To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Hippolytus of Athens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Death of Hippolytus, by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836–1912).
The Death of Hippolytus, by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1836–1912).

In Greek mythology, Hippolytus (Greek: Ἱππόλυτος, Hippolytos "unleasher of horses"; /həˈpɑːlɪtəs/)[1] is the son of Theseus and Hippolyta. His downfall at the hands of Aphrodite is most famously recounted by the playwright Euripides, although other, sometimes differing versions of the story have also survived.

Etymology

The meaning of Hippolytus' name is ironically ambiguous. Ἱππό translates to "horse", and the element -λυτος (from λύω "loosen, destroy") suggests the adjective λυτός, -ή, -όν "which may be undone, destroyed." His name thereby takes on the prophetic meaning "destroyed by horses".[1]

Premise of the myth

Hippolytus is a hunter and sportsman who is disgusted by sex and marriage. In consequence, he scrupulously worships Artemis, the virgin huntress, and refuses to honor Aphrodite.[2] Offended by this neglect, Aphrodite causes Phaedra, Hippolytus’ stepmother, to fall in love with him;[3] Hippolytus rejects Phaedra’s advances, setting events in motion that lead to his death in a fall from his chariot.

Hippolytus in Euripides

The Death of Hippolytus, by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne (1679–1731), Louvre.
The Death of Hippolytus, by Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne (1679–1731), Louvre.

Euripides' tragedy Hippolytus describes the death of the eponymous hero after a confrontation with his stepmother Phaedra, the second wife of Theseus. Cursed by Aphrodite, Phaedra falls so ardently in love with Hippolytus that she becomes physically ill and decides to end her suffering through suicide. Her nurse tries to save her by revealing the secret to Hippolytus and encouraging him to reciprocate. Hippolytus responds only with horror and disgust, humiliating Phaedra. In despair, and not wanting to admit the true reason for ending her life, she hangs herself and leaves a note for Theseus accusing his son of raping her.[4] Theseus, furious, uses one of the three wishes given to him by Poseidon, his father, to curse Hippolytus, who has fled the palace to go hunting. Poseidon sends a sea-monster to terrorize Hippolytus's chariot horses, which become uncontrollable and hurl their master out of the vehicle. Entangled in the reins, Hippolytus is dragged to death.[5] Artemis reconciles father and son by telling Theseus that Phaedra was lying, and comforts the dying Hippolytus with a promise to make him the subject of religious practice so that his memory will live forever. She assigns a band of Trozenian maidens the task of preserving the story of Phaedra and Hippolytus in a ritual song.[6]

Versions of this story also appear in Seneca the Younger's play Phaedra, Ovid's Metamorphoses and Heroides, and Jean Racine's Phèdre.

Hippolytus as Virbius and his afterlife

Diana returning to Aricia Hippolytus resuscitated by Aesculapius.
Diana returning to Aricia Hippolytus resuscitated by Aesculapius.

Pausanias relates a story about Hippolytus that differs from the version presented by Euripides.[7]

Hippolytus was resuscitated by Asclepius; once revived he refused to forgive Theseus and went to Italy and became the king of the Aricians and named a city after Artemis. He ruled as "Virbius" from inside the shrine of Diana. (The sanctuary forbade horses from entering, which is why it is believed he lived there.) The story of Hippolytus is different from Euripides because it brings him back from the dead to live his life in Italy where Euripides permanently connects him to his tomb.[8]

As a result, a cult grew up around Hippolytus, associated with the cult of Diana. His cult believed that Artemis asked Asclepius to resurrect the young man since he had vowed chastity to her. Followers of Hippolytus' cult cut off a piece of their hair to dedicate their chastity to him before marriage.[9]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Virgil; Ahl, Frederick (October 2007). Aeneid - Virgil - Google Boeken. ISBN 9780191517785. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
  2. ^ Frazer, James. The Golden Bough (Chapter 1–2, particularly)
  3. ^ ancientadmin. "Hippolytus - Euripides - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature". Ancient Literature. Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  4. ^ ancientadmin. "Hippolytus - Euripides - Ancient Greece - Classical Literature". Ancient Literature. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  5. ^ Rice, Bradley N. (2017-03-31). Tappenden, Frederick S.; Daniel-Hughes, Carly (eds.). Coming Back to Life: The Permeability of Past and Present, Mortality and Immortality, Death and Life in the Ancient Mediterranean (2 ed.). McGill University Library. pp. 345–374. doi:10.2307/j.ctvmx3k11.20. ISBN 978-1-77096-222-4.
  6. ^ Coming back to life : the permeability of past and present, mortality and immortality, death and life in the ancient Mediterranean. Daniel-Hughes, Carly, 1974-, Tappenden, Frederick S,, Rice, Bradley N,, Coming Back to Life: Performance, Memory, and Cognition in the Ancient Mediterranean (Conference) (2014 : Montréal, Québec). Montréal, QC. ISBN 978-1-77096-222-4. OCLC 975051675.CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Coming back to life : the permeability of past and present, mortality and immortality, death and life in the ancient Mediterranean. Daniel-Hughes, Carly, 1974-, Tappenden, Frederick S,, Rice, Bradley N,, Coming Back to Life: Performance, Memory, and Cognition in the Ancient Mediterranean (Conference) (2014 : Montréal, Québec). Montréal, QC. ISBN 978-1-77096-222-4. OCLC 975051675.CS1 maint: others (link)
  8. ^ Coming back to life : the permeability of past and present, mortality and immortality, death and life in the ancient Mediterranean. Daniel-Hughes, Carly, 1974-, Tappenden, Frederick S,, Rice, Bradley N,, Coming Back to Life: Performance, Memory, and Cognition in the Ancient Mediterranean (Conference) (2014 : Montréal, Québec). Montréal, QC. ISBN 978-1-77096-222-4. OCLC 975051675.CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. ^ Waldner, Katharina; Rice, Bradley N. (2017), Tappenden, Frederick S.; Daniel-Hughes, Carly (eds.), "Hippolytus and Virbius:: Narratives of "Coming Back to Life" and Religious Discourses in Greco-Roman Literature", Coming Back to Life, The Permeability of Past and Present, Mortality and Immortality, Death and Life in the Ancient Mediterranean (2 ed.), McGill University Library, pp. 345–374, doi:10.2307/j.ctvmx3k11.20, retrieved 2020-12-09

External links

This page was last edited on 4 November 2021, at 09:18
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.