE H.U.D. OFFICE AND THE HBCU OFFICE IN PROVIDING US THOSE GRANTS AND THOSE RESOURCES. NOW, FOR US, WE KIND OF CAME IN AT THE BACK END OF THAT IN TERMS OF OUR CURRENT ADMINISTRATION. SO NOW WE'VE KIND OF LOST THOSE FUNDS. THOSE FUNDS ARE NO LONGER THERE. AND YOU ALL KNOW HOW FUNDS HAVE DRIED UP STRATEGICALLY, IT'S NO ACCIDENT HOW FUNDS HAVE DRIED UP, IN OUR COMMUNITY. SO THAT HAS FORCED US TO BE VERY RESOURCEFUL AS A C.D.C. AS WE PARTNER WITH THE UNIVERSITY, WE HAVE HAD TO APPROACH THIS FROM A FAIRLY THEORETICAL POSITION, UNDERSTANDING THAT AT THE END OF THE DAY WE'VE GOT TO GET RESOURCES. SO ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE'VE DONE IS OUR EXPERIENCE HAS ENABLED US TO KIND OF LOOK AT VERY QUICKLY I'M GOING TO GO THROUGH A THEORY OF HOW WE ARE WORKING ON TRANSFORMING OUR ORGANIZATION AND TRANSFORMING OUR NEIGHBORHOOD. I'M PROUD TO SAY THAT I HAVE A PARTNER IN THE AUDIENCE WITH PROFESSOR CLUE. PROFESSOR, CLUE COULD YOU STAND UP PLEASE? HE HAS STUDENTS HERE. PROFESSOR CLUE AND I WERE ABLE TO TAKE THE WORK THAT WE'VE DONE AND REALLY PUT IT IN A LITERARY SENSE SO THAT WE COULD SHARE IT AROUND THE COUNTRY. THAT'S WHAT WE'VE DONE. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE'VE IDENTIFIED REALLY, AND I'M GOING TO BE VERY QUICK WITH IT AND I WOULD ASK YOU TO ASK US ABOUT THE ARTICLE AND WE'LL FORWARD IT TO YOU, BUT IT LOOKS AT REALLY SIX ELEMENTS THAT WE THINK ARE IMPORTANT. THE FIRST ELEMENT IS THAT YOU HAVE TO HAVE A PLAN. SO WE INHERITED THE PLAN THAT STARTED ABOUT EIGHT YEARS AGO THAT ENVISIONED THE INFUSION OF THE RESOURCES COMING ON THE CAMPUS. THAT PLAN'S AIM WAS TO FIGURE OUT HOW WE CAN, AS I SAID, LEVERAGE THOSE FUNDS. WE MOVED THAT PLAN INTO WHAT BECAME ADOPTED BY THE CITY OF BALTIMORE AS THE GRAMMAR PLAN. WE HAVE MRS. JACKIE CARDWELL WHO IS WITH THE COMMITTEE. THAT PLAN, JACKIE, CAN YOU STAND UP SO FOLKS CAN SEE YOU? GIVE HER A HAND. [APPLAUSE] >> SO THAT PLAN ACTUALLY IS THE CITYWIDE, THE CENTRAL WEST BALTIMORE MASTER PLAN FOR OUR NEIGHBORHOOD. SO WE HAD TO PUT THAT PLAN IN PLACE, AND THAT PLAN HAD THE BUY IN OF ALL OF OUR NEIGHBORS. I WOULD JUST LIKE TO QUICKLY ASK TO RAISE YOUR HANDS IF YOU WERE THERE THAT NIGHT ON HOPKINS CAMPUS WHEN THE PLANNING DEPARTMENT CAME TO US TO ADOPT THAT PLAN. THERE WERE LOTS OF US THERE. GIVE YOURSELF A HAND FOR THAT. THERE WERE 160 OF US THERE. THEN YOU HAVE TO TAKE THAT PLAN AND PUT IT INTO ARTICULATED AGREEMENTS, WHICH WE'VE DONE. THEN YOU HAVE TO HAVE STRATEGIES THAT MAKE DEVELOPMENTAL SENSE. THERE HAD BEEN NO NEW OWNERSHIP HOUSES BUILT ON NORTH AVENUE IN THE LAST 30 YEARS. WE DON'T HAVE THE PICTURES TO SHARE WITH YOU TODAY, BUT YOU CAN COME TO BALTIMORE AND SEE BRAND NEW HOUSES THAT FOLKS ARE LIVING ON ON NORTH AVENUE. WE'VE HAD TO HAVE STRONG PARTNERS. WE'VE HAD TO FIGURE OUT HOW WE CAN DEVELOP STRONG LOCAL PARTNERSHIPS. SO WE HAVE DONE THAT IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT HAS ENABLED US TO, AS AN ORGANIZATION, ACT AS AN INTERMEDIARY. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? AN INTERMEDIARY MEANS THAT ORGANIZATION THAT KIND OF FIGURES OUT HOW TO LEVERAGE RESOURCES THAT ARE SEPARATED AND PUT THEM TOGETHER. SO THAT'S THAT'S BEEN OUR PLAN AND THAT IS WHAT IT'S ENABLED US TO DO. SO THE C.D.C. HAS BEEN ACTING AS A MEDIARY TO GAIN RESOURCES AND BRING THEM BACK TO OUR COMMUNITY. THE FIRST INTERMEDIARY GROUP THAT THE C.D.C. WORKS WITH AND WE'RE PROUD OF IS OUR STUDENTS AND FACULTY AT COMPTON STATE UNIVERSITY. WE HAVE THEM HERE WITH US TODAY. WE WORK ON PARTNERSHIPS WHERE WE HAVE OUR STUDENTS GOING INTO THE NEIGHBORHOOD WHERE WE WORK TOGETHER AND JOINTLY ON ISSUES. WE'RE LOOKING FORWARD TO EVEN MORE OF THAT AS WE HAVE MORE FACULTY TO JOIN OUR BOARD, AND WE HAVE A NEW CLERGY CAUCUS THAT'S NOW BEEN FORMED. ANOTHER INTERMEDIARY KIND OF GROUP THAT THE C.D.C. IS SAYING, COME ON INTO THE FOLD. AS I SAID, WE BUILT THE HOMES ON NORTH AVENUE AND WE'VE BUILT THOSE WITH H.U.D. FUNDING. I'M LOOKING AT THE STANDARD HOUSING PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT PIECE ON THERE. WE BUILT THOSE WITH H.U.D. FUNDING, BUT WE ALSO WENT TO CDBG AND WE GOT $30,000 WORTH OF SUBSIDIES FOR THE MEMBERS FOR FOLK WHO WERE GOING TO BUY THOSE HOMES SO THEY REMAINED LOW TO MODERATE INCOME HOUSES. WE'RE AN INTERMEDIARY WITH OUR LOCAL PUBLIC SCHOOLS. SO WE'VE WORKED VERY CLOSELY WITH MATTHEW HENSON WHICH IS ONE OF OUR NEIGHBORHOOD SCHOOLS AND A COUPLE OF OUR OTHER SCHOOLS. WE HAVE COMPTON ACADEMY ON THE CAMPUS THAT THE UNIVERSITY HAS A TRADITION OF WORKING WITH. WE'RE IN THE PROCESS NOW OF NEGOTIATING WITH OTHER SCHOOLS NOW. WE'VE RAISED MONEY TO DO THINGS LIKE WE'VE TAKEN $25,000 TO EASTERWOOD PARK. WE'VE RENOVATED THAT. WE'VE PUT BENCHES AND TABLES OUT THERE. IT WAS A CHALLENGE BUT OUR MONEY WAS VERY HELPFUL IN THAT. THOSE ARE LOCAL PARTNERSHIPS AND WE COULD GO ON, BUT I'M NOT. THAT HAS ENABLED US TO NOW MOVE TO A LEVEL WHERE WE HAVE NATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS. WE'VE MOST RECENTLY DEVELOPED A NATIONAL PARTNERSHIP WITH THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR EQUAL OPPORTUNITY AND HIGHER EDUCATION. I'M PROUD TO SAY WE HAVE THEIR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR HERE, DR. BASKOVILLE. WILL YOU STAND UP? [APPLAUSE] >> SHE'S OUR PARTNER IN CRIME IN BEGGING FOR MONEY. >> IN CASE YOU DON'T KNOW, THE ACRONYM FOR THAT, THAT STANDS FOR THE COALITION OF ALL THE HBCUs AROUND THE COUNTRY. SO WE'VE GOTTEN IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THEM. SRP DEVELOPMENT WHICH IS THE DEVELOPMENT MANAGER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT MANAGEMENT WORK THAT IS TAKING PLACE AROUND THE COUNTRY BECAUSE, AS A RESULT OF US BEING A PART OF THIS NATIONAL COALITION NOW, WE ARE IN PARTNERSHIP WITH HBCUs AROUND THE COUNTRY. WE HAVE MR. RON BUTLER HERE FROM THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACTION COALITION. SAY HELLO, RON. HOW YOU DOING? >> [APPLAUSE] >> HE REPRESENTS THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS FROM AROUND THE COUNTRY. SO THIS HAS ENABLED US NOW TO BEGIN TO PULL RESOURCES TOGETHER. SO ONE OF THE THINGS WE'RE LOOKING AT NOW IS WHAT HAS BECOME ONE OF OUR SIGNATURE KIND OF MOMENTS THAT WE ARE WORKING ON. THAT IS OUR CENTER FOR HEALTH CARE AND HEALTHY LIVING. THE UNIVERSITY HAD THE HEBREW OR FAN CENTER BUILT IN 1873. WE SAID, WHAT CAN BE DONE WITH THIS BUILDING? WE DID A FEASIBILITY STUDY. WHAT THEY SAID IS WE NEED HEALTH CARE. WE'RE REALLY STARVING FOR HEALTH CARE IN OUR NEIGHBORHOOD. IF YOU AND THE UNIVERSITY COULD COME TOGETHER AND FIGURE OUT A WAY TO PROVIDE HEALTH CARE FOR US, THAT WOULD BE A WONDERFUL THING. SO WE ARE, I THINK, MONTHS AWAY AFTER WE GET THROUGH. I'M GOING TO ASK MR. TAYLOR TO SAY A FEW WORDS ABOUT THAT. BUT I THINK WE'RE MONTHS AWAY NOW FROM BEGINNING CONSTRUCTION AND CLOSING ON THAT BUILDING THAT'S GOING TO HAVE A BEHAVIORAL HEALTH CLINIC, A PHARMACY AND A DENTAL CLINIC RIGHT ON SITE. FOR US, IN OUR NEIGHBORHOOD WHICH HAS THE HIGHEST HEALTH CARE DISPARITIES IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, I'M GOING TO STOP AND SAY THAT AGAIN. OUR NEIGHBORHOOD HAS THE HIGHEST HEALTH CARE DISPARITIES IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, WE'RE DELIVERING ACCESS AND AFFORDABLE HEALTH CARE TO OUR NEIGHBORHOOD. YOU OUGHT TO GIVE YOURSELVES A HAND. [APPLAUSE] >> AND WE'VE RAISED MONEY. WE HAVE HISTORIC TAX CREDITS THAT ARE A PART OF THAT. WE HAVE FEDERAL NEW MARKET TAX CREDITS, WE HAVE CREDIT FUNDING AND BANK FUNDING AND PRIVATE FOUNDATION MONEY. THAT BUILDING IS GOING TO COST US ABOUT $12.5 MILLION AND ON THE VERGE OF GOING TO THE PHILANTHROPIC COMMUNITY AND GETTING $2.5 MILLION. FINALLY, BEFORE WE TURN THIS OVER TO YOU SO YOU CAN INTERACT WITH US AND HAVE QUESTIONS AND A DISCUSSION WITH US, WE HAVE THE POTENTIAL FOR AN URBAN FARM. RIGHT NOW IT'S VERY MUCH IN THE VISIONING STAGES. WE KNOW THAT WE HAVE AVAILABLE LAND BECAUSE AT ONE POINT IN TIME THE UNIVERSITY WAS GOING TO USE THAT LAND TO BUILD ON IT. BUT WHEN THE UNIVERSITY DECIDED THAT THEY WERE GOING TO FOCUS ON THE BUILDINGS THAT WERE ON CAMPUS [AUDIO PROBLEMS] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] WHEN WE GATHER AS A STAFF AND A COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THIS UNIVERSITY, THAT IS GOING TO BE A STRUGGLE FOR US. WE REALIZE THAT. EVERY DAY WE COME IN AND WE STRUGGLE WITH EXCELLENCE AND INTEGRITY. WE THINK IF WE CONTINUE TO STAY FOCUSED LIKE THAT AND CONTINUE TO BUILD WILLING PARTNERS, LIKE THE UNIVERSITY AND OUR NATIONAL PARTNERS AND OUR LOCAL PARTNERS, THAT WE'RE GOING TO BE ON THE RIGHT ROAD. SO THANK YOU. WE'RE GOING TO TAKE A FEW MINUTES AND TAKE YOUR QUESTIONS NOW, TAKE YOUR COMMENTS NOW. [APPLAUSE] >> MR. TAYLOR, WILL YOU SAY A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHAT I WANT YOU TO SPEAK TO IS MR. TAYLOR HAS BECOME ONE OF OUR FAST FRIENDS IN THE LAST SIX MONTHS. AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO CLEARLY ARTICULATE IS HOW DIFFICULT IT IS TO GET FINANCIAL SUPPORT IN OUR NEIGHBORHOODS. WHEN BANKS AND FOUNDATIONS CAN COME IN AND PROCESS PER ON DOING BUSINESS WITH US. THEY CHOOSE NOT TO DO THAT. SO, YOU KNOW, I'M SO GLAD TO BE ABLE TO ASK MR. TAYLOR TO SAY A FEW WORDS. RIGHT NOW, PAUL, I WANT YOU TO SPEAK IN ENGLISH. PAUL KNOWS FINANCE SPEAK. SO WHEN WE GO INTO BANKS AND THE BIG CORPORATIONS, PAUL CAN SPEAK THE LANGUAGE THAT NONE OF US CAN SPEAK. SO TODAY, MR. TAYLOR, I WANT YOU TO SPEAK IN PLAIN LANGUAGE TO US, OKAY? >> BREAK IT DOWN. ONE OF THE THINGS HE'S SPEAKING TO THIS PROJECT, H.O.A., I'M GOING TO SHARE SOMETHING WITH YOU THAT WILL JUST TOUCH YOUR BONES. THIS PROJECT AT $12.5 MILLION, THEY HAVE ALL BUT $2.5 MILLION IN GRANTS, IN SOME FORM OF GRANT. SO $2.5 MILLION YOU WOULD THINK WOULD BE EASY ON AN ASSET THAT'S GOT A VALUE OF $15 MILLION. THEY'VE HAD GREAT DIFFICULTY GETTING BANKS TO EVEN COME AND TAKE A PACKAGE. THE BUILDING IS LEASED OUT 100% TO ONE OF THE TOP HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS IN THE CITY OF BALTIMORE. IN LAYMAN'S SPEAK, BANKS USE RATIO TO DETERMINE THE RISK OF A LOAN. WE'RE EXCEEDING THAT RATIO. WE HAD A WALKTHROUGH, I WON'T MENTION THE BANK'S NAME. WE HAD A WALKTHROUGH, IT WAS AMAZING, DOCTOR. THE GUY PULLED ME ON THE SIDE, HE SAYS, PAUL, DO YOU THINK YOU CAN GET ONE OF YOUR BLACK CAUCUS MEMBERS TO MAKE A CALL TO THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR AT THE BANK BECAUSE WE MIGHT NEED SOME HELP. I SAID, NEED SOME HELP DOING WHAT? THIS DEAL SHOULD NOT EVEN BE AN ISSUE. SO THOSE ARE THE CHALLENGES THAT YOU'RE DEALING WITH WHEN YOU'RE DEALING IN A CITY LIKE BALTIMORE. THAT ALSO CREATES AN OPPORTUNITY. BECAUSE THEY KNOW AT THE END OF THE DAY, I'M GOING TO GO BACK AND I HAVE A PARTNER IN THIS DOCTOR. I'M GOING TO REPORT TO HER. YOU HAVE NOT SEEN HER GO. SHE CAN GO. I WAS ALSO ASKED TO DO THIS ENDEAVOR WITH A GOOD FRIEND OF MINE CALLED MAXINE WATERS WHO IS OVER FINANCIAL SERVICES ON THE DEMOCRATIC SIDE. THEIR LEAD CHAIR. SO THE THINGS WE HAVE TO DO AS WE GO INTO THESE COMMUNITIES IS UNDERSTAND, WE HAVE TO BE SMART WITH HOW WE ASSEMBLE THE PACKAGE AND HOW WE ASSEMBLE THE TEAM. THAT'S WHAT WE'VE TRIED TO DO. THE PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE HBCU COALITION, RON BUTLER'S GROUP [AUDIO PROBLEMS] [ PLEASE STAND BY ] MAKE SURE THEY'RE GETTING PAID. A LOT OF DEVELOPMENT HAPPENS IN OUR COMMUNITIES AND OUR COMMUNITIES NEVER EARN THE FEE. WE HAVE TO PUT THE FEE BACK IN THE COMMUNITY. IF NOT, WE'RE NOT GOING TO BE SUCCESSFUL. SO THAT'S ONE OF THE OTHER THINGS THAT WE DID. WELL, THEN THERE'S ANOTHER PIECE, I'M TRYING TO KEEP IT SIMPLE, THAT YOU HAD TO HAVE DEVELOPMENT MANAGERS OR CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS. YOU'RE PAYING FOR THEM EVERY DAY. SO COMPTON HAS A DEVELOPMENT MANAGER, ALONG WITH OUR GROUP. HOW ARE THEY GOING TO LEARN? WE'RE GOING TO TEACH THEM. THEY EARN A FEE FOR THAT, TOO. THE URBAN FARM COMPONENT, WE WORK NATIONALLY. ONE OF OUR INVESTMENT BANKING FIRMS, I'M MEETING WITH THEM ON THE WHOLE NATIONAL HBCU THING. ONE CONVERSATION LEADS TO ANOTHER. WE TALKED ABOUT URBAN FARMING. OH, ONE OF OUR SUCCESSFUL INVESTMENT BANKERS LEFT TO RUN THE ENTIRE CITY OF ST. LOUIS URBAN FARM PROGRAM. ONE OF THE TOP FARM PROGRAMS IN THE COUNTRY. I PLANTED AN IDEA, I SAID, WOULD YOU MIND WORKING WITH US NATIONALLY TO JOIN UP FOR ALL THE HBCUs? IT DIDN'T TAKE HIM TWO SECONDS, YES, WE WILL. SO THESE ARE SOME OF THE THINGS THAT'S HAPPENING IN THE COMMUNITIES THAT CAN CHANGE THINGS, BUT IT'S A SACRIFICE. BUT WE'VE GOT TO UNDERSTAND ONE IMPORTANT FACTOR. WHEN WE DEVELOP, IT'S IMPORTANT TO FEEDBACK TO THAT UNIVERSITY. THEY HAVE TO HAVE A SUCCESS. FEEDBACK TO THE C.D.C., THAT'S THE COMMUNITY. IT HAS TO BE SUCCESSFUL. EVERYBODY SAYS HOW CAN YOU DO THAT AND PAY EVERYBODY ELSE? WE'VE LOWERED THE COST OF THIS PROJECT SINCE WE'VE BEEN ON BOARD A MILLION AND A HALF AND THEY WEREN'T GETTING PAID AT FIRST. COSTS WENT DOWN AND NOW THEY'RE GETTING PAID AS DEVELOPERS. DO THE MATH. THE WEALTH IS IN OUR COMMUNITY. WE CAN'T LEAVE IT OUT. LAST POINT ON THIS. THE OTHER THING WE'VE GOT TO DO WHEN WE GET IN OUR COMMUNITIES. DON'T LET PEOPLE PIRATE OFF THE KNOWLEDGE AND THE TECHNOLOGY. WE BRING KNOWLEDGE AND TECHNOLOGY. ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS THAT HAPPENED, DR. RODWELL KNOWS THIS. QUIETLY THE ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS PULLED US ASIDE. WE'VE GOT ANOTHER PROJECT HERE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF NORTH AVENUE, WOULD YOU MIND WORKING WITH US? I SAID WE ONLY WORK FOR NON PROFITS. AS LONG AS COMPTON IS A NON PROFIT, YOU GOT ME. GUESS WHAT? NOW WE'RE DISCUSSING THAT AND THAT'S A 250 UNIT SENIOR HOUSING TOWNHOME ASSISTED LIVING AND ANOTHER COMPONENT. THAT'S ON THE TABLE SIMPLY BECAUSE WE'RE WORKING WITH COMPTON BUT ON NORTH AVENUE. JUST TRY TO KEEP THOSE THINGS IN PERSPECTIVE AS IT KIND OF WORKS. IT TAKES A TEAM AND IT TAKES A PARTNERSHIP. [ APPLAUSE ] >> THANK YOU, MR. TAYLOR. LET'S HAVE REGULAR ENGLISH LANGUAGE, COULD YOU ALL UNDERSTAND THAT? OKAY. >> MY NAME IS REVEREND GRAY. I OPERATE AN OUTREACH CENTER FOR YOUTH IN THAT SAME AREA WHERE THE HEBREW ORPHANAGE AND THE FARM. I'M ON HARLEM AVENUE. MY CONCERNS ARE, FIRST OF ALL, I KNOW WE MENTIONED RECREATION. WE DEFINITELY NEED THAT IN THAT AREA. KIDS ARE ON EVERY CORNER. OF COURSE I'M GLAD TO BE PROUD OF A FAITH BASED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. I THINK THAT WAS A VERY SMART MOVE. I WOULD LIKE TO GIVE YOU A ROUND OF APPLAUSE FOR ORGANIZING ALL THE CLERGY HERE TODAY TO BE A PART OF THAT OUTREACH. I THOUGHT I DIED AND WENT TO HEAVEN WHEN YOU PULLED THAT OFF. BUT AGAIN, ON A SERIOUS NOTE, I'VE BEEN HEARING AND LISTENING. WE'RE OVERLOOKING THREE POPULATIONS THAT HAVE FINANCES SINCE THERE'S TALK THE DOCTOR WAS TALKING ABOUT INVESTMENTS. DON'T FORGET THE ENTERTAINMENT COMMUNITY. THE HIP HOP WORLD HAS GOT LOTS OF MONEY, BUT THEY'RE IN CIRCLES. I THANK GOD FOR RUSSELL SIMMONS AND BEN SHAVERS TRYING TO DIRECT THOSE MILLIONAIRES. THE OTHERS IS YOUR ATHLETES. THEY GOT PLENTY OF MONEY. I THINK COMPTON IS IN A UNIQUE POSITION TO APPEAL TO THOSE YOUNG ENTERTAINERS AND ATHLETES AND ARTISTS. AND ALSO PERFORMERS, MOVIE STARS. I THINK AS YOU DEVELOP THE CORPORATION, I THINK THERE SHOULD BE A COMMITTEE TO SPECIFY IN GOING AFTER THE ATHLETES, GOING AFTER THE ENTERTAINERS AND GOING AFTER THE PERFORMING ARTISTS BECAUSE THEY'VE GOT TONS OF MONEY THEY'RE SITTING ON. THANK YOU. I'M WILLING TO WORK WITH YOU TO HELP BRING SOME OF THAT MONEY HOME. >> THANK YOU, REVEREND. >> IS THERE ANY OTHER QUESTIONS, COMMENTS? >> WE REALLY APPRECIATE THE COMMENTS REGARDING THE CLERGY BECAUSE I THINK SOME OF US CONFESS THAT IN MOST OF OUR MINORITY COMMUNITIES, THE GREATEST RESOURCE IS THE CHURCH. THE CHURCH CAN ALSO BE OUR GREATEST SOURCE OF RECRUITMENT AND MENTORING OF OUR STUDENTS AND OUR YOUNGSTERS. I ALWAYS SAY THAT IF YOU GO TO A COMMUNITY AND YOU SEE ONLY SIX TO 16 AND SIX TO SIX AND ABOVE, THEN THAT'S A DYING COMMUNITY. I MUST SAY IN BALTIMORE THAT'S A LITTLE DIFFERENT. WE SEE A GOOD NUMBER OF YOUNGSTERS ENGAGED WITH THE CHURCHES. WE WANT THAT TO CONTINUE. COMPTON IS COMMITTED TO WORKING WITH THE CLERGY TO MAKE THIS HAPPEN. [APPLAUSE] [INAUDIBLE] >> A PIECE OF INFORMATION. >> I JUST WANTED TO OFFER THE PEOPLE ASSEMBLED HERE, THE HBCUs BOTH AN OPPORTUNITY AND A CHALLENGE. THE OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIPS UNDER WHICH THE HBCU PROGRAM IS HOUSED IS ALSO A PART OF THE OFFICE OF POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH HERE AT H.U.D. WE NOW HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT UNSOLICITED RESEARCH PROPOSALS THAT ADDRESS CURRENT RESEARCH PRIORITIES. ONE OF OUR RESEARCH PRIORITIES THAT WE FOUGHT AND WERE SUCCESSFUL IN GETTING INCLUDED AS A PRIORITY IS UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE AND EFFECTS OF ANCHOR INSTITUTIONS, FOR EXAMPLE, UNIVERSITIES, HOSPITALS AND CHURCHES, ON THE REVITALIZATION OF DISTRESSED COMMUNITIES, PARTICULARLY WHEN THE ANGTER INSTITUTION ENGAGES IN THE COMMUNITY AND FORMS PARTNERSHIPS WITH STAKEHOLDERS FOR COMMUNITY CHANGE. THIS IS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR US TO ENGAGE IN RESEARCH. AS YOU UNDERSTAND, INFORMATION IS KNOWLEDGE. WE WANT TO SPREAD THE WORD IN TERMS OF THE EFFECT OF THESE PARTNERSHIPS ON OUR COMMUNITY IN TERMS OF SOME VERY, VERY IMPORTANT RESEARCH THAT NEEDS TO OCCUR. THE CHALLENGE PART OF IT NOT ONLY IS THE RESEARCH BUT ALSO THE FACT THAT THERE'S A REQUIREMENT OF A 50% MATCH FOR THIS RESEARCH FROM EITHER PHILANTHROPICS, STATE OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOURCE. THIS IS AN OPPORTUNITY AND A CHALLENGE, AND I HOPE THAT WE WILL HEAR FROM SOME OF OUR HBCUs TO RISE TO THE CHALLENGE SO WE CAN GET THE INFORMATION OUT IN AN ORDERLY WAY IN REGARDS TO THE IMPACT ON THESE VERY, VERY SUCCESSFUL PROGRAMS LONG TERM IN OUR COMMUNITY. >> COULD YOU GIVE US THE SITE? >> YOU CAN GET IT SEVERAL DIFFERENT WAYS. IT'S INCLUDED IN THE MARCH 21st FEDERAL REGISTER OF 2014. YOU CAN ALSO GET INFORMATION ON IT FROM THE OFFICE OF UNIVERSITY PARTNERSHIP WEBSITE OR THE H.U.D. USER WEBSITE. SO THERE ARE SEVERAL DIFFERENT WAYS YOU CAN GET IT. WE WILL CERTAINLY TRY TO FIND SOME CREATIVE WAYS TO GET THE WORD OUT IN REGARDS TO HOW YOU CAN GET MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS RESEARCH OPPORTUNITY. >> THANK YOU, KINNARD. IT'S GOOD TO SEE YOU. MR. WRIGHT HAS BEEN AROUND FOR A LONG TIME ABOUT 20 YEARS. I'M SORRY, WAS IT TWO YEARS AGO? [ LAUGHING ] >> I SINCERELY HOPE FOR THE HBCUs, YOU WILL ALLOW FOR IN KIND MATCHING. >> THANKS, KINNARD, FOR THAT INFORMATION. I HOPE THAT, AS HE SAID, I HOPE THE HBCUs WILL TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE OPPORTUNITY TO PARTICIPATE IN THAT PROGRAM. I'D LIKE AT THIS TIME BEFORE WE CLOSE TO ACKNOWLEDGE SOME PEOPLE HAVE ALREADY BEEN ACKNOWLEDGED, BUT I WOULD LIKE FOR YOU TO KNOW THAT WE HAVE REPRESENTATIVES HERE FROM OTHER HBCUs. WE HAVE MORGAN STATE IN THE BACK. WE HAVE A DISPLAY TABLE ON THE SIDE. WE HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM BUI STATE UNIVERSITY. WE HAVE HOWARD UNIVERSITY IN THE HOUSE. AND OF COURSE WE HAVE COMPTON STATE UNIVERSITY. IN FACT, WE HAVE A WHOLE BUS LOAD OF 30 TO 50 PEOPLE THAT CAME DOWN ON A BUS TO SUPPORT THEIR C.D.C. AND THEIR PRESIDENT. >> CAN YOU ASK THE COMPTON CONTINGENT TO PLEASE STAND, PLEASE STAND, SO THEY CAN BE RECOGNIZED. LOOK AT THAT. COMPTON IS IN THE HOUSE. >> AND WE ALSO HAVE ONE OF THE STATE SENATORS FROM MARYLAND ALSO SUPPORTING THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF THE C.D.C., AS WELL AS COMPTON STATE UNIVERSITY. IT'S ALWAYS NICE TO SUPPORT YOUR HUSBAND, RIGHT, AS PARTNERS. WE ALSO, I DON'T KNOW WHETHER WE STILL HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE WHITE HOUSE INITIATIVE FOR HBCU. I BELIEVE MR. BLAKELY HAS LEFT US. AT LEAST HE WAS HERE. WE HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM FEDERAL AGENCIES. WE HAVE TREASURY, EPA, USDA AND HHS HAS REPRESENTATIVES AND ONE OF THEIR CONTRACTORS. [INAUDIBLE] THEY HAVE A TABLE SET UP IN THE CORNER. I HOPE YOU WILL GO BY THE TABLES AND SEE WHAT THEY HAVE AS HANDOUTS. WE ALSO HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM THE HBCU COALITION, MR. BUTLER HAS ALREADY BEEN RECOGNIZED. WE ALSO HAVE MR. TOM DAHL WHO WAS LISTED AS A PARTNER WORKING WITH HBCUs. WE HAVE ROBERT JENKINS WHO IS ANOTHER PARTNER WORKING WITH THE HBCUs. YOU'VE ALREADY HEARD FROM PAUL TAYLOR WHO IS WORKING WITH THE HBCU. HBCUs. WE HAVE LESLIE BASKOVILLE. LESLIE, WOULD YOU LIKE TO SAY ANYTHING? [INAUDIBLE] >> THANK YOU. I JUST WANT TO THANK YOU, MS. WILSON, MS. IVEY, FOR ALL THEY DO UNDER CHALLENGING CIRCUMSTANCES. THE HBCU MSI PROGRAM HASN'T BEEN FUNDED IN YEARS. OTHER PERSONS WOULD TURN OVER AND DECIDE THAT THE PROGRAM IS DEAD AND THAT WOULD BE THE END OF IT. PEOPLE HERE DECIDE TO FIGHT FOR AND MORE IMPORTANTLY REVENUE THE RESOURCES THAT ARE LEFT. THE HUMAN RESOURCES, THE RESOURCES IN OTHER PARTS OF H.U.D., RESOURCES IN OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES, BUT CONTINUING TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY'RE USING ALL OF THE ACCESS AND ALL OF THE RESOURCES WITHIN THEIR CAPACITY TO KEEP HOPE ALIVE AND TO POSITION US TO GO ON UNTIL WE'RE ABLE TO DO SOMETHING. I'M PRIVILEGED TO HAVE AS MY PRIMARY TASK WORKING WITH THE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS AND WITH STATE LEGISLATORS TO TRY AND IDENTIFY RESOURCES FOR HBCUs AND PBIs. EACH YEAR WE INTRODUCE IN OUR BUDGET, A JOINT BUDGET REPRESENTING PRIVATE AND PUBLIC HBCUs, TO INCLUDE IN THERE REFUNDING FOR THE H.U.D. HBCU MSI PROGRAM. WE'VE DONE IT AGAIN THIS YEAR. I WOULD LIKE VERY MUCH FOR YOU ALL TO GIVE ME PERMISSION TO GET FROM H.U.D. YOUR NAMES AND E MAIL ADDRESSES SO I CAN SEND YOU A LETTER, A FORM LETTER. I NEED YOUR HELP. IF THOSE OF YOU WHO ARE HERE TODAY SAY MANY THINGS ARE HAPPENING AT COMPTON STATE, AT MORGAN STATE, OTHER PLACES REPRESENTED. BECAUSE OF THAT PROGRAM WE NEED IT BACK, IT WILL GIVE US ADDITIONAL LEVERAGE TO MAKE THE CASE FOR CONTINUING FUNDING. I TRULY WANT TO THANK YOU ALL SO VERY MUCH FOR ALL THAT YOU DO AND TELL YOU HOW PRIVILEGED I AM TO STAND WITH AND FOR YOU. THANK YOU. [APPLAUSE] >> I HAVE ONE OTHER PERSON THAT IS NOW WITH THE PRINCE GEORGES COUNTY GOVERNMENT, BUT THIS PERSON WAS VERY INSTRUMENTAL IN SHAPING THE HBCU PROGRAM IN THE EARLY DAYS. THAT IS MR. KENNETH WILLIAMS. WOULD YOU LIKE TO SAY A FEW MAKE A FEW REMARKS, MR. WILLIAMS? [INAUDIBLE] >> THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I WON'T BE LONG. GOOD EVENING. MY NAME IS KEN WILLIAMS. I WAS HERE AT H.U.D. DURING CLINTON ADMINISTRATION FOR BOTH TERMS WORKING FOR BOTH SECRETARY CISNEROS AND LATER ON FOR SECRETARY CUOMO. ONE OF MY PRIDE AND JOYS WAS TO HAVE OPERATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE HBCU PROGRAM. IT IS THERE WHERE, LIKE YOU SAID, WORKING AT H.U.D. WAS A JOY. IT WAS A VERY CHALLENGING JOY, BUT YOU HAVE TO ADMIT, WHEN OUR ADMINISTRATION LEFT, WE HAD TURNED AMERICA AROUND. SO I LIKE TO THINK THAT, AS I WAS LOOKING AT THE CHART IN HERE IN YOUR FOLDER, YOU SEE THE FUNDING OVER THE YEARS. I NOTICED HOW AFTER 2010, IT'S JUST QUIET. THAT'S BECAUSE, AGAIN, YOU'RE IN A FIGHT. NO MATTER HOW WELL WE'RE HERE TODAY, IT'S LIKE THE CHOIR TALKING TO EACH OTHER, THIS IS GREAT. I'M GLAD TO BE A PART OF THIS TODAY. BUT WE HAVE TO TAKE THE MESSAGE BACK OUT. IT'S TIME TO HIT THE STREETS AGAIN. YOU HAVE TO LET THE APPROPRIATORS KNOW THAT THE RESOURCES ARE NEEDED FOR THIS PROGRAM. THEY HAVE TO HEAR IT. IT. I'M IN PRINCE GEORGES COUNTY GOVERNMENT NOW. I LOOK FORWARD TO WHERE IS THE BUI STATE IN THE HOUSE. I WANT BUI TO GET TO KNOW ME. WE HAVE A LOT GOING ON IN PRINCE GEORGES COUNTY. IF YOU WANT TO BRING THIS OVER, I THINK IT WOULD BE A GOOD THING TO DO TO WORK TOGETHER TO USE OUR TERRITORIES TO REALLY SHOW WHAT THE HBCU PROGRAMS ARE DOING, NOT ONLY WHERE WE ALL LIVE AND WORK BUT NATIONWIDE TO BRING THE MESSAGE BACK AND TAKE IT EVEN HIGHER. AGAIN, I THANK YOU ALL FOR SUPPORTING THE OFFICE OF PARTNERSHIP AND ALL THE WONDERFUL PEOPLE, THE DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY BEING HERE AND HER TEAM. LET YOU KNOW I'M STILL A FRIEND OF YOURS. >> THANK YOU. [APPLAUSE] >> I'M NOW GOING TO TURN IT OVER TO SHERONE TO SAY THE GOODBYES TO EVERYONE. >> I'LL JUST STAND HERE AND MAKE IT VERY, VERY QUICK. I JUST WANT TO THANK ALL OF OUR PANELISTS. THANK YOU SO MUCH. AND ALL OF YOU, BECAUSE I KNOW YOU'VE BEEN HERE FOR A LONG TIME. BUT I THINK YOU GOT SOME GOOD INFORMATION AND LEARNED A LOT ABOUT WHAT CAN BE DONE AND WHAT THESE HBCUs HAVE DONE. THESE WERE TWO WONDERFUL EXAMPLES. THERE ARE ALMOST 105 HBCUs, MANY OF THEM WERE OUR GRANTEES AND HAVE DONE MARVELOUS WORK. EVERYTHING HAS NOT BEEN ROSES. WE HAVE DEFINITELY HAD OUR CHALLENGES, EVEN WITH GETTING SOME OF THE WORK IMPLEMENTED. I CAN TELL YOU FROM MY PERSPECTIVE, AND I'M PROBABLY THE NEWEST PERSON IN OUR OFFICE, BUT IT'S BEEN A PLEASURE WORKING WITH YOU, EVEN WORKING THROUGH THE CHALLENGES. BECAUSE I THINK IT'S JUST SO IMPORTANT WHEN COLLEGES I KNOW THE SCHOOLS HAVE TO DO, THEIR PRIMARY MISSION IS TO EDUCATE YOUNG PEOPLE BECAUSE THEY ARE GOING TO BE OUR LEADERS. I ALWAYS WONDER WHEN FUNDS ARE CUT, SOME OF THE FIRST PLACES THEY GO IS EDUCATION, YOU KNOW. WHETHER IT'S K 12 OR UNIVERSITIES. I'M ALWAYS WONDERING AND I ALWAYS THINK, EVEN I CAN FIGURE THIS OUT AND I DON'T HAVE ANY CHILDREN, I THINK YOUR BIGGEST INVESTMENT ARE THE YOUNG PEOPLE. THE WORK HBCUs DO, THEY DO A MARVELOUS JOB EDUCATING OUR YOUTH. WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT THE WORK AND THE STRETCH THAT HAS TO BE MADE AND OFTEN A NECESSARY STRETCH, IT'S MARVELOUS THE WORK THEY'RE DOING IN COMMUNITIES. THE ONE THING WHILE THE STORIES ARE DIFFERENT FOR THE DIFFERENT SCHOOLS AND THE REASONS THEY'VE DONE THESE THINGS, SOME THINGS ARE KIND OF COMMON. THAT'S THAT THEY REALIZE CLEARLY THEY'RE ANCHOR INSTITUTIONS. THEY'RE THERE, THEY'RE AN ECONOMIC ENGINE AND THAT'S IMPORTANT, AND THEY ARE DRIVERS. BUT THEY'VE USED THAT IN POSITIVE WAYS. BUT THE THING IS, IF YOU'VE NOTICED THE THEME, IT'S NOT THE SCHOOL SAYING, WELL, WE KNOW WHAT'S BEST FOR YOU, COMMUNITY. IT'S GETTING TOGETHER AND DOING IT IN PARTNERSHIP IN A COLLABORATION AND, AS YOU SAID, ENGAGEMENT. THAT'S KEY. IF YOU DON'T GO AWAY WITH ANYTHING BUT THAT, I THINK THAT'S VERY IMPORTANT. AGAIN, I APPLAUD THE WORK THAT'S BEING DONE. I KNOW THERE'S LOTS MORE THAT HAS TO BE DONE. I THINK WE'RE ALL UP TO THE CHALLENGE. I KNOW WE LOOK FORWARD TO CONTINUING TO DO THE WORK. WHILE WE HAVE CHALLENGING TIMES, WE DO WANT TO KEEP WORKING WITH PEOPLE AND FIGURING OUT WAYS TO HELP IN WHATEVER WAY WE CAN AND HOPEFULLY AT SOME POINT, MAYBE WE'LL HAVE ADDITIONAL FUNDING TO PUT OUT IN COMMUNITIES. THAT WOULD REALLY BE NICE. EITHER WAY, WE'RE HERE TO HELP. IF THERE'S ANY WAY WE CAN FACILITATE MEETINGS LIKE THIS, WHATEVER WE NEED TO DO, WE'RE MORE THAN HAPPY TO TRY TO DO THAT. AGAIN, THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE. UNLESS WE HAVE ANY OTHER QUESTIONS, I THINK WE'RE DONE. HAVE A GOOD EVENING AND SAFE TRAVEL. [APPLAUSE] CAPTIONING PROVIDED BY CAPTION ASSOCIATES, LLC WWW.CAPTIONASSOCIATES.COM >> HI. THIS IS SACRAMENTO. PLEASE STAND BY. THIS EVENT WILL BEGIN SHORTLY. >> SIX TOTAL? >> YES. >> VERY GOOD. THANKS. IS EVERYBODY THERE THAT NEEDS TO BE THERE? >> YES. MARIE IS SICK SO SHE CANNOT ATTEND. >> OKAY. HOW ABOUT SACRAMENTO? >> SACRAMENTO, WE'RE ALL HERE. WE'RE ALL HERE. >> ALL RIGHT. THAT'S GOOD. THEN WE CAN GO AHEAD AND GET STARTED. WHAT I WAS ASKED TO SHOW YOU TODAY IS HOW TO CONNECT TO THE H.U.D. NETWORK FROM HOME. LET ME START OFF BY SAYING I AM SORRY ABOUT YOUR SITUATION. I'M GOING TO TRY TO HELP YOU WITH THE TRANSITION THE BEST I CAN. DID EVERYBODY RECEIVE A H.U.D. LAPTOP NOW TO USE AT THEIR HOME? OR WILL YOU BE SIGNING IN FROM YOUR HOME PC AS WELL, SOME OF YOU? >> WE RECEIVED OURS TODAY. IT'S NOT BEEN TRANSFERRED YET. I THINK I.T. SHOULD BE HERE SHORTLY. >> TWO EMPLOYEES IN FRESNO, THE LAPTOPS JUST CAME TODAY. >> BUT YOU ARE GOING TO USE THOSE LAPTOPS. >> YES. >> HOW ABOUT SACRAMENTO, IS EVERYBODY GOING TO BE USING A LAPTOP? THAT WAY I CAN CONCENTRATE ON ONE WAY TO SIGN IN. >> FOR SACRAMENTO, WE DID RECEIVE [INAUDIBLE]. WE DIDN'T OPEN THEM UP. I THINK TWO PEOPLE ALREADY HAVE THEIR LAPTOPS. >> OKAY. THAT WILL MAKE THINGS EASIER. SO EVERYBODY IS GOING TO HAVE A LAPTOP. THE FIRST THING WE NEED TO MAKE SURE IS YOU HAVE WHATEVER I.T. PERSON COMES IN THERE THAT DOES YOUR SERVICE. YOU WANT THEM TO SET IT UP LIKE YOUR REGULAR WORKSTATION THERE FOR YOU THE FIRST TIME. IT'S CRITICAL THAT YOU GET LOGGED IN WHILE YOU'RE IN YOUR CURRENT OFFICE SO YOU ESTABLISH YOUR PROFILE ON THAT MACHINE. IF YOU TAKE IT OUT OF THE OFFICE BEFORE YOU LOG IN ON THE H.U.D. NETWORK, IT WON'T ALLOW YOU TO LOG IN WHILE YOU'RE AWAY. THAT'S YOUR FIRST CRITICAL STEP. MAKE SURE YOU LOG IN ON THE H.U.D. NETWORK WHILE YOU'RE IN YOUR OFFICE RIGHT NOW. AFTER THAT, IT'S A VERY SIMPLE PROCEDURE TO DO THIS AT YOUR HOME. WHAT I'M GOING TO DO IS TRY TO PRESENT MY LAPTOP THAT I HAVE HERE. HANG ON JUST A SECOND. THERE WE GO. HOPEFULLY EVERYBODY CAN SEE MY LAPTOP. WHEN YOU'RE ISSUED A H.U.D. LAPTOP AND YOU'RE NOT LOGGING INTO A DIFFERENT H.U.D. LAPTOP AT THE OFFICE, WHICH I'M ASSUMING MOST OF YOU WON'T. THAT'S DIFFERENT THAN SOME OF YOU MAYBE TELEWORKING. IF YOU USE YOUR HOME PC TO LOG INTO YOUR CURRENT STATION AT WORK, THERE'S A DIFFERENT PROCEDURE FOR LOGGING IN THROUGH TELEWORK TO DO THAT. I CAN COVER THAT QUICKLY AT THE END IF ANYBODY WANTS TO REVIEW THAT OR IF YOU THINK YOU MIGHT DO THAT IN THE FUTURE. BUT GENERALLY, WHEN YOU'RE TAKING YOUR MAIN H.U.D. LAPTOP HOME THAT YOU'RE USING AS YOUR DESKTOP FOR NOW, THIS IS THE WAY YOU'RE GOING TO CONNECT. THE FIRST THING YOU'RE GOING TO DO IS MAKE SURE YOU HAVE A WI FI OR A HARD LINE CONNECTION FROM YOUR HOUSE. DOWN HERE, IF I POINT TO THIS CONNECTION, THIS IS WHERE YOU WOULD CHECK THAT. SO YOU CAN SEE RIGHT HERE THAT I'M ON A WI FI THAT I JUST CHECKED OUT FROM OUR OFFICE. IT'S RUNNING THE WIRELESS CONNECTION. SO I'M NOT CONNECTED TO THE H.U.D. NETWORK YET. I HAVE INTERNET ACCESS THROUGH THE MIFI. YOU NEED TO BE ABLE TO DO THAT AT YOUR HOME THROUGH THE WI FI SYSTEM. NORMALLY, IF I CLICK ON THIS, IT WILL FIND YOUR HOME WI FI. IF I SCROLL DOWN A LITTLE BIT HERE, YOU CAN SEE. HERE IS MIFI. IN MY BUILDING HERE, I'M PICKING UP A WHOLE BUNCH OF OTHER WI FIES. SO I COULD TRY TO CONNECT TO ANY ONE OF THESE. A LOT OF THEM ARE PASSWORD CONNECTED SO I WOULDN'T BE ABLE TO GET IN. WHEN YOU GET TO YOUR HOME WI FI, IT SHOULD APPEAR IN THIS LIST DOWN HERE. YOU CONNECT ON THE LITTLE BARS THING IN THE LOWER RIGHT HAND CORNER. >> HEY, MIKE. IS THERE A WAY TO BRING THAT A LITTLE LARGER? >> THE SCREEN A LITTLE LARGER. LET ME LOOK AND SEE IF I CAN. HOW ABOUT THAT? >> IT DIDN'T CHANGE ANYTHING. >> IT DIDN'T CHANGE FOR YOU? >> IT DIDN'T CHANGE ANYTHING ON THIS SIDE. [INAUDIBLE] WE CAN'T REALLY SEE THAT, WHAT YOU'RE TELLING US TO CLICK ON. >> WE CAN'T EITHER, MIKE. WE JUST NEED TO SEE YOUR SCREEN. >> I'M NOT SURE. I TRIED TO OPEN THAT UP. IT'S FULL SCREEN FOR ME NOW. BEFORE IT WAS KIND OF A TOP AND BOTTOM THING. LET ME TRY ONE OF THESE OTHER ONES HERE. NOW YOU'RE IN OVERLAY. >> I THINK YOU KNOW WHAT IT IS. WE HAVE TWO TELEWORKERS, SO WE'LL JUST ASK THEM LATER ON WHAT YOU'RE CLICKING ON TO FIND THE WI FI. >> WE SHOULD BE ABLE TO WORK THAT OUT HERE. ON YOUR LITTLE CONTROL PAD, YOUR TOUCH PAD THERE FOR YOUR BTC. >> YES. >> DO YOU SEE LAYOUT ON THERE, THE SHARING LAYOUT? >> YES. YOU WANT ME TO CLICK ON IT? >> YEAH, CLICK ON THAT ONCE. THERE'S FOUR DIFFERENT LAYOUTS ON THERE. IF YOU GO TO SINGLE OR SOMETHING. ARE YOU GETTING TWO BOXES? >> SINGLE DOES NOTHING. >> I THINK IT'S MOSTLY ON ME, THE PRESENTER. WHEN I WENT TO SINGLE, IT DIDN'T IT LOOKS BIGGER TO ME WHEN I GO TO SINGLE. I'LL HAVE TO ASK THE NTDC ABOUT THAT. >> IT FINALLY WENT LARGER. >> YEAH, WE DID THE SAME THING. WE HAD TO DO IT HERE SINGLE OVERLAY. WE GOT IT. >> SO YOU'RE GOOD. GOOD. THAT'S GOOD. SO WHAT I'M TALKING ABOUT IS THE LITTLE BARS IN THE LOWER RIGHT HERE. SO WHEN YOU CLICK ON THAT, YOU GET THIS LIST. DOWN AT THE BOTTOM IS YOUR WIRELESS CONNECTION. YOUR HOME NETWORK SHOULD APPEAR IN THERE ONCE YOU'VE LOGGED IN. >> IF YOU'RE HOME, IF YOU DO FIND YOUR HOME ONE AND YOU HAVE YOUR HOME ONE PASSWORD PROTECTED, THEN DO YOU JUST CLICK TO GO IN TO ENTER YOUR PASSWORD? >> YEP. WHAT WILL HAPPEN IS, IF I DO THIS, I CAN DISCONNECT. WHEN YOU GO IN THE FIRST TIME, YOU'LL CLICK ON YOUR NETWORK AND THEN YOU'LL SAY "CONNECT." RIGHT NOW FOR ME IT JUST SAYS "CONNECTING" BECAUSE I DID IT ONCE ALREADY. BUT IT WILL ASK YOU FOR YOUR PASSWORD THEN. >> THANK YOU. >> ONCE YOU'VE ESTABLISHED THAT YOU HAVE AN INTERNET CONNECTION, THEN THE NEXT THING YOU SIMPLY HAVE TO DO IS GO RIGHT HERE TO VPN. THE SAME BAR, THE SAME ICON. ALL YOU HAVE TO DO HERE IS CONNECT AND THEN IT STARTS. >> CAN I SAY THAT ONE MORE TIME. >> I'LL RUN THROUGH IT A COUPLE OF TIMES. ONCE I CLICKED ON THE CONNECT TO VPN, BEAR WITH ME. THIS DIDN'T ALLOW ME TO FILL ANYTHING IN. YOU NEED YOUR H NUMBER AND REGULAR PASSWORD YOU USE IN THE OFFICE. WE'LL GIVE IT A SECOND HERE. OF COURSE IT'S GOING TO ASK YOU FOR YOUR GRID CARD. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE YOUR GRID CARD SO YOU CAN PUT IN THE COORDINATES. >> MY COWORKER CALLS IT HER H.U.D. BINGO CARD. >> THERE YOU GO. WHATEVER WORKS FOR YOU. THAT'S JUST OUR GENERAL I.T. TERM FOR THEM IS GRID CARDS. I THINK THERE'S AN OFFICIAL NAME FOR IT. I DON'T KNOW WHAT THAT IS. SO ONCE I DID MY GRID CARD, YOU CAN SEE DOWN HERE, IT SAYS VPN PRIMARY AND WE'RE CONNECTED. ONCE YOU GET THAT LITTLE MESSAGE THERE, YOU'RE GOOD TO GO. IT'S LIKE YOU'RE IN THE OFFICE. I'M READY, I CAN GO UP AND DOUBLE CLICK ON OUTLOOK HERE. AND IT SHOULD JUST REGULARLY BRING UP MY MAIL, I'M HOPING. THERE IT IS, MY MAIL IS UP AND READY TO GO. I CAN ALSO DEMONSTRATE FOR YOU THE INTERNET THE EXPLORER ICON HERE. YOU CAN SEE NOW THAT I'VE LOGGED IN, I'VE GOT F, G, H, ALL THE SHARED DRIVES. IT'S JUST LIKE SITTING AT YOUR REGULAR DESK. IT'S REALLY JUST THAT EASY. I'M GOING TO GO THROUGH THE WHOLE PROCEDURE ONE MORE TIME BECAUSE IT DOESN'T TAKE VERY LONG. FIRST THING, REMEMBER, WHEN YOU GET YOUR LAPTOP SET UP TOMORROW OR WHENEVER IT IS THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS, MAKE SURE YOU LOG IN WHILE YOU'RE IN THE OFFICE TO PUT YOUR PROFILE ON THAT PC. ONCE YOU HAVE THAT, YOU TAKE IT HOME, YOU LOG INTO IT NORMALLY. IT'S GOING TO PROBABLY, THIS LITTLE ICON WILL POP UP DOWN HERE AND SAY "CAN'T FIND LOG ON NETWORK." THAT'S BECAUSE YOU'RE NOT CONNECTED YET. IGNORE THAT. YOU'RE NOT CONNECTED. THE NEXT THING YOU WANT TO DO IS MAKE SURE YOU HAVE INTERNET ACCESS. CLICK ON IT AND FIND YOUR WI FI FROM HOME AND MAKE SURE YOU'RE CONNECTED. ONCE YOU GET CONNECTED, THEN YOU WANT TO CLICK ON VPN WITH GRID CARD PRIMARY. SO I CAN GO AHEAD AND DISCONNECT HERE. IT'S JUST THAT SIMPLE TO DISCONNECT. YOU JUST CLICK ON THE BUTTON AND NOW I'M OFF. SO WE CLICK ON VPN GRID CARD PRIMARY. THIS WILL COME UP, BLANK USER NAME AND PASSWORD. CLICK ON THE CONNECT BUTTON. THEN YOU ACCEPT THIS IS JUST LIKE WHEN YOU LOG IN DURING THE DAY NORMALLY, YOU ACCEPT THE LEGAL NOTICE, WHATEVER THAT IS. THEN IT WILL ASK YOU FOR USER NAME AND PASSWORD. H NUMBER AND PASSWORD. THEN IT WILL ASK YOU FOR THE GRID CARD COORDINATES. THAT WILL CHANGE EVERY TIME YOU LOG IN. IT WILL ASK YOU FOR A DIFFERENT GRID CARD COORDINATES. THEN IT USUALLY DOESN'T TAKE MORE THAN A FEW SECONDS. YOU SHOULD GET THE POP UP NOTICE THAT YOU ARE CONNECTED TO THE NETWORK. THERE IT IS. VPN WITH GRID CARD PRIMARY, WE'RE CONNECTED AND YOU'RE GOOD TO GO. SO WHAT OTHER QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE ON THAT? >> IF YOU DIDN'T USE WI FI, IF YOU JUST PLUGGED YOUR INTERNET ACCESS INTO THE BACK OF YOUR COMPUTER, WOULD IT JUST GO TO YOU WOULD CLICK ON THAT AND THEN YOU WOULD JUST GO TO THE VPN WITH GRID CARD? >> YEP. YOU CAN SKIP THE WI FI STUFF. >> THAT'S WHAT I THOUGHT. THANK YOU. >> MIKE, THE GRID CARD, IS THAT FOR LIKE A D3 AND YOU HIT THE LETTER OR NUMBER THAT CORRESPONDS WITH THAT? >> YEP. IT ASKS YOU FOR THREE COORDINATES EACH TIME YOU LOG IN. SO IT WILL SAY GIVE ME D3, F2 AND J1. THAT'S ALL YOU HAVE TO DO IS FIND THOSE THREE COORDINATES AND PUT THEM IN. >> IT LETS YOU KNOW IF YOU MESS UP, TOO. >> YES, IT DOES. YOU'LL CATCH ON REAL QUICK. IT'S A PRETTY STRAIGHTFORWARD PROCEDURE. FOR THOSE OF YOU I'M SORRY, GO AHEAD. >> ARE THERE INSTRUCTIONS SOMEWHERE [INAUDIBLE]? >> YES. >> CAN YOU E MAIL THEM TO US? >> ARE THERE SOME UNDER THAT COMPUTER SELF HELP MAYBE? >> YEP, THAT'S WHERE I WAS GOING TO SHOW YOU. IF YOU GO TO THE COMPUTER SELF HELP DESK. DON'T KNOW IF YOU'VE EVER BEEN THERE BEFORE. I'LL CLICK ON IT. WHAT I WOULD HAVE TO DO, IF SOMEBODY FROM EACH OFFICE COULD SEND ME AN E MAIL, I CAN SEND YOU GUYS BACK A LINK TO THAT SITE, TO THE COMPUTER SELF HELP DESK SITE. IT'S HARD TO GIVE OUT THIS SHARE POINT ADDRESS. YOU CAN COPY IT DOWN, IF YOU WANT, IF YOU CAN SEE IT. IT'S NOT THE BEST. TAKING JUST A MINUTE TO LOAD UP HERE. ON THE COMPUTER SELF HELP DESK, THERE SHOULD BE A SECTION FOR LET'S TAKE A LOOK. I BELIEVE THERE'S A SECTION FOR I'M NOT SURE HOW THEY HAVE THIS BROKEN UP. REMOTE ACCESS TELEWORK, I THINK THAT'S WHERE MOST OF IT IS. SEE WHAT COMES UP HERE. >> SO MIKE, THIS IS CYNTHIA. I'M ACTUALLY IN FRESNO TODAY. JUST FROM A PRACTICAL STANDPOINT, IS THERE AN ADVANTAGE TO CONNECTING TO OUR DSL OR WHATEVER PROVIDES OUR WIRELESS VERSUS JUST CHOOSING WIRELESS? IS IT IMPACT THE SPEED? IS IT MAKE IT FASTER? >> I WOULD SAY ANY TIME YOU CAN PLUG THE COMPUTER IN, IT'S GOING TO BE A LITTLE BIT FASTER. >> OKAY. >> I DON'T KNOW ABOUT SIGNIFICANTLY FASTER. YOU KNOW, ANY TIME YOU CAN HARD WIRE SOMETHING, GENERALLY YOU'RE GOING TO GET A BETTER SPEED. >> THANK YOU. >> YOU CAN SEE HERE UNDER REMOTE ACCESS. THE VPN WITH GRID CARD. IT'S THE ONE WITH GRID CARD H.U.D. LAPTOP. IF YOU WERE DOING IT FROM HOME, IT WOULD BE GRID CARD NON H.U.D. COMPUTER. THOSE TWO ARE THE INSTRUCTIONS THERE. I'M MIKE.WELCH@HUD.GOV. I'M A H.U.D. EMPLOYEE SO YOU CAN FIND ME ON THE LIST. >> SO, MIKE, HOW ABOUT, IS THERE THE ABILITY TO CONNECT OUR LAPTOP TO OUR MONITORS AT HOME? >> YEP. YOU CAN IF YOU'VE GOT A PC AT HOME, YOU CAN UNPLUG IT FROM YOUR HOME PC AND PLUG IT INTO THE SIDE OF YOUR LAPTOP AND IT WILL WORK. YOU CAN HAVE THAT AS YOUR MAIN SCREAM OR ACTUALLY BRIDGE IT AND HAVE TWO SCREENS, IF YOU WANT TO. THERE ARE SETTINGS FOR THAT. I'M NOT SURE IF I CAN GET THAT SHOWING HERE. THERE'S A LITTLE GRAPHIC THAT LOOKS LIKE A MONITOR, AND IF I DOUBLE CLICK ON THAT, YOU'LL GET THE INTEL GRAPHICS PROPERTIES. HOPEFULLY THEY'LL COME UP HERE FOR ME. IT WILL ASK YOU AND YOU CAN SAY I WANT TO SPREAD MY SCREEN OVER TWO SCREENS OR THIS IS MY MAIN SCREEN. I CAN'T DO IT RIGHT NOW BECAUSE I'M HOOKED UP TO A TV. OTHERWISE I'D SHOW YOU. YEAH, YOU CAN MAKE THOSE DIFFERENCES. CERTAINLY, IF YOU WANT TO TAKE A MOUSE AND A KEYBOARD, I'M HOPING THEY GAVE YOU THAT. IF NOT, MAKE SURE YOU GRAB A MOUSE BECAUSE IT WILL BE EASIER THAN USING THE LITTLE TRACK THING ALL THE TIME. YOU CAN JUST PLUG A MOUSE INTO THE USB ON THE SIDE AND USE THAT REGULARLY. >> SO THE REST OF THE STORY. WHAT IF THE COMPUTER AT HOME IS AN APPLE PRODUCT? >> THAT'S NOT A GOOD DEAL. >> H.U.D. HAS BEEN TRYING TO GET THE APPLE PRODUCTS TO WORK WITH VPN FOR QUITE AWHILE NOW. I HEARD SOME PEOPLE SAY THEY COULD GET IT TO WORK AND SOME PEOPLE CAN'T. MY ONLY ADVICE ON THAT WOULD BE TO TRY THE HELP DESK. IF YOU GET THE RIGHT GUY AT THE RIGHT TIME, HE MIGHT BE ABLE TO GET THE RIGHT SETTINGS FOR YOU TO USE THAT. I WOULD NOT COUNT ON THAT AT ALL. YOU WOULD BE MUCH BETTER OFF TAKING THE LAPTOP THAT H.U.D. PROVIDES YOU. THE OTHER THING ABOUT YOUR HOME PCs WHEN YOU'RE TELEWORKING, YOU MUST MAKE SURE THAT YOU HAVE A PC AT YOUR DESTINATION. YOU KNOW, CURRENTLY YOU'RE WORKING IN THAT OFFICE AND YOU HAVE A PC THAT YOU CAN LOG INTO FROM HOME. ONCE YOU MAKE YOUR MOVE, THEY WOULD HAVE TO HAVE A PC IN THE OFFICE SET UP FOR YOU THAT YOU COULD LOG INTO. THAT'S WHAT THE VPN KIND OF DOES FROM YOUR HOME COMPUTER. IT'S A LOT DIFFERENT THAN WHEN YOU USED H.U.D. MOBILE. I DON'T BELIEVE ANYBODY IS LEFT VERY FEW PEOPLE ARE LEFT ON THE H.U.D. MOBILE LIST, OTHER THAN ACTUALLY PEOPLE THAT HAVE APPLE PRODUCTS. SO IF YOU WERE ACTUALLY ON THE H.U.D. MOBILE EXCEPTION LIST, YOU COULD STILL LOG IN TO H.U.D. MOBILE FROM YOUR APPLE PC. SO OTHER QUESTIONS ON DOING THIS JUST STRAIGHT AHEAD WITH THE H.U.D. LAPTOP? OKAY. WOULD ANYBODY LIKE ME TO SHOW YOU HOW IT GOES FROM YOUR HOME PC? MAYBE YOU'LL BE TELEWORKING IN THE FUTURE. >> SURE. >> OKAY. WE CAN RUN THROUGH THAT QUICK. WHAT I'LL DO IS I'M GOING TO TAKE THIS AND I'M GOING TO DISCONNECT FROM THE VPN. RIGHT HERE. SO NOW WHAT'S HAPPENED IS I'M GOING TO PRETEND THIS LAPTOP IS MY HOME PC. I'M HOME AND I HAVE AN INTERNET CONNECTION AND I WANT TO CONNECT TO H.U.D. SO WHEN I CLICK ON IE, THAT SHOULDN'T BE WHAT I GOT HERE. LET ME MAKE SURE I'M DISCONNECTED HERE. WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN, I'M TRYING TO DEFAULT TO H.U.D. AT WORK SO IT DOESN'T KNOW WHERE THAT IS RIGHT NOW. IF YOU WENT TO CNN OR SOMETHING, THAT WOULD OF COURSE COME UP AT HOME LIKE IT ALWAYS DOES. BUT THIS PC TRIED TO GO TO H.U.D. AT WORK AND YOU CAN TELL WE'RE NOT CONNECTED. WHAT YOU WANT TO DO, INSTEAD OF GOING TO THIS LITTLE ICON DOWN HERE AND CONNECTING WITH YOUR GRID CARD. THIS TIME FROM YOUR HOME PC, WHAT YOU WANT TO DO IS BOOKMARK THIS SITE CALLED H.U.D. WORKPLACE. I'LL SHOW YOU THE ADDRESS HERE IN JUST A SECOND. I HAVE IT BOOK MARKED HERE. WHAT IT'S GOING TO BE IS HTTP://HUDVPN1.@HUD.GOV. YOU JUST WANT HTTP://HUDVPN1@HUD.GOV. YOU CLICK ON NEXT AND THEN AGAIN YOU GET THE LEGAL NOTICE. I'M GOING TO ACCEPT THAT. THEN IT'S GOING TO ASK ME FOR MY USER NAME AND PASSWORD. THAT'S JUST YOUR H NUMBER AND PASSWORD. YOU DON'T HAVE TO PUT YOUR DOMAIN IN THERE. IT WILL RECOGNIZE YOU BY H NUMBER. AGAIN WE GO GRID CARD. I'VE GOT TO FIGURE THIS OUT. [INAUDIBLE] >> THE FIRST TIME YOU GO IN. THE FIRST TIME THAT YOU GO IN BECAUSE I HAVEN'T DONE IT ON THIS PC BEFORE, IT DOESN'T KNOW WHO YOU ARE OR WHO YOUR HOME PC IS. YOU'LL GET THE ACCESS MANAGER AND GET AN INSTALL. I'M GOING TO GO AHEAD AND TRY IT. I'M NOT SURE THAT IT WILL WORK FROM HERE, I THINK IT WILL. PRETTY SURE IT WILL. I CLICKED YES AND THEN I WANT TO RUN IT. WHAT IT'S GOING TO DO IS INSTALL THE SOFTWARE ON YOUR HOME PC. ONCE YOU HAVE THAT THE FIRST TIME, YOU WON'T HAVE TO GO THROUGH THAT AGAIN. ONCE YOU GET TO THE GRID CARD, IT WILL BRING UP THE OPTION TO LOG IN TO YOUR MACHINE WHICH YOU'LL SEE IN A FEW MINUTES. HOPEFULLY THIS DOESN'T TAKE TOO LONG TO RUN HERE. I DO TELEWORK ONE DAY A WEEK. WHEN I ORIGINALLY DID THIS, IT DIDN'T TAKE REAL LONG TO DO IT ON YOUR HOME PC. I'M NOT SURE HOW IT'S GOING TO RUN WITH US BEING ON THIS LAPTOP HERE. HOPEFULLY IT WON'T TAKE TOO LONG. NORMALLY YOU'RE GOING TO SEE THIS POP UP WHEN IT'S LOADING, THE ACCESS MANAGER. EVERY TIME YOU LOG IN, YOU'LL SEE THAT. IT WON'T SAY INSTALLING THE ACCESS MANAGER, BUT IT WILL SAY ACCESSING THE ACCESS MANAGER. A COUPLE OF THINGS TO REMEMBER, IF YOU'RE ACCESSING FROM YOUR HOME PC, REMEMBER YOUR PC IN THE OFFICE MUST BE TURNED ON. YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE LOGGED IN. IT MUST BE ON IN ORDER TO ACCESS THE PC. YOU ALSO CANNOT IF YOU HAVE A LAPTOP, YOU CANNOT TAKE YOUR LAPTOP HOME AND GO IN THIS WAY THROUGH THE INTERNET BECAUSE YOU WOULD BE TRYING TO ACCESS YOUR LAPTOP WHAT YOU JUST TOOK OUT OF THE OFFICE. THIS PART ONLY WORKS IF YOU'RE ACCESSING A PC THAT'S IN THE OFFICE. LOOKS LIKE IT'S WORKING. PC. IT SAYS LOADING AGENT AND IT WILL SAY THAT EVERY TIME. THAT'S WHAT HAPPENS. YOU CAN SEE I'VE BEEN IN A FEW TIMES. I'VE ALREADY SET UP A BOOKMARK CALLED MIKE'S PC. I SET IT UP AS PC 1. I'LL SHOW YOU THAT IN A MINUTE. THE FIRST TIME YOU GO IN, WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO WANT TO DO, YOU HAVE ALL OF THESE CONNECTIONS ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE. IF YOU DON'T NEED TO GO IN AND DO MAIL OR ANYTHING, YOU WANT TO READ SOMETHING ON H.U.D. AT WORK, YOU CAN GO THERE. YOU CAN SKIP THE REGULAR LOG IN AND GO STRAIGHT THERE. MOST OF THE TIME YOU'RE GOING TO NEED YOUR E MAIL AND ALL OF THAT STUFF. YOU'RE GOING TO CLICK ON CONNECT TO MY PC. THEN IT'S GOING TO ASK YOU FOR THE HOST NAME OR THE IP ADDRESS. SO BEFORE YOU LEAVE AGAIN YOUR CURRENT OFFICE, YOU'LL NEED TO WRITE DOWN THE HOST NAME AND/OR YOUR IP ADDRESS FOR THE MACHINE YOU'RE GOING TO TRY TO ACCESS. I'LL SHOW YOU HOW TO FIND THOSE THINGS IN A COUPLE OF MINUTES. >> HEY, MIKE. THIS IS CYNTHIA. I'M A LITTLE CONFUSED. I CURRENTLY HAVE A LAPTOP AND DO NOT HAVE A DESKTOP. WHEN I USE THE LAPTOP BECAUSE WE'RE NOT ALLOWED MORE THAN ONE COMPUTER, RIGHT? >> RIGHT. SO YOU PERSONALLY WILL HAVE TWO OPTIONS TO DO THIS. YOU CAN TAKE THE LAPTOP HOME AND DO IT THE FIRST WAY WE SHOWED YOU WITH THE STUFF DOWN IN THE CORNER. OR YOU CAN LEAVE YOUR LAPTOP LOGGED OUT BUT ON AT WORK AND THEN LOG INTO THAT LAPTOP FROM HOME. THIS WAY. >> SO I'M ASSUMING WHAT WOULD HAPPEN, I LET THE AGENCY KNOW I'M ACCEPTING MY REASSIGNMENT TO SAN FRANCISCO, AND I SAY TO THE AGENCY, I'M GOING TO TELEWORK FROM HOME WITH MY HOME COMPUTER. SO THEN THE AGENCY NEEDS TO SEND THE LAPTOP TO SAN FRANCISCO. >> YEAH. IF YOU WANT TO DO IT DURING YOUR TRANSITION PERIOD, YEAH. YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE TO SOMEHOW GET A WORKSTATION HOOKED UP IN SAN FRANCISCO THAT YOU CAN LOG INTO. THEY WILL HAVE TO, YOU'LL HAVE TO KNOW YOUR IP ADDRESS TO LOG INTO THAT. >> OKAY. >> I ASSUME THAT'S PART OF THE CONVERSATION WITH THE I.T. FOLKS THAT COME OUT AND HELP US WITH THE TRANSITION. >> I WANT TO SAY YES, BUT I THINK IT'S PROBABLY THE CONTRACTOR THAT'S GOING TO COME AND DO THE BOXING AND STUFF. IF YOU CONTACT JOANNE IN SAN FRANCISCO, JOANNE LEE, SHE'LL BE ABLE TO HELP YOU OUT WITH THAT. >> GREAT. THANK YOU. >> SO I PUT IN MY IP ADDRESS AND THEN I SAY OKAY. WHOOPS. THIS COULD BE BECAUSE WE'RE HOOKED UP THROUGH HERE. LET ME TRY SOMETHING HERE. I'M ALREADY LOGGED IN ON THERE. SO THAT'S NORMALLY WHAT WOULD HAPPEN. YOU DO CONNECT TO MY PC. YOU PUT IN YOUR IP ADDRESS AND THEN IT WILL CONNECT AND GIVE YOU THE REGULAR LOG IN SCREEN. YOU'LL HAVE TO GO THROUGH THE LOG IN PROCESS AGAIN BY CLICKING IN USE OTHER USER, DO YOUR H NUMBER AND PASSWORD AND IT WILL LOAD UP LIKE IT NORMALLY DOES. SO YOU WOULD HAVE TO DO THAT EVERY TIME IF YOU DO THE CONNECT TO MY PC. IT WILL ASK YOU FOR YOUR IP ADDRESS EVERY SINGLE TIME. WHAT YOU CAN DO IS DO A BOOKMARK. THIS IS WHAT I DO OVER HERE. IF YOU GO TO THE LITTLE PENCIL NEXT TO BOOKMARKS, IT ALLOWS YOU TO EDIT THAT GROUP. I'M HOPING THIS WORKS ON HERE, TOO. SOMETIMES IT DOESN'T SHOW WELL ON THE BTC. COME ON. >> MIKE, CAN YOU SHOW US HOW TO SET THOSE UP? >> THAT'S WHAT I WAS TRYING TO DO. YOU HAVE TO CLICK ON THE PENCIL. IT'S NOT ALLOWING ME TO SHOW THAT. I'M WONDERING IF THERE ARE I DON'T KNOW IF THERE'S ANY INSTRUCTIONS ON THAT ON THE COMPUTER SELF HELP DESK. IT DOESN'T LOOK LIKE IT. I WISHED THEY WOULD SHOW IT BETTER THROUGH HERE. ONCE YOU GET INTO THIS BOOKMARK, IT'S GOING TO ASK YOU FOR THE NAME OF THE BOOKMARK. THEN IT WILL ASK YOU FOR YOUR IP ADDRESS OR YOUR COMPUTER NAME. I'LL SHOW YOU WHERE THE COMPUTER NAME IS IN A MINUTE. IT WILL ASK YOU TO FILL IN THE FIELD AS IT IS. THEN YOU CAN SAVE IT AS A BOOKMARK. IF YOU HAVE PROBLEMS DOING THAT, GIVE ME A CALL, GIVE THE HELP DESK A CALL. WE CAN TRY TO GET YOU THROUGH THAT. I WISHED I COULD SHOW THAT MORE FOR YOU. IT APPEARS I CAN'T. I'M GOING TO LOG OUT OF THIS FOR JUST A SECOND HERE. WHEN YOU LOG OUT, GENERALLY IT WILL ASK YOU TO CLOSE THAT TAB THAT YOU WERE ON JUST TO MAKE SURE YOU WERE LOGGED OUT. SHRINK THAT DOWN. BEFORE YOU LEAVE THE OFFICE, YOU'RE GOING TO WANT TO GO BACK TO THAT CONNECTION BAR ICON IN THE LOWER RIGHT HAND SIDE THERE. IN THE VERY, VERY BOTTOM, IT SAYS "OPEN NETWORK AND SHARING CENTER." IT'S THE VERY, VERY BOTTOM LINK. ONCE I CLICK ON THAT, IT OPENS THIS POP UP PANEL HERE. SO THIS RIGHT HERE IS YOUR COMPUTER NAME. DON'T WRITE THIS ONE DOWN BECAUSE THIS IS MY COMPUTER. THIS WILL SHOW YOUR COMPUTER NAME WHEN YOU DO THAT. MINE STARTS WITH SHY. YOURS IS GOING TO BE SFC, SAN FRANCISCO OUT THERE OR WHATEVER IT IS. ONCE TOUGH COMPUTER NAME DOWN, THAT'S ONE THING YOU CAN USE TO LOG IN. THE IP ADDRESS BECAUSE I'M CONNECTED WIRELESSLY, IT'S NOT GOING TO SHOW. UNDER ACCESS TYPE, THERE WILL BE A CONNECTION THAT SAYS "DETAILS." YOU CLICK ON THAT AND IT WILL GIVE YOU YOUR IP FOR ICON. LET ME SEE IF I GO IN THIS WAY IF I CAN GET IT TO SHOW. WE'RE CONNECTED AGAIN. I'M GOING TO GO TO THE SHARING NETWORK. THERE WE GO. IT'S NOT GOING TO SAY VPN WITH GRID CARD. IT'S GOING TO SAY DETAILS IN THIS LITTLE BOX UNDER ACCESS TYPE. YOU'LL SEE A LITTLE LINK THERE. WHATEVER THAT LINK IS, CLICK ON THAT. IT WILL BRING UP THIS OTHER BOX HERE. IF YOU GO TO THE "DETAILS" TAB, HERE IS YOUR CLIENT IPV4 ADDRESS. THIS IS WHAT YOU WANT HERE. YOURS IS GOING TO BE DIFFERENT. THIS IS THE LINE YOU WANT TO LOOK FOR. THE CLIENT ONE, NOT THE SERVER ONE. OKAY? NOW I'M GOING TO GO BACK AND DISCONNECT HERE. I'M GOING TO TRY TO CONNECT AGAIN THIS WAY THROUGH THIS ONE. SO YOU GO TO H.U.D. WORKPLACE WHICH IS H.U.D. VPN 1 WITH THE GRID CARD. HANG ON A SECOND. IF IT HASN'T LOST CONNECTION FROM THIS YET. TRY IT AGAIN HERE. NOW WE SHOULD BE ABLE TO DO IT. SO WE GO NEXT. THEN WE ACCEPT THE LEGAL NOTICE, ASKS THE USER NAME AND PASSWORD. YOU GET YOUR LITTLE GRID CARD AGAIN. HOPEFULLY THIS TIME IT WON'T SHOW US THE INSTALLATION PROCESS BECAUSE WE'VE DONE THAT. IT JUST SKIPS RIGHT TO THE HOME PAGE. SAYS "LOADING AGENT." YOU'RE GETTING CONNECTED UP. YOU HAVE TO MAKE SURE FOR IT TO TELL YOU TO WAIT FOR THE AGENT TO FULLY LOAD AND YOUR SCREEN TURNS A LITTLE BIT WIDER THERE. YOU NORMALLY WOULD DO THE "CONNECT TO MY PC." THIS IS WHERE IT SAYS HOST NAME OR IP ADDRESS. YOU CAN SIMPLY PUT YOUR IP ADDRESS IN, 10., WHATEVER IT IS OR PUT A HOST IN. THAT CONSISTS OF YOUR COMPUTER NAME WHICH I JUST SHOWED YOU WHERE TO FIND THAT. FOR ME IT WAS SHY E BLAH, BLAH, BLAH. IT WAS A LONG NAME. THIS IS A LONG THING, YOUR HOST NAME. WHATEVER YOUR COMPUTER NAME IS AND DOT SHOOT. I'M GOING TO USE MY IP ADDRESS RIGHT NOW. THERE'S A CERTAIN SYNTAX YOU HAVE TO USE FOR YOUR HOST NAME. IT'S YOUR COMPUTER NAME PLUS THE HOST ADDRESS WHICH HAS TO DO WITH YOUR DOMAIN AND H.U.D. IF I CAN SHOW IT TO YOU, I WILL. IT'S GOING TO LOG ME IN THIS TIME. I MUST HAVE TIMED OUT ON MY MACHINE OVER THERE OR SOMETHING. MAYBE WE CAN DO A LITTLE BIT MORE DEMONSTRATING THIS TIME HOPEFULLY. WE'LL SEE. SO RIGHT NOW IT'S CONNECTED TO MY MACHINE BACK IN THE OTHER ROOM. SO THIS IS WHAT YOU'LL SEE WHEN YOU NORMALLY CONNECT FROM HOME. HERE IS YOUR IP ADDRESS UP AT THE TOP. THIS IS THE SCREEN, YOU CAN MOVE THAT AROUND OR WHATEVER. WE CLICK OKAY LIKE WE'RE AT WORK. WE SAY "OTHER USER" BECAUSE WE'RE NOT USING A SMART CARD. YOU LOG IN JUST LIKE YOU'RE AT WORK. PASSWORD. THIS TIME IT'S NOT GOING TO ASK ME FOR MY GRID CARD BECAUSE I'M ACTUALLY LOGGING INTO THAT MACHINE. THERE YOU GO. YOU CAN SEE IT. I HAD IT LOCKED OUT BUT MY E MAIL WAS UP. LET ME TRY TO SHRINK THAT DOWN. A LITTLE BIT SLOW HERE. COME ON. SO I SHRUNK MY MAIL DOWN. YOU CAN SEE MY DESKTOP. YOURS WOULD LOOK LIKE YOUR DESKTOP LIKE IT ALWAYS DOES. AT THE END OF THE DAY THEN, ONCE YOU'VE DONE ALL OF YOUR WORK AND YOU'RE FINISHED DOING ALL YOUR STUFF AND YOU CLOSE OUT ALL OF YOUR PROGRAMS LIKE YOU NORMALLY DO. YOU WOULD SIMPLY CLICK ON THE START BUTTON AND LOG OFF LIKE YOU NORMALLY WOULD. UNFORTUNATELY THIS IS A LITTLE SLOW HERE. IT GENERALLY DOESN'T GO THIS SLOW FROM HOME. KEEP THAT IN MIND. SEE IF I CAN FORCE IT TO HURRY UP. ONCE YOU LOG IT OFF, THE SCREEN WILL GO BLACK. AT HOME I SOMETIMES HAD IT GO AWAY ON ITS OWN AND SOMETIMES IT DOESN'T. THIS TIME IT DID. SO THEN WHEN IT COMES BACK TO THE H.U.D. WORKPLACE SCREEN, YOU STILL NEED TO LOG OUT FROM HERE OR YOU MAY LEAVE A TRAIL ON THERE. IF YOU LOG OUT FROM HERE, YOU JUST CLICK ON THAT AND IT WILL ASK YOU TO CLOSE THE WINDOW. I'LL DO THAT IN A MINUTE BUT I'M NOT GOING TO DO IT RIGHT NOW. I'M GOING TO GO BACK TO THE BOOKMARKS AND SEE IF I CAN'T USE THEM RIGHT NOW. GIVE IT JUST A SECOND HERE TO SEE IF IT RESPONDS. NO, DOESN'T LOOK LIKE IT'S GOING TO RESPOND AGAIN. THE ONLY REASON I MENTION THE HOST NAME AS OPPOSED TO THE IP ADDRESS, THE IP ADDRESS IS EASY TO PUT IN. ONCE YOU PUT IN YOUR BOOKMARKS, YOU DON'T HAVE TO REMEMBER IT. THE HOST NAME IS A TINY BIT MORE RELIABLE FOR THE REASON THE HOST NAME IS YOUR PHYSICAL COMPUTER. THAT DOESN'T CHANGE UNLESS YOU HAPPEN TO GET A NEW PC OR SOMETHING. YOUR IP ADDRESS CAN CHANGE. NORMALLY IT DOESN'T, BUT IF YOU HAD A POWER OUTAGE IN THE OFFICE OR SOME COMPUTER BREAKDOWN OR SOMETHING, EVERYBODY'S IP ADDRESS MIGHT UPDATE AND THEN YOU WOULD GET A FRESH IP AND YOUR BOOKMARK WOULDN'T WORK AND YOU WOULDN'T KNOW WHY. IT'S BECAUSE THE IP ADDRESS AT YOUR OFFICE HAD CHANGED. BE AWARE OF THAT. THERE'S NO PROBLEM USING THE IP ADDRESS, AS LONG AS YOU KNOW WHAT IT IS. WHEN YOU'RE DONE FOR THE DAY, YOU CLICK ON LOG OUT. IT SHOULD ASK ME TO CLOSE THE WINDOW DOWN. YOU SAY CLOSE. YOU'RE ALL SET. WHAT OTHER QUESTIONS DO WE HAVE? THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT MESSY ON THAT ONE. PLEASE ASK ME SOME QUESTIONS IF YOU HAVE THEM. NOBODY? EVERYBODY IS RARING TO GO NOW? I HOPE. >> WE'RE GETTING ONE QUESTION. [INAUDIBLE] >> ONE OF THE COMMENTS I WANTED TO MAKE, CYNTHIA WAS ASKING ABOUT, LIKE IF YOU USED YOUR HOME COMPUTER AND THEN YOUR H.U.D. COMPUTER WOULD HAVE TO BE, YOU KNOW, DOCKED SOMEWHERE AND HAVE AN IP ADDRESS AND ALL THAT. YOU KNOW, WHILE WE'RE IN OUR TRANSITION PHASE, AT LEAST MY WAY OF THINKING IS, IT'S GOING TO BE EASIER JUST TO GO AHEAD AND TAKE THAT H.U.D. COMPUTER HOME BECAUSE RIGHT NOW THE WAY I WORK, I LEAVE MY COMPUTER I HAVE A LAPTOP, BUT I LEAVE IT, YOU KNOW, DOCKED HERE AND THEN I USE MY HOME COMPUTER AND I DO THE IP WAY TO GET IN. BUT IF ANYTHING HAPPENS, SOMETIMES LIKE IF THERE'S A PUSH OR THE POWER GOES OUT OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, THEN WHEN I DO THE IP ADDRESS, YOU KNOW, IT CAN'T CONNECT TO MY COMPUTER. I'VE HAD THAT HAPPEN SEVERAL TIMES. SO THEN YOU EITHER HAVE TO ASK SOMEBODY TO GO TURN YOUR COMPUTER ON AND THAT WON'T ALWAYS FIX IT. I'M THINKING THE BEST THING FOR US DURING OUR TRANSITION IS JUST TO TAKE THOSE I MEAN IF H.U.D. HAS PROVIDED LAPTOPS FOR EVERYBODY, IT PROBABLY WOULD BE EASIEST TO TAKE THOSE HOME. DO YOU AGREE? IS THAT WHAT YOU THINK ALSO? >> YEAH, I DEFINITELY AGREE. I THINK THAT'S THE PROPER PROCEDURE. TAKE THE LAPTOP HOME DURING YOUR TRANSITION PERIOD. ONCE YOU'RE ESTABLISHED IN YOUR NEW OFFICE, THEN TRY TO DO THE SETUP WITH THE TELEWORK WITH THE PC. I WILL SEND YOU THE SYNTAX WITH THE HOST NAME FINDING YOUR COMPUTER NAME AND TAGGING THE STUFF WITH THE DOMAIN. I CAN GIVE YOU THE SYNTAX FOR THAT. IF YOU USE THAT AT HOME INSTEAD OF YOUR IP ADDRESS, HOPEFULLY YOU WOULDN'T HAVE THAT PUSH PROBLEM. DO WE HAVE ANY OTHER QUESTIONS? >> [INAUDIBLE] IF YOUR HOME COMPUTER HAVE VIRUSES OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT, WOULD THAT EFFECT THE H.U.D. NETWORK? >> NO, NO. ANYBODY ELSE? >> WE HAVE ONE MORE. >> I GUESS MY QUESTION IS, IF WE DO THE LAPTOP AT HOME, THAT WOULD BE ALL WE NEED THROUGH THE TRANSITION PERIOD. WE WOULD NOT NEED A WORK, SOMETHING AT A WORKSTATION IN SAN FRANCISCO. ALL WE NEED IS OUR LAPTOP AT HOME THROUGH THAT TRANSITION PERIOD; IS THAT CORRECT? >> THAT'S CORRECT. YEP, THAT'S CORRECT. THAT'S WHEN YOU'LL DO THE LITTLE CONNECTION STRAIGHT FROM DOWN HERE. CONNECT TO YOUR HOME NETWORK AND GO VPN WITH GRID CARD RIGHT FROM YOUR H.U.D. LAPTOP. >> OKAY. >> OKAY. FRESNO, HOW ABOUT YOU? ANY QUESTIONS? >> NOPE, NO QUESTION, MIKE. >> YOU'RE GOOD. OKAY. THAT'S GOOD. WELL, I WISH YOU GUYS ALL THE BEST OF LUCK IN YOUR TRANSITION AND I HOPE IT GOES SMOOTHLY FOR YOU. >> THANK YOU. >> THANK YOU SO MUCH. I APPRECIATE YOU TAKING THE TIME TO DO THIS. >> NO PROBLEM. >> THANKS, MIKE. >> THAT'S WHAT I'M HERE FOR. PLEASE SEND E MAILS IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS, THAT'S FINE. WE'LL GET YOU THROUGH IT. >> BYE, EVERYONE.

Contents

History

Howard University, an HBCU founded in 1867.
Howard University, an HBCU founded in 1867.

Private institutions

Most HBCUs were established in the Southern United States after the American Civil War, often with the assistance of northern United States religious missionary organizations. However, Cheyney University of Pennsylvania (1837) and Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) (1854), were established for blacks before the American Civil War. In 1856 the African Methodist Episcopal Church of Ohio collaborated with the Methodist Episcopal Church, a predominantly white denomination, in sponsoring Wilberforce University, the third college in Ohio. Established in 1865, Shaw University was the first HBCU in the South to be established after the American Civil War. The year 1865 also saw the foundation of Storer College (1865-1955) at Harper's Ferry, WV. Storer has now been incorporated into Harper's Ferry National Park.

Morehouse College, an HBCU founded in 1867
Morehouse College, an HBCU founded in 1867

Public institutions

In 1862, the federal government's Morrill Act provided for land grant colleges in each state. Some educational institutions in the North or West were open to blacks. But 17 states, mostly in the South, required their systems to be segregated and generally excluded black students from their land grant colleges. In response, Congress passed the second Morrill Act of 1890, also known as the Agricultural College Act of 1890, requiring states to establish a separate land grant college for blacks if blacks were being excluded from the existing land grant college. Many of the HBCUs were founded by states to satisfy the Second Morrill Act. These land grant schools continue to receive annual federal funding for their research, extension and outreach activities.

Sports

In the 1920s and 1930s the historically black colleges developed a strong interest in athletics. Sports were expanding rapidly at state universities, but very few black stars were recruited there. Race newspapers hailed athletic success as a demonstration of racial progress. Black schools hired coaches, recruited and featured stellar athletes, and set up their own leagues.[6][7]

Florida's black junior colleges

After the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954, the legislature of Florida, with support from various counties, started a series of eleven junior colleges serving the African-American population. The purpose was to show that separate but equal education was working in Florida. Prior to this, there had been only one junior college in Florida serving African Americans, Booker T. Washington Junior College, in Pensacola. The new ones, with their year of founding, are:

The new junior colleges began as extensions of black high schools, using the same facilities and often the same faculty. Some, over the next few years, did build their own buildings. After passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandating an end to school segregation, the colleges were all abruptly closed. Only a fraction of the students and faculty were able to transfer to the previously all-white junior colleges, where they found, at best, an indifferent reception.[8]

Since 1965

The Higher Education Act of 1965 established a program for direct federal grants to HBCUs, including federal matching of private endowment contributions.[9]

The Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, defines a "part B institution" as: "...any historically black college or university that was established before 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education] to be a reliable authority as to the quality of training offered or is, according to such an agency or association, making reasonable progress toward accreditation."[10][11] Part B of the 1965 Act provides for direct federal aid to Part B institutions. Some colleges with a predominantly black student body are not classified as a HBCU because they were founded (or opened their doors to African Americans) after the implementation of the Sweatt v. Painter (1950) and Brown v. Board of Education (1954) rulings by the U.S. Supreme Court (the court decisions which outlawed racial segregation of public education facilities) and the Higher Education Act of 1965.

Texas Southern University, an HBCU founded in 1927
Texas Southern University, an HBCU founded in 1927

In 1980, Jimmy Carter signed an executive order to distribute adequate resources and funds to strengthen the nation's public and private HBCUs. His executive order manifested the White House Initiative on historically black colleges and universities (WHIHBCU), which is a federally funded program that operates within the U.S. Department of Education.[12] In 1989, George H. W. Bush continued to adopt Carter's pioneering spirit through signing Executive Order 12677, which created the presidential advisory board on HBCUs, to counsel the government and the secretary on the future development of these organizations.[13]

Starting in 2001, directors of libraries of several HBCUs began discussions about ways to pool their resources and work collaboratively. In 2003, this partnership was formalized as the HBCU Library Alliance, "a consortium that supports the collaboration of information professionals dedicated to providing an array of resources designed to strengthen historically black colleges and Universities and their constituents."[14]

In 2015, the Bipartisan Congressional Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Caucus was established by U.S. Representatives Alma S. Adams and Bradley Byrne. The purpose of the caucus is to serve as an advocate for HBCUs on Capitol Hill.[15] As of September 2017, there are 62 elected politicians who are members of the caucus.[16]

Every year, the U.S. Department of Education deems one week in the Fall as "National HBCU Week". During this week, several conferences and events are held in Washington, D.C. centered on discussing and celebrating HBCUs as well as acknowledging select scholars and alumni from the HBCU community.[17]

Current status of HBCUs

In 2015, the share of black students attending HBCUs had dropped to 8.5% of the total amount of black students enrolled in degree granting institutions nationwide. This figure is a decline from the 13% of black students that enrolled in an HBCU in the year 2000 and the 17% that enrolled in 1980. This is a result of desegregation, rising incomes and increased access to financial aid which has resulted in more college options for black students in the 21st century.[4]

The percentages of bachelor's and master's degrees awarded to black students by HBCUs has decreased over time. HBCUs awarded 35% of the bachelor's degrees and 21% of the master's degrees blacks earned in 1976–77, compared with 14 and 6% respectively, of bachelor's and master's degrees blacks earned in 2014–15. Additionally, the percentage of black doctor's degree recipients who received their degrees from HBCUs was lower in 2014–15 (12%) than in 1976–77 (14%).[18]

The number of total students enrolled at an HBCU rose by 32% between 1976 and 2015, from 223,000 to 293,000. In comparison, total enrollment in degree-granting institutions nationwide increased by 81%, from 11 million to 20 million, during the same period.[18]

Although HBCUs were originally founded to educate black students, diversity has increased over time. In 2015, students who were either white, Hispanic, Asian or Pacific Islander, or Native American made up 22% of total enrollment at HBCUs, compared with 15% in 1976.[19]

In 2007, the Thurgood Marshall College Fund published a study of minority recruiting practices by Fortune 400 companies and by government agencies that found that 13% of minority college graduates were recruited from HBCUs while 87% of minority college students were recruited from non-HBCU institutions.[20]

In 2006, the National Center for Education Statistics released a study showing that HBCUs had a $10.2 billion positive impact on the nation's economy with 35% coming from the multiplier effect.[21]

Racial diversity at HBCUs today

Following the enactment of Civil Rights laws in the 1960s, all educational institutions in the United States that receive federal funding have undertaken affirmative action to increase their racial diversity.[dubious ] Some historically black colleges and universities now have non-black majorities, notably West Virginia State University and Bluefield State College, whose student bodies have had large white majorities since the mid-1960s.[4]

As HBCUs work harder to maintain enrollment levels and because of increased racial harmony and the low cost of tuition in the 21st century, the percentage of non–African American enrollment has risen.[22][23] The following table highlights HBCUs with high non–African American enrollments:

Racial Diversity at HBCUs today[24] School year 2016-2017
College name State Percentage
African
American
non-African
American
Bluefield State College[25] West Virginia 8.41 91.59
West Virginia State University[26] West Virginia 7.58 92.42
Kentucky State University[27] Kentucky 46.3 53.7
Delaware State University[28] Delaware 64.17 35.83
Lincoln University (Pennsylvania)[29] Pennsylvania 83.89 16.11
University of the District of Columbia[30] District of Columbia 59 41
Elizabeth City State University[31] North Carolina 75.86 24.14
Fayetteville State University[32] North Carolina 60 40
Winston Salem State University[33] North Carolina 70.76 29.24
Xavier University of Louisiana[34] Louisiana 69.94 30.06
North Carolina A&T State University[35] North Carolina 80 20

Other HBCUs with relatively high non–African American student populations

The following list illustrates the percentage of white student populations currently attending historically black colleges and universities according to statistical profiles compiled by the U.S. News and World Report Best Colleges 2011 edition: Langston University 12%; Shaw University 12%; Tennessee State University 12%; University of Maryland Eastern Shore 12%; North Carolina Central University 10%. The U.S. News and World Report's statistical profiles indicate that several other HBCUs have relatively significant percentages of non-African American student populations consisting of Asian, Hispanic, International and white American students.[36]

Special academic programs

HBCU libraries have formed the HBCU Library Alliance. That alliance together with Cornell University have a joint program to promote the digitization of HBCU collections. The project is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.[37]

Additionally, an increasing number of historically black colleges and universities are offering online education programs. As of November 23, 2010, 19 historically black colleges and universities offer online degree programs.[38] Much of the growth in these programs is driven by partnerships with online educational entrepreneurs like Ezell Brown.

Intercollegiate sports

NCAA Division I has two historically black athletic conferences: Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference and Southwestern Athletic Conference. The top football teams from the conferences have played each other in postseason bowl games: Pelican Bowl (1970s), Heritage Bowl (1990s) and Celebration Bowl (2010s). These conferences are home to all Division I HBCUs except for Hampton University and Tennessee State University. Tennessee State has been a member of the Ohio Valley Conference since 1986, while Hampton left the MEAC in 2018 for the Big South Conference.

The Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association and Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference are part of the NCAA Division II, whereas the Gulf Coast Athletic Conference is part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Division I.

Notable alumni

HBCUs have a rich legacy of matriculating many African-American leaders in the fields of business, law, science, education, military service, entertainment, art, and sports. This list of alumni includes people such as Martin Luther King Jr., who began his studies at Morehouse College, following in the footsteps of his father, Martin Luther King, Sr.. Oprah Winfrey attended Tennessee State University to pursue a broadcasting career. W. E. B. Du Bois, relying on money donated by neighbors, attended Fisk University, from 1885 to 1888. After Dubois earned his doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology, and economics at Clark Atlanta University, between 1897 and 1910.[39] Althea Gibson entered Florida A&M University on a full athletic scholarship. Michael Strahan played one season of high school football, which was enough for him to get a scholarship offer from Texas Southern University. Thurgood Marshall attended Frederick Douglass High School in Baltimore and was placed in classes with the best students. He later went on to graduate from Lincoln University, in Pennsylvania and Howard University School of Law. In 1933, he graduated first in his law class at Howard. Roscoe Lee Browne also attended Lincoln University, in Pennsylvania, where he graduated with a bachelor's degree, in 1946. Browne also occasionally returned to Lincoln, between 1946–52, to teach English, French and comparative literature. Spike Lee enrolled in Morehouse College, where he made his first student film, Last Hustle in Brooklyn. He took film courses at Clark Atlanta University and graduated with a BA in mass communication from Morehouse. Kamala Harris, the first black senator from California, received her bachelor's degree from Howard University. Rod Paige earned a bachelor's degree from Jackson State University in Jackson, Mississippi. Anika Noni Rose attended Florida A&M University where she earned a bachelor's degree in theater. The Tuskegee Airmen were educated at Tuskegee University. Douglas Wilder received his bachelor's degree from Virginia Union University and his law degree from Howard University School of Law. Astronaut Dr. Ronald McNair graduated from North Carolina A&T State University. NASA mathematician Katherine Johnson along with first African American on a Fortune 500 Company General Motors Board, and Leon H. Sullivan, developer of the Sullivan Principles used to end apartheid in South Africa, attended West Virginia State College (now West Virginia State University).

See also

References

  1. ^ "White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities". Ed.gov. 2008-04-11. Archived from the original on 2015-10-05. Retrieved 2008-04-23.
  2. ^ E., Wooten, Melissa (2016). In the face of inequality. [Place of publication not identified]: State Univ Of New York Pr. ISBN 9781438456904. OCLC 946968175.
  3. ^ Harris, Leslie M. (March 26, 2015). "The Long, Ugly History of Racism at American Universities". The New Republic.
  4. ^ a b c "A look at historically black colleges and universities as Howard turns 150". Pewresearch.org. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Historically Black Colleges and Universities - American School Search". American-school-search.com. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  6. ^ Patrick B. Miller, "To "bring the race along rapidly": Sport, student culture, and educational mission at historically black colleges during the interwar years." History of Education Quarterly 35#2 (1995): 111-133.
  7. ^ Patrick B. Miller and David Kenneth Wiggins, eds. Sport and the color line: Black athletes and race relations in twentieth-century America (Psychology Press, 2004).
  8. ^ Smith, Walter L. (1994), The Magnificent Twelve: Florida's Black Junior Colleges, Winter Park, Florida: FOUR-G Publishers, ISBN 1885066015
  9. ^ 20 U.S.C. § 1062.
  10. ^ U.S Department of Education (2008-01-15). "HBCUs: A National Resource". White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
  11. ^ 20 U.S.C. § 1061.
  12. ^ "About Us - White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities". Sites.ed.gov. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  13. ^ Gasman, Marybeth; Tudico, Christopher L. (2008). Historically Black Colleges and Universities: triumphs, troubles, and taboos (1st ed.). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-0-230-61726-1.
  14. ^ "HBCU Library Alliance". Hbuclibraries.org. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2010-05-15.
  15. ^ "Members of Congress Launch Bipartisan Congressional HBCU Caucus". Byrne.house.gov. 28 April 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  16. ^ [1] Archived 2017-10-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "2015 HBCU Week Conference - White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities". Sites.ed.gov. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  18. ^ a b "The NCES Fast Facts Tool provides quick answers to many education questions (National Center for Education Statistics)". Nces.ed.gov. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Digest of Education Statistics, 2016". Nces.ed.gov. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  20. ^ "How Corporations and Government Recruit Talent From Historically Black Colleges and Universities" (PDF). Thurgood Marshall College Fund. 2007. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  21. ^ "Economic Impact of the Nation's Historically Black Colleges and  Universities" (PDF). Nces.ed.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
  22. ^ "More Non-Black Students Attending HBCUs". Newsone.com (2010-10-07). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  23. ^ "Why Black Colleges Might Be the Best Bargains". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Apart No More? HBCUs Heading Into an Era of Change". hbcuconnect.com. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Bluefield State College : Student Profile Analysis : COLLEGE WIDE SUMMARY : Fall Term 2017 Census" (PDF). Bluefieldstate.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  26. ^ "West Virginia State University : Office of Institutional Research and Assessment : 2015-2016 University Factbook" (PDF). Wvstateu.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Kentucky State University : Statistics" (PDF). Kysu.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  28. ^ "Delaware State University : Factbook" (PDF). Desu.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  29. ^ "Lincoln State University : Factbook" (PDF). Lincoln.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  30. ^ "University of the District of Columbia : Factbook" (PDF). Docs.udc.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  31. ^ "Elizabeth City State University : Factbook" (PDF). Ecsu.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Fayetteville State University : Fact Book : 2016-2017" (PDF). Uncfsu.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  33. ^ "Tableau Public". Public.tableau.com. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  34. ^ U.S. News & World Report Best Colleges, 2011 ed.Directory p182
  35. ^ "NCAT IR - University Fast Facts". ir.ncat.edu. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  36. ^ US News & World Report Best Colleges, 2011 ed. Directory p. 129
  37. ^ "HBCU Library Alliance—Cornell University Library Digitization Initiative Update" (PDF). Hbculigraries.org. 2006. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
  38. ^ "Modest Gains for Black Colleges Online". Insidehighered.com. 2010. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  39. ^ "Home Page". Cauduboislegacy. Retrieved 25 October 2017.

Further reading

  • Arnold, Bruce Makoto, Roland Mitchell, Noelle W. Arnold, "Massified Illusions of Difference: Photography and the Mystique of the American Historically Black Colleges and Universities," Journal of American Studies of Turkey 41 (2015): 69–94. online
  • Betsey, Charles L., ed. Historically Black colleges and universities (Transaction Publishers, 2011)
  • Brooks, F. Erik and Glenn L. Starks. Historically Black Colleges and Universities: An Encyclopedia (Greenwood, 2011).
  • Cohen, Rodney T. The Black Colleges of Atlanta (College History Series).
  • Gasman, Marybeth, and Christopher L. Tudico, eds. Historically Black colleges and universities (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)
  • Lovett, Bobby L. 2015. America's Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Mercer University Press.
  • Mays, Benjamin E. "The Significance of the Negro Private and Church-Related College," Journal of Negro Education (1960) 29#3, pp. 245–251 in JSTOR
  • Minor, James T., "A Contemporary Perspective on the Role of Public HBCUs: Perspicacity from Mississippi", Journal of Negro Education, 77 (Fall 2008), 323–35.
  • Palmer, Robert T., Adriel A. Hilton, and Tiffany P. Fountaine, eds. Black graduate education at historically Black colleges and universities: Trends, experiences, and outcomes (IAP, 2012).
  • Stephen, Provasnik; Shafer, Linda L. (2004). "Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1976 to 2001". Historically Black Colleges and Universities, 1976 to 2001 (NCES 2004–062). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.
  • Roebuck, Julian B., et al. eds. Historically Black colleges and universities: Their place in American higher education (1993) online
  • Wright, Stephanie R. "Self-Determination, Politics, and Gender on Georgia's Black College Campuses, 1875-1900". Georgia Historical Quarterly 92 (2008): 93-119.

External links

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