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Historic Locust Grove

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Locust Grove
Locust Grove, Louisville.jpg
Croghan Mansion at Locust Grove
Location561 Blankenbaker Lane
Louisville, Kentucky[1]
Coordinates38°17′13.40″N 85°39′42.90″W / 38.2870556°N 85.6619167°W / 38.2870556; -85.6619167
Area55 acres (22 ha)
Built1790 (1790)
ArchitectWilliam Croghan
Architectural styleGeorgian
NRHP reference No.71000347
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMarch 11, 1971[2]
Designated NHLJune 23, 1986[3]

Historic Locust Grove is a 55-acre 18th-century farm site and National Historic Landmark situated in eastern Jefferson County, Kentucky. The site is owned by the Louisville Metro government, and operated as a historic interpretive site by Historic Locust Grove, Inc.

The main feature on the property is the ca. 1790 Georgian mansion that was the home of the Croghan family and gathering place for George Rogers Clark, Lewis and Clark, and U.S. Presidents. In addition to the mansion there is the Visitors Center that houses a gift shop, museum and meeting space.

History

The site was founded in 1790 by William Croghan and his wife Lucy Clark Croghan. Lucy was the sister of Brigadier General  George Rogers Clark, former surveying partner of William Croghan and William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. At its peak, the Locust Grove estate was nearly 700 acres (280 ha) in size, and a small fraction of Croghan's extensive landholdings, which exceeded 53,000 acres (210 km2) at his death in 1838.[1]

Tracing their way back from the Pacific Ocean, on November 8, 1806, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark arrived at Locust Grove to a homecoming where Lucy Clark Croghan and her family welcomed them back from their journey. Locust Grove became the only residence still in existence west of the Appalachian Mountains to have sheltered Lewis and Clark. In the Fall of 2006, Locust Grove commemorated the 200th anniversary of Lewis and Clark's return.

George Rogers Clark lived at the site in the final years of his life, from 1809 to 1818.

The property was adjacent to Springfield, the home of Colonel Richard Taylor and his son, future U.S. President Zachary Taylor.[4]

Following the death of William Croghan, the estate passed to John C. Croghan, notable for his purchase of Mammoth Cave in 1838.

In the winter of 1844, the farm was the site of the efforts of African-American slave Stephen Bishop to produce a map of Mammoth Cave. The resulting map was published in 1845, and remained the most complete and accurate map of the period until modern survey techniques were applied in 1908. A significant epilogue to Bishop's story occurred in 1972, when a long-sought route connecting the caves of Flint Ridge and Mammoth Cave Ridge was discovered in an area which Bishop had mapped, but which had in the interim been almost completely flooded by the construction of a dam on the surface nearby: the area of the 20th Century connection route is shown on Bishop's 19th century map.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1986, as one of the few surviving residences associated with George Rogers Clark.[1][3]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Stuart K. Johnson (n.d.). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Locust Grove" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires |journal= (help) and Accompanying 3 photos, aerial and exterior, from 1971 (32 KB)
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  3. ^ a b "Locust Grove". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  4. ^ Allison, Harold (1986). The Tragic Saga of the Indiana Indians. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-938021-07-9.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 05:09
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